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BOOK III. Continued.
1. Human actions analysed, - ib. 2. Division of human actions into right,
wrong, and indifferent, - 10 3. Laws of nature respecting our moral conduct in society,
27 4. Principles of duty and of benevolence, 48 5. Laws respecting rewards and punish
ments, - - - 52 6. Laws respecting reparation, - 66 7. Final causes of the foregoing laws of nature,
- ; 78 8. Liberty and necessity considered with
respect to morality, - • 94 Appendix, Upon chance and contingency, 120
HISTORY OF M A N.
в оок ІІ.
Progress of SCIENCES.
s K E T C H II. Principles and Progress of Morality,
T HE principles of morality are little
understood among favages : and if they arrive at maturity among
enlightened nations, it is by flow degrees. This progress points out the historical part, as first in order : but as that history would give little satisfaction, without a rule for comparing the morals of different ages, and of different nations,
I begin with the principles of morality, such as ought to govern at all times, and in all nations. The present sketch accordingly is divided into two parts. In the first, the principles are unfolded; and the second is altogether historical.
P A R T I.
THE hand of God is no where more
I visible, than in the nice adjustment of our internal frame to our situation in this world. An animal is endued with a power of self-motion; and in performing animal functions, requires no external aid. This in particular is the case of man, the noblest of terrestrial beings. His heart beats, his blood circulates, his stomach digests, &c. &c, By what means ? Not
surely by the laws of mechanism, which
Man is a being susceptible of pleasure