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£eal hot with too few but the unruly. And it is for want of this laying the foundation well at first, that professors themselves are so ignorant as most are, and tint so many, especially of the younger sort, do swallow down almost any error that is offered them, and follow any sect of dividers that will entice them, so it be but done with earnestness and plausibility. For alas, thoegh, by the grace of God, their hearts may be changed in an hour, {whenever they understand but the essentials of the faith) yet their understanding* must have time and diligence to furnish them with such knowledge as must stablish them, and fortify them against deceit. Upon these and many the lit; considerations, we mould intreat all christian families to take more pains in this necessary work, and to get better acquainted with the substance of Christianity. And to that end (taking along some moving treatises to awaie the heart) 1 know not what work should be fitter for their use, than that compiled by the assembly at Westminster: a synod of as godly, judicious divines, (notwithstanding all the bitter words which they have received from discontented and self-conceited men) I verily think, as ever England saw. Tho* they had the unhappiness to be employed in calamitous times, when the noise of wars did stop men's ears, and the licentiousness of wars did set every wanton tongue and pen at liberty to reproach them; and the prosecution and event of those wars, did exasperate partial discontented men, to dishonour themselves by seeking to dishonour them: I dare say, if in the days of old, when councils were in power and account, they had had but such a council of bi(hops, as this of presbyters was, the fame of it for learning and holiness, and all ministerial abilities, would with very great honour have been transmitted to posterity.

1 do therefore desire, that all masters of families would first study well this work themselves; and then teach it their children and servants, according to their several capacities. And, if they once understand these grounds of religion, they will be able to read other books more understandingly, and hear sermons more profitably, and confer more judiciously, and hold fast the doctrine of Christ more firmly, than ever you are fike to do by any other course. First let them read and learn the Shorter Catechism, and next the Larger, and lastly, read the Confession os Faith.

Thus far he; whose name I shall conceal (though the excellency os the matter, and present stile, will easily discover him) because 1 have published it without his privity and consent, though, I hope, not against his liking and approbation, 1 shall add no more, but that I am

Thy servant

In the Lord's tvort,



. y/» ordinance of the lords and commons ajsembled in parliament, for the catling of an assembly os learned and godly divines, and others, to be consulted with by the parliament, for the settling of the government and liturgy of the church of England; and for vindicating and clearing of the doclrine of the said church from false aspersions and interpretations. June 12. 1643.

WHereas, amongst the infinite blefEngs of Almighty God upon this nation, none is nor can be more dear unto us than the purity of our religion; and for that, as yet, many things remain in the liturgy, discipline and goverment of the church, which do necessarily require a further and more .perfect reformation, than as yet hath been attained: And whereas it hath been declared and resolved by the lords and commons assembled in parliaments that the present church-government by archbishops, their chancellors, comissars, deans, deaDs and chapters, archdeacons, and other ecclesiastical officers, depending upon the hierarchy, is evil and justly offensive and burdensome to the kingdom, a great impediment to reformation and growth of religion, and very prejudicial to the state and government of this kingdom; and therefore they are resolved, that the same shall be taken away, and that such a goverment shall be settled in the church, as may be most agreeable to God's holy word, and most apt to procure and preserve the peace of the church at home, and nearer agreement with the church of Scotland, and other reformed churches abroad: And for the better effecting hereof, and for the vindicating and clearing of the doctrine of the church of England from all false calumnies and aspersions; it is thought fit and necessary to call an assembly of learned godly and judicious divines, who, together with some members of both the houses of parliament, are to consult and advise of such matteis and things, touching the premisses, as (hall be proposed unto them by both or either of the houses of parliament, and to give their advice and counsel therein to both, or either of the said houses, when, and as often as they shall be thereunto required. Be it therefore ordained, by the lords and commons in this present parliament assembled, that all and every the persona hereafter in this present ordinance named, that is to fay, ———

