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takes the Covenant.


“ foot on shore; which all about him press'd him to do: and he now found, thar he had made bast thither upon very un

skilful imaginations, and presumptions : yer he consented unThe King to what they lo imperiously required, that he might have

leave to put himself into the hands of those who rcfolv'd nothing less than to serve him. The Lords of the other Party, who had prevailed with him to submit to all that had been required of him, quickly found that they had deceiv'd both Him and Themselves, and that no body had any authority but those Men who were their mortal Enemies. So that they would not expose themselves to be imprison'd, or to be removed from the King; but , with his Majesty's leave, and having given him the best advice they could, what he should do for Himself, and what he should do for Them, they put themselves on Shore before the King disembark'd; and found means to go to those places where they might be some time

concealed, and which were like to be at distance enough from Hamilton the King. And shortly after Duke Hamilton retired to the and Lau- Island of Arran, which belonged to himself; where he had cherdale

little House well enough accommodated, the Isand being repart 1

from che Kind.

for the most part inhabited with wild Beasts : Lautherdale concealed himself amongst his Friends, taking care both to be well inform's of all that should pass about the King, and

to receive their advice upon any occafions. Argyle The King was receiv'd by the Marquis of Argyle with all seceives the the outward respect imaginable; but, within two days after King.

his landing, all the English Servants he had of any Quality, Hoff of the were remov'd from his Perfon, the Duke of Buckingham only Kirg'Eng- excepted. The rest, for the most part, were receiv'd into Ser

the Houses of some Persons of Honour, who liv'd ac a dimoved from stance from the Court, and were themselves under a cloud for bim. their known affections, and durft only attend the King to

kiss his hand, and then retired to their Houses, that they might give no occasion of jealousy; others of his Servants were not suffer'd to remain in the Kingdom, but were forced presently to reimbark themselves for Holland ; amongst which was Daniel O Neile, who hath been often mention'd before, and who came from the Marquis of Ormond into Holland, just

when his Majesty was ready to Embark, and so waited upon Daniel o him ; and was no sooner known to be with his Majesty (as he Neile ap- was a Person very generally known) but he was apprehendprehended by ed by order from the Council, for being an Irisli man, and order of she Council of

having been in Armes on the late King's behalf in the lace Scotland: War; for which they were not without lome discourse of putand banufto ting him to deach; but they did immediately banilh him the

Kingdom, and obliged him to sign a paper, by which he confented to be put to death, if he were ever after found in the Kingdom.


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THEY sent away likewise Mr Robert Long, who was his Mr Long Principal, if not only, Secretary of State, and had very much also serie perswaded his going thither; and S: Edward Walker, who was away. Clerk of the Council, and had been Secretary at War during the late War, and fome others, upon the like exceptions. They placed other Servants of all conditions about the King, but principally relied upon their Clergy; who were in such Their Clerry a continual attendance about him, that he was never free always abous from their importunities, under pretence of instructing him "he King. in Religion : and so they obliged him to their constant hours of their long Prayers, and made him observe the Sunday's with more rigour than the Jews accustom'd to do their Sabbath; and reprehended him very sharply if he smiled on those days, and if his looks and gestures did not please them, whilst all their Prayers and Sermons, at which he was compelled to Their Ser: be present, were libels, and bitter invectives against all the mons before Actions of his Father, the Idolatry of his Mother, and his own Malignity

