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and charge, the said exercises be conscionably performed.
XL Besides the ordinary duties in families, which are abovementioned, extraordinary duties, both of humiliation and thanksgiving, are to be carefully performed in families, when the Lord by extraordinary occasions, (private or publick) calleth for them.
XII. Seeing the word of God rcquireth, that we should consider one another to provoke unto love and good works; therefore, ar all times, and specially in this time, wherein profanity abounds, and mockers, walking after their own lusts, think it strange that others run not with them to the fame excess of riot; every member of this kirk ought to stir up themselves, and one another, to the duties of mutual edification, by instruction, admonition, rebuke; exhorting one another to manifest the grace of God, in denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, and in living godly, soberly, and righteously in this present world; by comforting the feeble-minded, and praying with or for one another: which duties respectively are to be performed upon special occasions offered by divine providence; as namely, when under any calamity, cross, or great difficulty, counsel or comfort is sought, or when an offender is to be reclaimed by private admonition, and, if that be not effectual, by joining one or two more in the admonition, according to 'the rule of Christ: that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.
XIII. And, because it is not given to every one to speak a word in season to a wearied or distressed conscience, it is expedient, that a person (in that case) finding no ease after the use of all ordinary means, private and publick, have their address to their own pastor, or some experienced Christian: But if the person troubled in conscience, be of that condition, or of that sex, that discretion, modesty, or fear of scandal requireth a godly, grave and secret friend to be present with them in their said address, it is expedient that such a friend be present.
XIV. When persons of diverse families are brought together by divine providence, being abroad upon their particular vocations, or any necessary occasions; as they would have the Lord their God with them whithersoever they go, they ought to walk with God, and not neglect the duties of prayer and thanksgiving, but take care that the same be performed by such as the company shall judge fittest. And that they likewise take heed that no corrupt communication proceed out of their mouths, but that which is good, to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace to the hearers.'
The drift ard scope of all these directions is no other, but that upon "the one part, the power and practice of godliness amongst ajl the ministers, and members of this kirk, according to their several places and vocations, may be cheriflied and advanced, and all impiety and mocking of religious exercises suppressed: And, upon the other part, that under the name and pretext of religious exercises, no such meetings or practices be allowed, as are apt to breed error, scandal, schism, contempt, or misregard of the publick ordinances and ministers, or neglect of the duties of particular callings, or such other evils as are the works not of the Spirit, but of the flesh, and are contrary to truth and peace.
Os the Chief Matters contained in the Confession of Fa Ith, and Larger Catechism.
Con. Signifies the Confession of Faith. The first number denotes the chapter. The following figures denote the paragraph.
Cat. Signifies the Larger Catechism, and the figures denote the numbers of the Questions.
A CCEPTANCE. The persons of believers are accepted as righteous in the sight of God only for the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, con. xi. t. cat. 70. Which is imputed to them by God, and received by faith, con. xi. 1. cat. 70, 71, 71. How their good works are accepted in Christ, con. xvi. 6. Acceptance in prayer, through Christ and his mediation, cat. 180.
Access. No access unto the presence of God, without the Mediator Jesus Christ, con. lit. cat. 30, Sj, 181. Who hath parchased for believers under the gospel, a greater boldness of access to the tlirone of grace, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of, con. xx. I.
Actions. God orders and governs all the actions of his creatures, by his most wife and holy providence, according to his infallible foreknowledge, and immutable decree, con. v. 1. cat. 18. See providence.
Actual sins, proceed from the original corruption of nature, con. vi. 4. cat. 15. See Sin.
Admonition of the church, con. xxx. 4. Adoption, the nature and privileges of it,
con. xii. cat. 74. Adultery, a just ground of divorce, con,
xxiv. 5, 6. Aggravations of fin, cat. Jjr. Amen, the meaning of it, cat. 19$.
Angels, God's decree concerning them, con. iii. 3, 4. cat. 13. How created, cat. i<. God's providence towards them, cat. 19. They are all employed at his pleasure in the administrations of hu power, mercy, and justice, ib. Not to be worshipped, con. xxi x. cat. Ioj.
Antichrist, what, con. xxv. 6. The pope is antichrist, ib.