And such other person or persons as shall be nominated and appointed by both houses of parliament, or so many of them as shall not be letted by sickness, or other necessary impediment, shall meet and assemble, and are hereby required and injoined upon summons signed by the clerks of both houses of parliament, left at their respective dwellings, to meet and assemble them

, selves selves at "Westminster, in the chapel called king Henry the Vltth's chapel, 6M" the first day of July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand six hundred and forty three; and after the first meeting, being at least the number of forty, stall from time to time sit, and be removed from place to place, and also, that the said assembly (hast be dissolved in such manner, as by both houses of parliament (hall be directed: and the said persons, or so many of them as /hast be so assembled, or sit, shall hare power and authority, and are hereby likewise injoined from time to time, during this present parliament, or until further order be taken by both the said houses, to confer and treat among themselves, of such matters and things, touching and concerning the liturgy, discipline and government of the church of England* for the vindicating and clearing of the doctrine of the same, from all false aspersions and misconstructions, as shall be proposed unto them by both or either of the said houses of parliament, and no other; and deliver their opinion, advices of, or touching the matters aforesaid, as shall be most agreeable to the word of God, to both or either of the houses, from time to time, in such manner and fort, as by both or either of the said houses of parliament, (hall be required;' and the fame not to divulge by printing, writing, or otherwise, without the consent os both, or either house of parliament. And be it'further ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that William Twisse doctor in divinity shall sit in the chair, as prolocutor of the said assembly; and if he happen to die, or be letted by sickness, or other necessary impediment, then such other person to be appointed in his place, as shall be agreed on by the said houses of parliament: And in cafe any difference in opinions shall happen amongst the said persons so assembled, touching any the matters that shall be proposed to them as forefaid, that then they (hall represent the same, together with the reasons thereof, to both or either the said houses respectively, to the end such further direction may be given therein, as shall be requisite to that behalf. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That for the charges and expences of the said divines, and every one of them, in attending the said service, there (hall be allowed every one of them that shall so attend, during the time of their said attendance, and for ten days before, and ten days after, the sum of four (hillings for every day, at the charges of the commonwealth, at such time, and in such manner, as by both houses of parliament (hall be appointed. And be it further ordained, That all, and every the said divines, so, as aforesaid, required and injoined to meet and assemble, shall be freed and acquitted of, and from every offence, forfeiture, penalty, loss or damage, which (hall or may ensue or grow by reason of any non-residence, or absence of them, or any os them, from his, or their, or any of their church, churchV or cares, for or to respect os their said attendance upon the said service; any

law law or statute of non-residence, or other law or statute injoining their attendance upon their respective ministries, or charges, to the contrary thereof, notwithstanding. And if any of the persons above-named shall happen to die before the said assembly mall be dissolved by order osboth houses of parliament, then such other person or persons, shall be nominated and placed in the room and stead of such person or persons so dying, as by both the said houses shall be thought sit, and agreed upon; and every such person or persons, so to be nam'ed, shall have the like power and authority, freedom and acquittal to all intents and purposes, and also all such wages and allowances for the said service, during the time of his or their attendance, as to any other of the said persons in this ordinance, is by this ordinance limited and appointed. Provided always, that this ordinance, or any thing therein contained, (hall not yive unto the persons aforesaid, or any of them, nor shall they in this assembly assume to exercise, any jurisdiction, power or.authority ecclesiastical whatsoever, or any other' power than is herein particularly expressed.

Assemblt at EDINBURGH, August 19, 1643. Sess. 14.

Commission of the General Assembly to some Ministers and Ruling' Elders, for repairing to the Kingdom of England.

