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since no farther can now be known, that the Unity in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity, is to be adored, holding the distinction and the conjunction to be alike wonderful.'
And again, in his 49th Orat. as translated by Ruffinus, p. 728, he uses this strong and clear language, (x) 'But who of the Catholics is ignorant that the Father is truly Father, the Son truly Son, and the Holy Spirit truly the Holy Spirit? As the Lord himself said to his apostles, Go baptise all nations, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, arid of the Holy Ghost. This is the perfect Trinity, consisting in unity, which we profess to be of one substance. For we do not make a division in God, according to the condition of material bodies, but according to the power of the Divine nature, which belongs not to matter, and hence we hold that the persons indicated by the names truly exist, while we bear witness to the Unity of the Deity. Nor do we say that the Son of God is a certain extension of the Father, as some have supposed, nor do we receive the word without the thing, as if it were but the sound of the voice, but we believe the three names and the three persons, to be of one essence, one majesty, and
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(x) 'Quis autem Catholicorum ignoratpatrem vere esse patrem, filium, vere filium, et Spiritum sanctum vere esse Spiritum sanctum? Sicut ipse Dominus ad apostolos suos dicit; Euutes baptizate omnes gentes, in nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus sancti. Haec est perfecta trinitas in tmitate consistcns, quam scilicet unius substantiae profitemur. Non enim nos secundum corporum conditionem, divisionem in Deo facimus; sed secundum divinae naturae potentiam, quae in materia non est, et nominum personas vere constare credimus, et unitatem divinitatis esse testamur. Nec extensionem patris alicujus ex patre ut quidam putaverunt Dei filium dicimus : nec verbum sine re, velut sonum voeis accipi. mus, sed tria nomina et tres personas, unius esse essentiae, unius majes'atis, atque potentiae credimus.'
one potency.' From these passages, the adherence of Gregory Nazianzen to the perfect orthodoxy of the Nicene Creed, is sufficiently manifest.
§ 19. After Gregory, we place St. Augustin, Bishop of Hippo, in Africa, the great ecclesiastical luminary of his f|ge. The height of his fame may be set down about A. D. 395. The following form of the Creed occurs in his book De Fide et Symbolo; we extract it from the appendix to Bishop Pearson's Exposition, p. 597.
(y) * We believe in God, the Father Almighty. We believe also in Jesus Christ, the Only Son of God, our Lord, who was born through the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary. He was crucified under Pontius Pilate and buried; we believe also that he rose the third day from the dead; we believe that he ascended into heaven; we believe, also that he sits at the right hand of the Father; we believe also that he will come from thence at the most suitable time, to judge the quick and the dead; We join to our confession, to perfect the faith which we have from God, the Holy Spirit, not of an inferior nature to the Father and the Son, but as I may say, consubstantial and co-eternal. We believe also the Holy Church, truly Catholic, and the remission of sins and the resurrection of the body.'
Symbolum S. AugustiniEx Lib. de Fide et Symbolo excerpt, (y) Credimus in Deum, Patrem omnipotentem: credimua etiam in JesumCh:istum, Filium Dei unicum, Dominum nostrum; qui natus est per Spiritum Sanctum ex Virgine, sub Pontio Pilato crucifixus est, et sepultus, credimus etiam ilium tertto die resurrexisse a mortuis; credimus in ctelum ascendisse ; credimus etiam quod sedet ad dexteram Patris; credimus etiam inde venturum convenientissimo tempore, et judicaturum vivos et mortuos: adjungitur confession! nostrae ad perfici. endam (idem quae nobis do Deo est, Spiritus Sanctus, non minore natura quam Pater et Filius, sed, ut ita dicam, consubstantialis et co-teternus; Credimus et Sanctam Ecclesiam, utique Catholicam; remissionem peccatorum; et oarnis resurrectionem.
$ 20. We shall next cite the testimony of John, surnamed Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinople, famous for eloquence and zeal. He flourished near the latter part of the fourth century, about A. D. 398. And we have thought it would be acceptable to our readers to have in full his first Homily on the Creed, which we consider a beautiful specimen of that species of pastoral instruction, although there are a few expressions in it, to which we should not entirely subscribe. We quote from the 5th vol. p. 609. of the Latin version of his works, Paris ed. published A. D. 1570: The interpreter of this portion was the well known Erasmus.
(z) 'The universal Church rejoices in one rule of the love of Christ, and exults in the faith of the name of Christ, chiefly when she is enriched by the accession of believers. For in the increase of the peculiar, people, there is joy of heart to those who believe unto righteousness, and with their mouth make confession to salvation. But you who are a chosen race, the new flock of God, who seek the gift of grace from the King of kings and Lord of lords, and hope that the salutary sacrament of baptism will be granted you, hear the words of your profession. This systematic doctrine confirms believers, assists the proficients, consoles the travellers, comforts the persevering, and crowns those who
In Symbolum Apostolorum Expositio. Homilia 1.
(z) Universalis ecclesia gaudet in una regula charitatis Christi, et in fide nominis Christi exultat, maxime quando credentium lucris locupletatur. Crescente ergo populo peculiari, dilatatur cor credentium ad justitiam, ore autem celebrant confessionem ad salutem. Vos autem genus electum, grex novellus Dei, Lqui competitis a Rege regum, et Domino dominorum munus gratiae: qui baptismum salutarem speratis vobis affuturum, audite professions vestrae verba. Regularis ista doctrine confirmat credentes, adjuvat proficientes, consolatur viatores, concomplete their course. Therefore, as I have said, hearken to the rule of your confession: I believe in God, the Father Almighty. Mark those who speak, and to whom and what you say. You have said, I believe. How short, how small a phrase! If you look at the letters which compose it, there are but eight, if at the number of the syllables, they are but three. But if your belief corresponds with your words and actions, it finds the fruit of salvation. This belief is diffused throughout the whole world: the Christian believes that his sins are forgiven in the Church, he believes that he pleases God by regular conduct, he believes that pardon is purchased, he believes the promise of eternal life, he believes the punishment promised to sinners. Therefore you believe the Almighty God, who cannot find his power become impotence; nevertheless, some things there are which he cannot do. He cannot be deceived, he cannot deceive, he cannot lie, he cannot be ignorant, he cannot have beginning or end, he cannot foresee what is past, forget what is present, or avoid expecting what is yet to come, he cannot lack knowledge, and, finally, he cannot deny himself. Behold how many things he
fortat perseverantes, coronat pervenientes. Ergo au'dite hanc, ut dixi, regulam vestrae confessionis: Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotentem. Videte qui, cui, et quid loquomini. Dixislis, Credo. Quam breve est, quam modicum est? Si ad latitudinem literarmn redigatis, quinque literae sunt: si ad syllabarum numerum, duae sunt syllaba?. Ha3c credulitassi conquadret moribus et vocibus, fructum invenit salutis. Credulitas haec in toto mundo sparsa est: credit Christianus in ecclcsia dimitti sibi peccata, credit moribus compositis Deo placere, credit indulgentiam mereri, credit vitae aeternae promissionem, credit ptcnam promissam peccatoribus: ergo creditis Deo omnipotent, qui posse ipsius non potest invenire non posse: tamen aliqua non potest: utpote falli, fallere, mentiri, ignorare, initium et finem habere, non praevidere praeterita, oblivisci praesentia, non attendere futura, nescire: ad ultimum negara seipsum non potest. Ecce quanta non potest: tamen est omnipotens,