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the past, but a cheering sense of divine favour at the present, enters into the
pious emotion. They are oniy the virtuous, who in their prosperous days hear this voice addressed to them, “Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a cheerful heart, for God vow accepteth thy works.” He who is the author of their prosperity, gives them a title to enjoy, with complacency, bis own gift. While 'bad med snatch the pleasures of the world as by stealth, without countenance from the great Proprietor of the world, the righteous sit operly down to the feast of life, under the smile of approving heaven. No guilty fears damp their joys. The blessing of God rests upon all that they possess: his protection surrounds them; and hence, “in the habitations of the righteous, is found the voice of rejoicing and salvation.” A lustre unkaown to others, invests, in their sight, the whole face of nature. Their piety reflects a sunshine from heaven upon the prosperity of the world; unites in one point of view, the smiling aspect, both of the powers above, and of the objects below. Not only have they as full a relish as others, of the innocent .pleasures of life, but, moreover, in these they hold communion with their Divine Benefactor. In all that is good or fair, they trace bis hand. From the beauties of nature, froni the improvemerits of art, from the enjoyments of social life, they raise their affection to the source of all the happiness which surrounds them; and thus widen the sphere of their pleasures, by adding intellectual, and spiritual, to earthly joys.
For illusiration of what I have said on this head, remark that cheerful enjoyment of a prosperous state, which King David bad when he wrote the twentythird psalm; and compare the highest pleasures of the riotous sinner, with the happy and satisfied spirit which breathes throughout that psalın. In the midst of the splendour of royalty, with what amiable simplicity of gratitude does he look up to the Lord, as "his Shepherd;" happier ip ascribing all his success to Divine favour, than to the policy of his counsels, or to the force of his arms ?
How many instances of divine odness arose before him in pleasing remembrance,
when, with such relish, he speaks of the ". green pastures and still waters, beside which God had led him; of his cup which he had made to over fow; and of the table which he had prepared for him in the presence of his enemies !” Withi what perfect tranquillity does he look forward to the timo of his passing through “ the valley of the shadow of death ;" unappalled by tbat spectre, whose most distant appearance blasts the prosperity of sioners! He fears po eyil, as long as ": the rod and the staff” of bis Divine Shepherd are with him ; apd, through all the unknowo periods of this and of future existence, commits himself to his guidance with secure and triomphant hope: “Surely goodness and mercy will follow me all the days of my life: and I shall dwell in the house of the Lord for ever."-What a purified sentimental enjoyment of prosperity is here exhibited ! How different from that gross relish of worldly pleasures, which belongs to those who behold only the terrestrial side of things; who raise their views to no bigher objects than the succession of human contingencies, and the weak efforts of human ability; who bave no protector or patron in the heavens, to enliven their prosperity, or to warm their hearts with gratitude and trust!
Virtue, when deeply rooted, is not subject to the in
fluence of fortune.
The city of Sidon having surrendered to Alex. ander, ho ordered Hephaestion to bestow the crowa op him whom the Sidonians should think most wor. thy of that honor. Hepræstion being at that time resident with two young meo of distinction, offered them the kingdom; but they refused it, telliog hin that it was contrary to the laws of their country, 10 admit any one to that honour, who was not of the royal family. He then, having expressed his admi. ration of their disiq erested spirit, desired them to damc one of the royal race, who might remember
that he had received the crown through their hands. Overlooking many, who would have been ambitious of this high honour, they made choice of Abdolooy. mus, whose singular merit had rendered him con. spicuous, even in the vale of obscurity. Though remotely related to the royal family, a series of misfortunes had reduced him to the necessity of cultivatiog a garden, for a small stipend, in the suburbs of the city.
While Abdolonymus was busily employed in weeding his garden, the two"friends of Hephæstioo, bearing in their hands the ensigas of royalty, ap. proached him and saluted him kiog. They inform ed him that Alexander had appointed him to that office; and required him immediately to exchange his rustic garb, and utensils of husbandry, for the regal robe aod sceptre. At the same time, they admooisbed him, when he should be seated on the throne, and have a nation in his power, got to for. get
the humble condition from which he had beea raised.
All this, at the first, appeared to Abdolonymus as an illusion of the fancy, or an insult offered to his poverty. He requested them not to trouble him farther with their impertinent jests; and to find some other way of Amusing themselves, which might leave him in the peaceable enjoyment of his obscure habitativo. At length, however, they convinced him, that they were serious in their propo. sal; and prevailed upon him to accept the regal office, and accompany them to the palace.
No sooner was he io posscssioc of the governmeot, than pride and envy created bim edemies; who whispered their murmurs in every place, till at last they reached the car of Alepaoder. He commanded the new-elected prioce to be sept for; and inquired of him, with what temper of mind he had borde his poverty. "Would to heaveo," replied Abdolonymus, " that I may be able to bear my
crowo with equal moderation: for when I possessed little, I wagted Dothing; these hands supplied me with whatever I desired.” From this answer, Alexaoder formed so high an idea of his wisdom, that he confirmed the choice which had been made; and annexed a neighbouring provioce to the gov. ernment of Sidon.
The Speech of Fabricius, a Roman ambassador, to king
Pyrrhus, who attempted to bribe him to his inter. ests, by the offer of a great sum of money.
With regard to my poverty, the king has, indred, been justly intormed. My whole estate consists in a house of but mean appearance, and a little spot of ground; from which, by my owo labour, I draw my support. But it, by any means, thou hast been persuaded to think that this poverty renders me of less consequence in my own country, or in any de gree udh ppy, Thou art greatly deceived. I have no reason to complain of fortune: she supplies me with all that nature requires; and if I am without superfluities, I am also free from the desire of them. With these, I confess I should be more able to succour the necessitous, ihe only advantage for which the wealihy are to be envied; but small as my pos. sessions are, I can still contribute something to the support of the state, and the assistance of my friends. With respect to honours, my country places me, poor as I am, upon a level with the richest : fur Rome koows no qualifications for great employ. menis, but virtue and abilitv. She appoiois me to offit 1.ate in the most august ceremonies of religion; she corrusis me with the command of her armies; she confides to my care the most important nego. tiarious. My poverty does not lessed the weight aod influence of my counsels in the scoate. l'he
Roman people honour me for that very poverty, which xing Pyrrhus considers as a disgrace. They koow the many opportunities I have had to enrich myself, without ceosure; they are convioced of my disinterested zeal for their prosperity : and if I have any thing to complain of, in the return they make me, it is only the excess of their applause. What value, then, cop I put upon thy gold and silver? What kiog can add any thing to my fortune? Always attentive to discharge the duties incumbent upon me, I have a miad free from self-reproach; and I have an honest fame.
Character of James I. king of England, NO PRINCE, so little enterprising and so inoffensive, was ever so much exposed to the opposite extremes of calumoy and flattery, of satire and panegyric. And the factions which began in his time, being still con. tipued, have made his character be as much disputed to this day, as is commonly that of the princes who are our contemporaries, Many virtues, however, it must be owned, he was possessed of; but not one of them pure, or free from the contagion of the neighbouring vices. His generosity bordered on profusion, his learning op pedantry, his pacific disposition on pusillanimity, his wisdod on cupping, his friendship on light fancy and boyish fondness. While he imagined that be was only maintaining his owo authority, he may perhaps be suspected in some of his actions, and still more of his pretensions, to have encroached on the liberties of his people. While he endeavoured; by an exact neutrality, to acquire the good will of all his neighbours, he was able to preserve fully the esteen and regard of none. His capacity was considerable, but fitter to discourse on general maxims, than to conduct any intricate business.
His intentions were just but more adapted to the conduct of private lite, than to the government of