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before, they take forth the law, and read a portion, ruled : to use his own words, “My two first years which is from the first verse of the twenty-second were necessarily chargeable above the proportion of chapter of Genesis to the end, which treats of Abraham
my father's power, whose not very large cistern was offering his son Isaac; and of God blessing him and his seed for ever; and in his seed all nations of the earth
to feed many pipes besides mine, for he had twelve should be blessed. And as this great event happened children ; his weariness of expense was wrought upon on this day (as our received traditions inform us), we by the counsel of some unwise friends, who persuaded therefore read the portion that makes mention thereof; him to fasten me upon that school as master, whereof praying and beseeching the Almighty, in remembrance,
I was lately a scholar. Now was I fetched home and through the merits of that great and memorable event, to be propitious unto and bless us, who are the
with an heavy heart; and now, this second time, had seed which God had promised Abraham to bless and
my hopes been nipped in the blossom, had not God multiply; and which portion is read to five persons, raised me up an unhoped benefactor, Mr. Edmund called to the law for that purpose. They then read Sleigh, of Darly (whose pious memory I have cause the Mophter, the same as on the previous day. The
to love and reverence), out of no other relation to me, portion from the prophets is from the second verse of the thirty-first chapter of Jeremiah, to the end of the
save that he married my aunt; pitying my too apparent twentieth verse of the same. They then say the dejectedness, he voluntarily urged and solicited my prayer for the prosperity of the government under father for my return to the university, and offered which they dwell, and afterwards blow the trumpet, | freely to contribute the one-half of my maintenance the same as on the first day, saying the same grace there, till I should attain to the degree of master of before and the verse after it. * In the afternoon they go to synagogue, when the
arts; which he no less freely and lovingly performed.” service is, in all respects, the same as on the first day.
His scholarship expired in three years after his enThese are two days of holy convocation, in which trance. The statutes allowed of but one fellow of a no servile work is to be done. “ And in the seventh county. Mr. Hall consequently meditated retiring to month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have Guernsey, having received an appointment in that an holy convocation ; ye shall do no servile work."
island. The Earl of Huntingdon, however, prevailed Therefore those days are observed with the utmost solemnity, chiefly in prayers and supplications to the
on Mr. Gilby to resign his fellowship, by appointing Almighty; not doing any manner of work except
him his domestic chaplain, and promising him preferwhat relates to the lighting, or touching fire, or dress- ment. A vacancy was thus made, which Mr. Hall ing their victuals for the festival, which may lawfully was appointed fill.* In 1596, he took the degree be done.
of M.A. He read also the rhetoric lecture in the In the evening they also go to synagogue. The service is the same as on any other of the common days
schools for two years, with great credit. Thinking, of the week; and which concludes the festival.
however, it withdrew him too much from his theological studies, he relinquished it; and, taking holy orders,
was a frequent preacher both before the Universities Biography.
and in the neighbouring villages.
After a residence of six or seven years at college, THE LIFE OF JOSEPH HALL, D.D.
" with such contentment as the rest of his life in vain Successively Bishop of Exeter and Norwich.
strove to yield him," he was recommended by Dr. Joseph Hall, designated “ the English Seneca,"
Chaderton, the master, to Chief-justice Popham for and by Sir H. Wotton “ the Christian Seneca," was
the mastership of the school lately founded by Mr.
Peter Blundell at Tiverton, in Devonshire. He had born in the parish of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, July 5th, 1574. His father was an officer of Henry, earl of accepted the appointment, and had just left the house
of the chief-justice, when a letter was delivered to Huntingdon, then president of the North; his mother, Winifride, of the Bambridge family, was a woman of the
him in the street from Lady Drury, offering him the
rectory of Halsted, near Bury St. Edmunds. This most sterling piety. Having from his earliest years been destined for holy orders, he was educated in
latter preferment he accepted, relinquishing Tiverton
school. Thus settled in Suffolk, which he describes the public school of Ashby; and at fifteen sent to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, of which he was
as a sweet and civil county, he commenced rebuilding chosen scholar and took the degree of B.A. in 1592.
