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into their head, with intolerable boldness have corrected the sacred text, and given us their own spurious amendments for the genuine original; and fo have encumber d it with an enormous hcap of various readings? “Ogxe is put for ogxov even by Theophyla&t himself in Zacharie's hymn “: and Pifcator says, it being plainly in apposition with diadnung before, must either be so, or it will be an irregularity and breach of syntax. But what if it be governed of xat à so often understood in the sacred writers of the new Testament and the old Classics of Greece? The sense and grammar are as effectually secur’d, as by that bold correćtion made by Theophylałt without any authority.

The pure original reading in the last chapter of St. Luke's Gospel deždmevoy" is in a few books chang’d into αρξαμένων, which reading has been approv'd by a few critics, who did not consider that this cafe is as pure Greek; and is frequently us’d, tho’ not so commonly, as the genitive in these fores of construction. Which we have prov'd above, and here add the following instances.

Τρία όντα των Ασσυρίων Φρερία, εν ώ Ησίοδος ο ποιητής λέγεται αποθανείν, χρησθεν αυτώ εν Νεμέα TĒTO TABEiv, where Hesiod the poet is said to be slain by the inhabitants, it being told him by the oracle that this should happen to him in Nemea'. That place in Akts, usais2 ywsriv övta', has been very perplexing to some critics and transcribers; who did not consider how common this construction is in the purest and most authentic writers: some have put in cows, and some étiséu:vos, which the reader plainly sees are interpolations, when he considers the reason of their addition, and observes in what a great majority of manuscripts the genuine reading is found!

n Aets xxiv. 47. m Luke i. 71, 72. Xen. Cyrop. ś. p. 5. p. 323. Wells.

In St. Luke' à Qvídios is in some few manuscripts, versions, and fathers chang’d into åsoudiwc, which change was made out of fear left an adjective for an adverb was not classical Greek. But that is a common elegance in both Greek and Roman authors. I shall only give two instances in. one page near together in Herodotus'.

The opinion of false Greek and barbarous language in the new Testament has given offence to many polite gentlemen, great readers and admie rers of the classical writers. happily remov'd, and the sacred book skilfully

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p Thucid. 3. 203. 1. 17. See Herod. Gr.,9.526. I. 20. 4 Acts xxvi. 3.

r Luke xxi. 31. {"Ασμενοι έφοίτων, they willingly went. Ο Δηϊ όκης ήν πολλός του παντός ανορος, και προβαλλόμεν, και αινεόμενG, was Zealouslyput up and applauded. Her. Gr. 1. p. 41. 1. 19, 41.

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divided into proper chapters and sections, so as to fhew the full connection both of the periods and the reasoning of the discourse (which the present divisions much perplex and break off) gentlemen of judgment and ingenuity might be prevaild on to read those inestimable authors; and would soon admire and love both the beautiful propriety of the language, and the sublimity and nobleness of the sense. Then a good opinion of the style would bring 'em to consider the soundness of the moral, and the majesty and purity of the mysteries of the Gospel. The pleasure and diligence of reading those divine authors wou'd be rais'd and heighten'd by the consideration of the near concern and interest they themselves had in their most important and awful contents; and a joyful prospect of that infinite happiness which is so faithfully promised, demonstrated by such clear proofs, and describ’d with such sublimity and grandeur in that incomparable book.

The End of the First Part.

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Defended and Illustrated:

O R,

An ESSAY humbly offer'd towards proving the Purity, Propriety, and true Eloquence of the

Writers of the New TESTAMENT.


In which is shewn that all the Excellencies of Style, and sublime Beauties of Language and genuine Eloquence do abound in the sacred Writers of


With an Account of their Style and Chara&ter, and a Representation of their Superiority in several Instances to the




Printed in the Year M,DCC, XXV.

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