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Christ, by his word and Spirit/; savingly enlightening their minds Ot, renewing and powerfully determining their wills n, so as they (altho' in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made wi'Iing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein o.
Q^6 8. Q. 68. Are the elect only effectually called?
he might (hew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us, through Christ Jesus, v. 8. For by grace arc ye saved, through faith; and that not of your selves: it is the gift of ('tod. v. 9. Not of works, lest any man Ihould boast. Rom.ix. 11. For t he children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of work-;, but of him that calleth.
/ 2 Cor. v. 20: Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did be eech you by us: we pray you in Christ 's lead, be ye reconciled to God. Compared with 2 Cor. vi. 1. We then as workers'together with him beseech you also, that ye receive not the irrace of God in vain, v. 2. For he faith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation. John vi. 44. No man can come to me, except the Father who hath sent me, draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound to give thanks al way to God for-you, brethren, beloved of the? Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sonctification os the Spirit and belief of the truth: v. 14. whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
r» Acts xxvi. 18. To open their Fyes, and to turn them from dark
ness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of fins, and an inheritance among them who are sanctified by faith that is in me. 1 Cor. ii. 10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea. the deep things of God. v. 12. Now we hare received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
n.Ezek. xi. 19. I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you, and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh. Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also will s give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the stony heart out of yoiir flesh, and I will give you an heart os flesh, v. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them; John vi. 4 j. It is written in the prophets, And they (hall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unt6 mei
» Eph. ii. j. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.)' Phil. ii. 13. For it is God. who worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord thy • God Cad will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with, all thy soul, that thou mayest live.
A. All the elect, and they only, are effectually calledp; although others may be and often are outwardly called by the ministry of the word q, and have some common operations of the Spiritr; who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christy?
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Christ?
A. The commuuion in grace, which the members of the
68. f Acts'xiii. 48. And when the Gentilesheard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life, believed. 'f Mat. xxii. 14. Formany are called, but few are chosen.
r Mat. vii. 22. Many shall say to me in that day. Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and m thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name have done many wonderful works? Mat. xiii. 20. But he that received the feed into stony places, tne fame is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it: v. 21. Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. Heb. vi. 4. For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, v. 5. and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, * v. 6.
If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance.
/ John xii. 38. That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? v. 39. Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, v. 40. He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not fee with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. Acts xxviii. 25. And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet, unto our fathers, v. 26. Saying, Go unto this people, and lay, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive, v. 27. For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should fee with their e^'es, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. John vi. 64. But there are some of vou that
bebelieve not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that believed not, and who ihould betray him. v.65. And he said, Therefore saiJ I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. Psal.lxxxi. 11.Butmypeoplewould not hearken to my voice: and Israel would none of me. v. 12. So I gave them up unto their own hearts luits: and they walked in their own counsels.
invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justifications, adoptionv, sanctification, and whatever else in this life manifests their union with himw.
(^70. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto sinners x, in which he pardoneth all their sin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sight y; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them z, but only for the perfect obedience encc and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone/>.
69. / Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, ■whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
v Eph. i. j. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
v 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.
70. * Rom. iii. 22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference, v. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ: v. 2J. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in
his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remillion of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. Rom. iv. j. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that ju.tilieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
y 2 Cor. v, 19. To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation, v. 2 1. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iii. 22. Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jeius Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no diiference. v. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ: v. 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remi 11'ion of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. v. 27. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith, v. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
z Tit. iii. 5, Not by works of righteousoess, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. * v. 7. That being justified by his grace we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption thro' his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.
Q^7 1. How is justification an act of God's free grace?
A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified c: yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them; and did provide this surety, his own only Son d,
« * Rom. v. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one: much more they who receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ, v. 18, Therefore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon* all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of Kfe. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners: so by the obedience of one, (hall many be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, v. 7. saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered, v. 8. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
.* Acts x. 43. To him gave all the prophets witness, that through his
name whosoever belicvcth in him, shall receive remission of sins. Gal.
ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ; that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. Phil.
iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith.
71. c Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for ns. v. 9. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. v. 10. For if when we were cnemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son: much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. v. 19. For as by ons man's disobedience many were made sinners: so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
d 1 Tim. ii. j. For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; v. 6. who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due Heb. x. 10. By_the which offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Mat. xi. 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be minified unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. v. 26. And after threescore and two weeks (hall Mesliah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come, shall destroy the city and the sanctuary, and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end ofthe war, desolations are determined. Isa. liii. 4. Surely he hath born our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted, v. 5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed, v. 6. All we like sheep have gone astray: we have turned every one to Jiis own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. v, 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him, he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his feed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. v. 11. He shall ice of the travail of his soul and shall be satisfied; by his knowledge shall Biy righteous servant justify many;
imputing his righteousness to them?, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faithf, which also is his giftg, their justification is to them of free grace A. Q^7 2. will we are sanctified, through the for he shall bear their iniquities, T.
12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he (hall divide the Jpoil with the strong: because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbred w»th the transgressors, and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Heb. ii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how (hall he not with him also freely give us all things i 1 Pet. i. 18. For as much as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers: v. 19. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
e 3 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us who knew no sin; that vre might be made the righteousness of God in him.
/ Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ: v. 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.
g Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are-ye saved, through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.
A Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.
72. i Heb.