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THE

NATIONAL COVENANT;

OR; THE CONFESSION Of FAITH;

Subscribed at first by the King's Majesty and his houjhold in the year I 5 80 ,■ thereafter by persons of all ranks in the year I 5 81, by ordinance of the lords of secret council, and atls of the general assembly; Subscribed again by allsorts of persons in the year I 590, by <t new ordinance of council, at the desire of the general assembly; with a general bondfor the maintaining of the true Christian religion, and the king's person; and, together -with a resolution and promise, for the causes after-expressed, to maintain the true religion, and the king's majesty, according to the forefaid Confession and acts »f parliament, subscribed by-barons, nobles, gentlemen, burgesses, ministers and commons, in the year I 63 8: Jlpproven by the general assembly 1638 and 1 639 ; andsubscribed again by persons of all ranks and qualities in the year 1 639, by an ordinance of council, upon the supplication of the general assembly, and Atl of the general assembly: ratified by an atl of parliament I 64 o; andsubscribed by king Charles H. at Spey, June 2 3 <f I 650. and Scoon, January ifi 1 65 1.

WE all and every one of us underwritten, protest, That, after long and due examination of our own consciences in matters of true and false religion, we arc now throughly resolved in the truth by the word and spirit of God: and therefore we believe with our hearts, confess with our mouths, subscribe with our hands, and constantly affirm before God and the whole world, that this only is the true Christian faith and religion, pleasing God, and bringing salvation to man, which now is, by the mercy of God, revealed to the world by the preaching of the blessed evangel; and is received, bejieved, and defended by many and sundry notable kirksand

realms. realms, but chiefly by the kirk of Scotland, the king's majesty and three estates of this realm, as God's eternal truth, and only ground of our salvation; as more particularly is expressed in the Confession of our Faith, established and publickly confirmed by sundry acts of parliaments, and now of a long time have been openly professed by the king's majesty, and whole body of this realm both in burgh and land. To the which confession and form of religion we willingly agree in our conscience in all points, as unto God's undoubted truth and verity, grounded only upon his written word. And therefore we abhor and detest all contrary religion and doctrine; but chiefly all kind of papistry in general and particular heads, even as they are now damned and confuted by the word of God and kirk of Scotland. But in special we detest and refuse the usurped authority of that Roman antichrist upon the scriptures of God, upon the kirk, the civil magistrate, and consciences of men: all his tyrannous laws made upon indifferent things against our Christian liberty: his erroneous doctrine against the sufficiency of the written word, the perfection of the law, the office of Christ, and his blessed evangel: his corrupted doctrine concerning original sin, our natural inability and rebellion to God's law, our justification by faith only, our imperfect sanctification and obedience to the law; the nature, number, and use of the holy sacraments: his five bastard sacraments; with all his rites, ceremonies and false doctrine, added to the ministration of the true sacraments without the word of God: his cruel judgment against infants departing without the sacrament: his absolute necessity of baptism: his blasphemous opinion of transubstantiation, or real presence of Christ's body in the elements, and receiving of the fame by the wicked, or bodies of men: his dispensations with solemn oaths, perjuries, and degrees of marriage forbidden in the word: his cruelty against the innocent divorced: his devilish mass: his blasphemous priesthood: his profane sacrifice for sins of the dead and the quick: his canonization of men; cal

ling upon angels or saints departed; worshipping of imagery, relicks and crosses; dedicating of kirks, altars, days; vows to creatures:• his purgatory, prayers for the dead; praying or speaking in a strange language; with his processions and blasphemous litany, and multitude of advocates or mediators: his manifold orders, auricular confession: his desperate and uncertain repentance: his general and doubtsome faith; his satisfactions of men for their sins; his justification by works, Opus operatum, works of supererogation, merits, pardons, peregrinations, and stations: his holy water, baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, sayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the superstitious opinion joined therewith: his worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy: his three solemn vows, with all his stiavellings of sundry sorts: his erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subscribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured against the kirk of God. And finally, we detest all his vain allegories, rites, signs, and traditions brought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, discipline, and use of the holy sacraments, as lively members of the fame in Christ our head: promising and swearing by the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kirk \, and shall defend the fame, according to our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the pains contained in the law, and danger both of body and foul in the day of God's fearful judgment.

