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CHAP, with him, and delivered him out of VIi" all his troubles,and gave him favour and wisdom, before Pharoah, king of Egypt, who made him governor of Egypt, and of all his own

11 family. Now there came a famine over all the land of Egypt and Canaan, and great distress, so that our fathers could find no susten

12 ance. But Jacob hearing that there was corn in Egypt, sent out our fa

13 thers the first time; and at the second, Joseph was made known to his brethren, and the family of Joseph became known to Pharoah.

14 Then Joseph sent to fetch his father Jacob, and all his kindred, sc

Gm. venty persons. So Jacob and our

iivi. 17. fatners went down to Egypt, and

„u." died there, and were carried to

J 6'Sychem, and laid in the tomb,

which Jacob bought for a sum of

money of the sons of Emmor, the

father of Sychem.

17 "Now as the time of the promise, which God solemnly made with Abraham, drew nigh, the peo

18 pie grew, and multiplied in Egypt until another king arose, who had

19 not known Joseph. lie dealt unjustly with our.race, and ill-treated our fathers, by making them cast out their young children, that they

20 might not be kept alive. During which time Moses was born, a very beautiful child, and was brought up for three months in his father's

21 house. And when he was cast out, Pharoah's daughter took hira up, and nourished him for her own

22 son; and Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in * words and in

23 ' deeds. Now, when he was forty years old, a concern for his bre

thren, the children of Israel, came CHAP, into his heart; and seeing one of them suffer wrong he assisted him, 24 and avenged him, when he was overpowered, by smiting the Egyptian. Now, he supposed that his 25 brethren would have4 understood, that God would give them deliverance by his hand: but they understood not. And the next day he 26 met with two of his brethren fighting, and endeavoured to reconcile them, saying, "Sirs! ye are brethren, why do ye hurt each other?" But he who was in the wrong 27 thrust Moses away, saying, " Who made thee a ruler, and a judge over us? Dost thou mean to kill me, 28 as thou killedst the Egyptian yesterday?" Then Moses fled because 29 of these words, and sojourned in the land of Midian, where he begat two sons.

"Now, after forty years, an an- 30 gel of the Lord appeared unto him, E*od ill. in the desert of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire, in a bush of briers, and when Moses saw it, he won- 31 dered at the sight; and as he drew near to observe it well, the voice of the Lord came to him, saying, 'I 32 am the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' Then as Moses trembled, and durst not look, the Lord said unto him, ' Pull 33 thy shoes off thy feet, for the place where thou standest is holy ground. I have carefully beheld the afflic- 34 tion of my people, that are in Egypt, and have heard their cry and am come down to deliver them; and now come, I will send thee into Egypt.' So this very Moses, 35 whom they rejected, sa\ ing, ' Who

1 Some of the sons of Jacob were buried in Sychem, but Jacob himself was buried in Hebron, in the cave of Machpela.

* His words were weighty, but his utterance difficult and ungraceful, Exod. iv. i0.

3 In the miracles which he wrought.

4 He thought that they might have inferred

from the promise, Gen. xv. 13, 14, that the period of their servitude in Egypt was expiring, and that the extiaordinary manner in which he had been preserved in his infancy, marked him out as designed for I great actions.

CHAP, made thee a ruler, and a judge over us?' God sent forth as a ruler, and a deliverer, by the hand of an angel, that appeared to him in the

36 bush. This very man brought out the people, and performed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the red sea, and in the desert

yi forty years. This is that Moses, • who said unto the children of Israel, 'A prophet, the Lord your God will raise up from among your brethren, as he raised me. Heark

38 en unto him.' This very man was amidst the congregation in the desert with the angel, who spake to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, and received from God the

39 true oracles, to deliver them unto us, whom our fathers refused to obey, and rejected, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt, saying

40 unto Aaron, 'Make us gods to go before us ; for as to this Moses who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we know not what is become of him.'

41 "So they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice to the image, and rejoiced in the works

42 of their own hands. Upon this, God gave them up again to pay religious service to the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of

Amos the prophets, 'Have ye offered to

v'IS- me, O ! house of Israel, only slain

beasts and sacrifices, these forty

43 years in the desert? Nay, but ye took up the tent of Moloch, and the ' star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: therefore I will carry you away beyond Damascus, even to Assyria and Media.

44 "The tabernacle of testimony was among our fathers in the desert, according to the appointment

'Probably the figure of a star fixed on tie head of an image of a false god.

* Hence we may infer that the design of Stephen's speech was to insinuate that the

of God, who commanded Moses to C*?*p make it according to the fashion that he had seen; which also our 45 fathers received, and brought in with Joshua, when he possessed those nations which God drove out before the face of our fathers unto the days of David, who found favour in the sight of God; and de- 46 sired to provide a habitation for the God of Jacob; but it was Solo-47 raon who built God a house. Though indeed the Most High 43 dwelleth not in temples made with hands, as the prophet saith, 'Hea- Is*uh ven is my throne, and the earth my XT'''' footstool; what house will ye build 49 for me, saith the Lord? or what is the place of my rest? hath not my 50 hand made all these things }"

"Yc stiff-necked men, of uncir- 51 cumciscd heart and ear! ye always * resist the holv spirit; as your fathers did, so do ye. Which of the 52 prophets did not your fathers persecute! yea, they slew those who foretold the coming of that righteous man, of whom ye have been the betrayers and murderers; ye, who 53 received the law by the ministration of angels, but kept it not."

