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CHAP. XVI. 25
"Now, his elder son was in the field, and as he came, and drew near to the house, he heard music
26 and dancing. Then he called one of the servants to him, and enquir
27 ed what these things meant. And the servant said unto him, ' Thy brother is come, and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him in good
23 health. And he was angry, and would not go in; his father therefore
29 came out, and entreated him. But he said to his father, 'Lo I these many years have I served thee, nor have I at any time disobeyed thy commandment, yet thou never gavest me even a kid, that I might
30 be joyful with my friends; but when this thy son came, who hath devoured thy substance with harlots, thou hast killed for him the
31 fatted calf.' And his father said unto him, 'Son, thou art always with me, and all that I have is
32 ' thine. Yet it was right that we should be joyful and glad, for this thy* brother was dead, and is alive again, was lost, and is found."
Then Jesus said also to his disciples, te A certain rich man had a Tbc unjust steward, who was accused to him of wasting his substance. And he
2 called the steward, and said to him, ' How is it that I hear this of thee? cive up the business of thy stewardship, for thou must not be
3 any longer steward.' Then the steward said within himself, 'What shall I do? for my master is taking away my stewardship? I cannot
4 dig; to beg I am ashamed. I am resolved what to do: that when I am put out of the stewardship, I may be received into the houses
5 of those whom I have obliged. So
1 To partake of it in common with myself.
* The younger brother means the Gentilel, and the elder the Jens, or they may be taken in general for penitents and self-nghte
he called to him every one of his CHAP. master's debtors, and said to the *VI' first, 'How much owest thou to my master!' And he said, ' A 6 hundred gallons of oil.' Then the steward said, • Take thy bill and sit down immediately, and write fifty.' And he said to another, 1 'And how much owest thou,' and he said, 'A hundred measures of wheat !'• And the steward saith, 'Take thy bill, and write eighty.' And the master commended his 8 steward for the prudence of this unrighteous dealing, for the children of this world are more prudent in the management of their concerns, than the s children of light. I say 9 also unto you, make to yourselves 4 friends of these uncertain riches, that when ye die, ye may be received into everlasting habitations.
"He that is faithful in a very 10 little is faithful also in much, and True fidehe that is unjust in a very little, is ^^°^ unjust also in much. If therefore circumye have not been faithful in the un- stances, certain riches, who will trust you 11 with the true? And if ye have not 12 been faithful in what passeth from one to another, who will give you that which will be for ever your own? No servant can serve two 13 masters of opposite tempers ; for either he will hate the one, and love the other, or hold to one, and neglect the other. Ye cannot serve God and wealth."
Now the Pharisees who were co- 14vetous, heard all these things, and Pb»»wes* they scoffed at him. And he said st"e.1lL unto them, "Ye are they who endeavoured to appear righteous before men, but God knoweth your hearts: for what is highly esteem
3 Religious persons.
4 By doing all the good you can with them.
C\v?' e^ amongst men is abomination in AVi, the sight of God.
1'9 "There was a certain rich man, hrahie of who was clothed in purple and fine nnTand nnen, an^ feasted sumptuously Laiarus. every day. And there was a cer
20 tain poor man, named Lazarus, full of sores, who was laid at the rich man's porch, desiring to eat the crumbs that fell from his table;
21 moreover the dogs also came, and
22 licked his sores. Now, when the poor man died, ' he was conveyed by the angels into Abraham's bosom, to partake, as it were, of an heavenly banquet with him ; and the rich
23 man also died, and was buried; aad in the state of death, he lifted up his eyes being in torments, and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus
24 in his bosom. And he called to him, saying, * Faiher Abraham, take pity on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue, for I am tor
25 mented in this flame.' But Abraham said, e Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime didst receive thy good things, and Lazarus in like manner evil things; but now he is comforted, and thou art tor
26 mented.' And besides all this, between us and you a great gulf is fixed, so that they who wish to cross from us to you, or from you to us, are not able to pass over.
27 Then he said to Abraham, 'I beseech thee, therefore, father, send him to my father's house; for I
23 have five brethren; that he may expostulate with them, lest they also come into this place of torment.'
29 Abraham saith unto him, 'They have Moses and the prophets, let
30 them hear these.' And he said, 'Nay, Father Abraham, but if one go to them from the dead, they
1 The circumstances mentioned in the remainder of the parable are not to be taken literally. The moral to be learnt is the danger of riches, and the bad effects of luxury,
will repent.' Then Abraham said Chap. unto him, 'If they hear not Moses XVJ* and the prophets, neither will they 31 be persuaded, though one rise from the dead."
Jesus said also tohis disciples, "*[t CHAP. must be that temptations come; XVI1, but alas! for him by whom they Danger of come. It were better for him that'""P""? a millstone were hanged about his My M *m* neck, and he were cast into the 2 sea, than that he should entice one of these little ones now before me to sin.
