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to understand them b; with desire to know, believe and obey the will of God revealed in theme; with diligences, and attention tb the matter and scope of them e; with meditationf, application^, self-denial h, and prayer i.
not in old time by the will of man: ■ but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
b Lukexxiv. 4$. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures. 2 Cor. iii. 13. And not as Moses, who put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is aboliihed. v. 14. But their minds ■were blinded; for until this day remained thefaraevailuntakenaway, in the reading of the old testament: which vail is done away in Christ, v. 1 j. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon, their heart, v. 16. Nevertheless, when it (hall turn to the Lord the vail fliall be taken away.
cDeut. xvii. 19. And-it shall be •with him, and he shall read therein all th< days of hi« life; that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law, and these statutes, to do them: v. 20. That his heart he not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn -not aside from the commandment, to the right hand Ot to the lest: to the end that Jic may prolong his days,
<i Acts xvii. 11. These (Bereans) were morenoble than those in Thessalonica; in that they received the word with allreadineisos mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether these things were so.
e Acts viii. 30. And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias; and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?
V. 34. And the Eunuch answered Philip, and said, I pray thee, of whom speaketh the prophet this? of himself, or of some other man ? Luke x. 26. He iuid unto him, W4iat is written in the law: how readest thou? v. 27. And he answering, said, Thou lhalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with . all thy soul,and withall thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself, v. 28. And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do and -thou lhalt live.
/ Psal. i. 2. But his delight is in the law of the Lord, and in his Jaw doth he meditate day and night. Psal. cxix. 97,. O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day.
% 2 Chron. xxxiv. 21. Go enquire of the Lord for me, and for them that are leftinllrael, and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that is found: for great is the wrath of the Lord that is poured out upon us, because our fathers have not kept the word of the Lord, lo do after all that is written in this book.
h Prov. iii. j,-Trust in the Lord with all thine heart, and lean not unto thine own understanding. Dent. sxxiii. 3. Yea, he loved the people; all his saints arein thy hand; and they fat down at thy feet, every one lhall receive of thy words.
i Prov. ii. 1. My Son, if thou wilt receive rtiy words, and hide my commandments with thee; v. 2. So that thou incline thine ear to wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding: v. 3. Yea, isthoucricit aster knowledge, and litteft up Y 3 thy
I 5 8. By whom is the word of God to be preached? A. The word of God is to be preached only by such a? -are sufficiently gifted k, and also duly approved and called to that office /.
Q_ 1 59. How is the word of God to be preached by those that are called thereunto?
A. They that are called to labour in the ministry of the
thy voice for understanding: v. 4. prophets: and some, evangelists:
If thou seekeit her as silver, and and some, pastors and teachers,
searched for her, as for hid trea- Hoi", iv. 6. My people are destroy
sures; v. 5. Then shalt thou under- cd for lack of knowledge: because
"stand the fear of the Lord, and find thou hast rejected knowledge, I will
the knowledge of Cod. v. 6. For also reject thee, that thou shalt be
the 1 .ord giveth wisdom: out of his no priest to me: seeing thou haft
mouth cometh knowledge and un- forgotten the law of thy God, I
derstanding. Psal. cxix. 18. Open will also forget thy children. Mai.
thou mine eyes, that I may behold ii. 7. For the priestslips should keep
wondrous things out of thy law. knowledge, and they should seek
Neh. viii. 6. And Ezra blessed the. the law at his mouth: for he is the
Lord the great God; and all the messenger of tile Lord of hosts,
people answered Amen, amen, with 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath made
lifting up their hands: and they us able ministers of the new tesia
bowed their heads, and worship- ment, not of tlse letter, but of the
ped the Lord with their faces to spirit: for the letter killeth, but the
the ground, v. 8. So they read in spirit giveth life,
the book, in the law of God distinct^ Jjer.xiv. 1 j.Thereforethussaith
ly,- ■ ;the Lord concerning the prophets
158.* 1 Tim. iii. 2. A bishop then that prophesy in my name, and I
mult be blameless, the husband of sent them not,—Rom. x. 15. And
one wife, vigilant, sober, of good how ihull they preach, except they
behaviour, given to hospitality, apt be sent? — Heb. v. 4. And no man
to teach; v. 6. Not a novice, lest be- taketh this honour unto himself, but
ing lifted up with pride, he fall in- he that is called of God, as was Aa
to the condemnation of the devil, ron. 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath
Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he said, set some in the church, first apostles,
When he ascended up on high, he secondarily prophets, thirdly teach
led captivity captive, and gave gifts ers, after that miracles, then giftsof
unto men. v. 9. (Now that he a- healings,helps,governments,diver
scended, what is it but that he also sides of tongues, v. 29. Are all apos
descended first into the lo.wer parts ties ? are all prophets? are ail teach
of the earth? v. 10. He that de- ers? are all workers of miracles? r
scended, is the lame al so that ascend- Tim. iii. 10. And let these also first be
ed up far above all heavens, that proved: then let them use the office
he might sill all things.) v. 11. And of a deacon, being found blameless,
he gave some, apostles: and some, 1 Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the gift Word, are to preach sound doctrine To, diligently n, in season and out of seasons; plainly/*, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of powery; faithfully/-, making known \he whole counsel of Gody"; wisely/, applying themselves to the necessities and capacities of the hearersv; zealously w, with fervent love to
that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the handsof the presbytery, i Tim. v. 22. Lay hands suddenly on no man: neither be partaker of other xnens sins, keep thyself pure.
