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to detail. At the time of leaving Piercefield, Miss S. “ well acquainted with the French and Italian languages, and had made considerable progress in the study of geometry. She excelled in every thing she attempted. She drew extremely well, and was completely mistress of perspective. Her musical talents were very uncommon; she played remarkably well both on ihe piano-forte and harp.” But it was after this - period, that she niade the principal advances in studies of a more solid kind. She was led by an accomplished friend to the study of the German language, of which she became very fond, and acquired an extensive knowledge. Before this time, i she had studied Spanish: “ When she was with us,” says , the editor,
• She seemed to read it without difficulty, and some hours every morn. ing before breakfast were devoted to these studies. She acquired some knowledge of the Arabic and Persian languages during the following winter, when a very fine dictionary and grammar, in the possession of her Brother, led her thoughts to Oriental literature. She began to study Latin and Greek, in the year 1794, when Mr. C's excellent library, and improving conversation, opened to her an inexhaustible fund of information. She studied Hebrew from my Mother's Bible, with the assistance of Parkhurst ; but she had no regular instruction in any language except French. Her love of Ossian led her to acquire some knowledge of the Erse language, but the want of books made it impos. sible for her to pursue that study as far as she wished.'' p. 25.
It would startle many fair letter writers, to find such a sen, tence as this in a sprightly reply from a young lady just of age:
• If you want to consult the Syriac translation of the New Testament upon any particular passage, let me know. Mr. C- has a very fine printed in Hebrew characters, and the language is so very like the Hebrew, and where it differs from that, so like the Arabic, that I can read it very well.' pp. 70, 71. It might astonish them still more to find that the young lady was neither“ a fright” nor“ a pedant."
Her person and manners were extremely pleasing, with a pensive softness of countenance that indicated deep reflection ; but her extreme timidity concealed the most extraordinary talents that ever fell under my observation. With all these acquirements she was perfectly feminine in her disposition ; elegant, modest, gentle, and affectionate ; nothing was neglected, which a woman ought to know; no duty was omitted, which her situation in life required her to perform. But the part of her character on vhich I dwell with the greatest satisfaccion, is that exalted piety, which seemed always to raise her above this world, and taught her, at sixteen years of age, to resign its riches and its pleasures almos: without regret, and to support with dignity a very unexpected change of situation. For some years before her death the Holy Scripture was
pp. 210, 211.
her principal study, and she translated from the Hebrew the whole book of Job, &c &c. How far she succeeded in this attempt I am not qualified to judge ; but the benefit which she derived from these studies must be evident to those who witnessed the patience and resignation with which she supported a long and painful illness, the sweet attention which she always shewed to the feelings of her parents and friends, and the heavenly composure with which she looked forward to the awful change which has now removed her to a.world, where (as one of her friends observes) ber geotle, pure, and enlightened spirit will find itself more at home than in this land of shadows.' &c. &c.
• It is astonishing how she found time for all she acquired, and all she accomplished. Nothing was neglected ; there was a scrupulous attention to all the minutiæ of her sex ; for her well-regulated mind, far from despising them, considered them as a part of that system of perfection at which she aimed ; an aim which was not the result of vanity, por to attract the applause of the world: no human being ever sought it less, or was more entirely free from conceit of every kind.'
P. 179. We are strongly disposed to admit this testimony in its full meaning, though the witnesses were too nearly related, and too affectionately attached, to be exempt from all suspicion of partiality. It is not to be supposed that Miss S. acquired an accurate grammatical knowledge of all the languages which she was able to read (iee p. 91); but the translations from the German and the Hebrew, inserted in this volume, are highly creditable to her proficiency in both languages. Of ber strong and acute understanding, of her determined and vigorous application, and of her znany excellent moral qualities, the book affords unquestionable proofs, Her attainments, unusually various and extensive as they were, would doubtless have been far greater, if the circumstances of her situation had more happily co-operated with the energy and perseverance of her mind. We ought not to omit the following characteristic anecdote.
