« AnteriorContinuar »
is an individual living who approves of drunkenness,; no one defends, that is the abuse ; true, but drinking this is now out of fashion, and moderation stands in its begets idleness, and the habit becomes so much the place. But instead of railing against the effect, nature of the man, that he cannot be industrious when (drunkennes), I would point out the cause, (intoxica- he is sober. I know a case of a young inan, who now ting liquors) and the amount of evil produced by this lives in this city, who was once as industrious and ever-acting cause is at once fearful and extensive. It attentive to his business as any man could be, and up produces four fifths of all crune, two thirds of all pove to the time of his forming a liking for strong drink erty, one half of all suicides, two thirds of all madness, was exemplary in his conduct, and liappy in his mind : and a great proportion of all shipwrecks. The Par- but now he is not only idle when drinking, but he is liamentary cominittee on shipwrecks have stated nine idle when sober; and his temper which once tenths. Of how inuch idleness, sabbath breaking, cheerful and lively, is now morose and churlish. But lying, swearing, disease, uncleanness, and accidents by an authenticated fact or two upon this head may not fire and water, food and field, it is the direct or in- be out of place. Mr. George Hewish, of St George's, direct cause, I leave it to every observer of passing Southwark, says, “I have stationed persous at well events to say. The evil is by no means confined to any known ginshops to observe the number of paupers that one class or condition of men, it extends from the canie in, and the money they spent; and from all such highest to the lowest, and very inany who were never statements I have drawn the conclusion, that out of observed to have passed the line of strict moderation, every £100 of the money given as out door relief, have by a continuous use of the article, brought then- £30 is spent in thc ginshop!" How is it possible to selves to poverty, and shame, and premature death. relieve the wants of those who spend one third of their But to produce the evidence of fact, Judge Hale hay parish relief in the purchase of the very agent of their remarked, that "it all crime were divided into five poverty? parts, four of the n would be found to be caused by “ Who lost to sense of shame, and more than poor, intemperance." Mr. R. G. White, who was High Drest up in rags besiege the ginshop door ; Sheriff of Dublin in 1818, states, that in the month of Who madly rush on ruin, gries, and pain, October in that year, twenty two persons were con
And drink to drown their wretcheduess in vain." demned to suffer death, of whom one was a female; The Rev. H. S. Joseph, who is Chaplain to the and that every one who was executed declared that
Liverpool poor house, declared in this city, that nine drunkenness bad been among the chief causes of their tenths of all the paupers in that house were brought
there by drunkenness. It is some consolation to the The Recorder of Dublin has declared that “out of 50,000 Liverpool Tee-totalers, that, though they now fifiy Cases of crime that came before him weekly, pay at least 17s. 6d. in the pound inore than they foriy he believed were tracible to intemperance." would if temperance universally prevailed, perhaps But to coine
nearer hoine, very lately I heard the their children may reap the benelit of present exertionis Chaplain of the City Gaul say, that her Majesty's to rid the country of intemperance, and the few poor Inspec!or of Prisons who had been visiting our city, who shall never cease out of the land, will only need declared it to be the result of his observation througb- 2s. 6d. in the pound for their comfortable support.
kingdoin, that nine tenths of all the prisoners In the year 1928, Professor Edgar inade a calculaconfined in England are brought into prison for crimes tion that the Irish people alone spent six millions three committed under the effects of intoxication. Where hundred thousand pounds in whisky, and other strong does the dishonest poacher meet to plan his schemes of liquors! When we take into account that it is said two rolibery, but where intoxicating drinks may be pro- millions three hundred eighty-five thousand of the Irish cured to drive his clagging courage, and stimulate his people are destitute of the means of subsistence during fainting heart. What nerves the assassin's arın to take 30 weeks in the year, the above enormous, sum spent a brother's life but this fiendish Alcohol, which noixed for at least a useless article, is alınost too monstrous to with water and some pleasant drug for flavour is never- be true! But true it is, and the annual cost at this theless swallowed by the gentlust and the greatest. present time is estiinated at eight million pounds. O that I could believe it is only the inost abandoned I am really afraid of tiring your patience, and occuthat hurt themselves by wine and strong drink. I will pying space better filled by some abler pen, but if you ouly say in the words of the Holy Writ.
do not consider me tiresome, I may re-ume my evidence priest and the prophet have erred through strong at soine futire time, if the Lord will. drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of
I remain, Reverend Sir, the way through strong drink, they err in vision, they
Your most obadient Servant, stumble in judgment.”
