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DEFENCE,

CONTAINING THE AUTHOR'S

RENUNCIATION OF UNIVERSALISM,

EXPLAINED AND ENLARGED ;

THE NOTICES AND ASPERSIONS OF

UNIVERSALIST EDITORS.

ANSWERED AND REPELLED

ARGUMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSALISTS,

...... EXAMINED AND EXPLODED, AND :

RELIGION AND REVELATION VINDICATED,

AGAINST

SKEPTICISM AND INFIDELITY..

BY LEWIS C. TODD.

As we have received mercy we faint not, but have RENOUNCED
the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor hand-
ling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth,
commending ourselves unto every man's conscience in the sight
of God." .

II. Corinthians iv. 1, 2.

PUBLISHED BY O. SPAFFORD,

ERIE, PA.

PRINTED BY JOSEPH M. STERRETT.

1884.

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IESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, to uit :

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the thirtieth day of January, Anno Domini, 1834, OLIVER SPAFFORD, of the said District, bath deposited in this Office the title of a Book, the title of which is in the words following, to wit:

"A Defence, containing 1st. The author's renunciation of Universalism, explained and enlarged; 2d. The notices and aspersions of Universalist Editors, answered and repelled ; 3d. The fundamental arguments and principles of Universalists, examined, and exploded, and 4th. Religion and revelation vindicated, against skepticism and infidelity. By Lewis C. Todd. As we have received mercy we faint not, but have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.”.-I. Cor. iv. 1-2.

The right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in conformity with an act of Congress, entitled "An act to amend the several acts respecting copy-rights."

E.J. ROBERTS, Clerk of the ilestern District of Pennsylvania.

Harik, 1877.

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“ Althurty, man slapecta limself a food,

Kuows it at forty, and reforms luis plan."--Young. Geob reader, in Chapter I. of this book, you will find a * Renunciation of Universalism," made in the spring of 18:33; with some 'notes now appended, in consequence of the attacks of universalists. Upon reflection and observation, I became convinced that there tre some people so good that they need no penal restraints ; but that there are inany others so bad that nothing but fear of penal sujerings will restrain then ; and judecd some too bad to be restrained by any thing. . Such I learned to be the melancholy but true picture of human nature. And as such I became satisfied, that universalism possessed not enough of terrour to restrain the corrupt part of mankind from crime. True, the terrours of hell, or gehcnna, have not restrained all the wicked; but they have co-operateri inuch withi human laws to secure the peace of society. With these views, I 'reviewed the question in the light of scripture ; and became convinced, that universalisın is not the doctrine of Christ and the apostles. Hence I conceived it my duty to rencunce that doctrine. But baving strong feelings of af. fection toward many universalists, I concluded to do it in funguage of kindness. And as I was heartily tired of theológical controversy, I tried to avoid any appearance of hostile intentions toward them; and admitted much in fiivour of their morality, while I said not a word or syllable, in the Renunciation, agaiost the morality of any of them. Yet I suggested, that the doctrine did not operate as a'restraint on the vicious so as to reform them. This I had fondly boped would render any personal attack from them unnecessary. But very soon universalist papers began their attacks upon ine and my motives, from the banks of the Mississippi to the coasts' of Maine! But these men'bad always represented themselves, as distinguished from all other' sects in the world, as a non-persecuting, charitable, benevolent, peaceable people; of course they must have an excuse for slisregarding the solemn truths of the Renunciation ; and 'waging'a personal war with its author.--They therefore accused me of persecuting thein-of slandering them-of calling them all immoral, &c.! Had they attacked only the positions of the Renunciation, instead of ine, this book would never have been written. " I intended to bave nothiog farther to do with universalism ; but found

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