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Thap. *t \ know not the man." A little XXVU. wnjle aftcr, some, who were standing by, came up, and said to Peter, " Surely thou art one of them, and indeed thy speech dis"74 covereth thee." Then he began to curse himself, and to swear, saying, " I do not know the man." lb And immediately the ' cock crew. And Peter remembered the words of Jesus, who had said unto him, "Before the cock crow, thou wilt deny me thrice." And he went out and wept bitterly. Chap. Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the Jesus is people consulted about Jesus to put taken he. him to death. And when they had

fore the . . J

Roman go, bound him, they led him away, and vernor. delivered him up to Pontius8 Pilate the governor.

3 Then Judas, who had delivered Remorse him up, when he saw that Jesus and death was condemned, repented, and

brought again the thirty pieces oi silver to the chief priests and the

4 elders, saying, "I have sinned in delivering up innocent blood." And they said, "What is that to

5 us? look thou to that." Then he threw down the pieces of money in the temple, and withdrew, and

6 went and strangled himself. And the chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, "It is not lawful to put them into the sacred treasury, because they are

1 the price of blood;" and after consultation zipon it, they bought with them the potter's held, to bury

8 strangers in. Wherefore that field hath been called the field of blood

9 to this day. Then was fulfilled this 7cch, saying of the prophet: "And I ""*3' took the thirty pieces of silver, the

price of him who was valued, whom

1 The trumpet sounded, which announced the second watch, or three o'clock in the morning.

• Pilate was a man of a fierce and cruel temper, guilty of ma',y flagrant crimes. Alte^ having governed Judea for ten years,

the children of Israel valued, and £HA': gave them for the potter's field as the Lord commanded me."

And Jesus stood before the go- 1 I vernor, and the governor asked Je,us cal;' him, saying, "Art thou the king g^ of the Jews?" Jesus said untojewsina him, "I am." And, when he spiritual was accused by the chief priests sense' and elders, he made no answer. Then saith Pilate unto him, 13 "Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?" And he did not answer a single 14 question, so that the governor wondered greatly.

Now during the festival, the 15 governor used to release unto the pjlate multitude one prisoner whom they J^3^"' would. And they had then a noted jesus; prisoner named Barabbas. There- n fore while they were assembled, Pilate said unto them, "Which do ye wish me to release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus that is called Christ?" (Pilate was anxious to release Jesus, because he knew 18 that they had delivered him up through hatred; and because, while 19 he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife had sent unto him, saying, " Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much in a dream this 3 day on account of him.") But 20 the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and leave Jesus to die.

Then the governor said to them 21 again, "Which of the two do yebutin cora, wish me to release unto you r^g^u,"^ And they said, "Barabbas." Pi-the people late saith unto them, " What mustdelive'* I do then with Jesus, called Christ?" him up' They all say unto him, " Let him

he was deprived of his office, involved in various calamities, and at length died by his own hands, at Vienne in Gaul, the place of his banishment.

3 In the course of the last t A'enty-four hours.

Chap. becrucifiecl."Aiulthegovernorsaid, xxm " Why, what evil hath he done?" But they cried out the more, "Let 524 himbecrucified." When Pilate saw that he did no good,but only caused a greater uproar, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, "I am guiltless of the ' blood of this righteous

25 man; look ye to it." And all the people answered^ "His blood be upon us, and upon our children."

26 Then released he Barabbas unto them; and when he had commanded Jesus to be scourged, he delivered him up to be crucified.

27 Then the soldiers of the gover!oniisia-nor took Jesus with them into miKdaad ^ judgment-hall, and assembled i«th. against him the whole 2 band; and

23 they stript him, and put on him a

29 scarlet robe, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and a cane in his right-hand, and they kneeled before him, and invoked him, saying, " Hail, king of the

.30 Jews!" And they spat on him, and took the cane and struck him

31 on the head. And after mocking him, they took off the robe, and

[nit his own clothes on him, and ed him away to crucify him.

