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powers shall stand in fear; the beginning of evils! what shall I do when these evils shall come 2 19 Behold, famine and plague, tribulation and anguish, are sent as scourges for amendment. 20 But for all these things they shall not turn from their wickedness, nor be always mindful of the scourges. 21 Behold, victuals shall be so good, cheap upon earth, that they shall think themselves to be in good case, and even then shall evils grow upon earth, sword, famine, and great confusion. 22 For many of them that dwell upon earth shall perish of famine; and the others that escape the hunger, shall the sword destroy. 23 And the dead shall be cast out as dung, and there shall be no man to comfort them : for the earth shall be wasted, and the cities shall be cast down. 24. There shall be no man left to till the earth, and to sow it. 25 The trees shall give fruit, and who shall gather them 2 26 The grapes shall ripen, and who shall tread them : for all places shall be desolate of men : 27 So that one man shall desire to see another, and to hear his voice. 28 For of a city there shall be ten left, and two of the field, which shall hide themselves in the thick groves, and in the clefts of the rocks. 29 As in an orchard of olives upon every tree there are left three or four olives ; 30 Or as when a vineyard is gathered, there are left some clusters of them that diligently seek through the vineyard : 31 Even so in those days there shall be three or four left by them that search their houses with the sword. 32 And the earth shall be laid waste, and the fields thereof shall wax old, and her ways and all her paths shall grow full of thorns, because no man shall travel therethrough. 33 The virgins shall mourn, having no bridegrooms; the women shall mourn, having no husbands; their daughters shall mourn, having no helpers. 34 In the wars shall their bridegrooms be destroyed, and their husbands shall perish of famine. 35 Hear now these things, and understand them, ye servants of the Lord. 36 Behold the word of the Lord, receive it believe not the gods of whom the Lord spake. 37 Behold, the plagues draw nigh, and are not slack. 38 As when a woman with child in the ninth month bringeth forth her son, within

1Wo or three hours of her birth great Pains

XVI. Apocrypha.

compass her womb, which pains, when the child cometh forth, they slack not a moment: 39 Even so shall not the plagues be slack to come upon the carth, and the world shall mourn, and sorrows shall come upon it on every side. 40 - O my people, hear my word: make you ready to the battle, and in those evils be even as pilgrims upon the earth. 41 He that selleth, let him be as he that fleeth away; and he that buyeth, as one that will lose : 42 He that occupieth merchandise, as he that hath no profit by it: and he that buildeth, as he that shall not dwell therein: 43 He that soweth, as if he should not. reap : so also he that planteth the vineyard, as he that shall not gather the grapes: 44. They that marry, as they that shall get no children : and they that marry not, as the widowers. 45 And therefore they that labour, labour in vain: 46 For strangers shall reap their fruits, and spoil their goods, overthrow their houses, and take their children captives, for in captivity and famine shall they get children. 47 And they that occupy their merchandise with robbery, the more they deck their cities, their houses, their possessions, and their own persons : 48 The more will I be angry with them for their sin, saith the Lord. 49 Like as a whore envieth a right honest and virtuous woman : 50 So shall righteousness hate iniquity, when she decketh herself, and shall accuse her to her face, when he cometh that shall defend him that diligently searcheth out every sin upon earth. 51 And therefore be ye not like thereunto, nor to the works thereof. 52 For yet a little, and iniquity shall be taken away out of the earth, and righteousness shall reign among you. 53 Let not the sinner say that he hath not sinned : for God shall burn coals of fire upon his head, which saith before the Lord God and his glory, I have not sinned. 54 Behold, the Lord knoweth all the works of men, their imaginations, their thoughts, and their hearts: 55 Which spake but the word, Let the earth be made ; and it was made : Let the heaven be made; and it was created. 56 In his word were the stars made, and he knoweth the number of them. 57 He searcheth the deep, and the treasures thereof; he hath measured the sea, and what it containeth. 58 He hath shut the sea in the midst of the waters, and with his word hath he hanged the earth upon the waters. 59 He spreadeth out the heavens like a

