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Mr. Williams, the Barrister, and author of young practitioners, heads of families, of The whole Law relative to the Duty and and managers of plantations. and Office of a Justice of the Peace, has Mr. Stace is proceeding with some nearly ready for publication the first part original anecdotes of Cromwell, which will of a new periodical work for the use of Jus- contain many curious and important incitices of the Peace, and Parish Officers, in- dents. tended to be continued annually under the In a few days will be published, Princititle of the Magistrate's Annual Assistant, ples of Surgery, for the use of Chirurgical containing the Acts of Parliament and ad- Students, a new

edition with additions. judged Cases, so far as they respectively By John Pearson, F. R. S. Senior Surgeon relate to the Offices of Justices of the to the Lock Hospital. &c. 8vo. 8s. 6d. Peace, and the powers of Parish Officers. We are requested to announce the ada

A new edition of Thornton's Present vanced state of a most useful and elegant State of Turkey, in two octavo volumes, is anatomical work, in folio, to be published nearly ready for publication,

in October, intitled Anatomico-Chirur. In imitation of the ancient Lectionaries, a gical Views of the Nose, . Mouth, La. Collection of Morning Lessons for Sundays rynx, and Fauces, with appropriate explaand other principal holidays is shortly to nations and references to the parts, by Mr. be published, as a companion to the Common J. J. Watt, Surgeon ; designed by the Prayer Book of the Church of England. Author to illustrate the Anatomy of those

In the course of next month will be pub- organs as they appear in different sections lished, a Tour in Scotland by Sir John Carr, of the head, and performed with the in one handsome quarto volume, price strictest attention to anatomical accuracy. in boards, two guineas, to be embellished "The engravings will be four in number, with plates from drawings by the author. containing six views of the parts, of their : A Biographical Index to the House of natural size, and accompanied with the Lords has been for some time in the press, same number of outline figures of reference and will be speedily published. It is com- with an additional anatomical description piled by the Editor of the “ Biographical of these organs by Mr. W. Lawrence, Index to the House of Commons:" it con- Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Bartholo sists of a single volume, of a portable size, mew's Hospital. The principal profes. and, in addition to the descent. of the sional Gentlemen resident in London, have Peers of England, given in an entirely new. already become subscribers to this publcaform, it contains an account of the present tion. and late ones, their habits, pursuits, and Mr. Brown of Whitburn is correcting and! parliamentary conduct. The sixteen Scotch, enlarging his Menoir of Mr. Hervey for a and twenty-eight Irish Members, are in- second edition, the first being sold in a troduced in alphabetical order, as well as few months. He has received various letthe Bench of Bishops.

ters from Mr. Hervey's friends in England Mrs. Grant, author of Letters from the which cast much light on the character of Mountains, is preparing to publish the that good man; of these he means to avail Memoirs of Mrs. Cuyler.

himself in the second edition. Dr. Thomas Dancer will shortly publish The author of the Age of Frivolity, has a new edition, much enlarged and improved, in the press a small volume of Poems, conof the Medical Assistant, or West India sisting of Sonnets, Tales, and CharacterisPractice of Physic; designed for the use tic Pieces.



many years one of the Pastors of the U. Crosby's Farmer, Grazier, Steward, Bai

nited Congregation of the New Meeting in Jiff, and Caitle-keeper's Annual Pocket

Birmingham, and of the Meeting in' CoseBook for 1809. Containing a Journal of ley. With an Appendix, consisting of every Day, a Calendar of Business to be.

various Papers and Letters, and Bingradone, List of Taxes, Bankers, Laws, and phical Notices of some of his Contempomany useful things for Country Gentlemen. raries, and a Supplement containing Spe. 3s. 6d, bound.

cimens of his Historical and Catechetical BIOGRAPHY.

Exercises. By Joshua Toulmin, D. D.

8vo. 15. Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Bourn, for




in A Biographical Peerage of Great Britain; David Blair, A. M. Author of the Class

which are Memoirs and Characters of Book, First Catechism, &c. 2s. the most celebrated persons of each family.