159. raTit. ii. 1. But speak thou the things which become found doctrine, v. 8. Sound ipeech that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part, may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say ofyou. v'
«Actsxviii. 2 c. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord,
» 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-sussering and doctrine.
f 1 Cor.xiv. 19. Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.
q 1 Cor. ii. 4. And my speech, and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration os the Spirit, and of power. •
rjer. xxiii. 28. The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully; what is the chaff to the wheat? faith the Lord. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so
account of us, as of the ministe'rs of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. v. 2. Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful.
/Acts xx. 27. For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of Cod.
t Col. i 28. Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jeius. 2 Tim. ii. Ij. Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be , ashamed, rightly dividing the word os truth.
v 1 Cor. iii .2.1 have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither. yc\ now are ye able. Heb. v. 12. For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of G od; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. v. 13. For every one that uleth milk, is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a habe. v. 14. But strong meat besongeth to them that are of full age, even thole wh^ by reason of use have their scsiei exercised to discern both good and evil. Luke xii. 42. And the Lord laid, . Who then is that faithful and wile steward, whom his Lord shall make ruler overhis houfhold, togi ve them their portion of meat in due season?
Y 4 -a-Acts
God* and the soul's of his people^; sincerelyz, aiming as his glory a, and their conversions, edification c, and sajvation d.
w Acts xviii. 25. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord,—~'
x 2 Cor. v. 13. For whether we be besides ourselves, it is to God: or whether we be sober, it is for your cause, v. 14. For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, thatif one died for all, then were all dead. Phil. 1. 15. Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will. v. 16. The one preach Christ ofcontention, notsincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds: 'v. 17. But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.
j Col. iv 12. Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, liiluteth you, always labouring fervently for ybu in prayers, that ye may stand perfect, and compleatjn:i!i the will of God. 2 Cor. xii. Ij. And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; tho' the more abundantly I love you, the Ids I be loved.
z 2 Cor. ii. 17. For we are not as many, who corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.- 2 Cor. iv. 2. But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, not handling the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every mans consciences the sight God.
• « 1 Thess. ii. 4. But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust
hi; ... ■. . .
with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pleating men, but God, who, trieth our hearts, v. 5. For neither at any time uJed we flattering words, as ye 'know,'nor a cloke of covetousness; God is witness, v. 6. Nor of mensoughtwe glory, neitherofyou, nor yet of others, when wt might have been burthenfom, as the apostles of Christ. John vii. 18. He that fpeaketh of himlelf, seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the fame is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
b 1 Cor. ix. 19. For though I be free from all men, yet I have made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. v. 10. And unto the Jews, I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are ur.der the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are under tiie law, r. 21. To them that are without Ijw, as without law (being not without law to God, but undei the law to Christ) that I might gain them that are without law. v. 22. To the weak, became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means feve some.
c 2 Cor. xii. 19. Again, think you that we excuse ourselves unto you? we speak before God in Christ: bnt we do all things, dearly beloved, for your edifying. Eph. Iy. 12. For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ.
i 1 Tim. iv. 16. Take heed unto thyself, and unto thy doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou fhalt both save thyself, and them
Q. 1 60. What is required of those that hear the word preached?
A. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligences, preparation f and prayerg j examine what they hear by the scripturesb\ receive the truth with faith/, lovei, meekness/, and readiness of mind;», as the word of God«; meditate 0 and confer of
that hear thee. Acts xxvi. 16. But and supplication for all saints; v. rife, and stand upon thy feet: for I 19. And for me, that utterance may have appeared unto thee for this be given unto me, that I may open purpose, to make thee a minister, my mouth boldly, to make known and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of thole things in the which I will appear unto theef v. 17. Delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom now I fend thee, V. 18. to open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them •who are sanctified by faith that is in me.
160.1 Prov.viii. 34. Blasted is the man, that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.
/ 1 Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore laying aside all malice and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, v. 2. as new born babes desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby. Luke . viii. 18. Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.
g Psa. cxix. 18. Open thou mine eyes that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law. Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the spirit, and watchjng thereunto with all perseverance
the mystery of the gospel.
b Acts xvii. 11. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scripturesdaily whether those things were to.
i Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did pot prosit them, not being mixed with laith in them that heard it.
* 2 ThesT. ii. To. And with alldeceivablenefs of unrighteousness, in them that perilli; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be i'ave.l.
/ James i. 21. Wherefore lay apartall fUthiness, and superfluity os naughtiness, auu recuive with meekness the ingrafted woij, which is able to save your souls.
m Acts xvii. 11. Theft were more noble th;;n those in Theli.ilonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, aud searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
* 1 ThelT. ii. 13. For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, becau e when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, hut (as it is in U-uth) the word of God,