Antiquity, no pretence for using the devices of men in the worship of God, cat. top.
Anxiety about the things of this life, sinful, cat. foj, 136", 141.
The Apocrypha, not being of divine inspi* ration, is of no authority in the church, con. j. 3.
Immodest apparel, forbidden, cat. 139,
Ascension of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 53.
Assembly, See Councils.
Publick assemblies for the worship bf God not to be carclefly or wilfully neglected, con. xxi 6.
Assurance of grace and salvation, attainable in this life, con. xviii. 1, >. cat. 80. Without extraordinary revelation, con. xviii. 3. cat 80. Upon what it is founded, con. iii. 8. xviii 1. cat. 80. It is strengthened by good works, con. xvi. a. Believers may want it, con. xviii. 3. cat. 80. 171. They may have it diminished and intermitted: and be deprived of coaifort and the light of God's countenance, con. xi. J. xvii. 3. xviii. 4. cat.
Sn •l. But they are ne,-cr utterly destitute of that seed of GoJ, and life of faith and love, Sec. out of which assurance may, by the spirit, be in due time revived, con. xviii. 4. cat. 81. And by which in the mean time they arc supported from utter despair, ib. It is the duty of all to endeavour after assurance, con. xviri. 3. And to pray for it, cat. 194. The fruits of it, it inclines not to looseness, con. xviii. 3.
Atheism, the denying or not having a God, cat. raj.
Attributes of God, con. ii. 1, x. cat. 7, 8, • 101. , B
gAfrisM, what, con. xxviii. 1, x. ot. 165. Tocontinucto the end of the world, con. xxviii. 1. cat. 17S. But once to be administred to any person, con. xxviii. 7cat. 177. By whom, con xxvii.4 x'xviii. X. cat. 176. To whom, con. xxviii. 4. cat. 166. Dipping not necessary in baptism. But it may be rightly administred by sprinkling, con. xxviii. 3. Baptism not ncccsliry to salvation, yet it it a fin to neglect it, con. xxviii. $. The efficacy of it, con. xxviii. 6. How to be improved, cat. iff?. Wherein it agrees with the Lord's Supper, cat. Ij6. And wherein they differ, cat. 177.
Eciievers, See faith, justification, acceptance, adoption, sanctification, union, communion, liberty, works, perseverance, assurance.
Benefits which the members of the invisible
The body of Christ, how present in the sa-
the resurrection, con. xxxii. t, 3. eat, " ', 87. Of the wicked, ib. Lascivious books not to be read, cat. 139. C.
^jallinc, See effectual calling, Toh«e a lawful calling, and to be diligenC in
it, is a duty, cat. 141. Vows of Celibacy unlawful, con. arxii. 7.
Censures of the church, what, con. xxx. 1, 4. Their use, con. xxx. 3. Who are to be proceeded against by the censures of the church, con. xx. 4. xxix. s. xxx. a. They are to be managed according to the nature of the crime and the demerit of the person, con xxx. 4. Penitent sinners are to be absolved from censures, con. xxx. a.
Censuring, rash, harsh, and partial censuring, sinful, cat. 145.
Ceremonial law. See Law.
Charity towards our neighbour, wherein it consists, cat. 13s, 141, 144, 147. What contrary to it, cat. ijtf, 141, 145, 148. Giving and lending freely according to our ability and the necessities of others, is a duty, con. xxvi. 1. cat. 141.
Charms, unlawful, cat. 113.
Chastity, cat. 137.
Children that die in infancy, how saved, con. x. 3. The children of such as profess the true religion, are members of the visible church, con. xxv. x. cat. «x. and are to be baptized, con. xxviii. 4. cat.
Christ, why so calleJ, cat. 4X. Is the only Mediator between God and man, con. viii. 1. cat. 3*. Who being very God, of one substance, and equal with the Father, con. viii.x. cat. 11, 36. In the fatness of time became man, con viii. 1. cat- l6< 37- The necessity of his being God and man, cat. 38, 39, 40. He was ordained by God from eternity to be Mediator, con. viii. r. He was sanctified and anointed with the Holy Spirit, to execute the office of Mediator, con. viii. 3. cat. 41. To which he was called by the Father, con. viii. 3. And willingly under.