Mussolini and His Generals: The Armed Forces and Fascist Foreign Policy, 1922-1940

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 24, 2007 - 651 páginas
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This is the first authoritative study of the Italian armed forces and the relationship between the military and foreign policies of Fascist Italy from Mussolini's rise to power in 1922 to the catastrophic defeat of 1940. Using extensive new research, John Gooch explores the nature and development of the three armed forces, their relationships with Mussolini and the impact of his policies and command, the development of operational and strategic thought, and the deployment and use of force in Libya, Abyssinia and Spain. He emphasizes Mussolini's long-term expansionist goals and explains how he responded to the structural pressures of the international system and the contingent pressures of events. This compelling account shows that while Mussolini bore ultimate responsibility for Italy's fateful entry into the Second World War, his generals and admirals bore a share of the blame for defeat through policies that all too often rested on irrationality and incompetence.
 

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would operate with one short interlude until the outbreak of
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28 March the Regia Aeronautica was established by royal decree
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2 Domestic checks and international
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NeitherMussolininorhis deputyattheforeignministry DinoGrandi
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entire Sahara Guariglia presented a grandiose design to extend Italys
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new mechanical weapons needed to be embedded in small longservice
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407 million lire to 600 million lire a decision which
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3 Military constraints and diplomatic
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military operations on other fronts a guarded reference to
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Sea is also problematic In sum the struggle will be
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Planning the land war
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and 250 aircraft an element of enormous importance and
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For want of a few thousand men we lost Adua
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6 Wars arms and the Axis 19361937
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Spain he also employed it with German encouragement as a
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Naval necessities
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Mussolini6 While the service ministers worked on the war machinery
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4 Moving towards aggression 19321934
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the Reich might use Poland to pressurise Hungary into closer
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19278
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Why not?
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and effective intervention of the army by means of heavy
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19278
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in the central Mediterranean and only intermittently in the western
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Table 43 Italian and French air force budgets 192634
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itself equipped with aircraft which were obsolescent which had only
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Abyssinia 1935
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Diplomatic preparations for war
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Mussolini called a diarchy would require expenditure of 30000000
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7 The year of true realism 1938
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done in March 1938 what she had done in August
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cryptographical information about the codes the French would use on
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The armed forces and the Munich crisis
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8 Speak of peace and prepare for war
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When on 4 July the recently arrived British ambassador told
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Economic accounts and security surveys
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Military preparations
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Naval preparations for war
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From ally to nonbelligerent AugustSeptember 1939
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Pasajes populares

Página 21 - From Little Brother to Senior Partner: Fascist Italian Perceptions of the Nazis and of Hitler's Regime, 1930-36 Brian R Sullivan.
Página 17 - L'evoluzione dei materiale bellici in Italia', in Ennio Di Nolfo, Romain H. Rainero and Brunello Vigezzi (eds.), L'ltalia e la politico di potenza in Europa (1938-1940) (Milan, 1985), p.

Acerca del autor (2007)

John Gooch is Professor of International History at the University of Leeds. His previous publications include Army, State and Society in Italy, 1870-1915 (1989) and, with Eliot A. Cohen, Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War (1990, 2006).

Información bibliográfica