Apocrypha. vault; upon the waters hath he founded it. 60 In the desert hath he made springs of water, and pools upon the tops of the mountains, that the floods might pour down from the high rocks to water the earth. 61 He made man, and put his heart in the midst of the body, and gave him breath, life, and understanding. 62 Yea, and the Spirit of Almighty God, which made all things, and searcheth out all hidden things in the secrets of the earth, 63 Surely he knoweth your inventions, and what ye think in your hearts, even them that sin, and would hide their sin. 64 Thereiore hath the Lord exactly searched out all your works, and he will put you all to shame. 65 And when your sins are brought forth, ye shall be ashamed before men, and your own sins shall be your accusers in that day. 66 What will ye do? or how will ye hide your sins before God and his angels? 67 Behold, God himself is the judge, fear him : leave off from your sins, and forget your iniquities, to meddle no more with them for ever: so shall God lead you forth, and deliver you from all trouble. 68 For behold, the burning wrath of a great multitude is kindled over you, and they shall take ". certain of you, and feed you, being idle, with things offered unto idols.


złpocrypha. 69 And they that consent unto them shall be had in derision and in reproach, and trodden under foot. 70 For there shall be in every place, and in the next cities, a great insurrection upon those that fear the Lord. 71 They shall be like madmen, sparing none, but still spoiling and destroying those that fear the Lord. 72 For they shall waste and take away their goods, and cast them out of their houses. 73 Then shall they be known who are my chosen; and they shall be tried as the gold in the fire. 74 Hear, O ye my beloved, saith the Lord: behold, the days of trouble are at hand, but I will deliver you from the same. 75 Be ye not afraid, neither doubt; for God is your guide, 76 And the guide of them who keep my commandments and precepts, saith the Lord God: let not your sins weigh you down, and let not your iniquities lift up themselves. 77 Woe be unto them that are bound with their sins, and covered with their iniquities, like as a field is covered over with bushes, and the path thereof covered with thorns, that no man may travel through 78 It is left undressed, and is cast into the fire to be consumed therewith.

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CHAP. I. 1 Tolit's descent and devotion in his youth, 9 his marriage, 10 and captivity : 13 his preferment, 16 his alms and charity in burying the dead. HE book of the words of Tobit, son of Tobiel, the son of Ananiel, the son of Aduel, the son of Gabael, of the seed of Asael, of the tribe of Nephthali; 2 Who in the time of Enemessar king of the Assyrians was led captive out of Thisbe, which is at the right hand of that city, which is called properly Nephthali in Galilee above Aser. 3. I Tobit have walked all the days of my life in the way of truth and justice, and I did many almsdeeds to my brethren, and my nation, who came with me to Nineve, into the iand of the Assyrians. 4 And when I was in mine own country, in the land of Israel, being but young, all the tribe of Nephthali my father fell from the house of Jerusalem, which was chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, that all the tribes should sacrifice there, where the temple of the habitation of the Most High was consecrated and built for all ages. 5 Now all the tribes which together revolted, and the house of my father Nephthali, sacrificed unto the heifer Baal.

