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ESS A Y
Thoughts on the Conduct of the Understanding.
BY JOHN LOCKE, ESQ.
COLLATEP WITIDESMAIZEAUX'S EDITION.
To which is prefixed,
THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR.
IN THREE YULUMES.
PRINTED BY AND FOR MUNDELL & SON, ROYAL BANK CLOSE
The Dedication. Epitle to the Reader. Life of the Author.
BOOK 1.-CHAP. I,
OF INNATE NOTIONS,
The Introducion. Sect. 1. An Inquiry into the Understanding, pleasant and useful. 3. Method 4. Useful to know the Extent of our Comprehension. 5. Our Capacity proportioned to our State and concerns,
to discover things useful to us. 6. Knowing the Extent of our Capacities, will hinder us
from useless Curiosity, Scepticism, and Idlenefs. 7. Occasion of this Essay. 8. What Idea stands for.
CHAP. II. '
No Innate Speculative Principles. Sect. 1. The Way shown how we come by any Knowledge,
fufficient to prove it not innate. 2. General Assent, the great Argument. 3. Universal Consent, proves nothing innate. 4. What is, is; and it is impossible for the fame thing to be .. and not to be; not universally assented to: S. Not on the Mind naturally imprinted, because not
known to Children, Idiots, &c. vs 7. That Men know them when they come to the Use of Reason, answered.
6, 7. That
8. If Reason discovered them, that would not prove them
innate, 9-11. It is false, that Reason discovers them. 12. The coming to the Use of Reason, not the Time we
come to know there Maxims. 13. By this, they are not distinguished from other knowable
Truths. 14. If coming to the Use of Reason, were the Time of their
Discovery, it would not prove them innate. 15, 16. The Steps by which the Mind attains several Truths. 17. Affenting as soon as proposed and underttood, proves
them not innate. 18. If such an Afient be a Mark of innate, then that One
and Two are equal to Three; that Sweetness is not
Bitterness; and a thousand the like, must be innate. 19. Such less general Propositions known before these uni
versal Maxims. 20. One and One equal to Two, &c. not general nor use.
ful, answered. 21. These Maxims not being, known sometimes till proposed,
proves them not innate. 22. Implicitly known before proposing, signifies that the
Mind is capable of understanding them, or else sig
nifies nothing. 23. The Argument of assenting on first hearing, is upon a
false supposition of no precedent teaching. 24. Not innate, because not universally assented to. 25. These Maxims not the firit known. 26. And so not innate. 27. Not innate, because they appear least, where what is irr
nate shows itself clearest. 28. Recapitulation.
No Innate Practical Principler. Sect. 1. No moral Principles so clear and so generally received,
as the forementioned speculative Maxims. 2. Faith and Justice not owned as Principles by all Men. 3. Obj. Though Men deny them in their Practice, yet
they admit them in their Thoughts, answered.
4. Moral Rules need a Proof, ergo not innate.
not their Internal Principle. .
not what they are.
Other Confiderations about innate Principles, both speculative
1. Principles not innate, unless their Ideas be innate.
born with children.
Idea of him, therefore naturally imprinted by him ;