Vol. I. and II. (containing the Peerage of
England, with the Arms engraven on

A Familiar Introduction to the Study of wood) 12mo. 169.

Geography, and the Use of the Globes, Volumes III. and IV. containing the

By J. Bidlake, 2s. Peerage of Scotland and Ireland, are in the press, and in a state of considerable

The Chronicles of Holinshed, comprising forwardness.

the Description and History of England,

Scotland, and Ireland, with a general Index Fuci; or, coloured Figures and Descrip to the whole. 8 vols. royal quarto, 121. 12s. tions of the Plants referred by Botanists Annals of George the Third, from his to the Genus Fucus, By Dawson Turner, Majesty's Ascension to the Throne, to the A. M. F. R. A. and L. S. Vol. I. contain- unparallelled Victory of Trafalgar. By ing 71 coloured figures with descriptions W. Green, A. M. 2 Vols. 12mo. 14s. in English and Latin, "royat 4to. 41. 13s.

JURISPRUDENCE. The British Flora ; or, a Systematic Ar

The Law and Practice of Patents for Inrangement of British Plants. By John Hall, M. D. of the Royal College of Phy- ventions, by William Hands, Gent, one of Pleians of London, Physician to the Lying- the Solicitors of the Court of Chancery, &c. iá Hospital in Manchester, &c, Vol. I. sm. 8vo. 5s. 8vo. second edition, much improved. 9s. Reports of Cases argued and determined. The second volume is in forwardness. in the High Court of Admiralty, in the

time of the Right Hon. SirWilliam Scott. By

Chr. Robinson, LL. D. Advocate. 8vo. price -An Epitome of Experimental Chemistry, 9s. 6d. Vol. VI. Part II. Containing

three parts. Part I. Intended to facili- Cases determined in 1805, 6, 7, and 8, tate the acquisition of Chemical Knowledge, with Indexes, completing the Sixth Volume. by minute Instructions for the perfor- The eleven former Numbers of these Re. mance of Experiments. Part II. Direc. ports may be had, price 6s. each, tions for the Analysis of Mineral Waters, Also, lately published, by the same Au. of Earths, and Stones. Part III. Instruc- thor, in 8vo. two Parts, price 2s. 6d. each, tions for applying Tests and Re-agents. Notifications; Orders, and Instructions, reBy William Henry, M. D. 5th edition il- lative to Prize Subjects, during the present lustrated by plates, by Lowry, 8vo. 125.

The Trial at Large, Sir John Carr v.

Hood and Sharpe, for a Libel-in the Court A new and complete Spelling Dictionary, of King's Bench, Monday, 25th July, 1808. and Sure Guide to the English Language ;

Damages laid at Two Thousand Pounds. on the plan of the late Mr. Fenning : prin- Taken in short hand by Thomas Jenkins. cipally designed for the use of Schools, To which is added a supplement; containand Benefit of Foreigners. By Beckwell ing Letters of Lord Mountnorris, Sir Richard Dodwell Free, A. M. Classical Master at Phillips, and the Author of " My Pocket Mr. Till's, Pentonville, sm. 8vo. 5s. More short Stories in Words of two Sple will

be found highly interesting, as connected

Book," and other curious Matter, which lables, 5s. 60.

with the Trial. ls. Tales and Fables in verse, with moral

Also My Pocket Book, Second Edition, Reflections. Is.

with considerable Additions, illustrated with The Preceptor and his Pupils, Part. II.

Caricature Plates, price 5s. 6d. boards. or the Syntax of all Languages compared together, with special Rules, Dialogues,

MEDICINE AND CHIRURGERY. Exercises, and Examinations on the English The Medical Compendium, considerably Language. By George Crabb, price 4s. 6d. enlarged and improved; being a complete with the Key.

