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scantlings that shall bear a proportion to its size ; rolled and fashioned by the dock-side from the iron ingots, by tools of giants, one sole heat sufficing to give its permanent form in the structure; built in sufficient compartments, that shall defy leakage, though riddled as a colander; strong as Atlas to crush the rocks on which it may strike; swift as the saltsea shark, with artist-fins of metal work; laughing to scorn, like an ocean-monarch, the irate cachalot that sometimes sinks the whaler in its fury; mocking at fire, like the iron horse of the rail ; coated with rust-proof enamel ; furnished with apparatus to change the salt wave into the mountainwater ; provided with iron cellars, to arrest the decomposition of fresh food for all time ; furnished with hermetic gardens, with machine-music, with books, paintings, and sculpture, with warmth and coolness at will, with armed strength to bid all ocean-rovers defiance; an ocean-palace, moving over the face of the waters whithersoever its ruler listeth.”
THE DEATH OF SOCRATES
CONTRASTED WITH THE DEATH OF OUR BLESSED SAVIOUR.
And now, brethren, we come to the LAST MEMORABLE event, which terminated the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth ; and, in order that we may perceive all its importance, let us bring together different ages and places.
Suppose yourselves, then, for an instant, to be spectators of the deaths of Socrates and of Jesus of Nazareth.. Transport yourselves, in imagination, to the prison at Athens, and to the foot of the cross on Calvary; and, while you survey the last hours of both, compare and weigh the degree of constancy and magnanimity which they each evinced. The Greek philosopher, after calmly conversing with his friends, drank off the fatal cup of hemlock, which had been prepared for him. As it took effect very slowly, and without pain, death
* From a Sermon by the Rev. Thomas Hartwell Horne, on Good Friday, * Xenophon's “Memorabilia Socratis," lib. iv., c. 8.
flowed insensibly into his veins. He felt its advance without emotion; and he ceased to speak, only when the poison, having reached his heart, gently stopped the spring of life. What was there in such a death to fill a wise man with dismay ? Let us hear Socrates himself, whose words have been preserved to us by one of his most illustrious disciples.
“If," he said, in conversation with a most intimate friend, and in the full expectation that he should be condemned to death, my life should still be prolonged, it can hardly be but the infirmities of old age will likewise come upon me. My sight will fail, my hearing will grow heavy, and my understanding much impaired; so that I shall feel it more difficult to learn, as less easy to retain what I have learned already; deprived too of the power of performing many of those things which heretofore I have excelled in. And if, after all, I should become insensible to these decays, still, life would not be life, but a wearisome burden.". Alluding to his being unjustly condemned to death, he added :-“If I die wrongfully, the shame must be theirs who put me wrongfully to death.”......
.“ I am persuaded that, if I now die, I shall be held in far higher estimation by those who come after me, than by any of my judges, since posterity will not fail to testify concerning me, that I neither wronged, nor yet by my discourse corrupted, any man; but, contrariwise, strove throughout life, to the utmost of my power, to make all those who conversed with me happy."* Such was the point of view in which Socrates considered his decease. Far from presenting to him the image of pain and suffering, it actually furnished him with an antidote to death; which he regarded as a physical good, since it translated him into that future state towards which all his wishes were directed, by a short and easy way, that, strictly speaking, was only a gentle slumber. Thus the death of Socrates, calmly conversing with his friends, appears to have been the most agreeable which could be desired: but what a contrast is there between it and the death of Jesus Christ!
Jesus, knowing all” the “ things that were to come upon Him,” (John xviii. 4,) had them present to His mind, with all their horrors : in fact, His passion and death commenced in the garden of Gethsemane. The anguish of His soul produced a most extraordinary effect on His bodily organs. While “His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground,” (Luke xxii. 44,) “His soul was exceeding sorrowful, even unto death.” (Matt. xxvi. 38.) Being in an agony, He prayed more earnestly, O My Father! if it be possible, let this cup pass from Me.” To this deprecation, extorted by extreme suffering, instantly succeeded the most profound resignation. “ Nevertheless, not as I will, but as Thou wilt.” (Matt. xxvi. 39; Luke xxii. 44.) This admirable resignation followed Him to Calvary. He Himself bore the instrument of His infamous and cruel punishment: which was inflicted only on the vilest criminals, and the whole of which was designedly calculated to test human strength and endurance to the utmost; so as to combine the highest degree of suffering with protracting the moment of dissolution to the latest possible period. On that accursed cross was the Son of God crucified between two notorious malefactors. There He experienced every degree of pain and outrage. Devoured by burning thirst, in mockery of which “ they gave Him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall;" (Psal. Ixix. 21; Matt. xxvii. 34;) torn by the nails, that pierced the tenderest and most susceptible nerves of His hands and feet; insulted by the Chief Priests, with the Scribes and Elders, and abused and cursed by the Jewish people; His soul rose superior to all His bodily sufferings, and ascended towards God : and His heart, expanding with love for fallen man, was filled with the tenderest solicitude for His friends, as well as for His enemies. While agonizing on the cross, He cast a last glance upon His mother, and on “the disciple whom He loved,” whose faithful affection had brought them to the foot of the cross.
“ Woman!” He said to Mary, “ behold thy son!” and, to the Apostle John, “ Behold thy mother!" (John xix. 26, 27.) From the cross also, more intent upon the salvation of His merciless murderers, than on the tortures they were inflicting upon Himself, He breathed out His soul in this fervent and compassionate prayer for them : “Father, forgive them ; for they know not what they do.” (Luke xxiii. 34.)
“ GOODLY PEARLS."
Beneath a torrid sky;
In heartless mockery ;
What doth he there? The light
On his pale brow is fading ;
Yet pineth for the' o'ershading
He had gone forth in pride
From that far home of love;
Wept for the parted one: -
A poet sat in thought,
On a mountain's fir-crown'd brow;
Earth's myriad hearts to bow;-
Brightly that flashing eye
O’er the green earth's beauty stray'd ;
And rocky height and glade,
Yet no! the laurel crown'd
That pale and radiant brow;
Exultingly to flow:-
A mother gazed in love
On a fair young brow and mild;
Her cherish'd, firstborn child.
He saw it, who had given
That treasure to her breast,
With her heart's love-its best!
A lowly spirit knelt
At Mercy's hallow'd throne,
Heaven to his soul brought down !
ANIMATED AND VEGETABLE NATURE.
“Now comes July, and with his fervid noon
The slow, encumber'd wain in midday heat." The Dog-star is said to reign through the dog-days, from the 3d day of this month to the 11th of August, and summer-heat prevails. The woods are silent. The nightingale with holds her song, and the cuckoo's note is no longer heard. At noontide man and beast seek the shade ; and when the burning sun sinks towards the horizon, they come forth again, to enjoy the still, serene, cool twilight. Over the