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Chap, each 0j you considering himself,
lest he also be overtaken. Bear
virtues«-one another's burdens, and thus
commend- ftjg, ^ ^w of christ_ N()w ^
him who is taught the word, make him that teacheth partaker in all
7 his good things. Be not deceived, God is not to be imposed on; for whatever a man may sow, that will
8 he also reap. He who soweth to the flesh, will from the flesh reap destruction; but he who soweth to the spirit, will from the spirit reap
9 everlasting life. But let us not be weary in well-doing; for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
10 As therefore we have opportunity, let us do good to all men, but especially to the household of faith.
12 As many as wish to make a fair show in the flesh, such would compel you to be circumcised, only
lest they should be ' persecuted for Chap. the cross of Christ. For neither do they that are circumcised keep Circumcithe law; but wish to have you cir- ""^to" cumcised, that they may glory in Christiana your flesh. But far be it that I 14 should glory, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ; by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. For in 15 Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but a new creature. And 16 as many of you as shall walk by this' rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the aIsrael of God.
Finally, let no man trouble me, H for I bear in my body the smarks of Concl*. being a sufferer in the cause of the slon* LordJesus. The favour of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirits. Amen.
ST. PAUL'S EPISTLE TO THE EPHESIANS.*
PAUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by a divine appointment, to the The ad- saints, and faithful in Jesus Christ, that are at Ephesus: Favour be to
2 you, and peace from God our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
3 Blessed be the God and Father of rheapos- our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath ^if^J, liberally bestowed upon us every [wdqess to spiritual blessing in the heavenly
1 The Jews were at this time allowed to exercise their religion in all parts of the Roman empire, without molestation: cir- I cumcised Christians were considered as Jews; if uncircumcised, they were persecuted. , * All genuine Christians.
8 The marks of stripes and stoning, which plainly denoted him to be a fitm and zealous follower of Christ.
4 Ephesus was a celebrated and much frequented city of the Lesser Asia, in which the apostle, having re ided three years, had completed a very flourishing church of Christians. See Acts xix. 10. and xx, 31.
dispensation by Christ, according Chap. as he chose 5us for himself in him, before the foundation of the Jewish the Gen" state; that we might be holy, and cs' withoutspot before him. He having 5 long ago in his love appointed us his adopted sons, through Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise of that glorious kindness, with which 6
A. D. 61. He was carried prisoner to Rome, and during the first year of his confinement there, which was not verv close, he wrote this epistle to confirm the Ephesians in the religion of Christ, in which he hnd instructed them, and to keep ihem from submitting to the Mosaical rites, by, giving them the noblest, and most glorious views of the gospel. The latter end of the epistle, according to the apostle's usual method, contains practical directions and exhortations.
6 The apostle often affectionately speaks of the Gentiles under the terms we and us.
Chap. he graciously favoured us through
that beloved son, in whom we have
1 redemption, even the remission or
sins through his blood, according
8 to the riches of his favour, which he hath made to overflow on us, in all wisdom and understanding.
9 Making known to us that myslnoffering tery of his will, according to the btei:t^ofgracious! intention, long ago deterthe gespel. mined in himself, concerning a
10 dispensation to take place at the accomplishment of the proper time, to collect unto himself, under one head, all things both in 'heaven and upon the "earth, in Christ; in whom
11 we also obtained our lot, under an appointment made long since, according to a purpose of him who performeth all things by the deter
12 ruination of his own will, that we who have hoped in Christ from the first,mightbetothepraiseofhisglo
13 ry. In whom ye also who heard and believed the doctrine of the truth, even the gospel of your salvation, were sealed by the holy spirit of
14 promise, which is an earnest of our inheritance, for a deliverance of those whom he hath gained out of the world for himself, unto the praise of his glory.
15 Therefore, upon hearing the He prays faith, which is among you in the may be* Lord Jesus, and your love to all the fuiiy sensi.saints, I cease not giving thanks in bieofthe y0Ur behalf, bu making mention they had o* vou in mY prayers, that the God received, of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Fa
17 ther of glory, would give you a spirit of wisdom, and of an understanding of revealed truths, by a
18 knowledge of himself, having the eyes or your minds enlightened, so as to know what is the hope arising from his having called you, and what the glorious riches of that in
1 The Jews.
3 Christ, who supplietlt the members of hit spiritual body, the church, with ail r.c,
heritance, which he hath given CHAP. you among the saints; and what is that extraordinary greatness of his 19 .power towards us believers, according to the working of his mighty strength, which he showed in Christ, by raising him from the 20 dead, and setting him at his own right hand in the heavenly dispensation, above all empire and autho- 21 rity, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this but also in the future age, and hath put all things in sub- 22 jeetion under his feet, and hath appointed him a head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of 3 him who com- 23 pletely filleth all things.