and explicit Guide to Pharmacy; &c. as The Grammar of the English Language, far as Instruction can be wanted, or may be ipcluding numerous Exercises in every obtained in families. A Glossárý, of ab. Rule, and Queries in the manuer of those struse, but no indelicate Terms, is inserted; in Goldsmith's Grammar of Geography; as also a Copious Index : together with a treating distinctly, completely, and prac- very interesting and useful Account of Mi. tically, of Orthoepy, Orthography, the neral and other Waters. By D.Cox, Chemist Accidence, Etymology, Syotax, Prosody, to his Majesty, 12mo: 8s.--The Appendix Composition, and Rhetoric. By the Rev. containing the different Formulæ of the



new London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Phar. Thomas Brown, LL. D. Author of Virimacopeias, may be bad separate.

darium Poeticum, the Union Dictionary, A Treatise on the Operation of Lithoto- &c. 3 vols. 8vo. 11. 11s. 6d. my; in which are demonstrated the dan- An Historical Dissertation on Tea ;. exgers of the present method of operating hibiting the Chinese Methods of preparing with the Knife and Staff. The Manner of it for the European Markets, means of Aperforming the incisions is explained in dulteration, its Dietetic' and Medicinal short rules, and represented by Drawings Qualities, &c. 6d. the size of the living figures. By Robert The Connection of Words with Objects; Allan, Surgeon, folio, 11. 11s. 6d.

a Visit to the Deaf and Dumb; with Hints J. Callow's Catalogue, for 1809, of a Mo- towards a classification of Metaphysical dern Collection of Books in Anatomy, Me

Terms. dicine, Surgery, Chemistry, Botany, &c. 1s. The History and Antiquities of Dissen

Anatomical Plates of the Arteries of the ting Churches, Chapels, and MeetingHuman Body, accurately coloured, and Houses, in and about the City of London, reduced from the Icones of Haller, with a from the Rise of Non-conformity to the preconcise explanation, 12mo. 15s.

sent time. No. 1. 2s. 6d, to be continued An Exposition of the Practice of affusing monthly. Cold Water on the Surface of the Body, as Defense du Clergé Français, resident à a remedy for the cure of Fever ; to which Londres et dans le reste de l'Angleterre, are added, Remarks on the effects of Cold contre l'inculpation de Mgr. Jean Milner, Drink and of Gestation in the Open Air, evéque de Castabal, dans son Mandement in certain conditions of that Disease. By du 1 Juin 1808 ; par l'Abbé Blanchard, 2s. Robert Jackson, M. D. 8vo. 10s, 6d.

Tales of the Robin and other small birds. The Complete Works of the late Rev. Selected from the British Poets. By J. John Newton, Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth, Taylor, 2s. 6d. London, 6 vols. 8vo. 21. 14s. The sixth The Grave, a Poem. By Robert Blair volume, containing Posthumous Pieces, a illustrated by twelve etchings, executed by' Portrait of the Author, a copious Index, and Louis Schiavonetti, from the original ina list of Subscribers, will be ready in a ventions of William Blake, Royal 4to. 21. few days. It may be procured separately, 12s. 6d. price 12s.—The following are the Titles and Prices of Mr. N.'s works, and which

A concise View of the Constitution of Enmay be procured separately, 1. Cardipho- 'gland.' By George Custance, dedicated by nia, or the Utterance of the Heart, 2 vols. 'permission to W.Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. Gs. 6s.-2. Letters to a Wife, 2 vols. 6s. -- Messiah, 2 vols. 6s.-Olney Hymns, 3s. 60.

THEOLOGY. Ecclesiastical History, 8vo. 65.-Omicron's A Dissertation on the Logos of St. John, Letters, 3s.--Smaller Tracts, 3s.--Authen- By R. Lawrence. LL. D. 3s. tic Narrative of the Author, 1s. 60,

A Discourse on the Being, or Existence of The British Cicero, or a Selection of the God, as discoverable by natural, unprejumost admired Speeches in the English lan- diced Reason ; intended as a popular antiguage ; arranged under three distinct dote against the pernicious influence of nioheads of Popular, Parliamentary, and Ju- dern Infidelity. By the Rev. Christopher dicial Oratory; with Historical Illustrations : Hodgson, LL. B. Rector of Marholm, to which is prefixed, an' Introduction to the Northamptonshire,and formerly of Pembroke Study and Practice of Eloquence. By Hall, Cambridge. 8vo. I's, 6d.



