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exterminated the whole nation to which Mordecai belonged. Abusing, for his cruel purpose, the favour of his credulous sovereign, he obtained a decree' to be sent forth, that, against a certain day, all the Jews throughout the Persian dominions should be put to the sword.

5. Meanwhile, confident of success, and blind to approaching ruin, he continued exulting in bis prosperity... Invited by Ahasuerus to a royal banquet, which Esther the queen had prepared," he went forth that day joyful, and with a glad heart.” Brt behold how slight an incident was sufficient to poison his joy! As he went forth, he saw Mordecai in the king's gate; and observed, that he still refused to do him homage: “ He stood not up, nor was moved for him;" although he well knew the formidable designs, which Haman was preparing to execute.

6. One private man, who despised his greatness, and disdained submission," while a whole kingdom trembled before him; one spirit, which the utmost“ stretch of his power could neither subdue nor humble, blasted his triumphs.o His whole soul was shaken with a storm of passion. Wrath; pride, and desire of revenge, rose into fury.

7. With difficulty he restrained himself in publick; but as soon as he came to his own house, he was forced to disclose the agony of his mind. He gathered together his friends and family, with Zeresho his wife. ( He told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and of all the things wherein the king had promoted him; and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king:

*8. He said, moreover, Yea, Esther the queen suffered no man to come in with the king, to the banquet that she had prepared, but myself; and to-morrow also am I invited to her with the king.” After all this preamble,' what is the conclusion? “ Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.” 9. The sequels of Haman's history I shall not now pur,

It might afford matter for much instruction, by the conspicuous justice of God in his fall and punishment. But contemplating only the singular situation, in which the expressions just quoted present him, and the violent agitation of his mind which they display, the following reflections naturally arise:

19. How miserable is vice, when one guilty passion creates so much torment! how unavailing is prosperity,


when in the height of it, a single disappointment can destroy the relish of all its pleasures! how weak is human nature, which in the absence of real, is thus prone to form to itself imaginary woes!



or cause,


SECTION IV. a As-pire, ås-pire'; to desire with l For-ti-tude, för'-te-tåde, courage, eagerness.

bravery. b Modern, môd’-důrn, late, not an- m Fe-lic-i-ty, fé-lis'-e-te, happiness, cient.

pleasure. c Rog-er-As-cham, rojʻ-jảr-ås'-kam, n Scaf-fold, skåf/-fúld, a slight tutor to Queen Elizabeth.

frame. d Re-plete, re-plete', quite full. o Con-stan-cy, hồn”-stản-se, resolue Lit-er-a-ture,lit-tér-rå-túre,learn tion. ing, skill.

p Of-fence, of-fense', crime, injury. f Pref-er-a-ble, préf-fér-å-bl, eligi-19 In-fringe-ment, in-frinje'-ment, ble, better.

breach, violation. g En-ter-prise, én'-têr-prize, a haz-r Con-strain, kon-stráne', to compel. ardous undertaking.

s A-tone, a-tone', to answer for. h Re-lin-quish, ru-ling-kwish, tot Fil-ial, fil-yål, pertaining to a

forsake, leave, release. i Ten-der, tên -dur, to offer, soft, u Tend, tênd, to watch, to move tok Zeal, z le, ardour for any person wards.

Lady Jane Gray. 1. This excellent personage was descended from the royal line of England by both her parents.

She was carefully educated in the principles of the reformation; and her wisdom and yirtue rendered her a shining example to her sex. But it was her lot to continue only a short period on this stage of being; for, in early life, she fell a sacrifice to the wild ambition of the duke of Northumberland, who promoted a marriage between her and his son, lord Guilford Dudley; and raised her to the throne of England, in opposition to the rights of Mary and Elizabeth. 2. At the time of their marriage she was only about

or young: a season of life very unequal to oppose the interested views of artful and aspiringa men; who, instead of exposing them to danger, should have been the protectors of their innocence and youth.

3. This extraordinary young person, besides the solid endowments of piety and virtue, possessed the most engaging disposition, the most accomplished parts; and being of an equal age with king Edward VI. she had received

all her education with him, and seemed even to possess a greater facility in acquiring every part of manly and classical literature.

4. She had attained a knowledge of the Roman and Greek languages, as well as of several moderno tongues; ad passed most of her time in an application to learning; and expressed a great indifference for other occupations and amusements usual with her sex and station.

45. Roger Ascham,' tutor to the lady Elizabeth, having at one time paid her a visit, found her employed in reading Plato, while the rest of the family were engaged in a party of hunting in the park; and upon his admiring the singulari: ty of her choice, she told him that she « received more plea

sure from that author, than others could reap from all their sport and gayety.”

