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vants beat liim with the palms of their hands.

66 And while Peter was in the hall ?A!stln'"below, there Cometh one of the

maid-servants of the high-priest, and seeing Peter warming himself,

67 looked earnestly upon him, and said, «' Thou also wast with Jesus

68 of Nazareth." But he denied it, saying, "I do not know him, neither understand I what thou meanest." And he went out into the

69 porch, and the cock crew. And the same maid-servant, seeing him again, began to say to the bystanders, "This man' does belong to

70 them." But he denied it as before. And again, a little after, the standers-by said to Peter, "Certainly thou dost belong to them, for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech is

71 like theirs." Then he began to
curse himself and swear, saying,
"I know notfhis man whom you are

72 speaking of." And a second time
the cock crew. And Peter called to
mind the declaration which Jesus
made to him, " Before the cock
crew twice, thou wilt deny
thrice." And when he
upon it he wept.

And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests, with the elders and scribes, and all the council, held a consultation, and after binding Jesus, carried him away and deli

2 vered him up to Pilate. And Pilate asked him, "Art thou the king of

3 the Jews ?" And he answered, " 'I am." And the chief priests accus

4 ed him of many things. Then Pilate asked him again, " Dost thou make no answer? See how many things they witness against thee."'

5 But Jesus no longer answered any thing; so that Pilate wondered.

6 Mow during the festival, Pilate used to release unto them one pri

1 Their spiritual king. See Johnxviii. 36.

2 And therefore he thought that the people might wish to have him released.

s Pa sons well known when this gospel

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soner, whomsoever they des'ired. °HAP. And there was then a man named V; Barabbas, bound with the otherand ordered rioters who had committed murder ^y hlm. in the riot. And the multitude with fed. loud cries began to ask that heS would do as he had always done unto them. Then Pilate answered, 9 "Do you wish me to release unto you the king of the Jews?" For 10 he knew that the chief priests had delivered him through a hatred. But the chief prieSts stirred up the 11 people to ask that Barabbas might be released unto them. And Pilate 12 said unto them again, "What then do you wish me to do with him, whom ye call king of the Jews r" And they cried out again, " Crucify 13 him!" And Pilate said unto them, 14 "What crime hath he committed?" , But they cried out the more exceedingly, " Crucify him!" So Pilate, willing to content the 15 people, released Barabbas unto them : and when he had commanded Jesus to be scourged, delivered him up to be crucified.

Then the soldiers carried him 16 away into the hall called Prctorium, Abused by and call together the whole hand ;the soldiers, and they clothed him with purple, n and plat a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, and began 13 to salute him, " Hail! king of the Jews." And they struck him on 19 the head with a cane, and spat on him; and bowing their knees, did him obeisance. And after mock- 20 ing him, they stripthim of the purple, and put his own clothes on him, and carried him out to crucify him. And they force one Simon, 21 a Cyrenian, who was passing by on his way from the country, the father of3 Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross. And they bring 22 him to a place called 4 Golgotha,

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Death of of Jesus.


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which means a place of skulls. And they offered him to drink; 1 wine, mingled with myrrh; but he did not take it.

And when they had nailed him to the cross, they parted his garments,by casting lots for what each should take. Now it was the third hour when they nailed him to the cross; and this inscription of his accusation was written upon it, "The king of the Jews." And with him they crflcify two murderers, one on his right hand, and one on his left; by which this scripture was fulfilled: "And he was numbered among lawless men." And those who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying, "Ah! thou that canst destroy the temple and build it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross!" In like manner the chief priests, and the scribes also, jesting with each other, said, "He saved others, cannot he save himself? Let this Christ, this king of Israel, now come down from the cross, that we may see and believe." Those also who were crucified with him, reproached him.

Now there was a darkness over all the land, from the sixth hour to the ninth hour. And in the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" which means, "My God! my God! why hast thou forsaken me?" Then some of those who stood bv, said, "Behold! he calleth for'Elijah." And one ran and filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink : others said, "Hold, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down." Then Jesus uttered a loud cry and expired. And the veil of the temple was rent in two from the lop to the bottom.



And when the centurion whb Was standing near over against him, saw that he expired after crying out so loudly, he said, " Certainty this man was a son of God."

And there were some women 40 looking on afar off; among whom j*TM by was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the ew° mother of James the a younger, and of Joses, and Salome ; who 41 accompanied him also when he was in Galilee, and ministered unto him; as well as many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem.