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We have received a sensible letter from Mr. Crabb, author of “ the Preceptor and his Pupils," proposing the institution of a Society, on the plan of the Academies in several countries on the continent, for improving and settling the English language ; a project, in the promotion of which we can no otherwise assist, at present, than by giving it publicity and sanction.

EBRATUM. p. 807. 1 5. for fretful peevish read fitful.




For NOVEMBER, 1808.


Art. I. History of the House of Austria, from the Foundation of the

Monarchy by Rhodolph of Hapsburgh to the Death of Leopold the Second : 1218 to 1792. By William Coxe, F.K.S. F. A. Š. Arch. deacon of Wilts, and Rector of Bemberton, 3 Vols. 4to. pp. 1300.

price. 51. 5s. Cadell and Davies, 1807. DIONYSIUS of Halicarnassus, who has so ably criticized

the, ancient historians of Greece, instructs us, that the first thing to be considered in regard to a historian, is the judgement, and knowledge with which he has selected his subject. There are several rules regarding this point, which are evidently of great importance. For example, the subject which a historian chuses should undoubtedly be one conducive to utility. If any historian should adopt a subject, from the elucidation of which no instruction, or very little instruction, could be derived, in regard to the laws of human affairs, it is impossible that any art or skill, mis-spent on such a subject, could intitle him to the denomination of a good historian. Another rule, of great importance likewise, because it is conducive to this same primary end, utility, is, that the subject be one; that is to say, a subject which the mind may contemplate under one point of view. When this is the case, both the comprehension and the recollection of facts are greatly facilitated.

But when the historian is perpetually starting backwards and forwards between subjects which have little or ļo connection, the attention of the reader is perplexed; the instruction which arises from tracing a chain of connected events, (the distinctive instruction of history,) is forfeited ; and even the chronological order of things takes no hold of the memory, when it is unaided by a more intimate and powerful association.

These observations are peculiarly worthy, of notice in the present case, because there is something remarkable in the choice which Mr. Coxe bas made of a subject for the exercise of his historical pen. It is neither the history of a reign, nor VOL. IV.

4 C

the history of a kingdom, nor the history of any great event: it is the history merely of a family. It is somewhat difficult to find a class to which such a species of composition may be referred. It ought to partaké largely of the nature of biography, and seems more naturally to belong to that description of narrative, than to the historical; as it refers to the actions and fortunes of individuals primarily, and to the actions and fortunes of communities only as they are connected with those of a line of individuals. But it is with communities, however, that history is particularly conversant. Now the biography of a family is a subject, which we do not think holds out many advantages of great magnitude. It is in possible that any family can present a line of individuals, every one of whom deserves to be delineated with the pencil of biography The greater part of them will necessarily be those common-place mortals, whose characters and actions afford neither instruction nor amusement. As for the fortunes of a mere line of individuals, they evidently furnish a subject too circumscribed to interest mankind, or to afford them lessons of any peculiar importance. Of what consequence is it to the people of London, who were the sons and daughters of Rhodolph of Hapsburgh, or to what men and women they gave birth from his time to the present? had their fortunes not affected those of large bodies, or communities of mankind, we should have had no more curiosity respecting the family of Rhodolph, than the family of Rhodolph's groom. It is merely as they are connected with communities of their fellow .creatures, that we care to know about the family of Austria ; and at every part of the progress, it is the community, not the individuals, who form the important object, that commands our attention, and affords the motive which prompts our curiosity.

From this circumstance, then, it will appear that there is great imperfection in Mr. Coxe's choice of a subject. When two objects are presented to a man, one primary, the other secondary and subordinate, why not place the primary, as it ought to be, in the foreground, and the secondary in that relative position which its nature and connection prescribe ? If the secondary object occupy the first place, it is a very unskilful arrangement, and in point of history not likely to be very subservient to instruction.

In one respect, the house of Austria are a most interesting object of contemplation. They have long had the direction of the force and resources of a community, or portion of mankind, which has had a powerful influence in the affairs of Europe, or of the world. But the community over which they ruled, whose resources it was by which every thing was performed, and of which they were

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