• Elizabeth told me one evening that she did not perfectly understand what is said in Bonnycastle, page 91, of Kepler's celebrated calculation, by which he discovered that the squares of the periods of the planets are in proportion to the cubes of their distances. She wanted to know how to make use of this rule, but I confessed my inability to assist her. When I came down to breakfast at nine the next morning, I found her? with a folio sheet of paper almost covered with figures,
and I disco. vered that she rose as soon as it was light, and by means of Bonoycastle's Arithmetic, had learot to extract the cube root, and had afterwards calche lared the periods and distances of several planets so as clearly to sheva the accuracy of Kepler's rule, and the method of employing itapp. 23, 24"
The melancholy tale of her fatal illness must be given in few words ; and we are happy that it is not chargeable roup the ardour with which she pursued her studies, so as to be icted as an excuse for indolence, but only on an imprudent in
dulgence which is sufficiemly common among the most idle and uncultivated. Her. own account of the disorder may operate as an useful warning: " One very hot evening in July," (1805), says she, “ I took a book, and walkeil about two iniles from hence, where I seated myself on a stone beside the lake; being much engaged by a poem I was reading, I did not perceive that the sun was going down, and was succeeded by a very heavy dew, till, in a moinent, I felt struck on the chest as if with a sharp knife; I returned hone, but said nothing of the pain.” The pulmonary affection thus occasioned, terni. nated her life, the 7th of August, 1806.
We shall only add a few extracts, as indications of Miss Sinith's turn of thinking, and specimens of the " Fragments.” And we cannot select a more interesting one,
than her memorandum on the first new year's day after the completion of her twenty-first year.
Being now arrived at what is called years of discretion, and lcoking back on my past life with shame and confusion, when I recollect the many advantages I have had, and the bad use I have reade of them, the hours I have squandered, and the opportunities of improvement I have neglected ;
--when I imagine what with those advantages I ought to be, and find myself what I am ;-I am resolved to endeavour to be more careful for the future, if the future be granted me; to try to make amends for past negligence, by employing every moment I can command to some good purpose; to endeavour to acquire all the little knowledge that human nature is capable of on earth, but to let the word of God be my chief study, and all others subservient to it; to model myself, as far as I am able, according to the Gospel of CHRIST; to be content while, my trial lasts, and when it is finished to rejoice, trusting in the merits of
my Redeenier.. I have written these resolutions to stand as a witness against me, in case I should be inclined to forget them, and to return to my fornier indolence and thoughtlessness, because I have found the inutility of mental determinations. May Gud grant me strength to keep them !' pp. 57, 58.
There is much acuteness and ingénuity, and often a refined delicacy of moral taste, in the remarks which have been transcribed from Miss S.'s pocket-books, and from some of her familiar letters; we shall quote a few miscellaneous passages.
“ The pity of the world appears to be very much misplaced; it is entirely withdrawn from those who have fallen into misfortune through their own fault, and most liberally bestowed on the virtuous unfortunate; but the virtuous have no need of pity. They never can be miserable, whatever may befal them; and it is their place to look down with pity on the wicked, whether glorying in the smiles of fortune, or despairing at her frowns,' p. 41.
• I have known some very good people maintain in theory, and almost lla in practice, that we ought to endeavour to gain the good opinion of
others. It strikes me so far otherwise, that I should think it
wrong to stir my finger on purpose to gain the good opinion of the whole world. Not that I despise it; I consider the esteem of the wise and good as a treasure which I should be glad to obtain; but to obtain by being really worthy of it, not by any little 'fraudulent arts exercised on purpose to catch it. To be better thought of than I deserve, is always a reproach ; but the consciousness of having gained that high opinion by appearing in any respect better than I really am, would be to me as insupportable as that of having forged a bank-note. In either case I should have made something pass for more than it was worth ; ' should expect the fraud to be some time or other discovered ; and if not, I could not enjoy what I had no right to possess. Perhaps there is nothing more difficult to guard against than the desire of being admired, but I am convinced that it ought never to be the motive for the most trifling action. We should do right, because it is the will of God; if the good opinion of others follow our good conduct,' we should receive it thankfully, as a valuable part of our reward ; if not, we should be content without it.' pp. 88, 89.