TH E General Assembly of the Church of Scotland finding it neces-> sary to send some Godly and Learned os this Kirk to the Kingdom of England, to the Effect under-written; Therefore gives full Power and Commission to Mr. Alexander Henderson, Mr. Robert Douglas, Mr. Samuel Rutherfoord, Mr. Robert Baily, and Mr. George Gillespie, Ministers, John Earl of Cassils, John Lord Maitland, and Sir Archibald Johnston of Wariltoun, Elders, or any Three of them, whereof two shall be Ministers, to repair to the Kingdom of England, and there to deliver the Declaration sent unto the Parliament of England, and the Letter sent unto the Assembly of Divines now sitting in that Kingdom; and to propone, consult, treat and conclude with that Assembly, or any Commissioners deputed by them, or any Committees or Commissioners deputed by the Houses of Parliament, in all Matters which may further the Union of this Island in one Form os Kirk-government, one Confession of Faith, one Catechism, one Directory for the Worship of God,-according to the Instructions which they have received from the Assembly, or shall receive frorri Time to Time hereafter from the Commissioners of the Assembly, deputed for that Effect: With Power also to them to convey to his Majesty the humble Answer sent from this Assembly to his Majesty's Letter, by such occasion as they sliall think convenient; and such like, to deliver the Assembly's Answer to the Letter sent from some well-affected Brethren of the,.Ministry there j and generally authorizes them to do all Things*.' , whkir which may further the so-much desired Union, and nearest Conjunctionof the Two Churches- of Scotland and England) conforpi to their instructions aforesaid. ( Many os the Persons who were called by the foresaid Ordinance of the Lords and Commons, (in that broken State of the Church) to attend the Assembly, appeared not; whereupon the whole Work lay on the Hands of the Persons hereafter mentioned.

The Promise and Vow taken by every Member admitted to fit in the


IA. B. do seriously Promise and Vow, in the Presence of Almighty GOD, That in this Assembly, whereof! am a Member, I will maintain nothing in Point of Doctrine, but what I believe to be most agreeable to the Word of GOD; nor in Point of Discipline, but what may make most for God's Glory, and the Peace and Good of this Church.

A LIST of the DIVINES who met in the Assembly at Westminster.

DR. William T.wisse of New-
bury, Prolocutor
Dr. Cornelius Purges of Waterford
John White ofDorchester, Assessors
Dr. Will/am Gouge of Blackfriers

Robert Harris of Hanwell, B. D.
Thomas Gattaker of Rotherhithe,

Oliver Bowles of Sutton, B. D.
Edward Reynolds of Pramiion
Jeremiah Whitaker of Streton
Er. Anthony Tuckney of Boston
John ArTowimith of Lynne
Simeon Ashe of St. Brides
Philip Nye of Kimbolton
Jeremiah Burroughs of Stepney
John Lightfoot of Alhley
Stanley Gower of Brampton Bryan .
Richard Heyrick of Manchester
Thomas Cafe of London
Dr. Thomas Temple of Battery
George Gipps of Ayleston
Thomas Carter , „
Dr. Humphrey Chambers of Cla-

Thomas Micklethwait of Cherry-
Join Guibon of Waltham
Christopher Tefdal of Uphusborne
Henry Philps

George Walker, B. D

Edmond Calamy, B.D. of Alder

manbury Dr. La/.arus Seaman of London Joseph Caryl of Lincolu's-Inn Dr. Henry Wilkinson'Senior of

Waderston Richard Vines of Calcot Nicolas Proffet of Marlburrough Stephen Marshal, B. D. of Finch


Dr. Jolhua Hoyle late of Dublin
Thomas Wilson of Otham
Thomas Hodges of Kensington
Thomas Bailie of Mildenhal, B. D.
Francis Taylor of Yalding
Thomas Young of Stownmarket
Thomas Valentine, B. D. of Chal-

font St. Giles
William Greenhill of Stepney
Edward Pele of Compton
John Green of Pencomb
Andrew Pern of Wilby
Samuel de la Place
John de la March
John Dury
Philip Delme

Sidrach Simpson of London
John Langly of Westuderly
Richard Clayton of Showers
Arthur Sallaway of Seavcrncstoat


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