And seeing that many are stirred up of Satan and th at Roman antichrist, to promise, swear, subscribe, and for a time use the holy sacraments in the kirk deceitfully, against their

f The Confession- which was subscribed at Halyrud-house, the 25th of February 1587-8. by the King, Lennox, Huntly, the Chancellor, and about 9; other Persons, hath here added, agreeing to the Word. Sir John. Maxwell of Pollock hath the original Parchment.

own own conscience; nnnding hereby, first, under the external cloke of religion, to corrupt and subvert secretly God's true religion within the kirk; and afterward, when time-may serve, to become open enemies and persecutors of the fame, under vain hope of the pope's dispensation, devised against the word of God, to his greater confusion, and. their double condemnation in the day of the Lord Jesus: we therefore, willing to take away all suspicion of hypocrisy, and of such double dealing with God and his kirk, protest, and call the Searcher of all hearts for witness, That our minds and hearts do fully agree with this our confession, promise, oath, and subscription; so that we are not moved with any worldly respect, but arc persuaded only in. our conscience, through the knowledge and love of God's true religion imprinted in our hearts, by the Holy Spirit, as we shall answer to him in "the day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed.

And because we perceive, that the quietness and stability of our religion and kirk doth depend upon the safety and good behaviour of the king's majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the maintaining of his kirk, and ministration of justice amongst us: we protest and promise with our hearts, under the fame oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we (hall defend his person and authority with our goods, bodies and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our country, ministration of justice, and punishment of iniquity, against all enemies within this realm or without, as we desire our God to be a strong and merciful defender to us in the day of our death, and Cook ing of our Lord Jesus Christ: to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, be all honour and glory eternally. Amen.

LIKEAS many acts of parliament, not only in general do abrogate, annul, and rescind all laws, statutes, acts, constitutions, canons civil or municipal, with all other ordinances, and practique penalties whatsoever made in prejudice of the

true true religion and professors thereof; or of the true kirk, dis" cipline, jurisdiction and freedom thereof; or in favours of \&S\ latry and superstition, or of the papistical kirk: As, Act 3. Act 31. Par). 1. Act 23. Parl. 1 1. Act 114. Parl. 1 2. of king James VI. That papistry and superstition may be utterly suppressed* according to the intention of the acts of parliament, repeated in the 5. Act, Parl. 20. king James VI. And to that end they ordain all papists and priests to be punistied with manifold civil and ecclesiastical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion,, preached, and by law established within this realm, Act 24. Parl. 11. king Ja. VI. as common enemies to all Christian government, Act 1 8. Parl. 16. king Ja. VI. as rebcller* and gainstanders of our sovereign lord's authority, Aft 47* Parl. 3. king Ja. VI. and as idolaters, Act 104. Parl. 9. king Ja. VI. But also in particular, by and attour the confession of faith, do abolish and condemn the pope's authority and jurisdiction out of this land, and ordains the maintainers thereof to be punistied, Act 2. Parl. 1. Act 51. Parl. 3. Act 10 6. Pad. 7. Act 114. Parl. 12. king Ja. VI do condemn the pope's erroneous doctrine, or any other erroneous doctrine repugnant to any of the articles of the true and Christian religion, publickly preached, and by law established in this realm; and ordains the spreaders and makers of books or libels, or letters or writs of that nature, to be puuiflied, Act 46. Parl. 3. Aft 1 o 6. Parl. 7. Act 2 4. Parl. 11. K. Ja. VI. do condemn all baptism conform to the pope's kirk, and the idolatry of the mass; and ordains all sayers, wilful hearers, and concealers of the mass, the maintainers and rescuers of the priests, jefuites, trafficking papists, to be punished without any exception or restriction, Act 5. Parl. 1. Act 1 20. Parl. 1 2. Act 164. Part 1 3. Act 19 3. Parl. 14. Act 1 • Parl. 19. Act 5. Parl, ao. X. Ja. VI. do condemn all erroneous books and writs, containing erroneous doctrine against the religion presently professed, or containing superstitious rites and ceremonies papistical, whereby the people are greatly abused; and ordains the liomc-brmgr

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