Now, when they heard these 54 things, they were exceedingly en- He is ** raged in their hearts, and gnashed JjjftS their teeth against him. But he city,and being full of a holy spirit, looked stoned, stedfastly towards heaven, and saw 55 a divine brightness, and Jesus at the right hand of God, and said, "Behold, I see the heavens opened, 56 and the son of man at the right hand of God." And as he cried 57 with a loud voice, they stopped their ears, and rushed with one accord upon him, and cast him out of the city, and stoned him; and the wit- 58 nesses laid down their upper gar

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Jews to whom he was then speaking, were, of the same bad disposition, that the worst of their countrymen had been in all past ages.

Chap, ments at the feet of a young man named Saul; and they stoned Ste

59 phen, appealing to his enemies, and also, saying, "Lord Jesus,

60 ' receive my spirit." And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, "Lord, lay not this sin to their charge;" and when he had said this, he fell asleep. Now, Saul gladly consented to his death.

CHAP. And they of the church were

grievously persecuted on that day,

Peieecu- in Jerusalem, and were all scattered

,onensues,abroad, through the countries of

Judea and Samaria, except the

2 apostles only; and religious men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him.

3 But Saul made havoc of the church, going into every house, dragging out both men and women, and de

4 livering them up to prison; so the disciples were on this account, scattered abroad, and went about preaching the glad tidings of the word.

5 Then Philip went down to a •hilip city of Samaria, and preached

^Tworics Christ Ullt0 tnem i and t»e multi

niracles at tude attended with one mind to the

.haste. words of Philip, when they heard

the nature of his doctrine, and saw

7 the miracles which he did. For unclean spirits, crying with a loud voice, came out of many who had them ; and many with palsies, and

8 many lame people were cured; and there was great joy in that city.

9 Now, a certain man, named Site bip- nion, had been some time in that .««m«ny,cit astonishing the nation of Sand among 31 . . &

he rest maria with his * magic, pretending

imon that he was some great person, to ,lagus. whom they all gave heed, from the

10 least to the greatest, saying, "This is the great and powerful mtssen

11 ger of God." So they attended to

1 This being a prayer to Jesus, when seen to be present, cannot warrant our religious addresses to him as a being omnipresent a..d omniscient.

him, because he had for a long time Chap astonished them with his magic: but when they believed Philip 12 preaching the glad tidings concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesivs Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Then even Simon himself 3 believ- 13 ed; and when he was baptized, he kept close to Philip, and was astonished at seeing the great signs, and miracles, which were performed.

Now, when the apostles at Jem- 14 salem heard that the people r/'Sa- Peter and maria had received the word ofJt^nh^fer God, they sent to them Peter, and spirit. John, who went down, and prayed 15 for them, that they might receive the holy spirit ; for as yet it had 16 fallen on none of them; but they had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. Then 17 the apostles put their hands on them, and they received the holy spirit.

Now, when Simon saw that the 18 holy spirit was given by the laying sim,,n is on of the hands of the apostles, he 'bepp^ei. offered them money, saying, " Give for prome also this power, that on whoso- posing to ever I lay hands, he may receive f," ,^ the holy spirit. But Peter said unto him, "Away with thee and 20 thy money! Thou hast neither 21 part nor lot in this matter, for thinking to procure the gift of God with money: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God. Repent 22 therefore of this thy wickedness, and beg of God that this deceitfulness of thy heart, may thereby be forgiven thee; for I perceive thee 23 to be in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity." Then 24 Simon answered, " Do ye pray unto the Lord for me, that nothing

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* Probably, no more than a superior acquaintance with the powers of nature, and, the efficacy of medicines.

3 Professed himself a believer.
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of what ye have said may come uponni"." So the apostles, after

25 an earnest appeal, and a declaration of the word or God, went back to Jerusalem, and in their return preached the gospel in many villages of the Samaritans.

26 Now, an angel of the Lord spake Philip bap-unto Philip, saying, "Arise, and officoof 6o towar£l tne south, to the lonely the queen road, which leadeth down fromJevf Ethi- rusalem to Gaza. And he arose and opla- went; when, behold! there was

27 an Ethiopian, an ' eunuch of great authority under' Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, and entrusted with all her treasure, and who had

23 been to worship at Jerusalem; and he was returning, and was sitting in his chariot, reading the prophet

29 Isaiah. Then the spirit said to Philip, "Go up to that chariot."

30 So Philip ran up, and heard him reading the prophet Isaiah, and said unto him, " Dost thou understand what thou art reading f"

31 But he answered, " How can I, except some one direct me?" And he desired Philip to get up and sit

32 with him. Now, the part of scripture, which he was reading, was

liii. 7.

this, '' He was led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb is dumb before its shearer, so he opened not

33 his mouth. In his humiliation, the Just judgment of him was taken

away: and who can describe the 'wickedness of his generation? For his life was cut off from the earth."