And when the day of the prepara- 42 tion (which means the day before Buried ty the Sabbath) was now far spent, J0*'*' Joseph of Arimathea, a ' senator of rank, who himself also was expect- 43 ing the kingdom of God, came and had the courage to go in to Pilate, and ask for the body of Jesus. And Pilate wondered that he 44 should be dead already; so he called the centurion, and asked if he had been some time dead; and 45 knowing it to be so from the centurion, he freely gave the body to Joseph; who took it down, and 46 wrapt it in a linen cloth, which he had bought, and laid it in a tomb hewn out of a rock, and rolled a •Stone to the entrance of the tomb. And Mary Magdalene, and Mary 47 the mother of Joses, were looking on while he laid it there.

Now the Sabbath being past, ci?y,F' Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Salome, Jesus is bought perfumed ointmentsto anointralsc' Jesus. And very early in the 2 morning of the first day of the week, the sun being about to rise, they went to the tomb. And they 3 said to each other, "Who shall roll away for us the stone from the entrance of the tomb?" (for it was very great) ;but when they looked, 4

'Probably the same as is called, Matt, xxvii. 34. vinegar mingled with bitters.

* Inferior in age to James, son of AlpheuSc J A member of the Jewish council.

CHAP, they saw that the stone was rolled 'away. So they went into the tomb,

5 and saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long shining robe, and they were alarm

6 ed. Then he saith unto them, "Do not alarm yourselves : ye are seeking Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified; he hath been raised up, he is not here: see the place

*7 where they laid him. But depart, tell his disciples and Peter, that he will go before .you into Galilee; there he will see him as he told

8 you." So they went out in haste, and fled from the tomb, for trembling and great amazement seized them ; and they did not say any thing to any one, for they were afraid.

9 Now, after Jesus was risen, he !nd appears appeared first, early in the mornto Mary'' ing of the first day of the week, to

Mary Magdalene, out of whom he

10 had cast several demons. She went, and told those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept;

11 but they, though they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, believed not.

to two <Tn- gut ajter this he showed himself npfes go- ju anotjier i form to two of them,

Immaus} »s they were walking on their way

<* Under a different appearance, but without any real change in person or features. I

And they went who would not


into the country. and told the rest, believe even them.

Afterward he showed himself to 14 the eleven themselves, as theyan<i c° the were at meat, and upbraided them eIev',n

.... I .. - r apostles.

with their unbelief and perverseness of heart, for not believing those who had seen him after he wa3 raised up.

And he said unto them, " Go 15 ye into all the world, and preach H?con,the gospel to every creature. He Jj^TM who beiieveth it and is baptized preach, will be * saved, but he who beiieveth not shall be condemned. Now these signs yvill accompany be- 17 licvers; in my name they will cast out demons, they will speak new languages, they may take up ser- IS pents, and if they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them: sick persons on whom they shall lay their hands will recover."

Then the Lord, after speaking 19 thus unto them, was taken up into mi !s heaven, and sat on the3 right hand :" e? up or God. And the apostles went ven. forth and preached every where, 20 the Lord working with them and confirming their preaching by the accompamment .of miracles.

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Chap. QINCE many have undertaken

O to prepare an account of those

Preface, things, which are fully believed

2 among us, even as they, who were eye-witnesses from the first, and ministers of the word, delivered

3 them unto us; it hath seemed good to me also who having gained exact knowledge of every thing from the first, to write them unto

4 thee, in • order most excellent 'Theophilus, that thou mayest know the certainty of those things in which thou hast been instructed.

CHAP< In the fifteenth year of the reign

of Tiberius Cesar, Pontius Pilate

John the beine governor of Judea, and

}££,*•" Herod tetrarch of Galilee, and

preach; his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea

and the country of TraChonitis,

2 and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being *highpriests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the

3 desert. And he went into all the country about Jordan preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins, as it is written m the book of Isaiah, the prophet,

4 who saith: " A voice of one crying in the desert, Prepare ye the

* This gospel was written for the use of the Gentile converts to Christianity, A.D. 63 or 64, and bears the name of Luke; who was very probably the same person as is also called Silas and Silvanus. He was the intimate f iend of the apostle Paul, and accompanied him in several of his travels. He appears to have been a native of Antioch, and by profession a physician, Col. iv. 14. He tells us, in a concise handsomely written preface, wiihwhat religious solicitude he examined into the historical facts on which Christianity is founded, with what care and caution he had traced the stream to its source, and what application and study he had employed 10 digest and arrange these great events

way of the Lord, make the paths CRAf. straight for him. Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and the crooked places shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth, and all men shall 6 see the salvation of God."

