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MEDICINE.

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for leave to file an Information against taining a Number of Original Letters and Mr. Ralph Dodd, upon the statute of other Papers connected with the Subject. 6 George I. for attempting to establish a By Andrew Halliday, M. D. 8vo. 38. rd. London Distillery Company, with transfer- The Surveyor's Guide, or a Treatise on able Shares. 2s. 6d.

Partial Land Surveying, in Seven Parts. The Gaine Laws, a new Edition, inclun By J. Cotes. Second Edition, enlarged. 12mo. ding the new Acts. ls. 61.

35. 6d. royal Paper 5s, 6d.

New Observations on the Natural History

of Bees, by Francis Huber. Second EdiPrinciples of Surgery, for the use of Chi- tion. 12mo. 6s. 6d. rurgical Students. A new Edition, with Letters from Barbary, France, Spain, Additions, by John Pearson, f. R. S. &c. Portugal, &c. By an English Officer. 8vo. 9s.

new Edition. 2 vols. 8vo. 14s. Debates in Parliament respecting the Proceedings and Report on the State of Jennerian Discovery, including the late the Hospitals at the Military Depot in the Duhates on the further Grant of 20,0001. to Isle of Wight, &c. By Sir I. M. Hayes, Dr. Jenner. Together with the Report of Bart. Jobn Hunter, M. D. George Pinckthe College of Physicians of London on the ard, M. D. and John Weir, esq. 2s. 6d. Vaccine Inoculation, with introductory Re- A Letter to the Commissioners of Milimarks. By Charles Murray. 5s.

tary Enquiry, explaining the true ConstituThe Medical Remembrancer, or, Phar- tion of a Medical Staff, the best form of maceutical Vade-Mecum; being a short Economy for Hospitals, &c. with a Refusketch of the Properties and Effects of all tation of Errors and Misrepresentations conthe Medicinal Compositions now in use, tained in a Lett r by Dr. Bancroft, Army as directed by the College of Physicians, Phys.cian, dated April 28, 1808. By Roin the New London Pharmacopeia, Ar- bert Jackson, M. D. 2s. 61. ranged under their several Classes. Το A Survey of Europe, Political, Historiwhich is added, an Alphabetical Table, in cal, Topographical, Hydrographical, MiliLatin and English, with the old and new tary, and Naval; with a descriptive Plan Names, containing the proper Duses of each of Operations for curbing the ambition of Medicine. Intended as a complete Pocket Bonaparte, and addr.:ssed to his Most GraManual, for the convenience and use of cious Majesty. By M. A. I. S. 5s. 6d. Practitioners in general. Extracted and Asiatic Researches, or Transactions of digested into Order, from the latest Edi- the Society instituted at Bengal, for intions of the best Authors, by Thomas quiring into the History and Antiquities, Churchill, Apothecary, &c. London. 2s. the Arts, Sciences, and Literature of Asia. 6d.

Vol. 9. 4to. 11. 11s. 6d.

An Abstract and Explanation of the Act

for enabling the Commissioners for the A Review of the Proceedings of the Ge- Reduction of the National Debt, to grant acral Associate Synod, and of some Presby- Life Annuit es, by the transfer of Funded teri s, in reference to the ministers who Property. ls. 6d. protested against the imposition of a New A Reply to a Critical and Monthly ReTestimony; wherein their protestations and viewer, in which is inserted Euler's De conduct are vindicated, and the irregularity, monstration of the Binomial Thenrem. By injustice, and nullity of the censures indicted Abraham Robertson, D. D. F. R. S. Saviliai on them, manifested: With remarks npon P:o essor of Geometry. Is. 6. the unfair account of the state of the differ- A Letter to the Rev. the Lord Bishop of ence and of these transactions, inserted in London, occasioned by a rumour that his the Christian Magazine; and upon the mis- Lordship has prohibited the Rev. Di. Drarepresentations, falsehoods, and aspersions per from preaching in any of the Churches contained in that and in the publication of of his Diocese. 2s. 6d. the Committee's Answers, and other late

Renarks on a Letter addressed to the pamphlets. By A. Bruce, Minister in Whit. Lord Bishop of London, on the subject of buin, and Teacher of Theology, by appoint. his Loidship’s having prohibited the Rev. ment of the General Associate Synod, Svo. Dr. Draper from preaching, &c. 2s. 5s.

A Reply to the Address of the Auctioneers Remarks on the Present State of the Lu- of the Metropolis, retuting calumnies therein natic Asyluis in Ireland, and on the Num- contained, and shewing the inexpediency ber and Condition of the Insane Paupers in of their intended combination. 6d. that Kingdom; with an Appendix, con.

My Pocket Book; or, Hints for "A

MISCELLANEOUS.

