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OR,

A COMPARISON OF THE PRINCIPLES AND DOCTRINES

OF

MODERN JUDAISM

WITH THE

RELIGION OF MOSES AND THE PROPHETS.

BY THE

REV. ALEXANDER MCCAUL, D.D.,

OF TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN.

LONDON:

PUBLISHED AND SOLD AT THE LONDON SOCIETY'S OFFICE,

16, EXETER HALL, STRAND :
BY DUNCAN, PATERNOSTER ROW; HATCHARDS, PICCADILLY;
NISBET, BERNERS STREET ; AND WERTHEIM,

ALDERSGATE STREET.

1837.

MACINTOSH, PRINTER, GREAT NEW STREET, LONDON

ADVERTISEMENT.

error.

The reader will perceive by the date at the head of each number, that the following papers were published weekly, and, from the contents, he will readily infer that they were intended for distribution amongst those Jews, who still adhere to the Rabbinic system. But in presenting them to the public as a volume, it may be well to state that the great object was to exhibit Judaism as it appears in its practical workings, and that therefore most references are made to the Jewish Prayer-book, and to the codes of law commonly in use amongst Rabbinic Jews, and which are considered as authoritative. It was the Author's wish, not to ridicule any man’s superstition, but to instruct those, whom Moses and the Prophets would have declared to be in

He has, therefore, carefully avoided the tone in which Eisenmenger and others have treated this subject, and, in treating the Jewish legends, has confined himself to those which are mentioned in the prayers of the Synagogue. The materials are the result of many years' study and and practical observation. Buxtorf, Majus, Edzard, Eisenmenger, Wagenseil, &c., have been carefully consulted, but the Jewish Liturgies, the Arbah Turim, the Shulchan Aruch, the Yad Hachasakah, are the principal sources, whence this view of Judaism has been drawn. The Author has only to add a hope, that these papers may not be misunderstood, either by Jew or Christian, but that all who read them will carefully distinguish between Judaism and the Jewish people—and a wish, that they may contribute to the welfare of Israel, and the promotion of truth.

INDEX.

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year, 135

Abarbanel, 63

Christians considered as idolaters, 213
Aben Ezra, 62

not counted amongst the pious of
Abraham at the door of hell, 229

the nations, 3
Adam, 69

not in a state of salvation, 2
Agadah, recognized in Jewish Prayer-book, 2 Circumcision equivalent to all the command.
Ahijah, the Shilonite, fable about, 178

ments, 230
Almsgiving, Rabbinic, 153

meritoriousness of, 229
merit of, 155

Cock, killing a cock as atonement, 143
Amhaaretz, meaning of the word, 233 Commandments, 613; 82
, disqualifications of, 234

Cruelty, Rabbinic, 5, 106, 51, 52
-, may be robbed and slain with im- Cruelty, Rabbinic, to women, 191
punity, 235

Dead, Rabbinic mourning for, 217
I--, lawful to kill, 3

-, prayers for the, 149
Amulets, virtues of, 93

Death, an atonement, 151
Angels carry up the sound of the horn at new Demons, asking counsel of, 103

Deniers of the law, three classes of, 2
Angels, of the waves, 100

Deputies, French Jewish, 13
Angel, evil, 116

Deuteronomy xvii. 8, &c., explained, 6
Angels ministering, 83

Dispensation, Rabbinic, from oaths, 221
Apostates, to be killed, 19

Divorce, Rabbinic, doctrine of, 189
Arbah, Turim, 57

Drunkenness, allowed on feast of Purim, 25
Astrology taught and practised, 89

Edomites, Christians called, 62
Atonement, day of, 141

Eleazar, Rabbi, 3
itself an atonement, 141

Elijah the Prophet, conversation of, with R.
-, repentance an, 141

Jose, 163
a cock killed as an, 143

Epicureans, 2
death

,, to be killed, 19
Baptism necessary to a proselyte, 154 Epicurean, reader in synagogue suspected of
Bar Kochav, 112

being, 64
Bechai, 72

Evasion, Rabbinic, 41, 43, 55, 114, 119
Behemoth, legend of, 65, &c.

Excommunication for not washing hands, 40
Bither, the city of, 109

Rabbinic, 121
Cain, 70

laws concerning, with re-
Catechism, Bavarian Jewish, 13

spect to unlearned and learned, 121
Catechism, Bavarian, gives a false view of

--, injustice of, 122
Judaism, 14

Fast on the ninth of Av, 109
Charity, Rabbinic, 57

Fasting, merit of, 133
Charm, Rabbinic, for a bleeding of the nose, Fire, not to be extinguished, 52
97

Flogging of rebellion, 51, 107, 115, 194, 196,
for the bite of a mad dog, 98

214
for a storm at sea, 99

Friday, Good, 45
for the bite of a scorpion, 101 Gentile, who studies the law, guilty of death, 12
Charms allowed on the Sabbath-day, 101

who keeps a Sabbath-day, guilty of
Charm for bed time, 102

death, 12
Christianity, a Jewish religion, 1

good advice not to be given to, 17
the religion of the New Testa woman not to be helped in childbed,
ment, 1

17

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an, 151

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