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grs. Grains.

$. Dollars.

Gal. Galatians. d. Pence.

G. B. Great Britain. D. D. Doctor of Di-Gen. General ; Genesis vinity.

Gent. Gentleman. Dan. Daniel ; Danish. Geo. Georgia. Dea. Deacon.

Gov. Governor.
Dec. December.

G. R. George the King
Del. Delaware.
Dep. Deputy.

Hab. Habakkuk.
Deut. Deuteronomy.

Heb. Hebrews. Do. The same.

Hist. History. Ditto. The same.

hhd. Hogshead. Dr. Doctor ; Debtor. Hon. Honorable. dwt. Pennyweights. Hund. Hundred. E. East.

Ibid. In the same place. Eccl. Ecclesiastes.

i. e. That is. Ed. Edition ; Editor. Ill. Illinois. e. g. For example. Ind. Indiana. Eng. England ; English. Inst. Instant; Of this Ep. Epistle.

month. Eph. Ephesians.

Isa. Isaiah. Esq. Esquire.

Jan. January Etc. Et cætera ; And the Josh. Joshua.

rest; And so on. Jr. Junior.
Ex. Example ; Exodus. Just. Justice.
Exr. Executor.

K. King
F. A. S. Fellow of the Km. Kingdom.
Antiquarian Society.

Kt. Knight.
Feb. February.

Ky. or Ken. Kentucky.
Fem. Feminine.

Lat. Latitude.
F. L. S. Fellow of the L. or Ld. Lord; Lady.
Linnean Society.

lb. A pound.
Fr. France; French. £. A pound (of money.)
F. R. S. Fellow of the Lam. Lamentations.
Royal Society.

Lea. League.
F. S. A. Fellow of the Lev. Leviticus.
Society of Arts.

Lieut. or Lt. Lieutenant.
Ft. Fort; Foot.

LL. D. Doctor of Laws.

Lond. London.

N. E. New England; Lon. Longitude.

North East.
Lou. Louisiana.

N. J. New Jersey.
L. S. Place of the Seal. No. Number.
M. Marquis ; Monsieur Nom. Nominative.

[Fr. for Mr. ;] A thou- Nov. November.
sand.

Numb. Numbers. M. A. or A. M. Master N. S. New Style. of Arts.

N. W. North West. Maj. Major.

N. Y. New York. Mal. Malachi.

Obj. Objection. Mas. Masculine.

Obt. Obedient.
Mass. Massachusetts. Oct. October.
Math. Mathematics. 0. S. Old Style.
Matt. Matthew.

0. T. Old Testament.
M.B. Bachelor of Physic, p. Page.
M. D. Doctor of Physic. pp. Pages.
Md Maryland.

Pa.or Penn. Pennsylvania. Me. Maine.

Par. Parliament. Mo. Missouri.

Part. Participle. Mich. Michigan.

per cent. By the hundred. Miss. Mississippi.

P. M. Post Master; AfM. P. Member of Parlia- ternoon. ment.

P. M. G. Post Master Mr. Master. *

General. Mrs. Mistress.

P. 0. Post Office. Messrs. Gentlemen.

Pres. President. MS. Manuscript.

Prof. Professor. MSS. Manuscripts.

P. S. Postscript. N. North ; Note.

Ps. Psalm. N. B. Take notice. Q. Queen; Question. N. C. North Carolina. Q. E. D. Which was to Nem. Con. No one op

be demonstrated. posing

qr. Quarter ; Farthing. N. H. New Hampshire.

Qu. or Qy. Query.

Recd. Received. * This word, when used as a litla of civility, is pronounced Recpt. Receipt.

Regr. Register.

Rep. Representative. ss. To wit; namely. Rev. Revelation ; Rever-S. W. South West. end.

Tenn. Tennessee. R. I. Rhode Island. Thess. Thessalonians. Rt. Hon. Right Honorable. Tr. Translator ; TranslaS. South.

tion. 8. Shilling.

ult. The last ; Of the last S. A. South America. month. S. C. South Carolina. U. S. United States. S. E. South East.

