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self seemed to wear a very unusual appearance; they who have seen a lake in a violent shower of rain, cov. ered all over with bobbles, will conceive some idea of its agitations. My surprise was still increased, by the calmpess and serenity of the weather; not a breeze, not a rloud, which might be supposed to put all nature thus into motion. I therefore warned my companions, that an earthquake was approaching; and, after some time, making for the shore with all possible diligence, we landed at Tropea, happy and thankful for having escaped the threatening dangers of the sea.
“But our triumphs at land were of short duration ; for we had scarcely arrived at the Jesuits' College in that city, when our ears were stunned with a horrid sound, resembling that of an infinite number of chariots driven fiercely forward; the wheels rattling, and the thongs cracking. Soon after this, a most dreadful earthquake ensued, so that the whole tract upon which we stood, seemed to vibrate, as if we were in the scale of a balance that contioved wavering. This motion, however, soun grew more violent; and being no longer able to keep my legs, I was thrown prostrate upon the ground. In the nean time, the universal ruin round me redoubled my amazement. The crash of falling houses, the tottering of towers, and the groans of the dying all contributed to increase my terror and despair. On every side of I &&w nothing but a scene of ruin; and danger threatening wherever I should fly. I recommended myself to God, as my last great refuge. At that hour, 0 how vain was every sublunary happiness! Wealth, honour, empire, wisdom, ali mere use: less sounds, and as empty as the bubbles of the deep! Just standing on the threshold of eternity, nothing but God was my pleasure; and the nearer I approached, I only loved him the inore. After some time, however, finding that I remained unhurt, amidst the general concussion, I resolved to venture for safety; and running as fast as I couid, I reached the shore, but almost terrified out of my reason. I did not search long bere till I found the bwat in which I had landed; and my com panions also,whose terrors were even greater than mine. Our meeting was not of that kind, where every one is
desirous of telling his own happy escape; it was all silence, and a gloomy dread of impending terrors.
“Leaving this seat of desolation, we prosecuted our voyage along the coast; and the next day came to Rochetta, where we landed, although the earth still continued in violent agitations. But we had scarcely arrived at our inn, when we were once more obliged to return to the boat; and, in about half an hour, we saw the greater part of the town, and the inn at which we had set up, dashed to the ground, and burying the inhabitants beneath the ruins.
“In this manner, proteeding onward in our httle vessel, firiding no satety at land, and yet, from the smallness of our boat, having but a very dangerous continuance at sea, we at length landed at Lopizium, a castle midway between Tropæa and Euphæmia, the city to which, as I said before, we were bound. Here, wherev. er i turned my eyes, nothing but scenes of ruin and horror appeared; towns and castles levelled to the ground; Strombalo, though at sixty miles' distance, belching forth flames in an unusual manner, and with a noise which I could distinctly hear. But my attention was quickly turned from nore remote to contiguous danger. The rumbling sound of an approaching earthquake, which we by this time were grown ac: quainted with, alarmed us for the consequences : it ev. ery moment seemed to grow louder, and to approach
The place on which we stood now began to shake most dreadfully; so that being unable to stand, my companions and I caught hold of whatever shrub grew next to us, and supported ourselves in that man
“After some time, this violent paroxysm ceasing, we again stood up in order to prosecute our voyagé to Euphæmia, which lay within sight. In the mean time, while we were preparing for this purpose, I turned my eyes towards the city, but could see only a frightful dark cloud, that seemed to rest upon the place. This the more surprised us, as the weather was so very se
We waited, therefore, till the cloud had passed 2 way; then turning to look for the city, it was totally
k Wondertul to tell! nothing but a dismal and
putrid lake was seen where it stood. We looked a. bout to find some one that could tell us of its sud ca. tastrophe, but could see no person. All was become a melancholy solitude; a scene of hideous desolation. Thus proceeding pensively aloog, in quest of some human being that could give us a little information, we at length saw a boy sitting by the shore, and appearing stupitied with terror. Of him, therefore, we inquired concerning the fate of the city; but he could not be prevailed on to give us an answer. We entreated him, with every expression of tenderness and pity, to tell us; but bis senses were quite wrapt up in the contemplation of the danger he had escaped. We offered him some victuals, but he seemed to loath the sight. We still persisted in our offices of kindness; but he ouly pointed to the place of the city, like one out of his sen. ses; and then ruoniog up into the woods, was never heard of after, Such was the fate of the city of Euphæmnia. As we continued oor melancholy course along the shore, the whole coast, for the space of two huile dred miles, presented nothing but the remains of cities; and men scattered without a habitation over the fields. Proceeding thus along, we at length ended our distressful voyage by arriviog at Naples, after having escaped a thousand dangers both at sea and land.”