And God hath given life to you, CHAP, who are now dead to trespasses and sins, in which ye once walked, ac- Thegosp.,l cording to the manners of this E^hj"
II, • ii spiritual
world, in conformity to the ruler lifttomm, of this empire of darkness, theorcrtJ,es ^spirit that now showeth its power *g^, in the sons of disobedience; among whom we all likewise formerly led 3 our lives, in the lusts of our flesh, performing the inclinations of the flesh, and of our perverse minds, and were an account of our actual vices true children of punishment, even as the rest of the Gentiles. But God, in his abundant mercy, 4 on account of the great love with which he loved us, made us, who 5 are now dead to sins, alive together with Christ (by favour ye are delivered); and raised us up together, 6 and placed us together in the heavenly dispensation in Christ Jesus, that he might show to the age&7 that are coming, the extraordinary riches of his favour in his kindness to us through Jesus Christ. By favour, I say, ye are delivered 8
cessary, spiritual, and heavenly gifts. This is to be understood only of the time of the extraordinary gifts of the holy spirit. * The prevalent temper of the world..
CHAP, through faith, and this not of yourselves, it is the gift of God: not 9 by works; so that no man can
10 boast: for we are God's workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, for which God prepared us long since, that we might walk in then).
11 Wherefore, remember that ye lontnst were once Gentiles in the flesh, kefcrmer ca"ed uncircumcision, by that Entile and which is called circumcision in the '«s* flesh, a circumcision made with ;^TMhc hands: and were at that time Iphnians. without Christ, aliens from the
12 community of Israel, and strangers to the 'covenants: having no hope of the promise, and without God;
13w/e?lof this world. But now ye, who were once afar off, are come near through the blood of Christ.
14 For he is our reconciliation; he hath made both parties one, and destroyed that sign of enmity, the •partition wall which kept them
15 asunder, having abolished through hi* body the cause of enmity, even the law of the commandments consisting in ordinances, so as to create of the two one new man in himself, by making peace between
16 Jews and Gentiles; and so as to reconcile them both, now become one body unto God, after slaying
17 the enmity by the cross, and coming to preach glad tidings of peace to you afar off, and to them at
18 hand ; for through him we both have this admission to the Father by one 'spirit.
19 So then ye are no longer strangers bntim and sojourners, but fellow-citizens mS w'tn tne saints, and of the house»tcmpie.hold of God, built upon the foun
1 The patriarchal and Mosaic covenants, which promised the Messiah.
• Alluding to the wall in the temple, which the Gentiles were not permitted to .pass.
3 The spiritual dispensation of the gospel, which was one and the same to Jews and Gentiles,
dation of the apostles and pro- CHAP, phets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone, by which the whole building, fitly joined to- 2 L gether, is growing up into a holy temple in the Lord, by which ye 22 also are built up together into a spiritual habitation of God.
For this cause I Paul am the pri- CHAP, soner of Christ Jesus in behalf of the Gentiles, inasmuch as ye have He prays heard of the dispensation of that ^* [^ kindness of God, which hath been \y ,cnsibie shown meonyouraccount. Where- of tr,e love fore I pray that I may not faint in °* 5?d ani these my tribulations ror you, which are your glory, as being endured for your sokes, and for the same 14 cause I bend my knees to the Father, by whose name the whole fa- 15 mily in heaven and earth is called, that he would grant you, according 16 to his glorious riches, to be strengthened with power through his spirit, in the inward man, so that 17 Christ may dwell through faith in your hearts; and that being rooted, and founded in love, ye and all 18 the saints may be able to comprehend the ,breadth, and length, and depth, and height of the goodness of God in calling the Gentiles, and to know the love of Christ, which in- 19 deed surpasscth knowledge; so that ye may be filled with all the5fulness of God. Now unto him who -is 20 able to do verv abundantly above alljhat we ask or think, according to the power displayed in us, to 21 him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus, throusrh all generations for ever. Amen.
I therefore, a prisoner on account CHAP, of the Lord, beseech you, that ye
4 This language, as in the former paragraph, is taken trom architecture. The foundations of stalely buildings, like the templ;i at Jerusalem and Ephesus, wcie deeply laid.
5 Every perfection which God can communicate.
walk in a manner worthy of your calling, with all lowliness of mind, and gentleness, with long suffering, bearing with one another in love; earnestly endeavouring to
3 preserve the unity of the spirit in
4 the bond of peace: so as to be one body and one spirit, even as ye were called unto one hope; even as
5 there is one Lord, one faith, one
6 baptism, one God and Father of all, who is above all things, and through all things, and in all things.
17 This therefore I declare, and
Hectwges charge you in the Lord as an apos
io'li^Hke tie of Christ, that ye no more
theuncon- walk as the other Gentiles walk
verted Gen-jn the vanity of their mind, having
* the understanding darkened, beinrr
estranged from the life of God
through the ignorance that is in
19 them, and the blindness of their heart, who have given themselves up without remorse to lasciviousness, to the practice of all uncleanness, and inordinate desire.