Rygnte Merrie and Conceitede” Tour in To which is added, a Supplementary Notě, Quarto; to be called the “ Stranger in on an Hypothesis advanced on the H stoIreland” in 1805. An improved Edition rical Work of Mr. Fox. By T. Bas-ly, by a Knight Errant. 5s.6d.

M. A. 2s. 6d, À Plain Statement of the Conduct of Essay on Government. By Philopatria. Both Parties, the Ministry and the Op- 15. position, towards his Royal Highness the

THEOLOGY. Duke of York, with details of the recent

Theological Thoughts on God; on the extraordinary Conduct of the Earl of Creation, Fall, and Redemption of Man ; Moira and Mr. Windham. 2s. Od.

and on God's Dealing with Man from the

Creation to the final Consumination of all POETRY.

things. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Mahomet, a Prize Poem, recited in the Thoughts on Prophecy; particularly as Theatre, Oxford, in the year 1808. By connected with the present Times ; supMatthew Rolleston. Is.

ported by History. By G. R. Hioan. 7s. Poems by M. M. Clifford, Esq. including A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the the Second Edition of Egypt. 65.

Archdeaconry of Middlesex, at the Visitas The Dawn of Liberty on the Continent tation in May and June, 1808. By George of Europe; or, The Struggle of the Spa- Owen, Cambridge. A. M. F. A. S. Archnish Patriots for the Emancipation of their deacon of Middlesex, and Prebendary of Country. By J. Avg. 2s. 6d.

Ely. Is. 6d. A Selection of Psalms, from the Trans- Intiinations and Evidences of a Future lations of the most eminent of the French State. By the Rev. Thomas Watson. 12mu. Poets. With ner, easy, and appropriate 4s. Music. 3s.

A Letter to a Noble Duke, on the incon. The Pastoral Care, a Didactic Poem; trovertible Truth of Christianity. 3s. 6d. in threc Parts, each Pare illustrated by a Jerusalem; or an Answer to the follow. beautiful appropriate Engraving ; addressed ing enquiries: What is the Etymology of to the Junior Clergymen. Övo. 12s.

the word Jerusalem ? and, Is there any A Tribute to the Me:nory of William connection between Salem and Jcrusalem? Cowper, being a Poetical Essay in Blank Wherein is shown, that the true and literal Verse; occasioned by the Perusal of his Interpretation of the word Jerusalem comWorks, and Hayley's Memoirs of bis Life, prehends two very opposite and distinct chiefly intended to illustrate his excellence national characters, peculiarly applicable as a Christian Poet. Second Edition, en- to two equally opposite and distinct, though larged and improved. Sro. 2s. 6d.

very disproportionate parts of the Hebrew Poems, by the Rev. George Crabbe, LL.B. Nation : Characters which are unquestions a new Edition. Evo. 10s. 6d. A few co- ably expressed in the original name of pies on super royal paper 11. Is.

their own capital city, though this has

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either by Jews or Christians. 2s. An Inquiry into the State of National Branch of the Discipline of the Church of

Religious Education, as it constitutes one Subsistence, as connected with the Progress of England, considered in a Charge deliof Health and Population. By W. T. Comber. 8vo. 9s.

vered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry

of St. Albans, at the Visitation, bolden POLITICS.

June 8, A. D. 1808. By Joseph Holden

Potts, A. M. Prebendary of Lincola, and The Claims of the Roman Catholics con- Archdeacon of St. Albans. Published at stitutionally considered, in a Letter to the the request of the Clergy present. 4to. Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Norwich 2s. 6d.

CORRESPONDENCE. The Letter respecting our Review of Dr. Middleton on the Greek Article was duly received.

ERRATA.
P. 474. I. 39. dele , arter oliv, and insert after xaxim

775. 1. 29. for ; reud on.
776. 1. 3. for d'Engely read sienosiv.
783. I. 44. Yor want read' wants.
819. I. 33. for purpuream read purpureum

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For OCTOBER, 1808.

Art. I. Lives of British Statesmen. By John Macdiarmid, Esq. Author

of an Inquiry into the System of National Defence in Great Britaing and of an Inquiry into the Principles of Subordination. 4to. pp. 600.

Price 21. 2s. Longman and Co. 1807. If we have not learnt to feel for statesmen, as such, a suffici

ent share of that reverential respect which pronounces their names with awe, which stands amazed at the immensity of their wisdom, which looks up to them as the concentrated reason of the human species, which trembles to insinuate or to hear insinuated against them the slightest suspicion of obliquity of understanding or corruption of moral principle, and which regards it as quite a point of religion to defend their reputation, it has not been that we have not received many grave instructions and rebukes on this head from much better men. A hundred times it has been repeated to us, that a peculiar and extraordinary genius is requisite to constitute à statesman ; that men, who by situation and office are conversant with great concerns, acquire à dignity and expansion of mind, that those who can manage the affairs of nations prove themselves by the fact itself to be great men; that their eles vated position gives them an incomparably. clearer and more comprehensive view of national subjects than is to be attained by us on the low level of private life; that we ought, in deference to them, to repress the presumption of our understandings; that in short it is our duty to applaud or be silent.