the parsonage-house, now very much out of repair ; Instead of being sent to the university, he was
and after two years married the daughter of Mr. George
Winniff, of Bretenham, "a comely and modest gento have been placed under the tuition of a Mr. Pelset, the public preacher of Leicester; but his elder
tlewoman ;" for he " was weary," as he tells us, “ of his residence at Halsted, he was grievously annoyed | Wolverhampton, which dignity, however, he held by the busy interference of “ a witty and bold atheist," only till some property belonging to the prebend, and one Mr. Lilly, who endeavoured by every vile method which had been fraudulently withheld, was recovered ; to impede his ministerial usefulness; but this wretched when he resigned it in favour of another, who was man going to London was there cut off by the plague.
the uncouth solitariness of his life.”During part of brother being at Cambridge, and seeing Mr. Nathaniel Gilby, a fellow of Emmanuel, who strongly opposed • On the day previous to the election, accounts reached Cam. the notions of Joseph not being sent to college, when bridge of the sudden death of the Earl of Huntingdon, before he he returned home, urgently implored his father to
had been able to provide for Mr. Gilby. Mr. Hall immediately
went to the master of his college, and begged that Mr. Gilby alter this intention, declaring that he would rather
might be restored to his fellowship; but this the statutes of the that a certain portion of the land, which would be his college would not allow. by inheritance, should be sold, than that Joseph + The bishop's account of this singular courtship is worthy of should not go to Emmanuel.
record :-" Walking from the church on Monday in the Whitsun
week with a grave and reverend minister, Mr. Grandidge, I saw After a residence of two years at the university,
a comely, modest gentlewoman standing at the door of that he was about to be removed; but this was over- house where we were invited to a wedding-dinner; and inquiring
of that worthy friend, whether he knew her, 'Yes,' quoth he, ' I • If the first or second day happens on the Sabbath, they do know her well; and have bespoken her for your wife.' When I not blow the trumpet, as they reckon it labour, being forbid to further demanded an account of that answer, he told me she was do any servile work on the Sabbath,
the daughter of a gentleman whom he much respected, Mr. being holden at Perth, articles were drawn up, adopt• The year 1612 has usually been fixed on as that in which
to reside among
" the great and long- neglected How excessively annoying the interference of such people." an individual must have been, and how much op- On the 1st of January, 1613, Dr. Hall was called to position he may have shewn, and how much injury he the melancholy duty of preaching a farewell sermon may have done, it is impossible here to state. It is to the household of the late Prince Henry, his kind difficult, in fact, to conceive of any more serious draw- patron and warm friend and admirer. That excellent, back to a minister's usefulness and individual comfort sweet prince," as Dr. IIall termed him," the second than the residence in his parish of a busy, self-satis- glory of the nation, the ornament of mankind, and fied unbeliever, whose delight it is to cast ridicule hope of posterity,” was removed from this carthly on all that is sacred, and to put hinderances in scene on the 6th November, 1612. the way of the spiritual and temporal interests of In 1616 Dr. Hall attended the embassy of Viscount the flock.
