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consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ instituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby, and our solemn vow made therein q.; by being humbled for our sinful defilement, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism and our. engagements;-; by growing up to assurance of pardon of sin, snd of all other blessings sealed to us in that sacrament/: by drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quickening
ye are circumcised with the circum- thren, by them who are of the house cifinn made without hands, in put- of Chloe, that there are contentions ting off the body of the lins of the among you. v. 12. Now this I fay, flelh, by the circumcision of Christ: that every one of you faith, I am of T. i2vBuried with him in baptism, Paul, andl of Apollos, and I of Ce•wherein also ye are risen with him phas,andlofClirist. v. i3.IsChrist through the faith of the operation divided? was Paul crucified for you? of God, who hath raised him from or were ye bapti/.ed in the name of the dead. Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we PaulI Rom. vi. 2. God forbid: how are buried with him by baptism into shall we that are dead to sin, live adeath, that like as Christ was raised ny longer therein? v. 3. Know ye np from the dead by the glory of his ', not, that so many of us as were bapFather, even so we also ihoulJ walk tized Into Jesus Christ, were baptiin- newness of life. v. 6. Knowing zed into his death? this, that our old man is crucified / Rom. iv. 11. And he received with him. that the body of (in might the sign of circumcision, a seal of be destroyed, that henceforth we the righteousness of the faith which should not serve fin. v. 11. Likewise he had yet being uncircumciscd: reckon ye also yourselves to be dead . that he might be the father of all indeed unto ftn, but alive unto God them that believe, though they be through Jesus Christ our Lord. not circumcised; that righteoufhcGs
? Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that might be imputed unto them also: fomany of us as were baptized into v, 12. And the fuhe-r of circumciJesus Christ, were baptized into his sion to them who are not of the cirdeath? v. 4. Therefore we are bu- cumcision only, but also walkin the ried with him by baptism intedeath: steps of that faith of our father Athatlikeas Christ was raised upfrom braham, which he had being yet the dead by the.glory of his Father, uncircumciscd. 1 Pet. iii. 2j. The even so we also lhould walk in new- like figure whereunto, even bapnefs of life. v. 5. For if we have been tism ^oth also now save us (not the planted together in the likeness of putting iway of the filth of the flesti, nis death: we (hall be also in the but the a swer of a good conscience likeness of his resurrection. towards God) by the resurrection of
r 1 Cor. i, ii, For it-hath been Jesus Christ, declared uato me of you, my bit- t Rom. cning of graces; and by endeavouring to live by faithv, td have our conversation in holiness and righteousnessiv, as those that have therein given up their names to Christ*, and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the fame Spirit into one body_y.
16 8. What is the Lord's supper? A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of she New Testament z, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate, feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth ia grace a; have their union and communion with him confirm
/ Rom. vi. 3, 4, 5. (See above in j.)
v Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus, v. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.
if Rom. vi. 22. But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your frhit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
x Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye (hall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
j 1 Oor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit, v. 25. That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the fame care one of another, v. 26. And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it: or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it. y. 27. Now ye
are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
168. z Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cap is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
a Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament which is shed for many fortheremiflionofsins. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and laid, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 25. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this breads
id b; testify and renew their thankfulness c and engagement to God d, and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the fame mystical Body el ■
169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?
A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use by the word of institution, thanksgiving and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants: who are by the fame appointment to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine; in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed for them/.
170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein?
A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the
• .-' • Lord's
and drink this cup, ye do (hew thd Lords death till he come.
* 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we blessj is it riot the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we breivik, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
c 1 Cor. xi. 24. (See above in a.)
& 1 Cor. x. 14. Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. v. i 5.1 speak as to wife men; judge ye what I fay. v. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ i the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body' of Christ? v. 21 i Ye cannot drink the cup 6f the Lord, and the cup of deTils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
e 1 Cor. x. 17. For we being ma-" ny are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
169./ 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. (Seebefore Under a.) Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, 28. (See before at a.) Markxiv.22. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed; and brake ft, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body. v. 2;. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it. v. 24. And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is ihed for many. Luke xxii. 19. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, faying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 30. Likewise also the cup Z after Lord's fupperg; and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward fensesh: so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal or carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really i, while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death k.
Q^i7 [. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?
A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper are, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves / of their being in Christ m, of their
after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is flied for you.
170.1 Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven mull receive, until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of 'all hi9 holy prophets, since the world began.
h Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament which is (lied for many for the remission of sins.
i i Cor. xi. 24. An*d when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 15. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as ye drink it, in »emembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lords deatk
till he come. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. v. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that Cup. v. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lords body.
t 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
if I. I I Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
m 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your selves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves; know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you except ye be reprobates?
s 1 Corins and Wantsn; of the truth and measure of their knowledge o, faiths, repentanceq, love to God and the brethren r, charity to all vnvas, forgiving those that haye done them wrong/, of their defires after Christ *t>, aud of their new obedience w; and by renewing the exercise of these
* i Cor. v. 7. Purge out there- bread. Acts ii. 46. And they confore the old kaven/that ye may be tinuing daily with one accord in a new lump as ye are unleavened, the temple, and breaking bread; For even Christ our passover is fa- from house to house, did eat their erificed for u«. Compared with meat with gladness and singleness Exod. xii. 1 j. Seven days shall ye of heart, v. 47. praising God" and eat unleavened bread, even the first having favour with all the people: day ye stall put away leaven out of and the Lord added to the' church your houses: for whosoever eatcth daily such as ihould be saved, leavened bread, from the first day . / i Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us until the seventh day, that soul shall keep the feast, riot with oldleaven, be cut off from Israel. neither with the leaven os malice
a 1 Cor. ii. 29. For he that eat- and wickedness; but with the uneth and drinketh unworthily, eat" leavened bread of sincerity and. tthanddrinkethdamnationitohirn''' truth. 1 Cor. xi. 18. For first of self, not discerning the Lords body, all, when ye come together in the
f 1 Cor. xiii. 5. (See above in ».) church, I hear that there be divisiMat. xxvi. s8. For this is my blood ohs among you; and I partly beof the new testament, which is shed lieve it. v. 20. When ye come tofor many for the remission of sins. gether therefore into one place, this
y Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour' is slot to eat the Lords supper, upon the house of David, and upon* . t Mat. v. 23. Therefore, if thou the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the bring thjgift to the attar, arid there spirit of grace and of supplications, remembrest that thy brother hath and they lhall look upon me whom ought against thee; y. 24. Leave they have pierced, and they shall there thy gift before the tthar, and mourn for him, as one mourneth go thy way, first.be reconciled to for his only son, and shall be in bit- uiy brother, aad then come and ofterness for him, as one that is in bit- fer thy gift.
ternesi for his first-born. 1 Cor. xi. v Isa. Iv. t. Ho, every one thar 31. Forif we would judge ourselves, thirtieth, come ye to the waters, we sliould'not be judged. and he that Kath no money, come
r 1 Cor. x. 16. The enp of bles- ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy fing which we bless, is it not the wine and milk without money, and communion of the blood of Christ? without price. John vii. 27. In the the bread which we break, is it not Jast day, the great day of the feast, the communion of the body of Jesus stood and cried, faying, If any Christ? v. 17. For we being many, man thirst, let him come unto me, are one bread, and one body: for and drink.
we are all partakers of that on* ■*> 1 C*r. v. 7. Purge out there
Z 3 fore