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into their head, with intolerable boldness have corrected the sacred text, and given us their own spurious amendments for the genuine original; and so have encumber'd it with an enormous hcap of various readings? "Oqxe is put for ögxov even by Theophyla&t himself in Zacharie's hymn TM: and Piscator says, it being plainly in apposition with diadnung before, must either be so, or it will be an irregularity and breach of fyntax. But what if it be governed of xatà so often understood the sacred writers of the new Testament and the old Classics of Greece? The sense and grammar are as effectually secur'd, as by that bold correction made by Theophylałt without any authority. The

pure original reading in the last chapter of St. Luke's Gospel áęžcuevoy" is in a few books chang’d. into αρξαμένων, which reading has been approν'd by a few critics, who did not consider that this cafe is as pure Greek; and is frequently us’d, tho’ not so commonly, as the genitive in these fores of construction. Which we have prov'd above, and here add the following instances.

Τρία όντα των Ασσυρίων Φρερία, εν ώ Ησίοδος ο ποιητής λέγεται αποθανείν, χρησθεν αυτώ εν Νεμέα TÔTO TQEiv, where Hesiod the poet is said to be slain

n Acts xxiv. 47. m Luke i. 71, 72. • Xen. Cyrop. ś. p. 5. p. 323. Wells.

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by the inhabitants, it being told him by the oracle that this should happen to him in Nemea". That place in Afts, μολιςα γνωσήν σε όντα, has been very perplexing to some critics and transcribers; who did not consider how common this construction is in the purest and most authentic writers: some have put in cows, and some érısáu :vos, which the reader plainly sees are interpolations, when he considers the reason of their addition, and observes in what a great majority of manuscripts the genuine reading is found.

In St. Luke' àiquldos is in some few manuscripts, versions, and fathers chang’d into ás prodiws, which change was made out of fear left an adjective for an adverb was not classical Greek. But that is a common elegance in both Greek and Roman authors. I shall only give two instances in one page near together in Herodotus'.

The opinion of false Greek and barbarous language in the new Testament has given offence to many polite gentlemen, great readers and admia rers of the classical writers.

If that was once happily remov’d, and the sacred book skilfully

p Thucid. 3. 203. 1. 17. See Herod. Gr.,9.526. 1. 20. q Aets xxvi. 3.

r Luke xxi. 31. {"Ασμενοι έφοίτων, they willingly τvent. Ο Δηϊόκης ήν πολλές και παντός άνδρός, και προβαλλόμενG, και αινεόμενG, was Zealouslyput up and applauded. Her. Gr. 1. p. 41. 1. 19, 41.

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divided into proper chapters and sections, so as to fhew the full connection both of the periods and the reasoning of the discourse (which the present divisions much perplex and break off) gentlemen of judgment and ingenuity might be prevaild on to read those inestimable authors; and would soon admire and love both the beautiful propriety of the language, and the sublimity and nobleness of the sense. Then a good opinion of the style would bring 'em to consider the soundness of the moral, and the majesty and purity of the mysteries of the Gospel. The pleasure and diligence of reading those divine authors wou'd be rais'd and heighten'd by the consideration of the near concern and interest they themselves had in their most important and awful contents; and a joyful prospect of that infinite happiness which is so faithfully promised, demonstrated by such clear proofs, and describ’d with such sublimity and grandeur in that incomparable book.

The End of the First Part.


Defended and Illustrated:

O R,

An ESSAY humbly offer'd towards proving the Purity, Propriety, and true Eloquence of the

Writers of the New TESTAMENT.


In which is shewn that all the Excellencies of Style, and sublime Beauties of Language and genuine Eloquence do abound in the sacred Writers of


With an Account of their Style and Chara&ter, and a Representation of their Superiority in several Instances to the




Printed in the Year M,DCC, XXV.

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