Doncaster into France, as chaplain to the embassy. In 1605 Mr. Hall accompanied Sir Edmund Bacon He became dangerously ill at Paris, and was obliged to Spa, where he composed his Second Century of to return: during his absence the king had conferred Meditations. He here became more acquainted with upon him the deanery of Worcester. His opinions of the true character of Romanism; and at Brussels foreign manners were far from favourable. He conentered into a conference with the Jesuit Coster. ceived that there was much danger likely to result About a year and a half after, his patron, Sir Robert from their contamination. This he publicly stated in Drury, refusing to pay towards the living of Halsted a work, entitled "Quo Vadis? a just Censure of Travel, about ten pounds a-year, a large sum in those times, as it is commonly undertaken by the Gentlemen of Mr. Hall went to London to expostulate with him our Nation." “ I have now been twice abroad,” he on the subject, having meanwhile been offered the there remarks; “ both times, as thinking myself worthy preachership of Bury St. Edmunds. While in London of nothing but neglect, I bent my eyes upon others, to he was invited by the tutor of the Earl of Essex to see what they did, what they got. My inquiry found preach before Prince Henry, the heir to the throne, our spiritual loss so palpable, that now at last my at Richmond, who had been much pleased with his heart could not choose but break forth to my hand, " Meditations.” The prince, a religious young man, and tell my countrymen of the dangerous issue of so much admired his just sermon, that he desired him their curiosity.” Is there not reason to fear that to preach again before him, and afterwards appointed there is some danger to be apprehended at the present Mr. Hall one of his chaplains. Sir Robert Drury still day by the importation of foreign manners and cusrefusing to give what Hall conceived to be justly his toms into our country? Is there not reason to fear due, he resolved as soon as possible to leave Halsted, that the sanctity of the Sabbath in an especial manner or, as it is generally called, Hawsted; and while he will be more habitually violated by those who have was thus troubled, Edward, lord Denny, afterwards been for years accustomed to the fearful desecration earl of Norwich, presented him to the donative of of the Lord's day upon the continent, when there is Waltham Holy Cross, in Essex,* after which he took notoriously among many of our countrymen a growing his degree of D.D.
disregard to the requirements of religion, and every In the second year of his chaplainship the prince inducement held forth to lead them to forget the sent for Dr. Hall, after his month of attendance was principles which may have been inculcated upon them finished, and invited him to reside constantly at court,
in their youth? promising to obtain high Church preferment for him. In the following year Dr. Hall accompanied the But he was unwilling to leave his flock at Waltham, king into Scotland, where he was exceedingly well to whom he was devotedly attached. Meanwhile he received. He bore his testimony to the learning and was made a prebendary of the collegiate church of efficiency of the clergy in that part of the kingdom,
and endeavoured to bring about the king's project of George Winniff, of Bretenham ; that, out of an opinion he had of the fitness of that match for me, he had already treated with
firmly uniting the Churches of England and Scotland. her father about it, whoin he found very apt to entertain it, ad
James returned to London, indeed, without having rising me not to neglect the opportunity; and not concealing accomplished, what may be supposed to have been the just praises of the modesty, piety, good disposition, and other
the principal object of his visit, the conformity of the virtues, that were lodged in that seemly presence, I listened to the motion as sent from God; and at last, upon due prosecution,
Scottish communion to the worship and ritual of their happily prevailed, enjoying the comfortable society of that meet English brethren. But a convocation of the clergy belp for the space of forty-nine years."
ing, as canons of the Church, the propriety of kneelMr. Hall was presented to Waltham; but Mr. Hone is of
ing at the sacrament of the Lord's supper ; of admispinion, Nie ground of which he brings forward, that it must have been at an earlier period, probably 1606 or 1607. See Life
nistering the holy communion to the sick; of priBishop Hall, in the third volume of " Lives of Eminent Chris- vately baptising infants in the case of dangerous tians," by the Rev. Richard B. Honc, M.A., Vicar of Hales Owen,
illness; of confirmation ; and the observance of Shropshire. London, J. W. Parker, 1837. — These Lives will
Cliristmas, and other festivals. It is gratifying to be read with peculiar interest and instruction. Many of the
know that Dr. Hall was satisfied with the state of botes are very valuable; and the tone and spirit of the work are good. It is to be hoped that Mr. Hone will go on with successive feeling among the clergy at that period, as it has been Selames.
the aim of many to represent them as very ignorant
bigoted, and opposed to the saving doctrines of the was the end of Christ's manifestation upon Gospel.*
0. earth. [To be continued.)
1. What is intended by the "works of the
devil.” These works may all be comprised THE PURPOSE OF CHRIST'S MANI
within the single term--sin. Sin compreFESTATION:
hends the whole of those injurious and evil a Sermon,
works which are styled the devil's, because
they originated with him, and are still perBY THE Rev. S. E. DAY, M.A.,
formed through his influence. Inflated with Vicar of St. Philip and St. Jacob, Bristol. pride, he rebelled against his Sovereign; and,
inflamed with the hatred of God his Sove1 John, iii. 8. " For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, reign's just and holy laws, he has ever since that he might destroy the works of the devil.”
endeavoured to undermine his authority, and
Not content with the The general idea which the Jews entertained subvert his throne. of the Messiah, was that of a temporal con
seduction of apostate angels, whom he in
volved with himself in misery and woe, he queror and deliverer.
