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LAW.

MISCELLANEOUS.

committed by Generals and Field Officers A Catalogue of Modern Law Books, ar

commanding Armies and Detachments, tranged in a perspicuous method, corrected from the year 1743 to the present time. to Hilary Term, 1808. Compiled by W. By Will'am Armstrong, Esq. late AdjutantReed, Law bookseller, 3s.

General to his Majesty's Forces, 75.
A Treatise on the Law of Distresses.' By
James Bradley, of Lincoln's Inn, 8vo.

The Hon. Robert Boyle's Occasional Re7. 6d.

flections ; "An Enquiry into the Nature and Value land, junior, Esq. Published for the benefit

with a Preface. By John Weyof Leasehold Property, Provisionary Inter- of “ The Society for the conversion and reest in Estates, and Life Annuities. By John ligious instruction of the Negro Slaves in the Clark, F. R. S. Edin Land and Tithe Agent, British West India Islands." Dedicated, by 8vo. 7s.

History of the Penalties against the Irish permission, to the Lord Bishop of London, Catho ics, from the Treaty of Limerick to Mr. Boyle, after Faithorne, 6s.

president of that Society, with a portrait of the Un on. By Henry Parnell, Esq. M. P.

Brother Abraham's Answer to Peter Svo. 6d, The New Law List for 1808. By S. Hill, prefixed, a postliminious preface on the

MATHEMATICS.

Plymley, Esq. in two Letters; to which is of the Stamp oifice, 5s.

machinery of Popery, 2s. 6d.

A Letter on Toleration and the EstablishThe Young Algebraist's Companion ; or

ment; addressed to the Right Hon. Spenan easy Guide to Algebra. By Daniel Fen

cer Perceval, Chancellor of the Exchequor; ning ; with an Apendix on the Rules of with some remarks on his projected Bill, Quadratic Equations, extracting Roots, &c.

1 s. 60, A new edition, with two Supplements. By

Inquiries, Historical and Moral, respectMr. W. Davis and the Rev. John Hellins, ing the Character of Nations, and the pio. 4s. 6d. bound.

gress of Society ; exhibiting a view of the Mathematics simplified, and practically moral history of man, of the manners and illustrated by the adaptation of the princi- character of nations, and the circumstances pal Problems to the ordinary purposes of on which they are dependant : also a view Life, and by a progressive arrengement ap

of society as it exists in the early stages of plied to the most familiar objects in the its progress. By Hugh Murray, 10s. 6d. plainest terms; together with a complete

Observations on the Fifth Report of the Essay on the art of surveying lands, &c. by Commissioners of Military Enquiry. By such simple inventious, as may for ever ba- Thomas Keate, Esq. F. R. S. Surgeonnish the necessity of costly and complex in- General to the Forces, &c. 4to. 12s. struments. By Captain Thomas William

Ten Minutes Advice on the due Manageson, author of the Wild Sports of India, 8vo.

ment of Income, on the Principles of Ecowith twenty-three plates, Is.

nomy, Is.

Illustrations of the Scenery of the Gentle

Shepherd, with a new and correct edition A Tract on the Nutriferous System in of the Comedy : an Appendix, containing Men, Quadrupeds, and Birds, and in all memoir of David Allan, the Scots Hogarth; Creatures which have Livers. By James beside original and other Poems, connected Rymer, Surgeon, R. N. 2s, 6d.

with the illustrations, and a comprehensive An Account of the Diseases most incident Glossary. To which are prefixed, an auto Children. To which is added, an Essay thentic Life of Allan Ramsay, and an Inou Nursing, with a particular view to infants quiry into the origin of pastoral poetry, the brought up by hand. By the late George propriety of the rules prescribed for it, and Armstrong, M. D. a new edition, with many the practice of Ramsay, 2 vols. royal 8vo. additional notes. By A. P. Buchan, M. D. with sixteen engravings, 11. 11s. 6d. of the Royal College of Physicians, Lon

A Series of Letters between Mrs. Elizadon, 7s.