6. Her heart, repleted with this love of literature and serious studies, and with tenderness towards her husband, who was deserving of her affection, had never opened itself to the flattering allurements of ambition; and the information of her advancement to the throne was by no means agreeable to her. She even refused to accept the crown; pleaded the preferable right of the two princesses; exe pressed her dread of the consequences attending an enterprize so dangerous, not to say so criminal; and desired to remain in that private station in which she was born,

(7. Overcome at last with the entreaties, rather than reasons, of her father, and father-in-law, and above all, of her husband, she submitted to their will, and was prevailed on to relinquish her own judgment. But her elevation was of very short continuance. The nation declared for queen . Mary; and the lady Jane, after wearing the vain pageantry, of a crown during ten days, returned to a private life, with much more satisfaction than she felt when royalty was tena dered to her.

18. Queen Mary, who appears to have been incapable of generosity or clemency, determined to remove every person, from whom the least danger could be apprehended. Warning was, therefore, given to lady Jane to prepare for death; a doom which she had expected, and which the innocence of her life, as well as the misfortunes to which she i had been exposed, rendered no unwelcome news to her.

9. The queen's bigoted zealk under colour of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send priests, who molested her with perpetual disputation; and even a ·

reprieve of three days was granted her, in hopes that she would be persuaded, during that time, to pay, hy a timely conversion to popery, some regard to her eternal welfare,

/10. Lady Jane had presence of mind, in those melancholy circumstances, not only to defend her religion by solid argument, but also to write a letter to her sister, in the Greek language; in which, besides sending her a copy of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorted her to maintain, in every fortune, a like steady perseverance.

/11. On the day of her execution, her husband, lord Guilford, desired permission to see her; but she refused her consent, and sent him word, that the tenderness of their parting would overcome the fortitude' of both; and would too much unbend their minds from that constancy, which their approaching end required of them. Their separation, she said, would be only for a moment; and they would soon rejoin each other in a scene, where their affections would be forever united; and where death, disappointment, and misfortune, could no longer have access to them, or disturb their eternal felicity.m

/12. It had been intended to execute the lady Jane and ford Guilford together on the same scaffold," at Tower hill; but the council, dreading the compassion of the people for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, changed their orders, and gave directions that she should be beheaded within the verge of the Tower.

13. She saw her husband led to execution; and having given him from the window some token of her remembrance, she waited with tranquillity till her own appointed hour should bring her to a like fate. She even saw his headless body carried back in a cart; and found herself more confirmed by the reports which she heard ofthe constancy" of his end, then shaken by so tender and melancholy a spectacle.

14. Sir John Gage, constable of the Tower, when he led her to execution, desired her to bestow on him some small present, which he might keep as a perpetual memorial of her. She gave him her table book, in which she had just written three sentences on seeing her husband's dead body; one in Greek, another in Latin, a third in English.

5. The purport of them was, “ that human justice was against his body, but the Divine Mercy would be favoura. ble to his soul; and that if her fault deserved punishment, her youth, at least, and her imprudence, were worthy of excuse; and that God and posterity, she trusted, would

show her favour.” On the scaffold, she made a speech to the bystanders, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame entirely on herself, without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she had been treated.

16. She said, that her offencep was, not that she had laid her hand upon

the crown, but that she had not rejected it with sufficient constancy; that she had less erred through ambition than through reverence to her parents, whom she had been taught to respect and obey: that she willingly received death, as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state; and though her infringement of the laws had been constrained," she would show, by her voluntary submission to their sentence, that she was desirous to atones for that disobedience, into which too much filial' piety had betrayed her: that she had justly deserved this punishment for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others; and that the story of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tend“ any way to the destruction of the commonwealth.

17. After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed hy her women, and with a steady, serene countenance, submitted herself to the executioner.


SECTION V. a Or-to-grul, dr'-to-grül,

f Ven-er-a-tion, ven-br-ao-shủn, 6 Viz-ier, viz'-yére, prime minister awful respect. of the Turkish empire.

& De-lib-er-ate, de-lib'-er-ate, to c Di-van, d-vin, council of the ori think in order to choose. ental princes, a hall.

h Riv-u-let, riv'-ui-lét, a brook, a d Cyg-net, sig -nit, a young swan. streamlet. e Man-date, mån-date, a command, i Fic-tion, fik-shữn, the act of a precept.

feigning, a falsehood.

k A-mass, å-mås', to heap up. Ortogrul; or, the vanity of riches. 1. As Ortogruls of Basra was one day wandering along the streets of Bagdat, musing on the varieties of merchandise which the shops opened to his view; and observing the different occupations which busied the multitude on every side, he was awakened from the tranquillity of meditation, by a crowd that obstructed his passage. He raised his eyes, an.I saw the chief vizierb who, having returned from the divan,' was entering his palace.

2. Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being sup


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