Their minds, conracted by sensual enjoyments and earthly has too successfully exerted his utmost power possessions, could not extend beyond the land
to withdraw us from our allegiance to God, which flowed with milk and honey. Hence and make us enemies to him by wicked works. they anxiously waited for the Messiahı, in
Is it matter of surprise that an omnipotent expectation that he would regain their lost Jehovah should ever have suffered the existauthority, and restore the privileges they had
ence of such an enemy as the devil ? Truly, been deprived of by the Roman power. But brethren, we must freely acknowledge our their ideas were delusive and unscriptural, and inability herein to fathom the depths of God's their hopes were proved utterly vain. Jesus designs, or at present fully to explain his Christ came, indeed, as a Prince; but his king- ways to man; but our darkness is no argudom was not of this world. He appeared as a
ment against the rectitude of the Divine proRedeemer ; but his redemption was very dif- ceedings. That the permitted power of Satan ferent in its nature, and far more important; and goodness, is evident: had it not been so,
is consistent with God's perfections of justice than deliverance from human tyranny would have been. He was, as prophecy foretold, to
his omnipotence would have prevented its
existence. be a Conqueror ; but his conquests were not
Of this we may be assured, the to be marked with desolation and misery, or
Judge of all the earth must do right; and traced by slaughter and ruin: they were to
what we know not now, we shall know here
after. Great, however, as the influence of be spiritual conquests, and developed alone in the freedom, the peace, the prosperity of Satan may be, it is a highly consolatory and mankind. The government was placed upon supporting consideration, that he cannot sehis shoulder, and the sword of victory and
duce man to evil without the consent of man's dominion wielded by his power, that we might but his temptation cannot compel him to the
own will. He may tempt man to do iniquity; recover privileges of infinitely higher value than any of an earthly kind, however pre
commission of sin. No; the commission of cious; and enjoy a liberty of far greater con
sin must be the result of our own inclination sequence to us than any freedom from earthly a voluntary act. bondage. “ For this purpose was the Son of
The works of the devil (which, in the God manifested, that he might destroy the passage I have read, appear to be intended) works of the devil.”. Thus, brethren, speaks and continually soliciting man to commit
are those of which he is continually guilty, the voice of inspiration, and therein discloses the designs of Christ's appearing, and the
Whether all wickedness may be considered objects of his conquests. May the Holy
as the consequence of his immediate temptaSpirit of light and grace enlighten our minds
tion and influence, is not now the question ; and hearts, and enable us to discover and
nor shall I venture upon the decision. The improve the truth contained in the text !
part I purpose here to adopt is, to consider Let us meditate upon
those works which, upon Scripture testimony, I. What is intended by the works of the
we are authorised to say proceed from Satan's
solicitation, or which he tempts men to perII. How the Son of God destroys them ;
1. Unbelief, that fruitful source of all the III. That the destruction of these works
works of darkness, is pre-eminently Satan's
work — the grand sin he strives to draw us • The various circumstances connected with the decisions of into; because, where unbelief prevails, he the clergy at that time, and a full account of what are termed
has the man at all times subservient to his the Articles of Perth, will be found in Bishop Russell's “ History of the Church of Scotland."