52 And as they were going out of the city, they met with a man of Cyrene, named Simon, whtim they compelled to carry the upper part of the cross after Jesus had borne it as long as his strength would

33 permit. And after they were come to a place called Golgotha, which signifies a place of skulls,

3+ they gave him 3 vinegar mingled with bitters to drink; and when he had tasted it, he refused to drink.

35 And after they had nailed him to the cross, they parted his garments among themselves, by casting lots

* The guilt of shedding it in case of his innocence.

* It consisted of 200 soldiers.

'Probably an intoxicating and stupifying

for them, and sat down there to guard him. And they placed over his head his accusation, written, "This is Jesus the king of the Jews."

Then two murderers were crucified with him, one on the right hand, and one on the left. And those who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying;, "Thou who canst destroy the temple, and build it in three days, save thvself; if thou be the son of God, come down from the cross." Likewise the chief priests also, 41 with the scribes and elders, mocked him and said, "He saved others, 42 cannot he save himself? If he be king of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in God, 43 let him now deliver him, if he approveth him, for he said, ' I am the son of God." The murderers 44 also that were crucified with him, reproached him in the same manner.

Now there was a darkness over all the land of Judea, from the sixth hour unto the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a load voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is, "My God! my God! why hast thou forsaken me?" Then some of those who stood 47 there, when they heard it, said, "He is calling Elijah." And im- 4S mediately one of them ran, and took a spunge, and put it filled with4 vinegar on a reed, and gave him to drink. And others said, 49 "Hold! let us see whether Elijah will come and save him." 50 And when Jesus had cried out again with a loud voice, he expired.

potion.

4 A mixture of vinegar and water, called posca, was the common diink of the Roman soldiers.

CHAP. XXVII.

37

3S

He is reproached by the spectators, 40

45

The death of Jesus

46

Chap. And behold! the vail of the

xx 'temple was rent in two from the

is attended top to the bottom, and the earth

and follow- quakeJ anJ thc rocks were split . ed by asto- T .' I'

nishingcir- and the sepulchres were opened,

cumstances.and many bodies of. holy persons

52 who were asleep awoke, and went

out of their graves after they

awoke, and were seen by many.

54 When the centurion, and the soldiers that were with him guarding Jesus,-perceived the earthquake, and what had happened, they were greatly afraid, and said, "Truly this was a ' son of God."

55 And several women were there, Women looking on at a distance, who had obs"[e accompanied Jesus from Galilee, scene, and waited upon him; among

56 whom„ was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother or James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zcbedee.

57 Now when it was evening, there The body came a rich man of Arimathea, isbuned named Joseph, who had been also

by Joseph. r' .

53 a disciple ot Jesus. This man went to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus, and Pilate commanded the body to be given him. 59 "So Joseph took the body, and wrapt it in a clean linen cloth, and 603 laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn in the rock; and he caused to be rolled a great stone to the entrance of the tomb,

61 and went away. And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary was sitting over against the sepulchre.

62 On the next day, the day after A guard is the 3 preparation, the chief priests placed at j t^ scr;Des camc together unto

ihc sepul-" . ,, _. &

cbre. Pilate, saying, "Sir, we remem

63 ber that this deceiver said, while he was yet alive, * Within three

days I shall rise again.' Order, ^xvin therefore, that the sepulchre be'

made safe until the third day, lest
his disciples come by night, and
steal him away, and say to the
people, 'He is risen from the
dead;' so the last deceit will be
worse than the first." Pilate said 65
unto them, " Ye have a 4 guard:
go make the sepulchre as safe as
you can." So they went and se- 66
cured the sepulchre, by sealing the
stone, and setting a guard.

After the end of the Sabbath, as CHAP. the first day of thejollowing week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene, An "P1 and the other Mary, went to see ^7 the sepulchre. And lo! there had the resur, been a great commotion; for anrection °f angel of the Lord had descended ^esus' from heaven, and gone and rolled away the stone from the entrance, and was sitting upon it; and his 3 appearance was like lightning, and his raiment bright as snow. Through fear of him thc keepers 4 had been alarmed and become like dead men. And the angel said 5 unto the women, "Be not ye afraid, for I know that ye are seeking Jesus who was crucified. He S is not here. He hath been raised up, as he said he should be. Come, see the place where the Lord lay." And make haste to tell his disci- 7 pies, that he hath been raised from the dead; and behold! he will go before you into Galilee, there ye shall see him. Lo! I have told you."