Then he said to the multitudes 7 that were coming; forth to be bap- wam5 tized by him, ." O brood of vipers! advises who hath warned you to flee from *e p^1* the judgments which are approach-*1^TM' ing? Bring forth fruits worthy haptism, of repentance, and do not sayS within yourselves, * We have Abraham for our father,' for I say untp you, God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. And even now the axe 9 is laid to the root of the tree; so that every tree, which beareth not good fruit, will be hewn down and cast into the fire." And the mul- 10 titudes asked him, saying, "What must we do then? And he answered, " Let him that hath two 11 coats give one to him that hath none, and him that hath food do likewise." Then came taxgather- 12 ers also to be baptized, and said

in a clear and regular order. Such conduct marks his fidelity as an historian, and strongly prepossesses the reader in favour of the veracity and probity of the writer. Of all the writers of the New Testament, his works are written in the purest and most elegant Greek.

'Not in the strict order of time, but observing the series of leading facts.

3 A man of senatorian rank, and perhaps a prefect or governor.

4 Annas is called high priest, probably because being deposed by ■ heathen governor, the Jews still considered him as having a just claim to tbe oSice,


CHAP. unto him, "Master, what shall "' we do?" And he said unto them,

13" Exact no moiv than what is appointed you." Then the soldiers

14 also asked him, saying, "And what must we do?" And he said unto them, " Use no violence nor injustice to any one, and be content with your wages,"

15 Now while the people was in eximcts pectation, and all were reasoning

mmtofm tncir breasts whether he were the Christ; Christ, John said unto them all,

16 " I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I is coming, the string of whose shoes I am not worthy to untie, he will baptize you with a purifying spirit

IT and with fire; whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor, and lay up the wheat in his garner; but will burn up the chaff with unquenchable

18 fire." And with many other exhortations to this purpose, did he preach unto the people.

19 But Herod the letrarch, being reibpri. proVed by him about HerodiaiT his

brother Philip's wjfe,and allhisather

20 evil deeds, added one more to them by shutting up John in prison,

21 Now when all the people had pisra of been baptized and Jesus was praying after his baptism, the heaven

22 was opened, and the holy spirit descended in a bodily form with a hovering motion like „ dove upon him, and a voice cume i<~,m heaven, saying, 1* Thou art my beloved son; in thee I am well

23 pleased." And this same Jesus was about thirty years of age when he began his miliistry.

Now Jesus returned from Jordan full of a holy spirit, and was led Ttmpta- by tbat spirit into, the desert, where he was forty days under the trial

2 of the devil. And in those days he ate nothing, but at the end of

3 them, he was at last hungry. And


the devil, said unto him, "As Chaw. thou art the son of God, command * . this stone to become bread." And 4 Jesus answered," It is written,'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God." And the 5 devil brought him to a high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the earth in a moment of time, and said unto him, " I will 6 give thee power over all these, and the glory arising from the possession of them, for unto me it is delivered, and to whomsoever I please, I give it. If therefore thou 1 wilt worship me, all this shall be thine." And Jesus answered, •* Be- 8 gone, Satan 1 for it is written,' Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and pay religious service to him alone." And the devil carried him 9 to Jerusalem, anil set him on a wing of the temple, and said unto him, "As thou art the son of God, 10 throw thyself down from this place; for it is written, ' He will give his 11 angels charge concerning thee to keep thee safe, and on their hands will they bear thee up, lest at any time thou strike thy foot against a stone." And Jesus answered, " It 12 is said, * Thou shall not try the Lord thy God." And when the 13 devil had ended every trial, he went from him for a time.

And Jesus returned in the power 14 of the spirit into Galilee, and a re- His fame port of him went forth into all the ^"^ *" country round about. And he taught in their synagogues, and was 15 applauded by all.

And he came to Nazareth, where 16 he had been, brought up, and went, as his custom was, on the Sabbath- t^'ae^ day into the synagogue, and stood i„ the syup to read. And the book of the i«ii°guc at prophet Isaiah was delivered unto aial"' him, and he opened the book at 17 the place where it was written, I'" The spirit of Jehovah is upon 13

1 See Isaiah lxi. 1, 2, just before chap, xlix, in Selections from the Old Testament,

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