evil designs. The firm belief of God's being,
and the persuasion that the description of his and virtue ; so that he cannot submit his nature, and the revelation of his will, as con reason to Divine revelation, nor yield to the tained in the Bible, is true, become a shield sacred doctrines of the Gospel. Hence he sufficient to repel the fiery darts of the views himself as rich, and needing nothing, wicked one; but the insinuation that God while poor, and blind, and miserable, and is such an one as ourselves--that he does naked; and sacrifices to his own infantile not regard sin— that he is too merciful to knowledge, and burns incense to his own execute his threatenings upon sinners,—when righteousness, and almost fancies God his once admitted, exposes us defenceless to all debtor. Hence the righteousness of Christ, attacks, Satan (well aware of this) attempts his grace, his atonement, are slighted and to shake and overthrow our belief of God's despised ; and many dream of heaven as their veracity; or he suggests doubts of the truth future portion, because they are either not so of revelation. This was the method adopted bad as others, or have at times, when agreewhen he seduced our first parents : " Yea, able to their own inclinations, attended to the hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree dictates of prudence and charity. Scarcely of the garden ?" intending, by this question, possible is it to follow the workings of pride to render the command doubtful ; as if he through all the mazes of the heart, or even had said, Surely it is not to be believed that point out its various appearances in the life; the bountiful Father of all goodness could but, however secret its influence, or extensive ever have enacted such a law, to deprive his its operation, it may ever be known by its creature of any comfort and delight. After opposition to the humiliating doctrines of the this, he peremptorily denies the truth of the Gospel, or its contrariety to the lowly situaDivine threatening, and suggests that it was tion becoming a creature and a sinner. Pride not only false, but designed to withhold them
casts contempt upon the Gospel ; renders from peculiar happiness : “ Ye shall not surely man ungrateful to, and causes him to act as die ; for God doth know that, in the day ye though he were independent of, God : it eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened." makes him self-righteous, self-conceited, and
The same device he still practises, and in- self-sufficient. sinuates doubts in our minds of the veracity 3. Presumption may be specified as another of God. To this father of lies may be traced work of Satan, though closely united with up all the false reasonings of infidels, and the unbelief and pride. To the commission of no less destructive suspicions of many pro- this sin Satan too easily prevailed with our fessing Christians. His evil suggestions it first parents, though foiled in his effort when, is which so often embarrass the sincere be- with the same temptation, he attacked the Son liever, and which no less serve to dispel the of God. Presumption is discovered in the fears and silence the convictions of ungodly often undisturbed manner with which sinners sinner3. How often is his argument of old pursue their ungodly ways, and promise themrepeated by the sensualist and voluptuary,- selves that all will be well with them at last. God is too good to punish us for this trifling It encourages vain hopes of unconditional gratification : he will not call us to strict, or mercy, which compose the stupified consciany, account for following the dictates of our ence, while the way of opposition to the Disenses, or yielding to a little self-enjoyment. vine commands is pursued ; and flatters with Are not these the means by which the many safety, though the path of duty is rejected. stifle the feelings of conscience, while en- 4. The love of this present evil world, which gaged in the indulgence of sinful desires ? | influences mankind to worship and serve the Do they not thus reject the truth of God ? creature more than the Creator, and cleave to Surely, if men did not disbelieve what God the world instead of to God, may be also has said, they could neither pursue their sin-considered as an effect of Satan's' delusion. ful course with peace, nor, while the punish- Satan is emphatically styled the god of this ment of eternal woe is set before them, live world; and this not only because he too genein neglect of the great salvation of Christ. rally prevails in the hearts of the men of this
2. Pride is another distinguishing work of world, but also because his dominion is supSatan. This, indeed, appears to have been ported by the things of this world. By this peculiarly his sin, and which stirred him up means he drew aside Eve and Adam ; and in to rebel against God. Hereto he tempted the same way he assailed the purity and Eve— " Ye shall be," said he, as gods." | virtue of the Redeemer. When he had shewn Where once his temptation to pride succeeds, to him the kingdoms of the world and their so powerfully is the mind inflated, that self is glory, he promised to give him all these things, placed upon the throne of God; and, in op- if he would fall down and worship him. Jesus position to bis sacred will, our own wills are withstood the tempter ; but to what an extent made the rule of our actions. Hence man's is Satan worshipped by man for the sake of lofty ideas of his own dignity, and wisdom, worldly gain and pleasure! How readily, to procure riches, honours, and pleasures, are vine wisdom and grace, and continues us in human honesty, virtue, time, and powers sa- bondage to Satan -- may be traced to his incrificed upon his altar! If there be a prospect Auence and temptation. of what may be deemed sufficient profit, then Let us then considerhow little is religion and the soul thought of ! II. How the design Christ proposed by his Insensible to his immortal and spiritual in- manifestation in the flesh was fulfilled. terests, and the gracious exhortations and Our text states the design to have been to entreaties of infinite wisdom, man, for the "destroy the works of the devil.” The word sake of the world, acts again the part of destroy signifies in the original), to loose or Judas, and betrays his Saviour : he drowns dissolve ; and has reference to the miserable the voice of reason, and, in the spirit of those state of bondage to which man is subject, by of old, cries, “Great is Diana of the Ephe- means of his corrupt nature being enslaved sians !” or, like Ananias and Sapphira, he by the prince of darkness; and in which hesitates not to lie to the Holy Ghost, or to bondage Satan retains him by ensnaring deact with insincerity and hypocrisy.