OXESIMUS. I have stated above that strong drink is the producing
SOCIALISM. cause of two thirds of all poverty. I think there needs not much evidence upon this part of Mr. Alcohol's
To the Editor of the Christian Beacon. trial, for the whole experience of poorhouses goes to REVEREND SIR,—The announcement of your intention prove the fact : but it is exactly fulfilling the words of to commence a periodical for the Godly purpose of counGod's blessed Book, that thus it should be; Solomon teracting the daringly impious opinions propagating says, “the drunkard and the glutton shall come to around you by a sect calling themselves“ Socialists," poverty," and it would be strange indeed if that text gave me much pleasure, and I doubt not that there are were not fulfilled. But drunkenness, says a reader, many who enjoy the power of Godliness, in these days
ness as a
of “rebuke and blasphemy,” that will be encou
couraged by | fast in thc faith. (1 Peter v. 8, 9.) Doubtless it was ; but your timely and important undertaking. The active the same word declares with equal clearness, “ The time energies of every man of God are called for at this mo- will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; ment. The foes of his faith are gathering thickly, de- but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves termined upon nothing short of the utter annihilation of teachers, having itching ears; and they shall turn away that which is alone the origin and the barrier of those from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.” (2 Tim. principles which have for so long a period been the dis- iv. 3, 4.) The character of the people of these " last tinguished honour and happiness of our nation. I beg days," is strikingly described in one of the foregoing leave to place before your readers the following short but chapters, as “ Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of important narrative :
God; having a form of godliness, but denying the power Rather more than twelve months have elapsed since I thereof," from “such” we are warned to “turn away;" but visited Manchester, which is my native place, for the first how little is the gracious counsel regarded. time since my departure from it. A circumstance was What multitudes do we find ready in these “perilous then related to me which I think affords so clear a testi- times” to be “carried about with every wind of doctrine.” mony to the practical working of the “ Social System," | (Eph. iv. 14.) “Ever learning, and never able to come to that the relation of it may be useful. A Teacher of the the knowledge of the truth.” (2 Tim. iii. 7.) Sunday School, with which I had been associated up to In all my experience in Sunday Schools, I never found the time of my leaving Manchester, had died, and the a negligent Teacher a prosperous one in the things of circumstances prior to, and at his death, are as follow :- God; but ever the contrary; and I am sure that the He quitted the school through some trifling cause, and more devoutly and self-denyingly any one pursues this soon afterwards joined himself with the Socialists. God, Godly vocation in love to Jesus, and in love to souls, achowever, did not permit bim to remain long in their companied with a devout and diligent study of the Word society. He was seized with a serious sickness, which of God, as the foundation and source of all his teaching, terminated in his death. Finding all hopes of recovery he will have more exalted views of it, and great will be unavailing, the Clergyman, whose faithful ministry he his joy and happiness therein. Of him whose melancholy had forsaken, was sent for, who endeavoured in vain to end I have just described, I would just further observe, administer the consolation of that blessed Book which he that for some time I enterta ned a favourable opinion of had contemptuously rejected. The interview was one him, which arose principally from his serious deportdoubtless deeply affecting to his pastor, of whose faithful- ment; but his attendance began to be irregular, which
“Watchman in Israel,” I most gladly at this finally issued in his withdrawal, as before mentioned. distance desire to bear a grateful testimony. To behold May it please Him, with whom is the preparation of one of his “pastoral care” in so fearful a state, that his soul the heart, to dispose the reader to ponder well upon these seemed closed to all consolatory impressions, must have remarks, that he may draw his inferences, not according been to him a source of the deepest concernment. The to man's vision, which is foolishness with God, but acwickedness of the “Social System” had been faithfully cording to that which is from above, that the heart may exhibited to all his flock, leaving none of them unwarned be savingly affected with their momentous truth. And of the dangerous character and tendency of its principles, may the great Head of His church draw together His opposed as they are in every part to that Holy Word of own people into one holy and united band, so that there God, of which the individual in question bad been for may be no schism, which
leave an inlet for the ad. some time a Teacher. May the sequel enter into the mission of the combined and mighty force which is now ears and heart of every votary to this accomplished deceit brought against it. Every day brings with it fresh of Satan. Nothing bearing the least feature of hope, warning and counsel to us to be at our posts, watching could be gathered from his look or expressions. A strong every movement of the enemy. The time is one for de
cision, and well will it be if we are not found among the last exclamations, uttered in the deepest anguish of spirit, “ outer court worshippers." were, O the Social System! O the Social System ! In the next number I may, probably, give some further
Such were the last moments of my once fellow-labourer illustration of the practical working of the “Social in the Sunday School. How momentously instructive to System."
