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Invitation to learn of Christ. 29
Jesus vindicates bis disciples
•gainst the Piaiisees.
Cuits a withered huA.
to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.
"•Come unto me, all ye who labour with your heavy ' burdens, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn of me, tor I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye shall find rest to your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden light."
At that time Jesus went on the sabbath through the corn-fields, and his disciples being hungry began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. The Pharisees seeing this, said unto him, "Behold! thy disciples do that which it is not law
3 ful to do on the sabbath." But he said unto them, " Have ye not read what David did, when himself and his companions were hungry?
4 how he went into the house of God, and ate of the * show-bread, which it was not lawful either for him or his companions to eat, but
A for the priests only? Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple break the sabbath and are blame
6 less. But I say unto you, something greater than the temple is
7 here. Now if ye had known what this meaneth, "I love mercy better than sacrifice," ye would not
8 have condemned the guiltless. For the son of man is master even of the sabbath."
9 And he passed on thence, and went into their synagogue. And behold! there was a man with a withered hand, and they asked Jesus, saying, "Is it lawful to work a cure on the sabbath?" that they might ac
11 Cuse him. And he said unto them: "What man among you, if he have a sheep, and it fall into a pit on the sabbath, will not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
Now how much better is a man
Then the Pharisees went out 14 and consulted against Jesus, how Charges _ they mio;ht destroy him; but Jesus the,muIt'"
, J . °. . , ', , , tudes not
knowing it, withdrew thence, and to make great multitudes followed him, himknown and he cured them all, and charged t° othcrs, them not to make him known. Thus was fulfilled the word of 17 the prophet Isaiah, saying, "Be- 18 hold my servant whom I havelsa-xlS. 1. chosen, my beloved in whom I am well pleased; I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall publish true religion to the nations. He 19 will not strive nor cry, nor will his voice be heard in the public places with noise and clamour; the 23 bruised reed he will not break, and the dimly burning taper he will not quench, until he shall establish true religion for ever, and in his 21 name, the nations shall hope.".
Then a blind and dumb man, a 22 demoniac, was brought unto him, Cures i and he cured him, so that the" blind and dumb man both spake and saw. And all the people were 23 astonished, and said, " Is this the 3 son of David?" But when the 24 Pharisees heard it, they said; "This man could not cast out these demons but through Beelzebub the prince of the demons."
Then Jesus knowing their 25 thoughts, said unto them, " Every Refute kingdom divided against itself must ,t.be ^5"
o & . tion ot the
be brought to desolation; and no Pharisee, city or family divided against itself can stand. And if Satan cast out 26 Satan, he is divided against himself; how then can his kingdom
1 Jewish rites and traditions. * Twelve loaves placed on a table in the sanctuary, and shown to or presented as an
offering to God.
3 That is, the Messiah of whom the Jews were then in expectation.
CHAP, stand? And, if I through Beel
x"' zebub cast out demons, by whom
do your ' sons cast them out?
They therefore shall be your
28 judges. But if I by the power of God cast out demons, then is the kingdom of God already
29 come upon you. How can any one enter into a strong man's house and plunder his goods? he must first bind the strong man, and then he may plunder his
30 goods. He that is not with me is '2 against me, and he who gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
31 Wherefore I say unto you, every other kind of sin and evil speaking may be forgiven men, but this evil speaking against the spirit or power of God 3 will not be for
32 given. Even he who speaketh against the son of man may be forgiven; but whosoever speaketh against the holy spirit, he will not be forgiven, either in this age, or
33 that which is to come. Either make the tree good, and its fruit
•will be bad, its for the fruit. "Ye
good, or suppose the tree fruit will be bad also; tree is known by its
brood of vipers, how can ye who are evil speak good things? for out of the abundance of the 32 heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasury of the heart bringeth forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasury of his heart bringeth forth
36 evil things. But I say unto you, that every wicked word, which men shall speak, they shall give account
37 of in the day of judgment. For by thy words, as well as by thy thoughts and actions, thou shaft be considered as righteous, and by
1 Your professors of the healing ait, how do they cure those diseases which are supposed to be occasioned by demons?
* Neutrality in the cause of Christ is criminal.
3 That is, there is no hope of repentance.
thy words thou shalt be con- CHAP. demrted." XI1'
Then some of the scribes and 38 Pharisees spakey saying, "Master, Pharisees we wish to see a * sign from thee." **£"* * But he answered, "An evil and 39' uhgodly race of men seeketh a sign, but no sign shall be given them, except the sign of the prophet Jonah. The men of Nineveh 41 will rise up in the place of judgment with this generation, and will condemn them, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold something greater than Jonah is here. The queen of the 42 south will rise up in the place of judgment with this generation, and willcondemn it, for she came from a distant part of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold! something greater than Solomon is here.
". When the 5 unclean spirit is 48 gone out of a man, it passeth through desert places, in search of rest and finding none, it saith: c I 44 will turn back to my house whence I came;' and when it is come, it findeth the house ready for its reception, swept and put in order. Then it goeth and taketh with it 45 seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they go in and dwell there: so the last state of that man becometh worse than the first. Thus it will be also to this evil generation."
Now while he was yet speaking 46 to the people, behold! his mother wboa* and his brethren stood without, TM°christ. desiring to speak with him. Then 4-j one said to him, "Behold! thy mother and thy brethren are standing without, desiring to speak with thee." But he answered and said 48
4 A sign from heaven, Luke xi. 16.
5 As the diseases of madmen often increase in violence after a transient recovery, so men of no principle go on to higher degiees of wickedness.
to him that told him, "Who is my mother? and who are my bre
49 thren? And he stretched forth his hands towards his disciples and said, "Behold! my mother and
50 my brethren: for whosoever shall do the will of my Father who is in heaven, he is my brother, and sister, and mother."
