« AnteriorContinuar »
the unpleasing effect of the perspec. the immense square basement,' which tive always resulting from the point of forms so important a feature in the light being too near the object. For original, nor do we recollect any other this reason, the increased altitude ancient authority for a circular build. which Mr Elliot has given to his de. ing of two orders above each other ; sign, and which, according to the but from whatever source it may have « Report," is considered indispensi. been drawn, we conceive that the ble, appears to us an unnecessary de- plain heavy appearance of the Pan. viation from the model, highly injuri- theon, with all its defects, would have ous to the effect, and for which we been infinitely preferable to the design cannot at present discover any sufficio in question. As the church, attached ent reason. The two orders, and the to the monument in the ground plan, other small parts, which we have men- is kept entirely out of sight in the eles tioned above, are retained; but what vation, we presume that it is intended, we dislike most of all, is the exterior, from motives of economy, to restrict which, making allowance for the dif. the decorations entirely to the monuference of proportion of the square mental part, to the prejudice of the basement, on which it stands, is a very rest. If such be the intention, we bad paraphrase on the mausoleum of think it extremely injudicious, and that Adrian. We are aware, that Mr it would be preferable, either to reduce Elliot is accustomed to declare, with the scale, or leave out some of the no small exultation, that every part more expensive ornaments, in order to of his design is sanctioned by the preserve due uniformity and congruity authority of the ancients. This we throughout; as nothing is more unnot only deny, as contrary to fact, pleasant than the disappointment aribut have also to add, that a successful sing from a splendid imposing exterior imitation of the ancients consists not associated with poverty and nakedness in following the letter but the spirit within. of their principles-not in borrow. We have had an opportunity of ining trilling details, capitals, volutes, specting other two plans designed for friezes, cornices, and the like, which the same purpose, on which happily would degrade the artist to the level we can bestow more unqualified apof the artizan, but in an enlarged view probation ; the one is by Mr Thomas of their style of composition, and in Hamilton, the other by Mr Robert the skilful adaptation of it to existing Reid. The design of Mr Hamilton, circumstances ; moreover, although like that of Mr Elliot, embraces the taste in the arts was much more gene- twofold object of a monument and ral in the best ages of antiquity, than church, and is remarkable for the magin our own times, yet it is obvious, nificence and taste which it displays. from many remains of ancient art still It consists of a large circular building, extant, both in Greece and Italy, that surmounted by a dome, the peristyle there were, as at present, artists not of which is of the Corinthian order, much distinguished either for taste or and the utmost simplicity is preserved a true feeling for art. With regard to by leaving out all small details, and the design for the exterior, we are of continuing the entablature unbroken opinion that it appears to have been round the whole circumference. From borrowed from the Mausoleum of this centre, three different buildings Adrian above mentioned. The princie radiate, of equal magnitude, and at ple of composition is, however, com- equal distances, and presenting three pletely subverted by the omission of fronts, each of which is nearly similar to the Decastyle Temple of Jupiter to each street is obtained ; and the Olympius at Athens. With regard further end of the street, which leads to the interior, one of the divisions or to the main entrance of the monument, projecting buildings is occupied by is adorned by a triumphal arch. the grand entrance, and is designed We conceive that the ideas thus for the reception of monuments, sculp- suggested by Mr Hamilton are, in tural ornaments, tablets, and inscrip- every respect, worthy of consideration, tions. The main building in the cen. We know nothing that would be more tre forms one great circular gallery, advantageous to the arts of this counornamented in a suitable style; but its try, than some such sanctuary as that chief decorations are left to be sup. proposed for their reception; the siplied by the two sister arts, Painting tuation and manner of laying out the and Sculpture, and to consist of na. ground are admirable, and would no tional subjects commemorative of stri- doubt speedily attract a respectable king examples of public virtue, pa- neighbourhood, triotism, and valour. In order to dis. The plan proposed by Mr Reid is play those works to the greatest ad- simply to erect, on a conspicuous part vantage, the gallery is lighted only of the Calton Hill, a correct transcript from the centre of the dome. The of the Parthenon, or Temple of Miother two divisions, or projecting nerva, in the Acropolis of Athens. buildings, are intended to be occupied The massive greatness and breadth of as churches. This is the general out. parts, which peculiarly distinguish the line of the monument, but it remains to Grecian Doric order, (of which this exhibit a very important part in a prac. edifice is one of the purest examples, tical point of view, namely, the artist's as well as the noble simplicity of the views with regard to its situation, and form