V. or Vide. See. Sec. Section ; Secretary. v. or ver. Verse. Sen. Senator ; Senior. Va. Virginia. Sept. September.

Viz. To wit; Namely, Servt. Servant.

Vt. Vermont. S. J. C. Supreme Judi- W. West. cial Court.

Wp. Worship. St. Saint.

wt. Weight. S. T. P. Professor of Di- | Yd. Yard. vinity.

&. And. S. T. D. Doctor of Di- &c. Et cætera ; And the vinity.

rest; And so on.

Explanations concerning the Size, Pages, Titles, &c.

of Printed Books. 1. Books are said to be printed in folio, in quarto, in octavo, in duodecimo, in eighteenmo. Books in folio are those in which a sheet makes but two leaves ; in quarto, a sheet makes four leaves ; in octavo, eight leaves ; in duodecimo, twelve leaves; and in eighteenmo, eighteen leaves. A printed sheet is sometimes folded into twentyfour, thirtytwo, or thirtysix pages. Some of these numbers are expressed by figures, thus, quarto is 4to ; octavo is 8vo ; duodecimo is 12mo ; sixteens are 16mo; eighteens are 18mo; twentyfours are 24mo; thirtytwos are 32mo ; thirtysixes are 36mo. There are sometimes 144 little

pages

in a sheet.

2. A page is all that is written or printed on one side of a leaf.

3. A line signifies all the words that stand in ono rank, from the left hand of the page to the right.

4. When the page is divided into several parts, from the top to the bottom, each of those parts is called a column ; as in bibles, newspapers, dictionaries, &c.

5. The spaces at the side and bottom of the page are called the margin; notes in them are called marginal notes.

6. The first page of a book, which gives an account of what the book treats of, is called the title page.

7. The words or sentence which stand over the head of each page of some books, are called the running title.

8. The word that is written in some books on the bottom of the page, at the right hand, is called the catch word, and is repeated at the beginning of the next page, to show that the pages are printed in order. Now seldom used.

9. The letters or figures at the bottom of many pages, are to assist the binder in arranging the sheets of the book. They are called signatures, and indicate the number of sheets contained in a book ; as A, B, C, or 1, 2, 3, mean 1st, 2d, 3d sheets, and so on.

10. Where a line begins, shorter than the rest, with a capital letter, it is called a new paragraph.

11. As chapters are parts of a book, so sections are sometimes made parts of a chapter, and paragraphs are parts of a section.

12 The words or sentences before the beginning of a chapter or section, are called the contents, or some times the argument.

NOTE FOR TEACHERS. The Abbreviations, and the explanations which follow, may be read occasionally by the scholars as a Lesson, and then questions may be asked thein. Whenever they have leisure, these should be studied until they know them perfectly. This will be better than to confine them to the Table constantly till they have learned it. Only a few of these Abbreviations will be used in the following Lessons ; but the scholar will find them in other books.

LESSON XVII.

Rule. The letter a should not be omitted in pronouncing such words as, mental, medal, musical, festival, capital.

SINGULAR ADVENTURE.

1. In the midst of the village of Sandwich, stood a small, white house, whose nicely white-washed fences, well cultivated gardens, and vines of honey-suckle, and jessamine, twined round the doors and windows, showed the industry and neatness of the occupants.

2. This pretty little place was owned by Mr. Brown, a poor, but honest, and industrious man, who gained a support for himself, his wife, and two children, by day labor on the farms of his more wealthy neighbors.

3. He employed his leisure hours, after return from work, in embellishing this little cottage, which, to a person of his few simple desires, seemed quite a palace. In this pleasant task he was assisted by his two little sons, Edward and Henry; who always waited with impatience for the time of their father's arrival, and were ever ready, with their little hoes and spades, ta runder their assistance in the garden.

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