I am, Rev. Sir, professing christians ! How fraught with warning to the
Most respectfully yours, unstable! Ah! little did he think, in the evil moment of
B, T. S. his withdrawal from the school and his class, that he was
A FRIENDLY CAUTION. placing his soul in such jeopardy. Little did he consider that the enemy of his soul was so effectually throwing
Rev. Sir,- If it is time to fire at the approach of an enemy,
it must be high time when he has forced his way into out his bait for his ruin, in the shape of pleasure. The
our City under the name of Socialism, which is in fact allurement was too successful, the “ unstable soul” was
Atheism; to attack this God denying, and soul destroybeguiled. Could he have seen, at this moment, with the
ing system, I must leave to the leaders of the army of vision of Elisha's servant (2 Kings 6. 17.) the terribleness the living God, the Ministers of the Lord Jesus Christ, of the foe that was against him, how would he have but though I leave the work of attacking in the hands shrunk with horror at the sight! and fled for refuge to
of those who are better qualified, yet I may, under the Him whose service he had so treacherously forsaken.
divine blessing, be of some service, if I can place before But there needed not such a vision or revelation. Was
your readers, any thing which may deter individuals not the counsel sufficient? Be sober, be vigilant; be
from inclining towards a system, so calculated to pro
duce misery here, and ruin--irretrievable ruin--hereafter. cause your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh
I beg to hand you the following extract from an old about, seeking whom he may devour: whom resist stead- author, as being well adapted for the present time.
following short extract a place in the next number of the BEACON' and allow me to assure your readers, that it is only a fair speci. men of their general way of dealing with those texts of the Bible which so unanswerably assert the “ Unity in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity,” of the Eternal Godhead. Praying that your publica. tion may indeed be made a Witness for the Most High, and a safeguard from the quicksands of infidelity, and all the channels which lead to them. I am, Rev. Sir, most respectfully yours,
THE INCLINING ATHEIST. “First, he quarrels at the diversities of religions in the world. Complaining how great Clerks dissent in their judgments, which makes him sceptical in all opinions. Whereas such differences should not make men careless to have any, but careful to have the best religion.
“He loves to maintain Paradoxes, and to shut his eyes against the beams of a known truth; not only for discourse, which might be permitted: for as no cloth can be woven except the woof and the warp be cast cross one to another, so discourse will not be maintained without some opposition for the time. But our inclining Atheist goes further, engaging his affections in disputes, even in such matters where the supposing them wounds piety, but the positive maintaining them stabs it to the heart.
“ He scoffs and makes sport at sacred things. This by degrees abates the reverence of religion, and ulcers men's hearts with profaneness. The Popish Proverb well under.. stood has a truth in it. Never dog backed against the crucifix but he ran mad.
