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CHAP. XXXIII. Of the last Judgment.

GOD hath appointed a day, wherein he will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ a, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Fathers. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged c; but likewise all persons, that have lived upon earth, (hall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an .account of their thoughts, words and deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil d.

II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy, in the eternal salvation of the elect; and of his justice, in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then fliall the righteous go into everlasting lifdj and receive that fulness of * joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord: but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the . gospel of Jesus Christ, fliall be cast into eternal torments, and be punilked with everlasting destruction from the presence of :- •' . the

Marvel not at ihia^sor the hour is fJohnv.22.FortheFatherjudgcoming, in the which all that are in eth no man; but hath committed all the graves lhall hear his voice, v. judgment unto the Son: v. 27. And 29. And (hall come forth, they that hath given him authority to execute have done good, unto the returrec- judgment also, because he is the Son tion of life; and they that have done of Man.

evil, unto the resurrection of dam- c 1 Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that nation, j Cor. xv. 43. (See in letter we lhall judge angels? how much /.) Phil.'iii. 21. Who lhall change more things that pertain to this life? our vi le body, tha t i t may be fashion- Jude 6. ( See letter i chapter foregoed like unto his glorious body, ac- ing.) 2 ret. ii. 4. For if God spared cording to the working whereby he not the angels that sinned, but cast is able even to subdue all things un- them down to hell, and delivered to himself.' them into chains of darkness, to be

I.« Acts, xvii. 31. Because he hath reserved unto judgment, appointed a day in the which he will ^ 2 Cor. v. 10 For we must all judge the . world, in righteousness, appear before the judgment-scat of by that man whorn he hat^otyJainj Christ, that every one may receive ed; whereof he hath gi ven'assurance the tilings done in his body, accord unto all men, in that he hath raised ing to that he hath done, whether him from the dead. it begoodorbad. Eccl. xiu 14. For

God the Lord, and from the glory of his powers.

III. As Christ would have.us to be certainly perswaded that there (hall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity/! So will he have th3t day unknown to men, that they may lhake of all carnal security, and be always watchful, because cause they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen.£.

Cod shall bring every work unto judgment, with every secret thing, ■whether it be good, or whether it beevil. Rom. ii. 16 Intheday when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. Rom.xiv. 10. But why dost thou judge thy brother? or'why dost thou set at nought thy brother i we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ, v. 12. So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. Mat. xii. 36. But I say unto you, that every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment, v. 37. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou (halt be condemned.

II e (Mat. xxv. 31. to the end.) Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation osthe righteous judgmentof God; v. 6. Who will render to every man according to his deeds. Rom. ix'. 22. What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: v. 2 3. And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy which he had afore prepared unto glory? Mat. xxv. 21. His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over

many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. Acts iii. 19. Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out when the times of refrelhing shall come from the presence of the sJord. 2 Thess. i. 7, 8. 9, 10. (See in the Bible.)

III./2 Pet. iii. 11. Seeing then that all there things (hall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness? v. 14. Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot and blemish. 2 Cor. v. 10. (See letter*/.) v. 11. Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we peri wade men; but we are made manifest unto God, and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences. 2 Thess. i. 5. Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suster. v. 6. Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; v. 7. And to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels. Luke xxi. 27. And then (hall they fee the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory, v. 28. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your reL 4 dernplioa

demption draweth nigh. Rom. viii. even, or at mid-night, or at the •23. And not only they, but our- cock-crowing, or in the morning,) selves alley who have the first fruits V. 36. Lest:"coming suddenly, h» of the Spirlf, even we ourselves find you sleeping, v. 37. And what groan within ourselves, waiting for I fay unto you, I fay unto all. the adoption, to wit, the redempti- Watch. Luke xi i. 3 5. Let your loins on of our body. v. 24. Tor we are be girded about, and your lights saved by hope: but hope that is seen, 1 burning1; v. 36. And ye yourselves is not hope: for what a mail feeth, like unto men that wait for their why doth- he yet hope for? v. 2^. lord, when he will return from the But if we hope for that we fee not, wedding, that when he cometh and then do we with patience wait for it. knocke th,- they may open unto him g Mat. xiiv. 36, 42, 43, 44. (See immediately. Rev. xxii. 20. He who in the Bible.) Markxiir. 35. Watch testifieth these things, faith, furelys ye therefore, (for ye know not when I come quickly. Amea. Even se^ £he master of the house cometh; at come, Lord Jesus. , •*• .»

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THE

jLARGER CATECHISM,

AGREED UPON

BY THE

ASSEMBLY Of DIVINES

A T

WESTMINSTER,

yiTH THE

ASSISTANCE

O B

COMMISSIONS R S

FROM THE

Church Of Scotland,

A S

i Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churchy of Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

AND

Approved Anno 1648, by the General Aisimblt of the Chokcn of v Scotland, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made feme Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.

WITH THE PROOFS FROM THE SCRIPTURE.

Assembly at Edinburgh, July 2d, 1648. Sess. 10.

Act approving the Larger Catechism.

fHE General Assembly, having exatlly examined and seriously considered the Larger Catechilhi, agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines fitting at Westminster, with assistance of Commissioners from this Kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to Presbyteries, for the more exacl trial thereof, and publick intimation being frequently made in this Assembly, that every one that had any doubts or objetlions upon it might put them in; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agreeable to the -word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received dotlrine, •worship, discipline and government of this Kirk; a necessary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increasing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the Assembly, as they bless the Lord, that so excellent a Catechism is prepared; so they approve the same, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common Catechism for the three' kingdoms, and a directory for Catechising such as have made some proficiency in the knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.

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