beth Carter, and Miss Catharine Talbot, The Chirurgical Works of the late Perci- from the year 1741 to 1770. To which are val Pott; F. R. S., a new edition, containing added, Letters from Mrs. Elizabeth Carter his last corrections; with notes, and a short to Mrs. Vesey, between the years 1763 and account of the Life of the Author. By Sir 1787, which Mrs. Vesey earnestly requested James Earle, F. R. S. Surgeon extraordi: should be published. Published from the Dary to the King, 3 vols, 8vo. plates, 11. 7s. original manuscripts. By the Rev. MontaMILITARY TACTICS.

gue Pennington, M. A. Vicar of North

bourn, in Kent, her nephew and executor, / Practical Observations on the Errors 2 vols. 4to. 31. 3s.

MEDICINE.

may be.

An Essay on Light Reading, as it

Poems. By Mary. Leadbeater (late supposed to influence Moral Conduct and Shackleton,) 8s 6d. Literary Taste. By the Rev. Edward Mare Fancy's Child, a poem. By Leopold, gin, M. A. 5s. 6d.

8vo. 6d. Fragments in Prose und Verse. By a , Poems on Creation, Redemption, Day of Young Larly, lately deceased. With some Judgment, &c. By James Gaggin, 12mo.' account of her life and character. By the 3s. Author of Sermons on the Doctrines and Du- A Day in Spring. By Richard Westall, ties of Christianity, 6s.

Esq. R. A. with four engravings by Heath, The Printer's Gramınar; or, Introduc- after designs by the author, 8vo. 10s. 6d. tion to the Art of Printing ; containing a concise history of the art, with the improv-,

POLITICAL ECONOMY ments in t le practice of printing for the last

Considerations on the proposed Suspenfifty years. By C. Stower, Printer, 8vo.

sion of the Use of Barley in the Distilleries. 15s.

The Second Report of the Committee of By a Norfolk Freeholder. 6d. the Afr can Institution, read at the General

Agriculture the Source of the Wealth of Annual Meeting, on the 25th March, 1808, Britan; a reply to the objections urged by Is.

Mr. Mill, the Edinburgh Reviewers, and The British Essayists; comprehending

others, against the doctrines of the pamthe Spectator, Tatler, Guardian, Rambler, phlet intitled, " Britain Independent of Adventurer, World, Connoisseur, Idler, Mir? Commerce;" with remarks on the criticism ror, Lounger, Observer, and Looker-on. of the Monthly Reviewers on that work. By The whole collated with, and corrected by William Spence, F.L. S. 38. 68.

Letters on the Subject of the Dutyon the original editions, with prefaces, historicaland biographical, and a general index. Coffee. By Edgar Corrie; Esq. is. 6d. see

cond edition. By Alexander Chalmers, A. M. 45 vols royal 18mo. with portraits of the principal

Disquisitions on Population; in which the authors, 101. 10s. A new and uniform - edic principles of the Essay on that subject, by tion, with the addition of the Looker-on.

T. R. Malthus, are examined and refuted. : The Looker-on; a period cal paper. By By Robert Acklom Ingram, B. D. 3s. 6d. the Rev. Simon Olive Branch, A. M. 4 vols. ceval, Chancellor of the Exchequer, on a

A Letter to the Right Hon. Spencer Perroyal 18mo, 165 This work being now first incorporated in the British Essayists, is subject connected with his Bill, now under requisite to the completion of the former discussion in Parliament, for improving the edition of that work, with which it is printed

situation of Stipendiary Curates, Is. in a uniform manner.

Hints respecting 'the Education of the Falsehood Exposed; or, Truth Vindicated: Poor. By a Clergyman of the Diocese of being a critique on Mr. Nightingalc's por

Canterbury, 1s. traitüre of Methodism; with a supplement to that article, as also a Reply to Mr. Night

A Letter to the Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, ingale's Defence, as published in the Month- a member of the senate of Massachusetts, on ly Repository. By Detectores, 8vo. 1s.

the present State of our National Affairs; Rusher's (of Reading] Catalogue of Books with remarks on Mr. Piekering's Letter to in various Languages and different branches the Governor of the Commonwealth. Bos. of literature, includiug the library of a Cler- ton, printed, London, re-printed, 1s. gyman, &c. &c. 1s.