“Hence he proceeds to take exception at God's Word. He keeps a register of many difficult places of Scripture, not that he desires satisfaction therein, but delights to puzzle Divines therewith ; and counts it a great conquest when be bas opposed them. Unnecessary questions out of the Bible are his most necessary study, and he is more curious to know where Lazarus' soul was the four days be lay in the grave, than careful to provide for bis own soul when he shall be dead. Thus it is just in God that they who will not feed on the plain meat of his Word, should be choked with the bones thereof. But his principal delight is to sound the alarm, and to set several places of Scripture to fight one against another, betwixt which there is a seeming, and he would make a real contradiction.
“ Afterwards, he grows so impudent as to deny the Scripture itself. As Sampson being fastened by a web to a pin, carried away both web and pin; so if any one urge our Atheist with arguments from Scripture, and tie him to the Authority of God's Word, he denies both reason and God's Word, to which the reason is fastened.
“Hence, be proceeds to deny God himself. First, in his Administration, tben in his Essence. What else could be expected, but that he sbould bite at last, who had snarled so long. First, be denies God's ordering of sublunary matters. Tush! doth the Lord see, or is there knowledge in the most High? making bim a maimed Deity, without an eye of Providence, or an arm of Power, and at most restraining him to matters above the clouds. But he that dares to confine the King of heaven, will soon after en. deavour to depose him, and fall at last flatly to deny him."
How descriptive this is of the downward march of those, who, unhappily, embrace the baneful, unsocial, unscriptural system of the Owenites; let all beware of the first step, and watch and pray against the temptation, and if tempted, for power to resist it. Imploring the blessing of God upon the work of your hands,
I remain, Rev. Sir,
« A VOICE FROM THE WEST."
He retire with unshaken fortitude within the citadel of his philosophic convictiou, and under its impenetrable cover bids defiance to the utmost force of his adversary's argument. Of this let Dr. Priestley furnish an instance in his own words. Endeavouring to prove, in opposition to Dr. Price, that the expressions in John vi. 62. What and if ye shall see the Son of Man ascend up where he was before ? supply no argument in favour of Christ's preexistence, be uses the following remarkable language:'though not satisfied with any interpretation of this extraordinary passage, yet rather than believe our Saviour to have existed in any other state before the creation of the world,or to bave left some state of great dignity and happiness when he came hither, he would have recourse to the old and exploded Socinian idea of Christ's actual ascent into beaven, or of his imagining that he had been carried up thither in a vision; which, like that of St. Paul, he had not been able to distinguish from a reality : nay, he would not build an article of faith of such magnitude, on the cor. rectness of John's recollection and representation of our Lord's language : and so strange and incredible does the hypothesis of a pre-existent state appear, that sooner than admit it, he would suppose the whole verse to be an interpolation, or that THE OLD APOSTLE DICTATED ONE THING, AND HIS AMANUENSIS WROTE ANOTHER." (Letters to Dr. Price, pp. 57, 58, &c.) Thus is completed the triumph of Unitarian philosopby over revelation : aud thus is the charge of incredulity against the pretended pbilosopher of the present day refuted! For what is there too monstrous for his belief, if you except only the truths of the Gospel ? Magee on the Atonement, 5th edition, Vol. I. pp. 86, 87.
“The grass withereth, the flower fadeth : but the word of our God
shall stand for ever."-Isa. xl. 8.
Hast thou deem'd sweet beauty's brow
Fairer than its wreathing roses ?
What a change that brow discloses :
Brighter than his glancing crest ?
Issues from his dying breast!
Weaker than the cross ordain'd him;
NoMan Arm Divine sustains him : Fresh grass wither, fade sweet flower, But the Word of God hath power. Since then youth and strength must wither,
May our hearts above them rise ;
Let us follow to the skies :
The Paith of a Socinian or Anti-Trinitarian.
To the Editor of the Christian Beacon. REVEREND SIR,_While hearing from the pulpit proofs of the Divinity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, I have often won. dured, by what means they who have so unjustly appropriated to themselves the name of Unitarians, could satisfy themselves in believing the palpable contradiction, That the Bible is true, and that Jesus Christ is not God. My course of study has, however, of late, led me to an examination of their reasons for so contradictory a course; and I should be very glad if you would give the
Temperance in the United States of America.
