## The Elements of Euclid, containing the first six books, with a selection of geometrical problems. To which is added the parts of the eleventh and twelfth books which are usually read at the universities. By J. Martin1874 |

### Dentro del libro

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**segment**. If it be possible , let the**segment**AB be common to the two straight lines ABC , ABD . E A- B Construction . From the point B , draw BE at right angles to AB ( I. 11 ) . Demonstration . Then , because ABC is a straight line ... Página 87

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**segment**of a circle is the figure contained by a straight line , and the circumference which it cuts off . 7 . The angle of a**segment**is that which is contained by the straight line and the circumference . 8 . An angle in a**segment**is ... Página 88

Euclides James Martin (of the Wedgwood inst, Burslem). 11 . Similar

Euclides James Martin (of the Wedgwood inst, Burslem). 11 . Similar

**segments**of circles are those in which the angles are equal , or which contain equal angles . PROPOSITION 1. - Problem . To find the centre of a given circle . Let ABC ... Página 114

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**segment**BAED . Then the angles BAD , BED shall be equal to one another . First . Let the**segment**BAED be greater than a semicircle . Construction . Take F , the centre of the circle ABCD ( III . 1 ) , and join BF , FD . Demonstration ... Página 115

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**segment**BADC is greater than a semi- circle , therefore 1. The angles BAC , BEC in the**segment**BADC are equal by the first case . For the same reason , because CBED is greater than a semicircle , therefore 2. The angles CAD , CED are ...### Otras ediciones - Ver todas

The Elements of Euclid, Containing the First Six Books, with a Selection of ... Euclides Sin vista previa disponible - 2016 |

### Términos y frases comunes

AC is equal adjacent angles angle ABC angle ACB angle BAC angle BCD angle DEF angle EDF angle equal base BC bisected centre circle ABC circumference constr Demonstration diameter double equal angles equal to F equiangular equilateral triangle equimultiples ex æquali exterior angle fourth given circle given point given straight line gnomon greater ratio inscribed less Let ABC Let the straight linear units meet multiple opposite angle parallel to BC parallelogram perpendicular plane polygon produced proportionals Q.E.D. PROPOSITION quadrilateral rectangle contained remaining angle right angles segment semicircle similar square on AC straight line AB straight line BC straight line drawn three straight lines tiple touches the circle triangle ABC triangle DEF twice the rectangle wherefore

### Pasajes populares

Página 1 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Página 6 - If a straight line meets two straight lines, so as to make the two interior angles on the same side of it taken together less than two right angles...

Página 232 - If two triangles, which have two sides of the one proportional to two sides of the other, be joined at one angle, so as to have their homologous sides parallel to one another, the remaining sides shall be in a straight line. Let...

Página 112 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Página 209 - ... triangles which have one angle in the one equal to one angle in the other, and their sides about the equal angles reciprocally proportional, are equal to one another.

Página 269 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. D c A' D' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', ZA = ZA'. To prove AABC = ABxAC. A A'B'C' A'B'xA'C' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.

Página 199 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Página 23 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and also one side of the one equal to the corresponding side of the other, the triangles are congruent.

Página 63 - If a straight line be divided into two equal, and also into two unequal parts, the squares on the two unequal parts are together double of the square on half the line and of the square on the line between the points of section. Let the straight line AB be divided into two equal parts...

Página 32 - ... twice as many right angles as the figure has sides ; therefore all the angles of the figure together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.