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'up; hide it in their heartsy, and bring forth the fruit of it
in their lives r.
i 61. How do the sacraments become effectual means ©f salvation? . •'
A; The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are adminiffred; but only by the working of the Holy Ghoff, and the blessing of Christ, by whom they are instituted/ 162. What is a sacrament? A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ
which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
0 Luke ir. 44. Let these sayings sink down into your ears: for the Son of man shall be delivered into the bunds of men. * Heb. ii. 1. Therefore we ought to give the more earned heed to the things we have heard, lest at any time we lhould let them slip.
f Lukexxiv. 14. And they tatl.-ed together of all these things which had happened, Deut. vi. 6. And these words which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart, v. 7. And thou lhalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and lhalt talk of them when thou fitted in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.
q Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my commandments with thee. Psa. cxix. 1 r. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
r Luke viii-. 15. But that on the good ground, are they, which in in honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience. Jam. i.
2 5. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the word, this man (hall be blelfed in his deed.
161. si Pet.iii. 21. The like figure whereunto.even baptism, doth also now lave us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God) by the relurrection of Jesus Christ. Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himielf believed also: Andwhenhe was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done. Compared with v. 25. For I perceive said Peter to Simon that thou art in the gall of bitterness and in the bond of iniquity. 1 Cor. tit.6. I have planted, Apollos watered: but God gave the increase, v. 7. So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth. but God that giveth the increase. 1 Cor. xii.- 13. For by one Spirit are we all bapti/ed into o!ie body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one spirit.
162. ia his church f, to signify, seal, and exhibit-y unto those that are within the covenant of grace w, th'e benefits of his mediation*; to strengthened increase their faith, and all other graces^*; to oblige them to obediencez; to testify and cherish
162. r-Gen.. rvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy feed after thee, ia their generalic ns for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee. v. 10. This is my covenant, which ye lliall keep between me and you, and thy iced after thee; Every man child among you lhall be circumcised. Exod. ch. xii. containing the institution of the paifover. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. * Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake'it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, faying, Drink ye all of it; v. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of fins.
v Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that be might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised: that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. 1 Cor. xi. 24. Aftd when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said,Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 2j. After the fame manner al so he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye,
as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
t!< Rom. \-v. 8. Now I fay, That Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision, for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto thefitthers. Exod. xii. 48. And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.
x Actsii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you, in the name os Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup os blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ..
j Rom. iv. 11. (See in v above.) Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.
z Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? v. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism intodeath: that like asChrist was raised upfrom the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and thecup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lords table, and the table of devils.
their love and communion one with another*, and to distinguish them from those that are without
163. What are the parts of a sacraments' A. The parts of a sacrament are two: the one an outward and sensible sign used according to Christ's own appointment; the other, an inward and spiritual grace thereby signifiedc.
1 64. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two sacraments, baptism, and the Lord's Supper*/. 165. What is baptism? A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, whereto
but he that cometh aster me.ismightier than I, whole lhoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall bapti le you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. 1Pet.iii.21. The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us (not the putting away the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew, that is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: v. 29. But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter, whose praise is not of men, but of God.
164. d Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lords Supper, v. 23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, tookbread. Mat. xxvi. 26, 27,28. (See above in/.)
« Eph. iv. 2. With all lowliness and meekness, with long-suffering, forbearing one another in love; v. g. Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, v. 4. There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hopeofyourcalling: v^. One Lord, one faith, one baptism. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether We be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
t Eph. ii. 11. Wherefore remember that ye being in timespaffed Gentiles in the flesh, who are called uncircumcision by that which is called the circumcision in the flesh made by hands; v. 12. That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and withoufGod ia the world. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto them. We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach to us.
163. c Mat. iii. 11.1 indeed baptize you with water unto repentance,
in Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghosts, to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himself/, of remission of sins by his bloodg, and regeneration by his Spirit A; of adoption/, and resurrection unto everlasting life/f: and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church/, and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's^.
i 66. Unto whom is baptism to be administred? A. Baptism is not to be administred to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to himn; but infants descending from parents, either both or
l6>. e Mat. xxviii. 19. Go yc therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
/ Gal. iii. 2 7. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.
• Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance, for theremiflion of fins. Rev. i. 5.—Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his'Own blood.
4 Tit. iii. j. Not by worksofrighteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the vaihing of regeneration, and renewing ot" the Holy Ghost. Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the walhing os water by the word.
«' Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the children os God by faith in Christ Jesus, v. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.
* 1 Cor. iv. 29. Else what (hall they do, who are baptized for the
dead, is the dead rise not at all ? why are they then baptized for the dead? Rom. vi. y. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we (hall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.
/ 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of his Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
166. n Acts viii. 36. And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and theeunuchsaid, See, here is wajter; what doth hinr dermetobe baptized? v. 57. And Philip said, If thou believcst with all thine heart, thou mayest. Aud he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is tlu Son ot God. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, aud be baptized every one
os but one of them, professing faith in Christ, and obedience t© him, are in that respect within the covenant, and to be baptized o.
167. How is our baptism to be improved by us? A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism is to be performed by us all our life long, especially in the time of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it to others^, by serious and thankful
rs you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
o Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee. v. 9. And God saidunto Abraham, Thgu (haltkeep my covenant therefore, thou and thy seed after thee, in their generations. Compared with Gal. iii. 9. So then they whobeof faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham, v. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. And with Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ: v. 12. Buried with him in baptism. wherein al Ib you are risen with him thro' the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And with Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of fins, and ye shall receive the gift of theHolyGhost. v. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are as* off, e
ven as many as the Lord our God shall call. And with Rom. ir. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had, yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them that believe, tho' they be not circumcised: that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: v. 12. And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcifed. 1 Cor. vii. 14. Forthe unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean: but now they are holy. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of theHolyGhost. Lukexviii. 1 5. And they brought unto him also infants, thathexvouldtouchthem: but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them. v. 16. But Jesus called them untohim, andsaid, Suffer little chihdren to coine unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kin gJom of God. Rom ix. 16.For if thesir:l fruit be holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root be holy, so are the branches.
167. p Col. ii. 11. In whom al:b