BY JOHN C. WARREN, ESQ. M.D.
Professor of Anatomy in Boston.
the grog-shops in that state at a single blow. A similar measure bas been adopted by the state of Tennessee, in the west, at a distance of 1000 miles from Massachusetts, wbich is in the east, and other states will probably follow their example.
The Servants' Home and Registry.
IN 1813 a ety was formed in Boston, called the Massachusetts Society for the suppression of Intemperance. The individuals who combined for this object were distinguished statesmen, clergymen, and physicians. The means employed were the annual distribution of discourses showing the great evils produced by the use of alkoholic drinks. The efforts of this society were met with ridicule and abuse for some years; their opinions, however, gradually extended among the people, and in the year 1826 the American Temperance Society was formed in the same city, and immediately began a train of active operations. Ju the year 1827 the Massachusetts Medical Society passed three important resolutions, almost unanimonsly-1. That the use of ardent spirits was not neces. sary to health and strength. 2. That the employment of alkohol and alkoholic medicines in fever had been carried to a peruicious extent. 3. That the most salubrious drink was water.
About this period medical men, generally, in the northern states, united in opposition to the use of alkohol. The clergy attacked it from the pulpit; the judges and a number of lawyers made use of official situations and public occasions to give expression to opinions urfavourable to the influence of ardent spirits. The results of all these movements appeared in year 1835, from the following facts:- About 2,000,000 of persons who had been in the habit of using alkohol, bad abandoned it. More than 8000 temperance societies had been formed, embracing 1,500,000 members. Of these societies twentythree were state societies, comprising all the states in the upion but one. Four thousand distilleries had been stopped. More than 1,200 vessels sailed without ardent spirits, and the price of insurance lessened on these vessels. About 12,000 drunkards had been reclaimed, and more than 200,000 persons bad abandoned the use of all intoxicating drinks. Since the year 1835, the numbers above stated have been increasing, and other important results have shewn themselves. The bills of mortality exhibit a decrease of deaths in the places where reform has been extensive. The inmates of poor-houses, compared with the increase of population, are diminishing; the amount of crimes is decidedly less, and it is a frequent occurrence to notice in the news-papers, that a county jail is without a single tenant. Alienations of property from families, whose beads bad become drunkards, have lessened in a very remarkable manner in almost every town; the use of wine is diminished among the frich, and instead of the strong Spanish wides, the light wines of France and Germany are getting into general use. In consequence of this the chronic affection of the stomach, commonly called dyspepsia, which was very prevalent, has almost disappeared, and gout is scarcely heard of.
The disuse of ardent spirits in the northern states is believed to have increased the physical power of this section at least one-sixth, so that if we allow for its population abont 5,000,000, the force of a million of persons will have been added, wbile the expense of supporting the 5,000,000, instead of being increased, has diminished by the appropriation of that grain for nutrition which was employed for distillation.
Tbe public sentiment is so strongly in favour of prosecating the temperance reform, that it called on the legis. lature of Massachusetts to probibit the sale of ardent spirits on Sundays, about a year since; and this law has operated so satisfactorily, that in the present year (1838,) a law has passed probibiting the sale of ardent spirits in less quantities than fifteen gallons, thus annihilating all
“Whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free."-Eph. vi. 8. I would advise you, said a lady, addressing two young women to whom she bad just paid some wages, and who stood ready equipped to say farewell to a very kind mistress, I would advise you, immediately upon your arrival at Chester, to repair to the Servants' Home; you may there enter your name in the Register Book without pay. ment, be lodged and boarded at a very moderate rate, until you succeed in finding situations; and what is of still greater importance, you will be free from those snares and temptations to which, in large towns, young women from the country are generally exposed. i do trust that you will both arail yourselves of the friendly shelter held out for your acceptance by this excellent society.