20 But ye have not so learned but agree- Christ since ye have heard concern""espia1;^ ing him, and have been instructed, of the gos- according to the truth in Jesus, to
put off according to your former
22 behaviour the old man, who was going to destruction after the lusts
23 of error, and to renew yourselves
24 in the spirit of your mind, and to clothe yourselves with the new man, the man according to God, created in righteousness and true holiness.
Wherefore put away lying, and speak every man truth to his neighbour; for we are members of each other. If ye be angry, yet sin not; 26 let not the sun go down upon your 2T anger; nor give any room to the 23 accuser. Let him that hath stolen, steal no more, but rather let him labour, providing with his hands the good things of life, so as to be
able to give a part unto the needy. CHU. Let no unmeaning word proceed out of your mouth, but that which 29 is good for a furtherance of the business in hand, so as to be acceptable to the hearers. And grieve not 30 the holy spirit of God by which ye were ' sealed against the day of deliverance." Let all bitterness, and 31 wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be removed from you, with all malice; and be kind 32 to one another, tenderly affectioned, freely forgiving each other, even as God also through Christ hath freely forgiven you.
Be therefore imitators of God, as CHAP, beloved children; and walk in love, even as Christ loved us, and gave 2 himself up for us, an offering and sacrifice unto God, of a sweetsmelling savour. But let not for- 3 nication, or any uncleanness, or excessive appetite, be even named amongst you, as becometh saints; or indecent and unchaste speeches, or unbecoming levity; but rather 4 thanksgiving. For be assured of 5 this, that no fornicator pr unchaste person, or one of excessive appetites, who is an idolator, can have any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ, which is the same as that of God.
Let no man deceive you with vain 6 'words; for because of these things y"ice f&* the anger of God cometh upon the J."'TM,'^' sons of disobedience. Do ye there- ctirki, fore have no fellowship with them. 'nit)', For though ye were formerly dark- 8 ness, yet now ye are light in the Lord; walk as children of light (for 9 the fruit of light is in all goodness, and righteousness, and truth) search- 10 ing out what is well-pleasing to the Lord. And have no fellowship 11 with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. For it is shameful even to speak 12
Various useful precepts.
1 So as to be assured of a place in the kingdom of God, when delivered from the
power of death.
of those things which are done by them in secret.
See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as unwise, but as wise men, 'redeeming the time, because the days are evil. Wherefore benotinconsiderate, but understand what the will of the Lord is. And be not drunk with wine, or any strong liquor, in which is dissoluteness, but be filled with the spirit: speaking among yourselves psalms and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your hearts to the Lord ; giving thanks always for all things to God the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, submitting yourselves one to another in the love of Christ.
Wives, submit yourselves to your husbands as to the Lord; for the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head and saviour of the body, the church: as the church is subject to Christ, so let wives also in every thing that is reasonable, be subject to their husbands.
Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ loved the church, and gave himself for it, that having cleansed it by the washing of water, he might make it holy with his doctrine, so as to present it to himself a glorious church, not having blemish or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it might be pure and spotless. Husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies: he who loveth his wife, loveth himself. Let each of you, then, love his wife as himself, and let the wife reverence her husband.
Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. This is the first commandment, with a promise, " Honour thy father and
1 Or buying your time out of the hands of those heathen idolaters, amongst whom you live, by carefully avoiding to
thy mother, that it may be well Chap.
with thee, and that thou mavest. live long in the land."
And ye parents, be not severe with your children, but bring them and p«eni«i up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.
Servants, be obedient unto your 5 worldly masters, as unto Christ, of Sorrbeing very fearful of offending them, ant* in singleness of your heart, even without deceit or duplicity, as ye obey Christ, not with eye-service, 6 as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart, doing service 7 with good will to the Lord, and not to men only; knowing that 8 each will receive for himself, from the Lord, the good which he hath done,, whether he be a servant or free.
And ye masters, deal equally 9 with them,forbearing threats,know- ""d "using that your master also is in hea-ters" ven, with whom there is no respect of persons:
Finally, my brethren, strengthen 10 yourselves with the Lord, and with Exhortihis mighty power. Put on the jj,"^*" whole armour of God, that ye may christian be able to stand against the wiles excellence. of the accuser. For we have to j 2 wrestle not only against flesh and blood, but against the authority, against the powers, against the "rulers of this daik age; against the wickedness of spiritual 'men in a heavenly dispensation. Where- 13 fore take up the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day of trial and persecution, and to stand jirni having performed ever) thing.
Peace be unto the brethren, and 23 love with faithifrom God our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ. His 24 favour be with all who love Lord Jesus Christ in purity.
give them any just cause of offence,
* Heathen magistrates.
* Jewiib. rulers.