of the edifice, in a peculiar manthe buildings in its immediate vicinity. ner recommend it for so commanding a It is well known, that a plan has been situation. arranged for feuing the grounds si. The Parthenon is too well known to tuated at the base of the Calton Hill, require any description ; but Mr Reid, between Leith Walk and the Eastern in order to convey a more complete Road to Leith ; now, as the ground idea of its appearance, as viewed from is at present unoccupied, it is proposed every point, has constructed a very that this edifice should form the cen, beautiful model, which embraces the tre of the new buildings, and that the whole exterior of the building, and surrounding streets shall be decorated must satisfy every one, duly impressed in an appropriate style, so as to form with the conviction of the excellence part of the design, and thus the value of ancient art, that nothing could be of the property in the neighbourhood more appropriate for such a purpose, would be so much enhanced, as great. nor more worthy to occupy a station, ly to counterbalance the expence of the from which it would be seen at such a ground the edifice would occupy. The distance, and to so great advantage. area of the monument is surrounded Mr Reid has taken some trouble to by a great circus, consisting of hand- show, that it would not interfere with some dwelling-houses, externally de- anything at present erected on the hill; corated with suitable magnificence. and we should be sorry if it injured Mr The access to this circus is by three Playfair's beautiful little edifice, the streets, each fronting one of the porti- Observatory. But it would be a great coes of the monument, by which are advantage to the appearance of the city, rangement a very splendid termination were the nondescript building, dedicated to the memory of Nelson, (which at with a view to architectural decorapresent encumbers the most prominent tion, have in general tended only to part of the hill,) to be swept away, and disfigure and degrade the finest situaihis design erected in its place. This tions. The erection of the Parthenon, could be objected to by none, provi. according to Mr Reid's proposal, ded a nobler monument were imme. would do more to supply deficiencies, diately erected to our great Admiral, than the turrets and pinnacles, and all and would be highly gratifying to all the other frippery of a thousand Gopersons of taste ; while those who thic chapels. stickle for the authority of the an- Having no personal feelings to gracients, would not only have the de- tify, but deeply impressed with the tails after the most approved standards, conviction of the dignity and import, but an entire edifice, according to the ance of this, as well as the other model of the most perfect specimen of branches of the Fine Arts, we have stathe finest era of ancient art.
ted, with freedom and impartiality, our It has always been regretted, that sentiments on this subject, a duty Edinburgh, standing on so singular which we consider the more necessary, and picturesque a situation, in the on account of the many injuries which midst of so much beautiful and roman, have already been committed against tic scenery, has received so little assist- good taste in the public edifices of this ance from the hand of art, and that magnificent city, the structures which have been erected
THE NOBLE MORINGER,
AN ANCIENT BALLAD,
TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN.
[The original of these verses occurs in a collection of German popular songs, en
titled Sammlung Deutschen Volkslieder, Berlin, 1807, published by Messrs Busching and Von der Hagen, both, and more especially the last, distinguished for their acquaintance
with the ancient popular poetry and legendary history of Germany. In the German Editor's notice of the ballad, it is stated to have been extracted from a ma
nuscript Chronicle of Nicolaus Thomann, chaplain to Saint Leonard in Weisenhorn, which bears the date 1533; and the song is stated by the author to have been generally sung in the neighbourhood at that early period. Thomann, as quoted by the German Éditor, seems faithfully to have believed the event he narrates. He quotes tomb-stones and obituaries to prove the existence of the personages of the ballad, and discovers that there actually died on the 11th May 1349, a Lady Von Neuffen, Countess of Marstetten, who was by birth of the house of Moringer. This Lady he supposes to have been Moringer's daughter mentioned in the ballad. He quotes the same authority for the death of Berckhold Von Neuffen in the same year. The editors, on the whole, seem to embrace the opinion of Professor Smith' of Ulm, who, from the language of the ballad, ascribes its date to the fifteenth century. The legend itself turns on an incident not peculiar to Germany, and which perhaps
was not unlikely to happen in more instances than one, when crusaders abode long in the Holy Land, and their disconsolate dames received no tidings of their fate. Å story very similar in circumstances, but without the miraculous machinery of Saint Thomas, is told of one of the ancient Lords of Haigh-hall in Lancashire, the patrimonial inheritance of the late Countess of Balcarras; and the particulars are represented on stained glass upon a window in that ancient manor house. ]
2. “ 'Tis I have vow'd a pilgrimage unto a distant shrine, And I must seek Saint Thomas-land, and leave the land that's mine; Here shalt thou dwell the while in state, so thou wilt pledge thy fay, That thou for my return wilt wait seven twelvemonths and a day."