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Oh may thy heart that cabinet be,

Where God such treasure shall intrust,
As ne'er shall fail or know decay,

When the frait casket moulds to dust!

Oh let thy heart be lifted up,

Be holy confident in prayer,
That thou art his, and he thy hope,

And all thy treasures centre here!

* May every grace inrich thy days,

Treasures of mercies crown each year :
Comfort thy soul, and mark thy ways

With filial love and holy fear.

Christ was thy father's treasure here;

His grace o'er every foe prevail'd;
In ev'ry conflict, ev'ry fear,

His timely mercies never fail'd.

Oh, may thy father's God be thine!

May'st thou this richest treasure prove,
To know through life, and life's decline,

That He's thy God, and God is love...

Then in the great Redeemer's reign

And through eternity along,
When end is put to sin and pain,

He'll be thy treasure, and thy song.

Your affectionate father;



BY S. FEARN, JUNR, retaining cach its Latin Motto.

-Dei cultus præcipuusmai
IF God is sov’reign, as by books we're told,

To him we should our vagrant hearts unfold.

Somnolentia vitanda.
Be watchful ever, nor to słumber dare,
'Tis sloth feeds vice, and cherishes despair.

-Cobibenda lingua.Restrain your tongue, for reason, silence, deems A godlike virtue, which e'en God esteems.

-Sibi ipsi conveniendum
Nor act unjust, nor 'gainst your feelings move,
Who fears himself, sure nothing can approve.

-Senio bene geste referenda,
So act in youth, that when advanc'd in years,
No sad reflection inay demand your tears.

-Suspiciones labes. On whispers ne'er your quick suspicion rest, "Tis guilt implants the fear within the breast.

Inprosperis de adversis cogitandum.When blest with all that happiness affords, Prepare for ill; which with it ne'er accords.

-Mors alterius non speranda.-
Build not your hopes upon another's death,
For sooner you may yield your fleeting breath.

-Animụs in dono æstimandus.However poor your friend, for favours grateful be, By such he proves his friendship e'er for thee.

-Paupertus tolerandaSince, ent'ring in this world, we worthless were, The humble life with patience let us bear.

Mors non formidanda.. With mind unduunted, for stern death prepare ; Who dreads it living, every pang must share.


FRIENDSHIP is the joy of reason,

Dearer yet than that of love;
Love but lasts a transient season,

Friendship makes the bliss above,

Who would lose the secret pleasure

Felt when soul with soul unites !
Other blessings have their measure,

Friendship without bound delights.


ENTOMB'D here lies Saint Athan,

Who gave all men to Sathan,

Which could not believe
That three make no more than one,
The father the same age o'the son,

And doginas receive.

For ever lie still, wicked sprite,
Let the world enjoy some quit:

Thy time now is o'er :
Let thy foolish mysteries,
And thy idle vagaries,

Be heard of no more.



THE solid joys of human kind,
Are those that flow from


of mind;
For who the sweets of life can taste,
With vice and tim'rous guilt opprest?

'Tis virtue softens all our toils,

With peace our conscience crowns;
Gives pleasure when our fortune smiles,

And courage when it frowns;.
Calms ev'ry trouble, makes the soul serene,
Smooths the contracted brow, and chears the heart within.

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THE stream of all rivers is more rapid in proportion as the channel is

diminished; for instance, it will be much swifter where it is ten yards broad, than where it is twenty; for the force behind still pushing the water forward, when it comes to the narrow part, it must make up by velocity what it wants in room.

It might be supposed, that bridges and other obstacles in the current of a river would retard its velocity. But the difference they make is very inconsiderable. The water, by these stoppages, gets an elevation above the object, which, when it has surmounted, it gives a velocity that recompences the foriner delay. Islands and turnings also retard the stream but very inconsiderably.

Any cause which diminishes the quantity of the water, most sensibly diminishes the force and velocity of the stream.

An increase of water in the bed of a river always increases its velocity_except in cases of inundation. The instant the river has overflowed its banks, the rapidity of its current is always turned that way, and the inundation is seen to continue for some days, which it would not do, if, as soon as the cause was discontinued, it acquired its former rapidity.

A violent wind, that sets directly up against the course of a stream, will always retard, and sometimes intirely stop, its course. There have been instances of this, when the bed of a large river has been left nearly dry for some hours, and fish have been caught ainong the stones at the bottom.

A little river may be received into a large one without augmenting either its width or depth. This, at first view, seems a paradox; yet it is very easily accounted for. The little river, in this case, only goes towards increasing the swiftness of the larger, and putting its dormaat VOL, IV.


,waters into motion. In this manner, the Venetian branch of the Po is pushed on by the Fararese branch and that of Panaro, without any enlargement of its breadth or depth from these accessions.

A river tending to enter another, either perpendicularly, or in an opposite direction, will be diverted, by degrees, from that direction, and be obliged to make itself a more favourable entrance downward, and more conspiring with the stream of the former. The union of two rivers into one, makes it flow the swister; since the same quantity of water, instead of rubbing against four shores, now only rubs against two. And besides, the current being deeper, becomes, of course, more fitted for motion.

Rivers form one of the chief features of the surface of this globe, serving as voiders of all that is immediately redundant in our rains and springs, and also as boundaries and barriers betwixt nations, and even as highways, and in many countries as plentiful storehouses. They also fertilize our fields by their waters, by bringing from the mountains the mould which they wash dowň ir their course.

Before we begin to describe some of the largest rivers in the world, we will present to our readers the following 'figurative and pleasing description of a river, written by an ancient author. « The river (says he) bears some resemblance to the life of man; it springs from the earth, but its origin is in heaven. Its beginnings are insignificant, and its infancy is frivolous; it plays among the flowers of a meadow: it waters a garden, or turns a mill. Gathering strength in its youth, it becomes wild and impetuous. Impatient of the restraints which it still meets with in the hollows among the mountains, it is restless and fretful; quick in its turnings and unsteady in its course.

Now it is a roaring cataract, tearing up and overturning whatever opposes its progress, and it shoots headlong from a rock; then it becomes a sullen and gloomy pool, buried in the bottom of a glin. Recovering breath by repose, it again dashes along, till tired of the uproar and mischief, it quits all that it has swept before it, and leaves the opening of the valley strewed with

the rejected waste. Now, quitting its retirement, it comes abroad into the world, journeying, with more prudence and discretion, through cultivated fields, yielding to circumstances, and winding round what would trouble it to overwhelm or remove. It passes through populous cities, and all the busy haunts of men, tendering its services on every side, and becomes the blessing and ornament of the country. Now increased by numerous alliances, and advanced in its course of existence, it becomes grave and stately in its motions, loves peace and quiet, and in majestic silence rolls on its mighty waters, till it is laid to rest in the vast abyss."

The course of rivers gives us the best general method for judging of the elevation of countries. Thus is appears that Savoy and Switzerland are the highest parts in Europe, from whence the ground slopes in every direction. From the Alps proceed the Danube and the Rhine, whose courses mark the two great vallies, into which“ many laterál streamns descend. The Po also, and the Rhone, come from the same head, and with a steeper and shorter course, find their way to the sea througli

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