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their works have been more numerous, and their subjects more generally interesting and important.
The present publication is not more valuable than the last
Dum Patrios alii lætantur volvere fastos,
At quis tam stulte sapiens, qui fioxerit orbis
Ludere vexillis et fluitare dedit;
Nostræ ubi deliciæ sunt ? ubi noster amor
Agminibus vestris oum Gulielmus idest ?
The few English compositions serve to exemplify the re mark made before, that extraordinary strength of genius is not essential for writing Latin poetry. They remind us of Voltaire's remark respecting Cardinal Polignac, that he who astonished and charmed the world by his Anti-Lucretius, was upable to write a single good verse in his own language
However, as there is no omission, in the present republication, of any thing contained in the last, and Bourne's Poemata was become rather a scarce book, it is a public accommodation that they are again sent from the press. Art. XII. Memoirs of the Rev. John Newton, late Rector of the Uni
ted Parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth, and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, Lombard-street; with General Remarks on his Life, Connexions, and Character. By Richard Cecil, A. M. Minister of St. John's, BedfordTOW. 12mo.
330. Price 4s. bds. Haichard. 1808. AS the principal occurrences, in Mr. Newton's most eventful
and extraordinary life, are very well known to the world, through the medium of two works, the “ Narrative," and the « Letters to a Wife," published long before his death, it will not be necessary for us eren to enumerate his various adventures and situations. And as his character beams very distinctly through these and his other writings, we should probably add little, by any 'regular observations on it, to the idea which the reader has formed of him, as a inan of warm affections, of great benevolence and kindness, of sound and active mind, of innocent humour, of genuine candour, and of heartfelt piety. We therefore inust forego the pleasure we should find in sketching his biography, and refer to this interesting and cheap performance for satisfactory information. Nearly all the narrative part of these memoirs was prepared before Mír. Newton's death, and had the benefit of his corrections; and the remainder, in which his character is delineated, has every claim to the public confidence, from being drawn up by an old and intimate friend, of unquestioned intelligence and integrity.
The life of Mr. Newton is of itself a sufficient answer to the charge of licentious tendency which has been alledged against evangelical doctrine; his name is a spell which should confound the fluency of all its calumniators, and will explode and dissipate all their sophistries, as often as it is applied. Mr. Newton was a prodigy of audacious and extravagant wickedness; he embraced the genuine principles of Christianity, and the profligate, ferocious, and blasphemous infidel became a pattern of moral excellence, which the most vir. tuous might cordially admire and imitate. Such is the impressive lesson for cavillers at bis religious principles. For Christians, his life affords much valuable instruction ; and none more so, than the caution not to consider aggravated horrors of compunction, and a certain assignable time of finding confidence and delight in the sense of divine favour, as essential, in all cases, to true Christian experience and a real change of heart. The death of Mr. V. was in the same view remarkable ; it was a departure in peace, attended with no strong emotions or glowing language.
Though the greater portion of fact, which this volume con tains, has already been communicated to the worid, there are many additional anecdotes of Mr. Newton, illustrating both his life, and his character. The following is one of them :
We cannot wonder (says the biographer) that Mr. N., latterly, retained a strong impression of a particular providence, superintending and conducting the steps of man; since he was so often reminded of it, in his own history. The following occurrence is one of many in stances. Mr. N., after his reformation, was remarkable for his punctue ality: I remember his often sitting with his watch in his hand, lest, he should fail in keeping his next engagement. This exactness with respect to time, it seems, was his habit while occupying his post (of tide-surveyor) at Liverpool. One day, however, some business had so detained him, that he came to his boat much later than usual, to the surprise of those who had observed his former punctuality. He went out in the boat as heretofore, to inspect a ship, but the ship. blew up just before he reached her ; it appears that if he had left the shore a few minutes sooner, he must have perished with the rest on board.' pp, 126, 127.
Many conversations and apophthegms are also preserved, which are bighly characteristic. In reference to a milder and mure cautious style of preaching which he sometimes thought it prudent to adopt, he is related to have said,
** I became," says the apostle, “all things to all men; but observe the END, it was in order to gain some. The fowler must go cautiously to meet shy birds, but he will not leave his powder and shot behind, him. I have
with milk, says the apostle ; but there are some, that are not only for forcing strong meat, but bones too, down the throat of the child. We must have patience with a single step in the case of an infant, and there are one-step books and sernions which are good in their place. Christ taught his disciples, as they were able to bear, and it was upon the same principle, that the apostle accommodated himself to prejudice. “ Now," continued he, “what I wish to remark on these considerations is, that this apostolical principle, steadily pursued, will render a minister apparntly inconsistent ; superficial hearers will think him a trimmer. On the other hand, a minister, destitute of the apostolical principle and intention, and directing his whole force to preserve the appearance of consistency, may thus seem to preserve it; but let me tell you, here is only the form of faithfulness, without the spirit.” pp. 178, 179.