With a laudable obsequiousness we have often tried to conform ourselves to our duty, at least as prescribed in the latter part of this alternative, and we have listened respectfully to long panegyrics on the sagacity, fortitude, and disinterestedness of the chief actors and advisers in state affairs, and to inculcations of the gratitude due to men who will thus condescend, in their lofty stations, (which at the same time it is presumed they can claim to hold for no other purpose) to toil and care for us the vulgar mass of mankind.' Presently VOL. VI.

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these laudatory and hortatory strains would soften into an elegiac plaintiveness, bewailing the distresses of men in high situations in the state. The pathetic song has deplored the oppressive labours of thought required in forming their schemes, their cruel exposure to the persecutions of an adverse party, the difficulty of preserving harmony of operation in a wide and complex system involving many men and many dispositions, their anxiety in providing for the wants of the state, the frequent failure of their best concerted measures, their sleepless nights, their aching heads, and their sufferings from the ungrateful reproaches of the people. Here our impatience has overcome our good resolutions, and we have been moved to reply. We have said, Is not the remedy for all these sorrows at all times in their reach? They can quit their stations and all the attendant distresses whenever they please, in behalf of other men who are waiting, eager almost to madness, to obtain their share of all the vexations you are commiserating. But while you are so generously deploring the hardships of their situation, they are anxiously devising every possible contrivance to secure themselves in possession of it, and nothing less than the power

, that put them in can wrench them out. It is vastly reasonable to be requiring le. nient judgements on the conduct, and respectful sympathy for the feelings, of public men, while we see with what a violent passion power and station are sought, with what desperate grappling claws of iron they are retained, and with what grief and mortification they are lost. It might be quite time enough, we should think, to commence this strain of tenderness, when in order to fill the places of power and emolument it has become necessary to drag by force retiring virtue and modest talent from private life, and to retain them in those situations by the same compulsion, in spite of the most earnest wishes to retreat, excited by delicacy of conscience, and a disgust at the pomp of state. So long as men are pressing as urgently into the avenues of place and power as ever the genteel rabble of the metropolis have pushed and crowded into the play-house to see the new actor, and so long as a most violent conflict is maintained between those wbo are in power and those who want to supplant them, we think statesmen form by eminence the class of persons, to whose characters both the contemporary examiner and the historian are not only authorised, but in duty bound, to administer justice in its utmost rigour, without one particle of extenuation. While forcing th offices in the state, and while maintaining the possession once acquired, they are apprised, or might and should be apprised, of the nature of the responsibility, and it is certain they are extremely well apprised of the privileges. They know that

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the public welfare depends, in too great a degree, on their conduct, and that the people have a natural instinctive prejudice in favour of their leaders, and are disposed to confide to the utmost extent. They know that a measure of impunity, unfortunate for the public is enjoyed by statesmen, their very station affording the means both of concealment and defence for their delinquencies. They know that in point of emolument they are more than paid from the labours of the people for any services they render; and that they are not bestowing any particular favour on the country by holding their offices, as there are plenty of men, about as able and as good as themselves, ready to take their places if they would abdicate them. When to all this is added the acknowledged fact that the majority of this class of men have trifled with their high responsibility, and taken criminal advantage of their privileges, we can have no patience to hear of any claims for a special indulgence of charity, in reading and judging the actions of statesmen.

On the ground of inorality in the abstract, separately from any consideration of the effect of his representations, the biographer of statesmen is bound to a very strict application of the rules of justice, since these men constitute, or at least belong to, the uppermost class of the inhabitants of the earth. They have stronger inducements arising from situation, than other men, to be solicitous for the rectitude of their conduct'; their station has the utmost advantage for commanding the assistance of whatever illumination a country contains ; they see on the large scale the effect, of all the grand principles of action ; they make laws for the rest of mankind, and they direct the execution of justice. If the eternal laws of morality áre to be applied with a soft and lenient hand in the trial and judgement of such an order of men, it will not be worth while to apply them at all to the subordinate classes of mankind' ; 'as a morality, that exacts but little where the means and the res. ponsibility are the greatest, would betray itself to contempt by pretending to sit in solemn judgement on the humbler sub. jects of its authority. The laws of morality should operate, like those of nature, in the most palpable manner on the largest substances.

Another reason for the rigid administration of justice to the characters of men that have been high in the state, is, to secure the utility of history, or rather to preserve it from be. coming to the last degree immoral and noxious. For since history is almost entirely occupied with the actions of this class of men, and for the much greater part with their vices and their crimes, and the calamitous consequences, it is easy to see that a softened mode of awarding justice to these cha

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