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wisdom; iri sach manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation/.
CHAP. IX. Of Free-will.
GOD hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necestity of nature determined, to good or evils*.
II. Man, in his state of innocency. had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well-pleasing to Go&b; but yet mutably, so that he might fall from its.
.' III. Man,
are the sons of God. Rom. xv. iS. for I will not dare to speak of any os those things, which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed. v. 19. Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit osGod; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyrictim, I have sully preached the go*spcl osChrist. John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.
/ Psal. ex. 1. The Lord said unto my Lord, S it thou at my right hand , Until I make thine enemies thy footstool. 1 Cor* xv. 2 ;. For he must feign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. V, id. The last enemy that (hall be destroyed, is death. Mai. iv. 2. But unto you that fear my name, Hull the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye (hall go forth and grow up as calves of the stall, v. 3. And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet, in the day that I fliall do this, faith the Lord of hosts. Col. ii. 15. And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them Iftit,
I. * Matt. xvil. 12. But I fay unto you, that Elias is come already* and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed1: likewise shall also the Son os mam suffer of them. Jamesi. 14. Butevery man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed,. Deut. xix. 19. I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blesting and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy feed may live.
II. b Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have fought out many inventions. Gen. i. 26* And God said, Let US make man ii* our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
c Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God Commanded the man, saying, Of every tree in the garden thou mayesh freely eat. v. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 6. And
III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly loft all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvations: so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that goods, and dead in sin/, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto^.
IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into' the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage
he said, Therefore said t unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him os my* Father. Eph.ii. 2. Wherein in time past, ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air * the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, v. 3. Amongwhom also we all had our conversation in timss past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of die flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others, v. 4. But God who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, v. $.' even when we vA<je dead in sin*, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by graced ye are saved.) 1 Cor. ii.' 14. But the natural manreceiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither Can he know them, because? they are spiritually discerned. Tit. iii. 3. For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. v.-v 4. But after that the kindness and
when the woman saw that the tree was good for food," and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.
III. i Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due t'.tne Christ died for the ungodly. Jtomans viii. 7. Because the carnal mind Is enmity against' God: for it Is not subject to the lawosGod, neither indeed can be. John xv. y. I am the vine, ye are the branches: he that abideth in me, and I in him, the fame bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
1 Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no not one: v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doth good, no not one.
/ Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he qnickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. v. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.^ Col.ii. 13. And you being dead m your sins, and the unch-cumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses.
% John vi. 44. No man can come to me, except the Father who hath lent me draw him: and I will raise Hax up at the last day> v. 6y. And
love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, v. c. not by works of righteousness which we have done,' but according to his mercy h« saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
IV. i Cot.
under sin A, and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good/; yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil k.
V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone, in the state of glory only/.
CHAP. X. Os Efettual Calling.
ALL those whom God hath predestinated unto life,
and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and
accepted time, effectually to call a, by his word and spirit bt
IV. * Col. i. 13. Who hath deli- the good that I-would, I do not: but
vered us from the power of dark- the evil which I would not, that I
ness, and hath translated us into the do. v. 21. I find then a law, that
kingdom of his dear Son. John viii. when I would do good, evil is pre*
34. Jesus answered them, Verily, sent with me. v. 23. Butlseeano*
Verily, I say unto you, whosoever ther law in my members warring
committeth sin, is the servant os sin. against the law of my mind, and
v. 36. If the Son thcref ire shall make bringing me into captivity to the
you free, ye shall be free indeed. law of sin, which is in my members.
i Phil. ii. 13. For it is God who V. / Eph.lv. 13. Till we all come
worketh in you both to will and to in the unity of the faith, and of the
do of his good pleasure.. Rom. vi. knowledge of the Son of God, unto
18. Being then made-free from sin, a perfect man, unto the measure of
ye became the servants of righte- the stature of the fulness of Christ,
ousnefs. v.22. But now being made Heb. lii. 23. To the general assem
free from sin, and become servants bly and church of the first born,
to God, ye have your fruit unto ho- which are written in heaven, and to
lincss, and the end everlasting life. God the judge of all, and to thespi
t Gal. v. 17. For the flelh lusteth rits of just men made perfect. 1 John
against the spirit, and the spirit a- iii. 2. Beloved, now are we the sons
gainst the flelh, and these are con- of God, and it doth not yet appear
trary the one to the other; so that ye what we (hall be: but we know, that
cannot do the things that ye would, when he stiall appear, we shall be
Rom. vii. 1 j. For that which I do, like him; for we ihall fee him as he
I allow not: for what I would, that is. Jude 24. Now unto him that is
do I not; but what I hate, that do able to keep you from falling, and
I. v. 18. For I know, that in me. to present you faultless before the
(that is, in my flelh) dwelleth no presence of his glory with exceeding
good thing: for to will is present joy.
with me, but how to perform that I. a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover,
which is good, I findnot. v. 19. For whom he did predestinate, them he
alfa ritÆ, out of that state of fin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ c; enlightening their minds, spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God</; taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto
them them an heart of fleuW; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good/; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christg; yet so as they come most; freely, being made willing by his graced.
al/b called: and •whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. Rom. 11,7. What then ? Israel hath sot obtained that which he sceketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. Eph. i. 10. That in the dispensation of the fulness of times, he might gather to
fether in one all things in Christ, nth which are in heaven, and which arc on earth, even in him. v. 11. In "whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who wrorketh all things after the counsel of his own will.
* 2 Thess. ii. 13. B ut we are bound to give thanks al way to God for you brethren, beloved of the Lord; because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through Justification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth: v. 14. Whcreunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Cor. iii. 3. For as much as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ, ministred by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables of the heart, v. 6. Who also made us able ministers of the new testament, not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
t Rom.viii. 3. For the law of the Spirit of life, in Christ Jesus, hath made me free from the law of sin and death. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, who were dead io tres
passes and sins. v. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, v. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lulls of our flelh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, e« ven as others, v. 4. But God who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, v. j. even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) 2 Tim. i,
9. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began, v. 10. But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light, thro' the gospel.
d Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them who are sanctified by faith that is in me. iCor.ii,
10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea the deep things of God. v. 12. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that We might know the things that are
E 3 freely
II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in man/, who is al
freely given to us of God. Eph. i. '17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, in the knowledge of him: v. 18. The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his <a!ling, and what the riches of the glory of His inheritance in'thc saints.
t Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I wiil take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
/ Ezek. xi. 19. And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out os their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh. Phil.ii. 13. For it is God who worketh in you, both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Deut. xxx. 6. Arid the Lord thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. E^ek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. A
g Eph. i. 19. And what is the exceeding greatuess of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power. John vi. 44. No man can come to £j:e, except the Father, who ha .h
sent me, draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. v. 4J. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Everyman therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
h Cant. i. 4. Draw me, we will run after thee. Psal. ex. 3. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning ; thou hast the dew of thy youth. John vi. 37. All that the Father giveth me, (hall come to me; and him that cometh tome, I will in no wife cast out. Rom. vi. 16. Know ye not, that to whom ye yield your selves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey, whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness ? v. i7,ButGod be thanked that ye were the servants of I'm; but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. v. 18. Beings then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
II. > 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began. Tit. iii. 4. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, v. r„ not by works of righteousness whicH we have done, but according to his