6 But I alone went often to Jerusalem at the feasts, as it was ordained unto all the people of Israel by an everlasting decree, having the first fruits and tenths of increase, with that which was first shorn; and them gave I at the altar to the priests the children of Aaron. 7 The first tenth part of all increase I gave to the sons of Aaron, who ministered at Jerusalem: another tenth part I sold away, and went, and spent it every year at Jerusalem: 8 And the third I gave unto them to whom it was meet, as Debora my father's mother had commanded me, because I was left an orphan by my father. 9 *. Furthermore, when I was come to the age of a man, I married Anna of mine own kindred, and of her I begat Tobias. 10 " And when we were carried away captives to Nineve, all my brethren and those that were of my kindred did eat of the bread of the Gentiles. 11 But I kept myself from eating ; 12 Because I remembered God with all my heart. 13 * And the Most High gave me grace and favour before Enemessar, so that I was his purveyor. 14 And I went into Media, and left in Apocrypha. trust with Gabael, the brother of Gabrias, at Rages a city of Media ten talents of silver. 15 Now when Enemessar was dead, Sennacherib his son reigned in his stead; whose estate was troubled, that I could not go into Media. 16 And in the time of Enemessar I gave many alms to my brethren, and gave my bread to the hungry, 17 And my clothes to the naked; and if I saw any of my nation dead, or cast about the walls of Nineve, I buried him. 18 And if the king Sennacherib had slain any, when he was come, and sled from Judea, I buried them privily ; for in his wrath he killed many; but the bodies were not found, when they were sought for of the king. 19 And when one of the Ninevites went and complained of me to the king, that I buried them, and hid myself; understanding that I was sought for to be put to death, I withdrew myself for fear. 20 Then all my goods were forcibly taken away, neither was there any thing left me, besides my wife Anna and my son Tobias. 21 And there passed not five and fifty days before two of his sons killed him, and they fled into the mountains of Ararath; and Sarchedonus his son reigned in his stead ; who appointed over his father's accounts, and over all his affairs, Achiacharus my brother Anael's son. 22 And Achiacharus entreating for me, I returned to Nineve: now Achiacharus was cupbearer, and keeper of the signet, and steward, and overseer of the accounts : and Sarchedonus appointed him next unto him : and he was my brother's son. CHAP. II. 1 Tobit leaveth his meat to bury the dead, 10 and becometh blind. No. when I was come home again, and my wife Anna was restored unto me, with my son Tobias, in the feast of Pentecost, which is the holy feast of the seven weeks, there was a good dinner prepared me, in the which I sat down to eat. 2 And when I saw abundance of meat, I said to my son, Go and bring what poor man soever thou shalt find out of our brethren, who is mindful of the Lord; and lo, I tarry for thce. 3 But he came again, and said, Father, one of our nation is strangled, and is cast out in the market place. 4 Then before I had tasted of any meat, I started up, and took him up into a room until the going down of the sun. 5 Then I returned, and washed myself, and ate my meat in heaviness, 6 Remembering that prophecy of Amos, as he said, Your feasts shall be turned into mourning, and all your mirth intolamentation. 7 Therefore I wept ; and after the going


Apocrypha. down of the sun I went and made a grave, and buried him. 8 But my neighbours mocked me, and said, This man is not yet afraid to be put to death for this matter: who fled away; and yet lo, he burieth the dead again. 9 The same night also I returned from the burial, and slept by the wall of my courtyard, being polluted, and my face was uncovered : 10 * And I knew not that there were sparrows in the wall, and mine eyes being open, the sparrows muted warm dung into mine eyes, and a whiteness came in mine eyes; and I went to the physicians, but they helped me not : moreover, Achiacharus did nourish me, until I went into Elymais. 11 And my wife Anna did take women's work to do. 12 And when she had sent them home to the owners, they paid her wages, and gave her also besides a kid. 13 And when it was in my house, and began to cry, I said unto her, From whence is this kid? is it not stolen render it to the owners; for it is not lawful to eat any thing that is stolen. 14 But she replied upon me, It was given for a gift more than the wages. Howbeit I did not believe her, but bade her render it to the owners: and I was abashed at her. But she replied upon me, where are thine alms and thy righteous deeds 2 behold, thou and all thy works are known. CHAP. hi. 1 Tobit grieved with his wife's taunts, prayets. 11 Sara, reproached by her father's maids, prayeth also. 17 An angel is sent to help them both. HEN I being grieved did weep, and in my sorrow prayed, saying, 2 O Lord, thou art just, and all thy works and all thy ways are mercy and truth, and thou judgest truly and jusly for ever. 3 Remember me, and look on me, punish me not for my sins and ignorances, and the sins of my fathers, who have sinned before thee: 4 For they obeyed not thy commandments: wherefore thou hast delivered us for a spoil, and unto captivity, and unto death, and for a proverb of reproach to all the nations among whom we are dispersed. 5 And now thy judgments are many and true : deal with me according to my sins and my fathers: because we have not kept thy commandments, neither have walked in truth before thee. 6 Now therefore deal with me as seemeth best unto thee, and command my spirit to be taken from me, that I may be dissolved, and become earth : for it is profitable for me to die rather than to live, because I have heard false reproaches, and have much sorrow : command therefore that I may now be delivApocrypha. ered out of this distress, and go into the everlasting place: turn not thy face away from me. 7 It came to pass the same day, that in Ecbatane a city of Media, Sara the daughter of Raguel was also reproached by her father's maids; 8 Because that she had been married to seven husbands, whom Asmodeus the evil spirit had killed, before they had lien with her. Dost thou not know, said they, that thou hast strangled thine husbands : thou hast had already seven husbands, neither wast thou named alter any of them. 9 Wherefore dost thou beat us for them : if they be dead, go thy ways after them, let us never see of thee either son or daughter. 10 When she heard these things, she was very sorrowful, so that she thought to have strangled herself; and she said, I am the only daughter of my father, and if I do this, it shall be a reproach unto him, and I shall bring his old age with sorrow unto the grave. 11 * Then she prayed toward the window, and said, Blessed art thou, O Lord my God, and thine holy and glorious name is blessed and houourable for ever; let all thy works praise thee for ever. 12 And now, O Lord, I set mine eyes and my face toward thee, 13 And say, Take me out of the earth, that I may hear no more the reproach. 14 Thou knowest, Lord, that I am pure from all sin with man, 15 And that I never polluted my name, nor the name of my father, in the land of my captivity: I am the only daughter of my father, neither hath he any child to be his heir, neither any near kinsman, nor any son of his alive, to whom I may keep myself for a wife: my seven husbands are already dead; and why should I live But if it please not thee that I should die, command some regard to be had of me, and pity taken of me, that I hear no more reproach. 16 So the prayers of them both were heard before the majesty of the great God. 17 And Raphael was sent to heal them both, that is, to scale away the whiteness of Tobit's eyes, and to give Sara the daughter of Raguel for a wife to Tobias the son of Tobit ; and to bind Asmodeus the evil spirit; because she belonged to Tobias by right of inheritance. The selfsame time came Tobit home, and entered into his house, and Sara the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper chamber. CHAP. IV. 3 Tobit giveth instructions to his son Tobias, 20 and telleth Aim of money lost with Gabael in Media. IN that day Tobit remembered the money which he had committed to Gabael in Rages of Media, 2 And said with himself, I have wished for