"Take heed to yourselves: If 3 thy brother offend against thee, re- Duty of bukehim, and if he repent, forgive forsivins
1 • .. •<• i A, , v enemies
mm. liven it he offend against whcn they thee seven times a day, and seven repent, times a day turn unto thee, saying, ,t 'I repent,' thou must forgive him." And the disciples said unto the 5 Lord, " Add some directions about •* m our faith." And the Lord said, •' If 6 ye had s faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might have said to this very * sycamine tree, ' Be thou rooted up, and planted in the sea, and it would have obeyed you."
Then to teach them humility, 7 notwithstanding all their attain- The test ments, Jesus said, " Which 0[,mcaioao
'... i' i ' man than
you will say to his plowman or their duty, shepherd, at their return from the field, * Come hither, and sit down immediately at table?' Will he 8 not rather say, ' Get supper ready, and prepare thyself to wait upon me, whilst I eat and drink, and afterwards do thou ajso eat and drink!' Is he under any obliga- 9 tion to that servant for doing what he commanded him? I think not. In like manner, say ye also, when 10 ye have done all that was commanded you, ' We are servants that have conferred no favour:
and a neglect of the wants of the afflicted.
* Morally speaking. .
s With respect to working miracles,
* Pointing to one then in view.
Chap, we have only done what we ought xvu- to have done."
11 And on his way to Jerusalem, Je^us heals as he was passing through the midst te° lePe,», of Samaria, and Galilee, and was
12 entering a certain village, there met him ten lepers, who stood afar
13 off, and lifted up their voices, saying, "Jesus, master! have pity on
14 us." And when he saw them, he said unto them, "Go, show yourselves unto the priest." And as they were going, they were cleans
15 ed. And one of them, when he . saw that he was healed, turned
back, glorifying God with a loud
16 voice. And fell on his face at the feet of Jesus, giving him thanks;
17 and he was a Samaritan. Then Jesus said, "Were not the ten cleansed? but where are the nine?
18 None have returned to give glory to
19 God, except this stranger." And Jesus said unto the wan, "Arise, go thy way; thy faith hath restored thee."
20 Now, having been asked by the corrects a Pharisees, when the kingdom of mistake o Q0£j was come Jesus answered,
the rnari- . . * >
sees re- "The kingdom or God cometh not specting the with outward show ; nor will men
kingdom of gay 0j iff t lq , here . or j0 ) there;,
for behold the kingdom of God is amongyou. I am now preaching it."
22 Then he said to the disciples, warns t< A time will come when ye shall
'evth t0f desire to see one of the ' davs of come l the son of man, and will not see it.
23 And if any shall say unto you, 'Lo ! he is here, or lo! he is there,'
24 go not out in search of him. For as the flash of lightning which lighteneth out of one part under heaven, shineth to another part under heaven, so will the son of
25 man be in his * day. But first must he suffer/many things from
"this generation, and be scornfully
26 rejected by them. And as it was
* Such peaceable days as you now see. * He refers to the war with the Romans.
in the days of Noah, so it will beal- CHAP, so in the days of the son of man. xvlU; They ate, they drank, they married 21 wives,they were given in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all. In like man- 28 ncr, as it was also in the days of Lot, they ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built. But on the day when 29 Lot went out of Sodom, fire and brimstone were rained down from heaven, and destroyed them all. Even so will it be on the day when 30 the son of man is revealed.
"In that day, whoever shall be 31 on the house top, and his goods in directs the house, let him not3 come 'hem how
j ill i t0 escape.
down, and take them away; and
Then too Jesus showed his dis- CHAP. ciples by this parable, that they XV1"' ought to pray often without being P;rat,!e of weary. " In a certain city there was !*";w^ a judge, who feared not God, nor regarded man; and there was a 3 widow in the same city, who came to him, saying, 'Do me justice against my adversary ;' and he re- 4 fused for some time; but afterward
* But hastily escape by the outer stairs. 4 Wherever the unbelieving Jews are,
Chap, he said within himself, 'Though I neither fear God, nor regard man,
5 yet because this widow troubleth me, I will do her justice, lest by her continual coming, she weary
6 me out at last." Then the Lord said, " Hear what this unjust judge
7saith. And will not God do justice for his chosen, who crv unto him day and night? and will he be slow
8 in their cause? I tell you he will do them justice speedily. Nevertheless when the son of man Cometh to execute the judgment of God, will he find ' such faith in this land?"
9 Then he spake also this parable Tlie proud concerning such as are vainly con
*". fident of their own righteousness, and treat others with disdain.
10 " Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, the
11 other a taxgatherer. The Pharisee standing by himself prayed thus, 'O God, I thank thee that I am not like the rest of mankind, oppressors, unjust, adulterers, or even
12 as this taxgatherer. I fast twice a week; 1 pay tithes of all that 1
13 possess. But the taxgatherer standing afar off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, 'O God, be
14 merciful to me a sinner.' I say unto you, this man went home worthy to be considered as righteous, rather than the other; for every one that exalteth himself, shall be brought low, and he that humblcth himself shall be exalted."