Thank you, ma'am, said the elder of the young women, in a confident tone; a tone which had in it nothing of that lowliness and diffidence which is at least as lovely and becoming in a Christian servant, as it is in a Christian master or mistress. Thank you, ma'am, but I do not like a home of other people's choosing. I dare say I shall be able to find a home for myself during the short time I shall be out of place, and as for snares and temptations, she added, looking offended and angry, what do you know of me, ma'am, to make you think that I cannot take care of myself?
Margaret, said the lady, and she spoke seriously, and even solemnly, I kpow that you have a "heart”like my own, “ deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked." Nay, do not be angry, she continued, observing the young woman about to reply in no very gentle strain, you must not dare to gainsay these words; they are not mide, they are the words of Him “unto whom all hearts are open, and from whom no secrets are hid.” I know, for God Himself bas told me in His boly word, that you have not only a deceitful, but also a wicked heart. I know, likewise, that you, in common with every human being, are a weak and helpless creature. I know that of yourself you cannot even think a good thought, much less can you stand firm to your duty throughout all the temptations that may assail you. Hitherto you have not been tempted to that love of dress beyond your station—that inclination for rambling—that desire to frequent play-houses, and races, and wakes, and many other practices which are beyond all doubt contrary to the will of God, but which at present so unhappily prevail in our towns and villages. You do not kuow what it is to be surrounded by giddy and thoughtless and wicked companions persuading you that there is no harm in strolling about the street and walks of the city on the Sabbath Day, violating its sacred rest, taking your own pleasure on that day which belongs to the Lord, and madly breaking the plain command of our God, “ Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day.” My poor Margaret, you will doubtless find these temptations too strong for any self-grounded resolutions to withstand. As a friend who would wish you well, I entreat you to put yourself out of the way of them by joining the society of those better conducted young women who pledge themselves to abstain from these open sins. Remember that holy prayer with which we daily conclude our family devotions. Remember the petition, “ Lead as not into temptation;" it has proceeded out of your lips every day since you have been under this roof. Take care that you do not now lead yourself into temptation. “ Be bat deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners." I warn you that it is written, “Thou shalt not follow multitude to do evil. A companion of fools shall be de. stroyed;" you will find the words in the twenty-third chapter of the book of Exodus, the second verse, and in the thirteenth chapter of the book of Proverbs, the twentieth verse.
Will you be so good, ma'am, as to tell me where the Servants' Home may be found ? said the young woman who had not yet spoken, but who had been listening very attentively to the preceding conversation.
I will give you the necessary information with much pleasure, returned the lady, you will find the bouse No. 10, Egerton Street; but I should tell you that, as this society is intended exclusively for well-conducted young women, your character will have to undergo some scrutiny before you will be allowed to enrol your name as a member. I have the pleasure of numbering among my friends one or two of the ladies under whose superintendence this establishment is conducted; I will write to them, and I make no doubt but that the character which your orderly conduct and respectful behaviour since you have been in my service empower me to give you, will be sufficient to admit you as a member of the Chester Female Servants' Society. I am sorry, continued the lady, that I cannot say thus much of you, Margaret, I can say every thing with respect to your bonesty, and your orderly conduct, but I cannot say that your manner has been altogether, and at all times, such as is becoming in a Christian servant. I am sorry that my letter, if you wish me to write one, must speak with some degree of hesitation on this point. The ladies of this committee act upon Bible principles, aud with that text of scripture before their eyes, " Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things, not answering again,” Tit. ii. 9. They would not dare to do otherwise than most decidedly to discountenance every species of impertinence. I will not give your want of humility and submission, she added, so barsh a name as impertinence, but I will connsel you not to forget how mild," and gentle and easy to be entreated" ought the followers of Jesus Christ to be. Nothing in the conduct of a master or mistress can ever excuse a tone of disrespect and impatience on the part of those who are commanded to “count their own masters worthy of all honour.” The true Christian serrant who is seeking to know and to perform the duties of the station in which God has seen fit to place ber, will surely never cease to remember that she is commanded to be subject not only “to the good and gentle” master or mistress, “but also to the froward." For tbis is thankworthy, says the Apostle Peter, in bis first epistle, second chapter, nineteenth and twentieth verses, this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure gries, suffering wrongfully. For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffetted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. I speak to you in the spirit of love, continued the lady, remembering that I myself bave a Master in heaven to serve, and earnestly desiring both of you to join in the blessed ser. vice. Remember that poor as you are in this world's goods, the true and lasting riches may be obtained by the poor, as well as by the rich ; by the servant, as well as by his lord. How humble soever may be the station in which an infinitely wise God has seen fit to place you, never forget that it cannot be so humble nor so obscure, but that you may let your light shine before men in a holy life, and so“ glorify your Father which is in Heaven."