And they went out in haste from 8 the sepulchre with fear and great Who so* joy, and ran to tell his disciples. ^fcste And as they were going to tell his g disciples, behold! Jesus met them and said, "Peace be Jo vou."

1 A very extraordinary and excellent person.

* Such a man would not have committed the body of Jesus to the sepulchre without plain marks of death.

3 OuxF.iday, the preparation,day for the

Sabbath on the following day. Probably the time meant in the text was the evening of Saturday, after the Sabbath.

4 A body of soldiers assigned to the command of the Jewish rulers, for the purpose of suppressing tumults.

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* If they had been asleep they could not have told what had been done; but it was death for Roman soldiers to sleep on guard.

* Being unwilling to believe without sufficient evidence, which this interview no doubt afforded them, before it was over.

; Into the profession of that religion which had its origin with God, was made known to the world by Jesus Christ, and confirmed by the spiritual and miraculous endowments of its first teachers.

4 So long as the gifts of the spirit continued among Christians.

5 Mark, whose name this gospel bears, was the familiar companion of the Apostle Peter, arid called by him his son, that is a person whom he converted to Christianity. He was probably the same person who is called John, surnamed Mark; to whose mother's house Peter retired, when released by an angel out of prison, Acts xii. 12, and who accompanied the apostles, Paul and

CHAP. I.

Appearance of John the Baptist.

crying in the desert, prepare ye the way of the Lord, make the

4 paths straight for him." Accordingly John came baptizing in the desert, and proclaiming a baptism of repentance for remission of sins.

5 And people from all the country of Judea, and from Jerusalem, went out to him, and were baptized by him in the river Jordan, upon con

6 fession of their sins. Now John was clothed with camel's hair, and with a leathern girdle about his loins, and he ate locusts and wild

1 honey. And he proclaimed, saying, "One is coming after me mightier than I, the string of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop

8 down and untie. I indeed baptize you with water, but he will baptize you with a holy spirit."

9 In those days came Jesus of Jesus is Nazareth in Galilee, and was bap**?"" ' tized by John in Jordan; and as he

10 went up out of the water, John saw the heavens open, and the spirit as a ' dove descending upon

11 him. And a voice came from the heavens, saying, "Thou art mv beloved son in whom I am well pleased."

12 And immediately the spirit leadtempted; eth him out into the desert, and

he continued there in the desert amongst the wild beasts forty days, tried Bv Satan, and after his trial angels ministered unto him.

t4 Now after John was delivered begins to ups Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the glad tidings of the kingdom

J 5 of God, and saying, "The time is fully come, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent and believe the gospel."

16 Now as he walked by the lake

1 Resembling the motion of a dove. Perhaps a bright (lame, of the nature of that which was considered as a symbol of the divine presence, assumed this appearance.

* He means himself, and the demon with

preach l

of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the lake; for they were fishers; and Jesus said unto them, " Come with me, and I will make you fishers of men." And immediately they left their nets and followed him. Going thence a little farther, he saw James, the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the vessel, preparing their nets; and as soon as he called them, they left their father Zebedee in the vessel with the hired servants, and went after him. And they came into Capernaum: and he constantly went on the Sabbathday into the synagogue and taught. And the people were astonished at his doctrine; for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.

And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out saying, "Ah! what hast thou to do with 4 us, thou Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I 3 know who thou art, the holy one of God." And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Hold thy tongue, and come out of him." And the unclean spirit, after convulsing him, and crying with a loucl voice, came out of' him. And all were astonished, so that they reasoned amongst themselves, saying, "What is this; what new doctrine is this? for with authority he commandeth even the unclean spirits, and they obey him." And his fame immediately spread into all the country about Galilee.

As soon as they left the syna

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