• Praise can hurt only those who have not formed a decided opinion of themselves, and who are willing, on the testimony of others, to rank themselves higher than their merits warrant, in the scale of excellency.' pp. 192, 103.
• A sum of happiness sufficient to supply our reasonable desires for a long time is sometimes condensed into a little space, as light is concentrated in the flash. Such moments are given to enable us to guess at the joys of heaven. p. 103.
We avoid quoting some observations which occurred to this very infelligent young woman, on reading Locke, because they would require comments which our limits forbid. On a similar account, we decline quoting any of the poetical fragments; which display a portion of talent that deserved to be more highly cultivated. We add but one more passage, as a specimen of a different kind from any that we have quoted'; but for its length, we should have substituted the account of her midnight expedition to the top of Snowdon, to behold the beautiful scenery of floating clouds, and peaks illuminated with rose-coloured light, at sun-rise.
• Sligo, 1796. I frequently wish for you and our beloved friend, to make you, wander through a valley, between mountains tossed together in all the wild and rugged forms imaginable, with a hundred cascades dashing from their summits and forming a beautiful lake at the bottom; to shew you the fine effects of light and shade on the hills when the sun shines; and when he does not, the clouds hiding their heads, descending half way down to them, and sometimes entirely blotting them out of the landscape; then breaking away by degrees, and ascending like smoke. I never before knew so well what Ossian meant by the thick mist of the valley, and the ragged skirts of a cloud as it sails slowly over the dark heath. I often think I see the grey cloud of which his father's robe is made,' p. 38.
Of the few remarks which appear to us inaccurate, there are none which particularly demand comment; and it would only be a very strong sense of duty that could urge us to scrutinize with rigid accuracy these interesting relics, or to adopt the language of censure on the unfinished productions of a person, for whom we can entertain no feelings but those of the warmest adıniration and regret. Art. X. The Poetical Works of Vincent Bourne, A. M. consisting of
Originals and Translations ; to which are added his Letters. 2 iols. foolscap 8vo. pp. 370. price 9s. bds. Longman and Co. 1808. HE public are already so well acquainted with the merit
of Vincent Bourne's Latin Poems, that any eulogy from us would be superfluous. This new edition seems chiefly owing to the lavish praises which they received from the
of Cowper, as an extract from the Letter in which he describes Bourne's character stands like a recommendatory preface at the beginning of the book. Cowper acknowledged that he loved him with a lore of partiality ; and perhaps some deduc. tion may be properly made, on this account, from the exceedingly high-coloured panegyric which the more modern poet bestowed on his former instructor. To place the imitation above the model, the copyist above the exemplar, savours somewhat of contradiction ; and we cannot therefore accede to the assertion,that “ Bourne is a better Latin poet than Tibullus, Propertius, Ausonius, or any of the writers in his way, except Ovid, and not at a:l inferior to him." We must also take the Jiberty of saying, (though we suppose public schools and learned universities would frown upon us if our feeble voice could reach their ears) that the world in general have been rather too prodigal of their praises to the modern productions of the Latin Muse. Extraordinary strergth of genius, is not among the qualities required for such compositions. Great delicacy and refinement of taste, to distinguish and relish the peculiar beauties both of idea and of language among the ancient wri. tings ; an extensive and accurate acquaintance with the works of the best poets, and a facility in diverting their best phrases into a different channel of thought, are the principal if not the only requisites for forming the nodern Latin poet. No piercing force of thought, no divine afflatus, no voice uttering high and sublime musings, is necessary for securing the hoiiours of that name. However, we are not disposed to lower the character of Bourne much beneath Cowper's honour. able and flattering estimate of his merits. For perspicuity, elegance, simplicity, variety, and happiness of expression, he stands unrivalled among the modern writers of Latin poetry and if others have gained more celebrity than be, it is because