Substance of the Speech of Lord Viscount Sidmouth, in the House of Lurds, May 17,

1808, on proposing certain resolutions res Poems. By Charles James, author of specting Danish Merchant Ships, detained the Military Dictionary, Regimental Com- in British Ports, 1s. panion, &c. third edition, 2 vols. royal American Encroachments British 18mo. 18s.

Rights; or, observations on the importance Fowling ; a poem in five books: descrip- and resources of the British North Ameritive of Grouse, Partridge, Pheasant, Wood- can Colonies, and on the late Treaties with cock, Duck and Snipe shooting, 6s.

the United States. By Nathaniel Atche. Lyric and other Poems. By Laura So. son, Esq. phia Temple, 6s.

A Letter from the Hon. T. Pickering, a The Poetical Works of Vincent Bourne, Member of the American Congress, exhibitM. A. consisting of originals and transla- ing a view of the imminent danger of an uns tions. To which is added, his Letters, 2 necessary and ruinous War with Greatsols. 12mo. 10s. 6d.

Britain, 1s. 6d.

POLITICS.

POETRY.

on

TOPOGRAPHY.

TU BOLOGY

Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy, in the Eight Sermons on the Nature and Guilt Cathedral Church of St. Paul, May 14, of Schism ; with a particular reference to 1808. By the Rev. W. Coxe, ls, the principles of the Reformation, preached

Christian Unitarianism Vindicated, being before the University of Oxford, in the year

a reply to a work by J. Bevans, intitled a 1607,

at the Lecture founded by the Rev. Defence of the Christian Doctrine of the SoJohn Bampton, M. A. Canon of Salisbury. ciety of Friends. By Verax, 7s. By Thomas Le Mesurier, M. A. Rector of Newnton Longville, Bucks, and late Fellow of New College, Oxford, 8vo. 10s. 6d.

A Sketch of the History and Present State An Analysis of Ward's Errata of the Pro- of the Island of Jersey. By Thomas Lyte, testant Bible ; a work published in England, Military Surveyor, 3s. in the year 1688, for the purpose of expos- Notes on the Viceroyalty of La Plata ; ing the Protestant Bible and Protestant with a sketch of the manners and characters Clergy to ridicule and contempt; and re- of the inhabitants. Collected during a resipublished in Dublin, for the same purpose, dence in Monte Video. By a Gentleman, in September, 1807. By the Rev. Edward lately returned from it. To which is added, ! Ryan, D. D. author of the History of the a comple Account of the Operations of the Effects of Religion on the Mind, &c. 2s. British Troops in that Country, and Anec

A Sermon preached before his Grace, dotes, biographical and military; of the John, Duke of Bedford, Lord Lieutenant- principal Officers employed.

Illustrated General, and General Governor of Ireland, with a portrait and plans, 10s. 6d. President and the Members of the Association incorporated for discountenancing vice and promoting the knowledge and practice Travels in America, performed in 1806, of the Christian Knowledge, in St. Peter's for the purpose of exploring the rivers AlChurch, April 9, 1807. By the Right Rev. leghany, Monogdhella, Ohio, and Mississippi, Christopher, Lord Bishop of Clonfert, 2s. and ascertaining the produce and condition

The Goodness of God acknowledged in Re- of their banks and vicinity. By Thomas covery from Sickness.

Two Discourses, by Ashe, Esq: 3 vols. 12mo. 11. 18. the late Rev.William Turner, of Wakefield, Travels in Turkey, Italy, and Russia, ir Is.

1803-6, with an account of some of the A Sermon, preached at the Anniversary Greek Islands. By T. Macgill, 2 vols. 9s.

TRAVELS.

CORRESPONDENCE.

The communication from “ A Friend to Missions,” arrived in course. Having mi. nutely considered the measure he recommends, we are of opinion that it would be unsuita able to the plan of our work. We shall prabably find occasion to introduce some remarks on the principles maintained in the publication to which he refers, in a mode equally sa. tisfactory and more expedient.

ERRATA.