He was not present in their Councils, nor were the results thereof communicated to him; nor was he, in the least degree, communicated with, in any part of the Government : Yet they made great shew of outward Reverence to him, and even the Chaplains, when they used Rudeness and Barbarity in their reprehenfions and reproaches , approached him still with bended knees, and in the humbleft postures. There was never a better Courtier than Argyle; who used all possible Argyle's address to make himself gracious to the King, entertain'd him behavious to with very pleasant discourses, with such infinuations, that the King did not only very well like his Conversation, but often beliey'd that he had a mind to please and gratify him : but then, when his Majesty made any attempt to get some of his Servants about him, or to reconcile the two Factions, that the Kingdom might be united, he gather'd up his countenance, and retird from him, without ever yielding to any one Proposition that was made to him by his Majesty. In a word, the King's Table was well serv'd; there he fate in Majesty, waited upon with decency: he had good Horscs to ride abroad to take the Air, and was then well attended; and, in all publick Appearances, seem'd to want nothing that was due to a great King. In all other respects, with reference to Power to ohlige or gratify any Man, to dispose or order any thing, or bimielf to go to any other place than was allign’d to him, be had nothing of a Prince, but might very well be look'á upon as a Prisoner.

But that which was of state and lustre made most noise, and was industriously transmitted into aii Nations and States; the other of disrespect or restraint, was not communicated;


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and if it could not be entirely conceald, it was congler'd only as a Faction between particular great Men, who contended to get the Power into their hands, that they might the more notoriously and eminently serve that Prince whom they all equally acknowledg'd. The King's Condicion seem'd wonderfully advanced, and his being poffefs'd of a Kingdom without a Rival, in which there was no appearance of an Enemy, look'd like an earnest for the Recovery of the other Two, and, for the present, as a great addition of Power to him in his Kingdom of Ireland, by a conjunction, and absololute Submission of all the Scots in Ulfter to the Marquis of Ormond, the King's Lieutenant there.

ALL Men who had diffwaded his Majesty's repair into Scotland, were look'd upon as very weak Politicians, or as Men who opposed the Publick good, because they were excluded, and might not be suffer'd to act any part in the adventure; and they who had advanced the deligo, valu'd themselves exceedingly upon their activity in that Service. The States of Holland thought they had merited much in suffering their Ships to Transport him, and so being ministerial to his greatness; which they hoped would be remember'd; and they gave all Countenance to the Scotish Merchants and Factors who liv'd in their Dominions, and fome secret Credit, that they might send Armes and Ammunition, and whatsoever else was neceflary for the King's Service in that Kingdom. France it self look'd very chearfully upon the change; Congratulated the Queen with much Ceremony, and many Professions; and took pains to have it thought and believ'd, that they had had a share in the Couosel, and contributed very much to the reception the King found in Scotland, by their influence upon Argyle and his Party. And it hath been mention'd before, how great a Reputation this little dawning of Power, how clouded soever, gave to the Embasladours in Spain, and had raised them, from such a degree of disrespect, as was near to contempt, to the full dignity and estimation in that Court chat was due to the Station in which they were.

THERE fell out there an accidenc at this cime, which was a great manistation of the Affection of that Court, and indeed of the Nation. As Don Alonzo de Cardinas had used all the Credit he had, to dispose that Court to a good correspondence with the Parliament, so he had employ'd as much care to encline those in England to have a confidence in the Affection of his Master, and afford them, “ that if they would “send an Embafadour, or other Minister into Spain, he “should find a good reception. The Parliament, in the infancy of their Common-wealth, had more inclination to make a Friendlhip with Spain than with France, having at that

time a very great prejudice to the Cardinal; and therefore,
upon this encouragement from Don Alonzo, they resolv'd to
fend an Envoy to Madrid; and made choice of one Ascham, Ascham
a Scholar, who had been concern'd in drawing up the King's fent Agent
Tryal, and had written a Book to determine in what time, into Spain
and after how many years, the Allegiance which is due from from the
Subjects to their Soveraigns, comes to be determin'd after a


of England. Conquest; and chat, from that term, it ought to be paid to those who had subdued them: A speculation they thought fit to cherish.