15 Now, some brought to him little children,that he might touch them; but his disciples when they saw it,
16 rebuked them. Jesus, however, called the children to him, and said, "Let these little children come to me, and hinder them not,
there will the sword of the Romans, whose ensign is the eagle, be ready to destroy them. * So as to believe that God will speedily
I for of such like is the kingdom of CHAP. God composed. Verily I say unto you, ' Whosoever shall not receive 17 the kingdom of God as a little child, he can by no means enter into'it."
And a certain ruler asked him, 18 saying, " Good master, what must Th* "ch I do to inherit eternal life?" But rul"Jesus said unto him, "Why call- 19 est thou me good? There is none good but one, that is God. Thou 20 knowest the commandments, c Do not commit adultery.' ( Do no murder.' 'Do not steal.' 'Do not bear false testimony.' 'Honour thy father, and thy mother." And he said, "All these things 21 have I kept from my youth." Now, 22 when Jesus heard this, he said, "Thou yet lackest one thing ; sell * all that thou hast, and distribute to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven ; and come, follow me." But when he heard this, 23 he was very sorrowful, for he was exceedingly rich. Then Jesus see- 24 inghim very sorrowful, said, "How unwillingly will they who have riches * come into the kingdom of God! For a camel will more easily 25 pass through a needle's eye, than a rich man come into the kingdom of God." And those that heard it, 26 said, " What rich man then can be saved }" But he said, " The things 2T which are impossible to men, are possible to those who have a true love of God." Then Peter said, 23 "Lo! we have left all, and followed thee." And Jesus answered, 29 "Not one of you hath given up house, Qr parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, who shall 30 not receive what is in effect much more in this present time, and in.
• So as to declare themselves the open determined followers of Christ.
Chap, the world to come everlasting
31 Then he took the twelve aside, Jesus fore- and said unto them, "Behold! we
'tiff'!" are ?o'nS UP t0 Jerusa'em, ai,d all
"the things that have heen written
by the prophets will be accom
32 plished in the son of man. For he will be delivered up to the Gentiles, and will be derided, and shamcful
33 ly treated, and spit on ; and he will be scourged, and killed ; but on the third day he will return to life."
34 And they understood none of these things, and the meaning of what he said was hidden altogether from their knowledge.
35 Now, while he was at Jericho, cures a nicrh unto Jerusalem, a certain
blind man. yj^j man gat l^, the way.s}de,beg
36 ging; and hearing the multitude passing by, he asked what it meant.
31 And they told him that Jesus of
38 Nazareth was passing by. And he cried out, " Jesus, thou son of Da
39 vid! take pity on me." And those who went before charged him to hold his tongue ; but he continued crying out so much the more, "Son of David! take pity
40 on me." Then Jesus stood still, and commanded the man to be brought; and when he was come
41 near, he asked him, saying, " What dost thou wish me to do for thee?"
42 He said, " Master, to restore my sisht." And Jesus said unto him, "Receive thy sight, thy faith hath
43 made thee well:" And he received sight immediately, and fol
'lowed Jesus, glorifying God. And
all the people when they saw it,
gave praise to God.
CHAP. And Jesus went into Jericho,
XlX* and was passing through it: and
Hisrory of 10 I a man named Zaccheus, a chief
Zaccheus. 0f ^ taxgatherers, and a rich man,
2 was desirous of seeing who Jesus
1 Jesus alludes to the case of Archclaus, who went to Rome, to solicit leave to succeed his father Herod, and against whom
was; but could not from among Chap, the multitude, because he was of low stature: so he ran forward and 4 climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Jesus, who was about to pass that way. And when Jesus came 5 to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, "Zaccheus, make haste, and come down, for I mean to stay at thy house to-day." So he made haste G and came down, and joyfully entertained Jesus. And very many o/1 the ptople present when they saw this, murmured, saying, " He is gone in to be a guest with a man of bad character." Then Zacche- 3 us stood up, and said unto the Lord,," Behold! master, the half of my goods I give to the poor, and if I have wronged any man in any thing, I restore four fold." Then 9 Jesus said unto him, "To-day is salvation come to this house, inasmuch as this man has shown himself by his faith and repentance, a genuine son of Abraham. And 1Q / rejoice at this event, for the son of man is come to seek, and to save that which was lost."
Now, while they were listening 11 to these things, he proceeded to ??f^Jb speak a parable, because he was c""' nigh to Jerusalem, and because the people thought that the kingdom of God would immediately appear. He said, therefore, " A certain 12 1 nobleman went into a distant country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return. Then he 13 called ten of his servants, and gave among them ten pounds, and said unto them, • Trade with these till I come.' But his countrymen hated 14 him, and when he was gone sent an embassy after him, to say, 'We do not wish this man to be our kino;.' Then at his return alter 15
the Jews sent an embassy to prevent his success ; but they failed, and were afterwards severely punished.