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Apocrypha. death; wherefore do I not call for my son Tobias, that I may signify to him of the zoney before I die 2 3 * And when he had called him, he said, My son, when I am dead, bury me; and despise not thy mother, but honour her all the days of thy life, and do that which shall please her, and grieve her not. 4 Remember, my son, that she saw many dangers for thee, when thou wast in her womb; and when she is dead, bury her by me in one grave. 5 Myson, be mindful of the Lord our God all thy days, and let not thy will be set, to sin, or to transgress his commandments : do uprightly all thy life long, and follow not the ways of unrighteousness. 6 For if thou deal truly, thy doings shall prosperously succeed to thee, and to all them that live justly. 7 Give alms of thy substance; and when thou givest alms, let not thine eye be envious, neither turn thy face from any poor, and the face of God shall not be turned away from thee. 8 If thou hast abundance, give alms accordingly : if thou have but a little, be not afraid to give according to that little : 9 For thou layest up a good treasure for thyself against the day of necessity. 10 Because that alms do deliver from death, and suffereth not to come into darkness. 11 For alms is a good gift unto all that give it in the sight of the Most High. 12 Beware of all whoredom, my son, and chiefly take a wife of the seed of thy fathers, and take not a strange woman to wife, which is not of thy father's tribe : for we are the children of the prophets, Noe, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob : remember, my son, that our fathers from the beginning, even that they all married wives of their own kindred, and were blessed in their children, and their seed shall inherit the land. 13 Now therefore, my son, love thy brethren, and despise not in thy heart thy brethren, the sons and daughters of thy people, in not taking a wife of them : for in pride is destruction and much trouble, and in lewdness is decay and great want : for lewdness is the mother of famine. 14 Let not the wages of any man, which hath wrought for thee, tarry with thee, but give him it out of hand: for if thou serve God, he will also repay thee: be circumspect, my son, in all things thou doest, and be wise in all thy conversation. 15 Do that to no man which thou hatest : drink not wine to make thee drunken : neither let drunkenness go with thee in thy journey. 16 Give of thy bread to the hungry, and of thy garments to them that are naked; and according to thine abundance give alms; and Apocrypha. let not thine eye be envious, when thou givest alms. * 17 Pour out thy bread on the burial of the just, but give nothing to the wicked. 18 Ask counsel of all that are wise, and despise not any counsel that is profitable. 19 Bless the Lord thy God always, and desire of him that thy ways may be directed, and that all thy paths and counsels may prosper : for every nation hath not counsel; but the Lord himself giveth all good things, and be humbleth whom he will, as he will ; now therefore, my son, remember my commandments, neither let them be put out of thy mind. 20 " And now I signify this to thee, that I committed ten talents to Gabael the son of Gabrias at Rages in Media. 21 And fear not, my son, that we are made poor: for thou hast much wealth, is thou fear God, and depart from all sin, and do that which is pleasing in his sight. - CHAP. V. 16 The angel goeth with Tobias to Media ; 17 his mother grieved for his departure. OBIAS then answered, and said, Father, 1 I will do all things which thou hast commanded me : 2 But how can I receive the money, seeing know him not * 3 Then he gave him the hand-writing, and said unto him, Seek thee a man which may go with thee, while I yet live, and I will give him wages: and go and receive the money. 4 Therefore when he went to seek a man, he found Raphael that was an angel. 5 But he knew not ; and he said unto him, Canst thou go with me to Rages 2 and knowest thou those places well ? 6 To whom the anges said, I will go with thee, and I know the way well ; for I have lodged with our brother Gabael. 7 Then Tobias said unto him, Tarry for me, till I tell my father. 8 Then he said unto him, Go, and tarry not. So he went in and said to his father, Behold, l have found one which will go with me. Then he said, Call him unto me, that I may know of what tribe he is, and whether he be a trusty man to go with thee. 9 So he called him, and he came in, and they saluted one another. 10 Then Tobit said unto him, Brother, shew me of what tribe and family thou art. I To whom he said, Dost thou seek for a tribe or family, or an hired man to go with thy son Then Tobit said unto him, I would know, brother, thy kindred and name. 12 Then he said, I am Azarias, the son of Ananias the great, and of thy brethren. 13 Then Tobit said, Thou art welcome, brother; be not now angry with me, because I have inquired to know thy tribe and thy family; for thou art my brother, of an honest and good stock : for FKnow Ananias and Jo