The same day Jesus went out
of the house, and sat by the side
P«hie of 0f the lake. And great multitudes
the sower. were gathered together unto him,
so that he went into a vessel and
sat in it, and the whole multitude
3 stood on the shore. And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, " Behold! a sower
4 went out to sow ; and as he sowed, some seeds fell by the way-side, and the birds came and devoured
5 them. Some fell on rocky places, where they had not much earth, and they sprang up very quickly, because they had not depth of
6 earth ; but when the sun was risen, they were scorched, and because they had no root, withered away.
1 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked
8 them, "But others fell on good ground, and yielded fruit, some an hundred fold, some sixty, some
9 thirty. He that hath ears to hear let him hear."
10 And the disciples came near and Reason said unto him, "Why speakest
"XT thou to them in Parab.les.?" He [tahles to answered, "Unto you it is given
H mul. to know the hitherto unknown nae' truths of the kingdom of heaven, 1 2 but to them it is not given. For whosoever hath much by improving what was given him, to him will be given in abundance, but whosoever hath little, from neglecting to improve what he had, shall have even that which he hath 13 taken away. I therefore speak to them in parables, because seeing
they see not, and hearing they hear Chap. not, nor understand. And in them *III. is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah, which saith, «* Ye will hear with isa.v;,g. your ears and not understand, and ye will see with your eyes, and not perceive; for the heart of this 15 people is become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed, so that they neither see with their eyes, nor hear with their ears, nor understand with their heart, nor are converted that I should heal them." But happy are your eyes 16 for they see, and your ears for they hear, and that not only on account of your making a right use of your senses, but also because the things which you hear and see are great and important; for 17 verily I say unto you, that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them, and to hear the things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
"Hear ye therefore the parable 18 of the sower. When any one Parable of heareth the word concerning my the s?w" kingdom, and considereth it not, the ' evil one cometh, and snatcheth away that which was sown from his heart. This is he who received seed as the ground by the way-side did. And he who re- 20 ceived seed on rocky places, is he that heareth the word, and immediately receiveth it with joy, yet hath not 21 root in himself, but endureth only a short time; for when tribulation or persecution cometh because of the word, he immediately falleth away. And he who received seed 22 among thorns, is he that heareth the word; but the anxious care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. But he who 23 received seed on the good ground,
A bad disposition personified.
Chap. is he who he.arcth the word, and
xui- considereth it, who accordingly
beareth fruit, and bringeth forth,
one a hundred, one sixtv, one
24 He put forth to them another pa
ParaMeof rable, saying, "The kingdom of
-,h*hTfiad-neaven 1S e a raan wnn sowed 'good seed in his field; and during
the time of sleep, his enemy came
and sowed weeds among the wheat,
26 and went away. So when the blade sprang up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the weeds also. Then the servants of the houshold came near, and said unto him, "'Sir, didst thou not sow good seed in thy field, whence then hath it
28 these weeds?' And he said unto them, 'An enemy hath done this.' The servants said unto him,' Wilt thou, therefore, that we go and
29pick them out?' But he said, 'Nay, lest whilst you pick out the weeds, ye root up the wheat with
30 them. Let both grow together until the harvest, and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather together first the weeds, and bind them in bundles to burn them, but lay up the wheat in my barn'."
"I He put forth to them another
cfihtmus- parable, saying, "The kingdom of
mJ s«d; neavcn is like a grain of mustard
seed, which is indeed one of the
32 smaller kinds of seeds; but when it is grown up, it is one of the 1 greatest of herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and roost in its branches."
33 He spake to them another paraaf leaven, ble, "The kingdom of heaven is
like leaven which a woman took, and mixed with three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened."
1 In eastern countries, this plant grows to a very considerable size.
* See the verse just before Chap. xlix. of Isaiah.
3 In this concealment we have a picture
All these things spake Jesus to CHAP, the multitudes in parables, and 3UI1' without a parable he spake not un- 34 to them. Thus was fulfilled the 35 word of the prophet, saying, "*I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world."
Then Jesus left the multitudes 36 and went into the house, and his Psrabl*si disciples came near to him, saving-, the-"d's "Explain to us the parable ot the weeds in the field." And he an- 37 swered, "The sower of the good seed is the .Sou of man ; the field is 3S the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom: and the weeds are the children of the evil one; the enemy who sowed the 33 seeds is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the 40, weeds are picked out and burned up in a fire, so will it be at the end of this world. The Son of man 41 will send forth his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all the kiithless and the workers of iniquity, and will cast them into a 42 furnace of lire: there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then will 43 the righteous shine forth like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
"Again, the kingdom of heaven is 44 like treasure hidden in a field, which Hidden when a man hath found, he 3 hideth trei,sureit, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth the field.
"Again, the kingdom of heaven is 45 like a merchant seeking goodly Goodly pearls, who when he hath found farisone of great price, sold all that he 4§ had, and bourrhtit.
of human nature, not a recommendation of the fact. The instruction which parables furnish, is to be derived fioirt the general scope and driftof them.
The net. 48
'Instructions suited to each person's case.
• Herod Antipas, son of Heroi the Great.
Tetrarch signifies a ruler over a fourth part
in prison because of Herodias his
And Jesus went out of the vessel, 14 and saw a great multitude, and had R«* ■"** pity on them, and cured their sick. ?Ie oftl" And in the evening his disciples 15 came to him, saying, "This is a lonely place, and the day is far spent, send the multitudes away, that they may go to the towns and buy themselves food." But Jesus 16 said unto them, "They need not go, do you give them food to cat." And they say unto him, " We have 17 here but five loaves and two fishes." He said, "Bring them hitherto 18 me." And when he had com- 19 manded the multitudes to sit down on the grass, he took the five