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256 David and Jonathan consult. I. SAMUEL. Jonathan's kindness to David.

22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David P. And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: And the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied !. Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets? §§ X. 1 David consulteth rvith Jonathan for his safety. 11 Their covenant renewed by oath. 24 Saul missing David, sceketh to kill Jonatham. NI) I)avid fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonatuan, What have I done 2 what is mine iniquity ? and what is my sin before thy #. that he seeketh my life 2 2 Acd he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die : behold, my father will do nothing either, great or small, but that he will shew it me : and why should my father hide this thing from me 2 it is not so. 3.And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: But truly as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death. 4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoeverthy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee. 5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is the new-moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. 6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me, that he might run to Beth-lehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 7 If he say thus, It is well ; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him. 8 ‘roore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the Lord wi thee : notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay methyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father? 9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee * 19 Then said David to Jonathan, Who

shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thce roughly 2 11 "I And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. §§ they went out be h of them into the ClOl. 12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LoRD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to-morrow any time, or the third day, and behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee; 13 The Lord do so and much more to Jonathan : ,but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LoRD be with thee, as he hath been with my father. 14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LöRD, that I die not: 15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever : no, not when the Lor D hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth. 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the Lord even require it at the hand of David's enennics. 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him : for he lowed him as he loved his own soul. 18 Then Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the new-moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. 19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down, quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark. 21 And behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, finil out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the Lorn liveth. 22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LoRD hath sent thee away. 23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LoRD be between thee and me for ever. 24 || So David hid himself in the field: and when the new-moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat. 25. And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty. 26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Some

Saul seeketh to kill Jonathan.

thing hath befallen him, he to not clean ; surely he is not clean. 27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to-day 2 .28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem : 29 Andhe said, Let mego, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother he hath commanded me to be there; and now if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table. 30 Then Saul's anger was kindled af. Jonathan, and he said unto him, son of the perverse rebellious womon, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto he confusion of thy mother's ess : 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, northy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall Surely die. 32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain P what hath he done? 33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to Smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that rt ". determined of his father to slay 2. 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month : for he was griev£d for David, because his father had done shame. 35 And it came to passin the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow bevond thee? 38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make o haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew notany thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city. 41 I-dnd as soon as the lad was gone, vid arose out of a filace toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground,

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kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city. * CHAP. XXI. 1 David at JVob obtaineth of Mhimelech hallowed bread. 8 He taketh Goliath's sword, 10 and at Gath feigneth himwelfmad. HEN came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee * 2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place. 3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of breadin mine hand, or what there is present. 4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread: if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. 5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, o it were sanctified this day in the vessel. 6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread : for there was no bread there but the shew-bread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away. 7 Now a certain man of the servants of Sanl was there that day, detained before the Lord ; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 8 is And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have o: my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's §. required haste. 9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod : if thou wilt take that, take it : for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me. 10 || And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish

and bowed himself thro times: and they

the king of Gath.

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258 David feigneth himselfmad. I. SAMUEL.

11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this lavid the king of the land 2 did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands 2 12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 14 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me * 15 Have I need of mad-men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence 2 shall this fellow come into my house 2 CHAP. XXII. 1 Men resort to David at Adullam. 9 Doeg accuseth Ahimelech. 11 Saul commandeth to kill the firiests. 20 Mbiathar escafleth to David. D AVID therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam; and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. 2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that ovas discontented, gathered themselves unto him ; and he became a captain over them : and there were with him about four hundred men. 3 * And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab : and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. 4 And he brought them before the king of Moab : and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold. 5 || And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold ; depart, and get thce into the land of Judah. Then avid departed, and came into the forest of #. 64. When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that overe with him, $o Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in amah, having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him ;) 7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son cf Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds; 8. That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servantagainst mé, to lie in wait, as at this day 2

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9 * Then answered Doeg the Edomité, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 10 And he inquired of the Lon D for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him. the sword of Goliath the Philistine. 11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that overe in Nob: and they came all of them to the king. 12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my lord. 13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thouhast given him bread, and a sword, and hast inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? 14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king’s son-in-law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house 2 15 Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? be it far from me... Let not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more. 16 And the king said, Thou shalt surel

die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father’s

house. 17 's And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the Lord ; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the Lor D. 18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod. 19 And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword. 20 " And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David. 21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the Lord's priests. 22 And 1)avid said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house. 23 Abide thou with me, fear not : for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.

David escafleth from Keilah

CHAP. XXIII. 1 David, inquiring of the Lord, rescueth Keilah. 7 God shewing him Saul’s coming, and the treachery of the Keilites; he escafleth from Keilah, 14 to Zohh, 25 to Maon.

HENthey told David, saying, Behold,

the Philistines fight against Keilah,

and they rob the threshing-floors.

2 Therefore David inquired of the LoRD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And the Lord said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.

3 And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah : how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?

4 Then David inquired of the LoRD yet again. And the Lord answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah ; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine

5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. 6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand. 7 of And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars. 8 And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men. 9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him ; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod. 10. Then said David, O Lord God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake. 11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard 2 O Lord God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the Lord said, He will come down. 12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul ? And the LöRD said, They will deliver thee up. 13 * Then David and his men which overe about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah ; and he forbare to go forth. 14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remainted in a

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mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. 15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood. , 16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. 17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth. 18 And they two made a covenant before the Lord : and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house. 19 || Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not lavid hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon 2 20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down ; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand. 21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LoRD ; for ye have compassion on me. 22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know, and see his place where his haunt is, and who hath seen him there: for §§ told me that he dealeth very sub

y. 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking-places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will § with you : and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. 24 And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. 25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told David : wherefore he camc down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon. 26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain : and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take them. 27 s But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and come ; for the Philistines have invaded the land, 28 Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines : therefore they called that

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260 David cutteth Saul’s skirt.

CHAP. XXIV. 1 David in a cave at En-gedi shareth Saul’s life. 8 He fileadeth his innocency. 16 Saul acknowledgeth his fault. Ao it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saving, Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi. 2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats. 3 And he came to the sheep-cotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. 4 And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the Lord said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily. 5 And it came to pass afterward, that TXavid's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt. 6 And he said unto his men, The Lord forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the Lord's anointed, to stretc forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the Lord. ' 7 So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way. 8 David also rose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, fias. st with his face to the earth, and bowed himself. 9 || And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt 2 10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the Lord hath delivered thee to-day into mine hand in the cave: and somebade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LoRD's anointed. 11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand : for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it. 12. The LoRD judge between me and thee, and the Lok D avenge me of thee : but mine hand shall not be upon thee. 13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the .* : but mine hand shall not be upon thee. 14 After whom is the king of Israel

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come out 2 after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a fleaf 15 The Lord therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand. 16 || And it came to pass when David had made an end of speaking these words. unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David P And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept. 17And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than I : for thou hast rewarded i.good, whereas I have rewarded thee ev 18 And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me; forasmuch as when the Lord had delivered me into thine hand, thou killedst me not. 19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LoRD reward thee good, for that thou hast done unto me this day. 20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine hand. 21 Swear now therefore unto me by the LoRD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house. 22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home ; but David and his mel) gat them up unto the hold. CHAP. XXV. 1 Samuel dieth. 10 David hrovoked to destroy Mabal. 14 Abigail by her wisdom fireventeth him. 36 Wabal dieth. 39 . David taketh Abigail and Ahinoam to be his wives. ND Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran. 2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats : and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail : and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance : but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb. 4. T And IDavid heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep. 5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in firosfierity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace de unto all that thou hast.

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