Apocrypta. nathas, sons of that great Samaias, as we went together to Jerusalem to worship, and offered the first-born, and the tenths of the fruits; and they were not seduced with the error of our brethren: my brother, thou art of a good stock. 14 But tell me, what wages shall I give thee? Wilt thou a drachm a day, and things necessary, as to mine own son f 15 Yea, moreover, if ye return safe, I wis! add something to thy wages. 16 So they were well pleased. Then said he to Tobias, Prepare thyself for the journey, and God send you a good journey. And when his son had prepared all things for the journey, his father said, Go thou with this man, and God, which dwelleth in heaven, prosper your journey, and the angel of God keep you company. So they went forth both, and the young man's dog with them. 17 | But Anna his mother wept, and said to Tobit, Why hast thou sent away our son 2 is he not the staff of our hand, in going in and out before us 2 18 Be not greedy to add money to money, but let it be as refuse in respect of our child. 19 For that which the Lord hath given us to live with, doth suffice us. 20 Then said Tobit to her, Take no care, my sister; he shall return in safety, and thine eyes shall see him. 21 For the good angel will keep him company, and his journey shall be prosperous, and he shall return safe. 22 Then she made an end of weeping. CHAP. VI. 4 The angel biddeth Tobias to take the liver, heart, and gall out of a fish, 16 and teachctl, how to drive the wicked spirit away. ND as . went on their journey, they came in the evening to the river Tigris, and they lodged there. 2 And when the young man went down to wash himself, a fish leaped out of the river, and would have devoured him. 3 Then the angel said unto him, Take the fish. And the young man laid hold of the fish, and drew it to land. 4 * To whom the angel said, Open the fish, and take the heart and the liver and the gall, and put them up safely. 5 So the young man did as the angel conmanded him; and when they had roasted the fish, they did cat it : then they both went on their way, till they drew near to Ecbatane. 6 Then the young man said to the angel, Brother Azarias, to what use is the heart and the jiver and the gall of the fish : 7 And he said unto him, Touching the heart and the liver, if a devil or an evil spirit trouble any, we must make a smoke thereof before the man or the woman, and the party shall be no more vexed. 8 As for the gall, it is good to anoint a man

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