P: 51%, l. 35, after Annibal, dele []

1. 42, dele ( : ) insert [.]
1. 43, before other insert the.

dele [, ) insert [ ;]
p. 643, l. 2, for lead read led.

544, I. 21, before laws, insert the..
563, l. 42, for ever, read never.
590, 1, 33; for Bevan, read Bevaos.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For AUGUST, 1808.

Art

. 1. The Doctrine of the Greek Article ; applied to the Criticism and the Illustration of the New Testament. By T. F. Middleton, A. M. &c. 8vo. pp. 730. Boards. Price 14s. Cadell and Davies. 1808. AMONG the improvements of lettered society which dis

tinguish the eighteenth century, the alliance and the mu. tual aids of philosophy and philology are not the least in value. Guided by a knowledge of the laws of intellect and thought, we discover the same principles which govern the formation and association of ideas, equally influencing the original character and the progressive combinations of language. Hence the study of general grammar has acquired certainty, precision, and luminous evidence; and by the application of established principles, with minor adaptations, the acquisition of particular languages has been not only facilitated, but raised above the rank of reminiscential toil, and rendered a delightful occupation of the highest mental powers. It is by this mode of investigation, that the elder Schultens in the Arabic and Hebrew tongues, Hemsterhuis and Monboddo in the Greek, and Ten Cate in the Teutonic, have thrown a flood of light on the study of those languages; and to this fountain must be traced what is most valuable in the “ Diversions of Purley."

It may be sai'l, with little hazard of mistake, that no form of language upon earth so confirms the justness of the great principles of rational grammar, and is at the same time capable of such important elucidations from them, as that of ancient Greece. The character of the people was strongly impressed on their speech. In both was conspicuous the profusion of power and the versatility of application, which rendered the people the most effectively ingenious, and their language the most copious and capable, in the world. The faculties of exquisite discernment, the taste for every species and the most recondite forms of beauty, and the inclination amounting even to a passion in favour of subtile and speculative theory, which distinguished the people, advanced also their

VOL. IV.

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language to every kind of perfection, to a susceptibility of every variety of character, and to a refined accuracy of usage by which the basis of original principles is both established and

elucidated. No language supplies so rich a fund of materials t for the service of general

philology, or peculiarities of its own so worthy of accurate disquisition. Hence the etyma, the niutations effected by time and circumstances, the flexions, the particles, the idions, and the prosody of the Greek tongue, have furnished, and will continue to furnish, unexbausted stores of utility and erudite enjoyment.

Yet every scholar must have been sensible that the nature and uses of the Greek Article, a familiarity with which is so evidently necessary to a just faculty in Greek idiom and criticism, have not been 'subjected to any complete and satisfactory investigation. The difficulty of the subject has been strongly felt: and some of those who have attempted its elucidation, give indications of having experienced embarrassment to a greater degree than they have confessed. So far as the works of the ancient Grammarians have been brought to light, they have not been found to contribute any essential aid toward the illustration of this nice and difficult part of grammar. Some of them indeed, particularly Apollonius Dyscolus, present detached remarks of real value ; but they were not able to discriminate, analyse, and compare their observations, so as to compose a fabric of rational and solid principles. Greek was their vernacular tongue; and nothing is more difficult than to elicit the intimate principles of habits to which we have been from infancy familiarized, and in which we are not prone to suspect that any profound and exquisite investigation is necessary:

The native Greek grammarians who fled from Constantinople in the fifteenth century were not more successful; if we except Cardinal Bessarion, who, in his great work adversus Calumniatorem Platonis, has several excellent observations tending to a more rational theory of the Article. The indefatigable Budæus made some good collections from Theodore Gaza, Bessarion, &c.; but, in contempt of the maxiin,

“ Non fumum ex fulgore, sed ex fumo dare lucem," he concludes with a pile of laboured error, intended to sher that the use or omission of the article depended much on Caprice and arbitrary fashion. The store of observations was increased; but the general obscurity of the subject was little diminished, by the astonishing labours of the great Henry Slephens, or by the vast erudition of the three first Grecians of the seventeenth century, Isaac Casaubon, Joseph Scaliger, and Salmasius. Grotius himself took up the im

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