Letter from Pliny to Geminius.
Do we ook sometimes observe a sort of people, who, though they are themselves under the abject dominion of every vice, show a kind of malicious resentment against the errors of others; and are most severe upon those whom they most resemble; yet surely a leniiy of disp»sition, even in persons who have the least occasion for clemency themselves, is of all virtues the most becoming. The highest of all characters, in my estimation, is his, who is ready to pardon the errors of maokind, as
if he were every day guilty of some himself; and at the same time, as cautious of committiog a lault, as if he never forgave one. It is a rule theo which we should, upon all occasions both private and pub. lic, most religiously observe; "' to be inesorable to our own failings, while we treat those of the rest of ihe world with tenderpess, not excepting even such as forgive pone but themselves,"
i shall, perhaps, be asked wo it is that has given occasion to these reflections. Koow then that a cer. tain person lately--but of that when we meel though, upon second thoughts, not even then; lest, whilst I condemn and expose his conduct, I shall ace counter to that maxim I particularly recommead.Whoever therefore, and whatever he is, shall remain in silence: for though there may be some use, perhaps,in setring a mark upon the map, for the sake of example, there will be more, however, in spat. ing him for the sake of humanity. Farewell.
Letter from Pliny to Marcellinus, on the death of an
amiable young woman. I WRITE this under the utmost oppression of sorrow; the youngest daughter of my frieod Fug. danus is dead! Never surely was there a agreeable and a more amiable young person; or one who better deserved to have enjoyed a long, I had almost said, ao immortal life ! She had all the wis. dom of age, and discretion of a matroo, joined with youthful sweetness and virgio modesty. With what an engaging fondness did she behave to her father! Hw kindly and respectfully receive his friends! How affectionately treat all those who, in their respective offices, had the care and education of her! She employed much of her time is read. ing, in which she discovered great strength of
judgment; she iodulged herself in tew diversions, and those with much caution. With what forbear. ance; with what patience, with what courage, did she endure her last illness! She complied with all the directions of her physicians;she encouraged her sister and her father: and when all her strength of body was exhausted.supported herself by the single vigour of her mind. That, indeed, continued, even to her last moments, uobroken by the pain of a long illness, or the terrors of approaching death; and it is a reflection which makes the logs of her so much the more to be lameoted. A loss infinitely severe!and more severe by the particular conjuction in which it hap. penel! She was contracted to a most worthy youth; the wedding day was fixed and we were all invited, How sad a change from the highest joy,tothe respest sorrow! Hw shall I express the wound that pier.' ced my heart, when I heard Fundanus himself,(as grief is ever fiuding out circumstances to aggravate its affliction.) ordering the money he had designed to lay out upon clothes and jewels for her marriage, to be employed in myrth and spices for her tuneral? He is a minot great learning and good sense, who has applied himself from his earliest youth, to the poblest and most elevated studies: but all the maxims of fortitude which he has received from books, or advanced himself, he now absolutely re. jects; and every other virtue of his heart gives place to all a parent's teoderuess. We shall excuse, we shall aven approve his sorrow, when we coosider what he has lost. He has lost a daughter who re. sembled him io his manners, as well as his persin; and exactly copied oui all her father. If his friend Marceilinus shall thiok proper to write to him, up. on the subj-ct of so reasonable a griet, let me re. mind him not to use the rougher arguments of con. solation, and such as seem to carry a sort of reproof with them; but those of kiod aod sympathiziog humanity. Time will render him more open to the