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bellishments of Cicero. One does not know which to admire most in his writings, the strength of reason, force of style, or brightness of imagination.
This author has remarked, in several parts of his works, that a thorough insight into philosophy makes a good believer, and that a smattering in it naturally produces such a race of despicable infidels as the little profligate writers of the present age, whom (I must confess) I have always accused to myself, not so much for their want of faith as their want of learning.
I was infinitely pleased to find, among the works of this extraordinary man, a prayer of his own composing, which, for the elevation of thought, and greatness of expression, seems rather the devotion of an angel than of a man.
His principal fault seems to have been the excess of that virtue which covers a multitude of fanlts. This betrayed him to so great an indulgence towards his servants, who made a corrupt use of it, that it stripped him of all those riches and honours which a long series of merits had heaped upon him. But in this prayer, at the same time that we find him prostrating himself before the great mercy-seat, and humbled under afflictions which at that time lay heavy. upon him; we see him supported by the sense of his integrity, his zeal, his devotion, and his love to mankind, which give him a much higher figure in the minds of thinking men, than that greatness had done from which he was fallen. I shall beg leave to write down the prayer itself, with the title to it, as it was found among his lordship's papers, written in his own hand ; not being able to furnish my reader with an entertainment more suitable to this solemn time.
A Prayer or Psalm made by my Lord Bacon, Chancellor
“ Most gracious Lord God, my merciful Father ; from my youth up, my Creator, my Redeemer, my Comforter. Thou, O Lord, soundest and searchest the depths and secrets of all hearts; thou acknowledgest the
upright of heart: thou judgest the hypocrite; thou ponderest men's thoughts and doings as in a balance ; thou measurest their intentions as with a line; vanity and crooked ways cannot be hid from Thee.
Remember, O Lord! how thy servant hath walked before thee; remember what I have first sought, and what hath been principal in my intentions. I have loved thy assemblies, I have mourned for the divisions of thy church, I have delighted in the brightness of thy sanctuary. This vine, which thy right hand hath planted in this nation, I have ever prayed unto thee, that it might have the first and the latter rain, and that it might stretch her branches to the seas, and to the floods. The state and bread of the poor and oppressed have been precious in mine eyes ; I have hated all cruelty and hardness of heart; I have (though in a despised weed) procured the good of all men. If any
have been my enemies, I thought not of them, neither hath the sun almost set upon my displeasure; but I have been as a dove, free from superfluity of maliciousness. Thy creatures have been my books, but thy scriptures much more. I have sought thee in the courts, fields, and gardens, but I have found thee in thy temples.
“ Thousands have been my sins, and ten thousands my transgressions, but thy sanctifications have remained with me, and my heart (through thy grace) hath been an unquenched coal upon thine altar.
“ O Lord, my strength! I have since my youth met with thee in all my ways, by thy fatherly compassions, by thy comfortable chastisements, and by thy most visible Providence. As thy favours have increased upon me, so have thy corrections; so as thou hast been always near me, O Lord! And ever as my worldly blessings were exalted, so secret darts from thee have pierced me; and when I have ascended before men, I have descended in humiliation before thee. And now when I thought most of peace and honour, thy hand is heavy upon me, and hath humbled me according to thy former loving kindness, keeping me still in thy fatherly school, not as a bastard, but as a child. Just are thy
judgments upon me for my sins, which are more in number than the sands of the sea, but have no proportion to thy mercies; for what are the sands of the sea? Earth, heavens, and all these, are nothing to thy mercies. Besides my innumerable sins, I confess before thee, that I am debtor to thee for the gracious talent of thy gifts and graces, which I have neither put into a napkin, nor put it (as I ought) to exchangers, where it might have made best profit, but mis-spent it in things for which I was least fit: so I may truly say, my soul hath been a stranger in the course of my pilgrimage. Be merciful unto me, O Lord, for my Saviour's sake, and receive me unto thy bosom, or guide me in thy ways.
I N D E X
TO VOL. II.
his son, ib.
papers have, in general, less merit than his humourous, 294, note.
His invention in matters of humour inexhaustible, 468, note.
from it, 266.
299. Respecting John Partridge the astrologer, 391. A disserta-
Ciceronian manner, 402.
Agrippina, wife of Germanicus, her bust at Florence, 157.
320. Pathetically addressed by Ulysses, 339. Alabaster, fire-coloured, a column of, in the ruins of Livia's portico,
136. Albano, its town and lake described, 145. Celebrated for its wines,
146. Albinus, his bust at Florence, 157. Albula, river and lake, described, 141. Album Græcum, prescribed to a sick dog, 301. Aldabrandium, villa, two figures there engaged with the cæstus, 116. Alecto, the gulf pointed out where, according to Virgil, she shoots
herself into hell, 62. Alexander the Great, his bust at Florence, remarkable for beauty and
expression, 159. Described as entering the Temple of Fame, 223. Alexander VII. his statue at Ravenna, 49. Alexander Truncheon, foreman of the male jury in the Court of HoAllegories, profitable to the mind as hunting to the body, 327. A
fable out of Homer, ib. Allegory, of virtue and pleasure making court to Hercules, 239. In
Virgil, founded on the platonic philosophy, 349. Allen, Mr. a player, founded the hospital at Dulwich, 211. Alps, described by Silius Italicus, 171. Their effect on the country of
Geneva, 172. The scene of a vision of Mr. Bickerstaffe, 368. Amazon, in physic, account of one, 405. Ambassador of St. Marino, his stipend a shilling a day, 55. Ambition, what age of man most addicted to it, 294. Ambrose, St, said to have shut the gates of a church against the em
peror Theodosius, 13. Chapel where he baptized St. Austin, ib. Ambrosian library at Milan, 14. Amelot, his statement of the number of Venetian noblemen, 38. Amphion, a statue of him at Florence, 160. Amphitheatre, ruins of, at Rimini, 50. Amras, castle, near Inspruck, large collection of medals there, 203. Amsterdam, letter from, respecting the theatre, 210. Anabaptism personified, 450. Anatomist, a heathen one, his hymn to the Supreme Being, 290. Ancona, its port made by Trajan, 56. Arch erected in gratitude to
him, ib. Angels, fallen, their disputes described by Milton, 289. Animals at a theatre, a sale, 209. Imperceptible ones in the crea
tion, 407. Anio, river, now called Teverone, described by Horace, 143. Anjou, duke of, splendid procession at Naples on his accession to the
crown of Spain, 76. Annius Verus, a curious bust of him at Florence, 161. Annunciation, the church of, at Genoa, its richness and splendor, 6. Ano-Caprea, the greatest town on the isle of Caprea, 97. Antenor, his pretended tomb at Padua, 31.