vices and diabolical influence. Sin is the 5. Errors, deceit, slander, and hatred ap- chain whereby we are tied and bound. This pear peculiarly to be the result of his opera- is the result of Satan's temptation, and is tion in the heart. Satan is said to blind the said to be loosed or dissolved by the Lord mind of unbelievers, “lest the light of the Jesus Christ. glorious Gospel should shine into them.” The This end appears to be effected by what antichrist is said to come "after the working Christ hath done for, and is engaged to do of Satan, with lying wonders.” It is by his in, his people. Experience, indeed, clearly devices and wiles he frequently obtains his proves that the works of Satan are not fully advantage ; and no art is more effective than destroyed; for we see, we feel them every his transformation of himself into an angel of where, and have to lament continually their light, or giving to error the specious gloss of extensive and fatal influence. But Jesus, truth. Hence the apostle St. Paul feared lest the mighty Conqueror, hath given Satan's the Corinthians, " by any means, as the ser- power the death-wound; and though there pent beguiled Eve through his subtlety, should are remains of life and energy with him, yet be corrupted from the simplicity that is in is the wound mortal; and this grand enemy Christ.”. Satan filled the heart of Ananias to must at length be bereft of his control over lie to the Holy Ghost ; he put it into the the redeemed of the Lord. Christ died for heart of Judas to betray his Master; his sin. “ He was made sin for us, though temptations seduced Peter from maintaining he knew no sin, that we might be made the his confident avowal, and caused him, with righteousness of God in him.” He has freed oaths and curses, to deny that Saviour whom his people from the curse of the law, and he solemnly declared he never would deny. blotted out the handwriting which He is represented as a liar, and the father of against them. He has reconciled us to it, -as a murderer from the beginning, in God; and by this work he has destroyed whom is no truth, and of whom was Cain, the grand means by which Satan's usurpathat slew his brother. He is spoken of as tion was maintained. This remedy for guilt the adversary, the accuser of the brethren,- delivers us from despair ; and the peace as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may de- / which was made between heaven and earth vour; and can we forbear to notice his image, encourages our hope, and emboldens us to where we discern the features of envy, hatred, draw nigh to that God who is able to bruise malice, and uncharitableness, and hear the Satan under our feet. By death,” says the voice of fraud and slander. The members Scripture," he destroyed death, and him of the children of disobedience, in whom that had the power of death, that is the Satan is declared to work, are fornication, devil.” uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concu- But this truth is discovered more clearly piscence, and covetousness; anger, wrath, in the rich provision which Christ has made malice, blasphemy, and filthy communica- for the destruction of sin, and the renewal of tion. He that hateth his brother, we are a divine nature in us. gave himself assured, is a murderer and Satan's child, for us, that he might redeem us from all iniwho was a murderer from the beginning, and quity, and purify unto himself a peculiar who through enmity strives to promote our people, zealous of good works;" and again, destruction.
“ He gave himself for his Church, that he In short, St. John declares," he who com- | might sanctify and cleanse it by the washing mitteth sin is of the devil ;" and therefore of water by the word ; that it should be holy, every work which tends to subdue the reign- and without blemish.” The Holy Spirit, who ing influence of the law of God in our hearts came in consequence of Christ's obedience - which opposes the merciful designs of Di-unto death, when, in his intluence, he enters