This Man, unacquainted with business, and unskilld in language, attended by three others, the one a Renegado Francitan Fryar, who had been bred in Spain, and was well versed in the Language; another, who was to serve in the condition of a Secretary, and the third, an inferior Fellow for any Service, arriv'd all in Spain in an English Merchant's Ship : Of which Don Alonzo gave such timely notice, that he was rece v'd and entertain'd by the chief Magistrate at his landing, until they gave notice of it to the Court. The Town was quickly full of the rumour, that an Embasladour was Landed from England, and would be receiv'd there; which no body feem'd to be well pleased with. And the Embasfadours expcftulated with Don Lewis de Haro with some warmth, that The Embala "his Catholick Majesty Ihould be the first Christian Prince sadours there

that would receive an Embassadour from the odious, and expoftulate execrable Murtherers of a Christian King, his Brocher and “Ally; which no other Prince had yet done, out of the de"testation of that horrible Parricide : And therefore they defired him, “chat Spain would not give so infamous an exam"ple to the other parts of the World. Don Lewis assured His Answer. them, “that there was no such thing as an Emballadour com"ing from England, nor had the King any purpose to re“ceive any: That it was true, they were inform'd that there

was an English Gentleman Landed at Cales, and come to SeC vil; who said, he was sent from the Parliament with Let"ters for the King; wbich was testified by a Letter from 'Don Alonzo de Cardinas to the Duke of Medina li; who "thereupon had given order for his Entertainment at Sevil,

till the King should give further order : That it was noć “possible for the King to refuse to receive the Letter, or to "fee che Man who brought it ; who pretended no kind of “Character: That having an Embassadour residing in Eng"land to preserve the Trade and Commerce between the two "Nations, they did believe, that this Messenger might be "lent with some Propositions from the English Merchants for “the advancement of that Trade, and if they fhould refuse "to hear what he said, it might give a just offence, and de


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"stroy all the Commerce; which would be a great damage to “both Nations.

THÀ T this new Agent might come securely to Madrid, an old Officer of the Army was sent from Sevil co accompany him thither ; who came with him in the Coach, and gave nocice every nighc to Don Lewis of their advance. There were at that time, over and above the English Merchants, many Officers and Soldiers in Madrid, who had serv'd in the Spanish

) Armies, both in Catalonia and in Portugal; and these Men had consulted amongst themselves how they might kill this fellow, who came as an Agent from the new Republick of England; and half a dozen of them, having notice of the day he was to come into the Town, which was generally discoursed of, rode out of the Town to meet him; but, milting him, they return'd again, and found that he had enter'd into ic by another way; and having taken a view of his Lodge ing, they met again the next Morning; and finding, accidentally, one of the Embaffadours Servants in the streets, they perswaded him to go with them, and so went to the House where Ascham Lodged ; and, without asking any Questions, walked directly up the stairs into his Chamber, leaving a couple of their number at the door of the street, left, upon any noise in the House, that door might be shut upon them. They who went up, drew their Swords; and besides their in

tentions, in disorder, kill'd the Fryar as well as the Agent; Alcham

and fo return'd to their Companions with their Swords naked hill d by some and bloody, and some foolish expressions of triumph, as if they officer at hu had perform'd a very gallant and a justifiable Service. NotLodgings in Madrid.

withstanding all which, they might have dispersed themselves, and been secure, the People were so little concern'd to enquire what they had done. But they being in confufion, and

retaining no composed thoughts about them, finding the door All but one of a little Chapel open, went in thither for sanctuary : Only Hly to a Cha-be who was in Service of the Embaffadours, separated himpel for fan- self from the rest, and went into the House of the Venetian duary; ho, Embasfadour. By this time the People of the House where tian Embaf

the Man lay, had gone up into the Chamber; where they Sa.dours.

found two dead, and the other two crept, in a terrible fright, under the Bed; and the Magistrates and People went about the Church, and talking with, and examining the Persons who were there: And the Rumour was presently divulged about the Town, “that one of the Englib Embasladours was “killa.

They were at that time entring into their Coach to take the Air, according to an appointment which they had made the day before. When they were inform'd of what had passed, and that Harry Progers, who was their Servant, had been in


10 the Vene

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