The young women arrived in Chester. Margaret Harris did not obtain a situation quite so soon as she had expected. She remained some time at a small lodging house, for several ladies to whom she had been directed
to apply declared they intended to bave the vacant situations in their households filled by members of the Female Servants' Society. Magaret tossed her head, and once her pert and haughty spirit discovered itself so far as to cause her to quit the room almost before the lady, who was addressing her, had done speaking. What business is it of any Society, thought she, how I dress, or where I live. If Mary Dalton is so foolish as to mind them, I choose to have my own way. Alas! she lived to know that her own way was not a right way.
At last Margaret obtained a reference to a Mrs. Moreton, and she was engaged as housemaid. She did not, however, remain long in this place. Her consequential airs were extremely displeasing to her mistress. You must provide yourself with another situation, said Mrs. Moreton to her about six months after her entrance into tbis family. You cannot bear to be spoken to. You have always some pert answer to make when I explain to you the manner in wbich 1 desire any thing to be done. I will not allow so self-conceited a young person to remain in my service; and remember, added Mrs. Moreton, that when I am called npon to give you a character, I am bound to give you a just one. 1 dare not tell an uptruth. Owing to this conscientious determination Margaret lost a very excellent place, as under-housemaid in the family of a gentleman who resided in the neighbourbood. On this situation Margaret had set her heart. She went to the Hall an hour or two after the housekeeper had waited upon Mrs. Moreton for ber character, not doubting but that she should be hired. The reply which she received was, however, fatal to her expectations.
I have not received a satisfactory answer to the first and only enquiry which I have made concerning yon, said the respectable old housekeeper. I have lived at Greenbridge Hall more than forty years, she continued, and during the last twenty years it has been my invariable custom, when I have waited upon a mistress for the character of a servant, to commence my enquiries with requesting to know the reason of the young woman's leaving her place. When the cause appears to be a just one I proceed with my enquiries, when, as in your case, it is unsatisfactory, I never give the lady any further trouble. I should be sorry to disturb the tranquillity of my master's bousehold by admitting into it those who give way to bad tempers, and who think themselves too wise to be taught. Margaret began to make many excuses and many promises, but the bousekeeper interrupted her. You would not suit me, she said, if I were to accept you; I should conceive that it would be my duty to command, and yours to obey; therefore, I should expect things to be done according to my orders, even if you were to think yonr own ways the best. These orders might not always suit your fancies, and I assure you it would not suit my fancy to have pert answers and sullen looks. On the contrary, a willing and cheerful service is very pleasing to me, and I shall seek for a civil, obliging, and teacbable young woman to fill our vacant place. I have no hope of conceited persons, she added, as the disappointed applicant was preparing to withdraw. I read my Bible, and I find written in the twenty-sixth chapter of Proverbs, the twelfth verse, “ Seest thou a man wise in his own couceit ? there is more hope of a fool than of him.”
Margaret was again some weeks out of place. To. wards the end of November, she was hired by a widow lady who was an excellent and a kind mistress, but whose service she quitted in less than one month.
It was a rule of this house to have the back door locked at the hour of four during the winter months. Margaret had promised obedience, but she found that it was more troublesome to answer the front door than the back, and she had besides other reasons for wishing the back door to remain unlocked, so she determined on leaving it open