34 Then the eunuch said unto Philip, "I pray thee, of whom doth the prophet say this ? of himself, or of

35 some other man?" Upon this, Philip opened his mouth, and began from this part of scripture to

36 preachunto him Jesus. Now, asthev were going along the road, they came to some water, and the

eunuch saith, "See, here is water, why may I not be baptized?" Then he ordered the chariot to stop, and Philip and the eunuch both went down into the water, and Philip baptized him. Now, after they came up out of the water, the spirit of the Lord * took Philip away, and the eunuch saw him no more, but continued his way rejoicing. So Philip came to Azotus, and preached the gospel in all the cities which he passed through, until he came to Cesarea.

Now Saul, still breathing out threatning and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest, and desired of him letters to the ssnaplomies of Dam ascus, that if he found any of this religion, he might brinothem bound, both nun Mid women, to Jerusalem. And as he was on the road near to Damascus, a light from heaven suddenly flashed around him; and he fell on the earth, and heard a voice, saying unto him, "Saul, Saul, why persecutest ihou me?" Then Saul, said, " Who art thou, Sir?" and the voice answered, " I am Jesus, whom thou art persecuting. But rise np, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee, what thou must do." Now his fellow-travellers remained speechless, hearing the ' sound, but seeing no one. Then Saul arose from the earth, and opened his eyes, but could see nothing, and his companions led him by the hand to Damascus; and he continued without sight three days and three nights, and neither ate, nor drank.

Now, there was a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias, unto whom the Lord had said in a vision, "Ananias;" and he said,

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1 A chamberlain, or some great officer in the court of Caudace.

•The miraculous disappearance of Phi

lip would serve to confirm the eunuch in the faith.

'But not the words, see Acts xxiii. g.

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"Behold, here am I, Lord." Then the Lord said unto him, «* Arise,

11 and go into the street, called 'Straight,' and enquire at the .house of Judas, for one Saul of Tarsus; for behold! whilst he was praying,

12 he saw in a vision, a man named Ananias come in, and put his hands upon him to restore his

13 sight." And Ananias answered, "Lord, I have heard from many about this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusa

1 4 Iem; and he is here with authority from the chief priests, to bind all that call themselves bv thy name."

15 But the Lord said unto him, "Go, for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before nations, and kings, and the sons of Israel:

16 for I will give an example in him of what may be endured for my name's sake."

17 Then Ananias departed and entered into the house, and putting his hands on Saul, said, "Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, who appeared to thee on the road as thou eamest hither, hath sent me that thou mightest recover thy sight, and be filled with the holy

18 spirit." And immediately something like scales fell from his eves, and he recovered his sight that moment, and arose and was baptized: and when he had taken food, he was strengthened.

Now, when Saul had been in Damascus with the disciples some days, he declared in the synagogues, that Jesus is the son of God; at which all who heard him 21 were greatly amazed, and said, ** Is not this he who made havoc at Jerusalem, of those who call themselves by this name? and lo! he is come hither for the purpose of carrying them bound to the

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chief priests!" But Saul gained confidence more and more, and confounded the Jew^s who dwelt at 22 Damascus, by proving that this Jesus is the Christ.

And after many days the Jews 23 took counsel to kill him, andHeescaP« watched the gates both day and*°TM^ night for this purpose. But their is sent by design was known to Saul. Then th« >Postles the disciples took him, and let him Tat,us, down by the wall at night, in a 25 basket. And when Saul came to 26 Jerusalem, he attempted to join himself to the disciples, but they were all afraid of him, not believing him to be a disciple. Then 27 Barnabas took him, and brought him to the apostles, and related to them, how he had seen the Lord on the road, who had spoken to him: and how boldly he had preached at Damascus, in the name of Jesus. So he continued in the company of 28 the apostles at Jerusalem ; using 29 great freedom of speech in the name of the Lord Jesus, talking and disputing with the Grecian Jews, but they tried to kill him; which when 30 the brethren knew, thev brought him down to Cesarea, and sent him away toi Tarsus. Then the church- 31 es had * peace throughout all Judea, and Galilee, and Samaria, and went on multiplying and prospering, in the fear of the Lord and in the support of the holy spirit.

Now, as Peter .was passing 32 through all the. country, he came Pet« cuTM* down also to the saints that dwelt * L,"/^'' at Lydda, where he met with a certain man,named Eneas, who had kept 33 his bed eight years, being ajlicted with a palsy,. And Peter said unto 3* him, " Eneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee well, arise and make thy bed." And he arose immediately, and all 35 the inhabitants ofs Lydda and 3 Sa

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