The following sentences are selected from a. pleasing part of the work, intitled, " Remarks made by Mr. Newton in familiar conversation :" few men have been more eminent for giving a penetrating form to their thoughts, and for the inge. nious simplicity of their illustrations.
• I should have thought mowers very idle people ; but they work while they whet their scythes. Now devotedness to God, whether it møws or whets the scythe, still goes on with the work.'
My principal method of defeating heresy, is by establishing truth One proposes to fill a bushel with rares ; now if I can fill it first with wheat, I shall defy his attempts.'
• Many have puzzled themselves about the origin of evil : I observe there is evil, and that there is a way to escape it, and with this I begin and end.'.
• Apollos met with two candid people in the church; they neither ran away because he was legal, nor were carried away because he was eloquent.
I can conceive a living man without an arm or a leg, but not with. out a head or a heart : so there are some truths essential to vital religion, and which all awakened souls are taught.'
Mr. Cecil has introduced three very interesting episodes, if we may so term them, or short sketches of the characters of three eminent men with whom Mr. N. was intimately connected; these are John Thornton, the poet Cowper, and the present venerable Mr. Scott. He justly contends and demonstrates that Cowper's religion, so far from being the cause, as its enemies have laboured to represent, was to a great degree the core of his insanity. The only additional quotation we shall allow ourselves, refers to the princely philanthropist already mentioned:
• Mr. Thornton left a sum of money with Mr N. to be appropriatcd to the defraying his necessary expences, and relieving the poor. “Be hospitable,” said Mr. Thornton," and keep an open house for such as are worthy of entertainment--help the poor and needy: I will statedly allow you 2001. a year, and readily send whatever you have occasion to draw for more." Mr. N. told me, that he thought he had received of Mr. Thornton upwards of 30001. in this way, during the time he re. sided at Olney. pp. 142, 143.
In order to execute his beneficent designs, he observed frugality and exactness in his personal expences. By such prospective methods, he was able to extend the influence of his fortune far beyond those who, in still more elevated stations, are slaves to expensive habits. Such men meanly pace in trammels of the tyrant custom, till it leaves them scarcely enough to preserve their conscience, or even their credit, much less to employ their talents in Mr. Thornton's nobler pursuits. He, however, could afford to be generous ; and while he was generous, did not forget his
duty in being just. • But with all the piety and liberality of this honoured character, no man had deeper views of his own unworthiness before I is God-to the Redeemer's work alone he looked for
acceptance of his vices : he felt all that he did, or could do, was infinitely short of that which had been done for him, and of the obligations that were thereby laid upon him. It was this abasedness of heart towards God, com. bined with the most singular largeness of heart toward his fellow-crea. wres, which distinguished John 1 hornton among men.' pp. 140, 141.
The latter part of the volume, to the extent of a hundred
pages is occupied with a review of Mr. Newton's character, in specific reference to his literary attainments, his ministry, his family habits, his writings, and his familiar conversation. Under these divisions, as also in various parts of the narrative, Mr. C. has introduced a variety of serious and useful observations. The attractions of his work, indeed, are of the best kind; inasmuch as rhetorical ornaments and a captiva. ting style are far less important than the faithful display of cha. racter and the judicious introduction of evangelical sentiment. It value, we hope, will be recognised, not merely as conducing to the gratification of Christian readers in general, but, according to his own suggestion, as an addition to the scanty class of books which tend to promote the best interests of the young while contributing to their amusement. We fear, indeed, that it will be considered as his legacy to the juvenile race ; for most of our realers have probably been grieved to hear of his total confinement from active duties by a paralytic affection.
The complete edition of Mr. Newton's works, with some original additions, and a fine engraved portrait, is just ready for publication. Art. XII. Sermons on Various Subjects. By John Bidlake, Chaplain to
their Royal Highnesses the Prince of Wales and Duke of Clarence.
8vo. pp. 300. Price 7s.6d boards. Murray, 1803. IT is still ominous, we suppose, to stumble in limine ; for
though we have attempted all through the Volume to recover ourselves from the shock of the first Sermons, we have done no better than stagger on, to the very last page. The Volume
with four discourses on the seasons of the year, which appeared to us very like an aukward attempt to imitate Sturm's Reflexions. Indeed we could scarcely have been convinced that the preacher had not relieved himself from the labour of original composition, by turning one of these Reflexions into a Sermon at the easy rate of tacking on to it a text of Scripture, had we not painfully felt the want of Sturm's graceful simplicity and useful application. In a sermon, short appeals to the works of creation are not merely allowable and sanctioned by scriptural precedents, but they are eminently beautiful and useful. When the whole time, however, which is allowed to religious instruction is spent in giving lectures On natural history, inflated with rapturous admiration of lines of 'beauty, elegance of tints, and fragrance of odours ; we ask indignantly, Has the preacher never noticed the disgrace.. ful and ruinous ignorance of religious truth, which prevails. in all ranks of society !--and has he never reflected, that men who have no just acquaintance with the doctrines of Scripture