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these sheets to exhibit, in the experience of this dear invalid, some of the trials, dangers, and disappointments, to which such persons are exposed, more especially, if, as was the case in I. R.'s journeys of 1838 and 1839, they travel without some near relative, or kind friend, as companion. When Isaac Richardson left home in 1838, his strength was but little impaired; and having had some previous experience in travelling, he thought himself competent to the undertaking, it being then scarcely practicable for any of his near relations to leave home for such a length of time, as the journey in prospect required. The care of the business in which he was at the time engaged, devolving upon them in his absence.
But many are the dangers, of various kinds, and many are the temptations and perplexities which are met with by travellers in foreign countries, difficulties which experienced persons, in good health, can scarcely effectually contend with, or bear with composure. How, then, must the poor invalid, suffering from the oppression of disease, be at times weighed down with deep distress! These circumstances should be well and duly weighed, against the probable benefits, before the consumptive patient is sent abroad. *
To a pious individual, the religious privileges of which he is deprived, are neither few nor of small importance ;
the long separation from the society of kindred spirits, and the almost daily exposure to the company of persons of a dif
* The passport regulations of the Continent feel oppressive to the English traveller, the slow and inconvenient mode of travel. ling is irksome to him, and the changes of atmosphere are sometimes injurious ; so that it is worthy of deliberate consideration, whether pulmonary maladies, and that nervous irritability which they induce, are not likely to be as much aggravated by these and similar circumstances, as assuaged by the genial influence of a southern climate.
ferent character; the want of suitable opportunities, especially in the case of a member of the Society of Friends, of attending public worship, and the absence of any friend, to whom he can unbosom his griefs and trials, are considerations of great moment. On the other hand, dangers abound. It may be, he has letters of recommendation to persons abroad, who have it in their power to render him service, but of whose moral worth he may know nothing. In accepting their courteous attentions, especially in the way of social intercourse, the unwary traveller may expose himself to danger of contamination, by being introduced into society, uncongenial to the spirit and frame of mind of the true Christian. In this way, it is believed, many have suffered loss.
The invalid, in moving from place to place, has often much vacant time, and the temptation is strong to indulge in sights or amusements, in which there may be little to improve the mind, and less to edify the heart,----whilst too frequently, they are detrimental to virtue and piety.
From these, and similar causes, it may easily happen that health may be promoted at the expense of peace of mind; or the emaciated sufferer rendered less fit for his approaching change, than when he left home.
EXTRACTS FROM HIS JOURNAL, AND NOTES
OF THE VOYAGE, &c. “ Twelfth Month 1st, 1838. After waiting two days at Shields for a fair wind, we set sail, followed by the kind wishes of
dear father and sister, and a few other friends, who watched our progress from the beach. On the pilot leaving us, the captain took the helm, and finding the wind south-west, he said, “Now suppose we make a fair wind of it, and go north about,' and suiting the action to the word,
he veered round the vessel, and away we went before the wind. At first our progress was but slow, but as one sail after another was spread to the wind, our speed increased ; and by two P.M., the next day, we saw the Lighthouse, at Peterhead, and going at eight or nine knots an hour, we passed through the Pentland Frith, early in the morning, having run about 220 miles in thirty hours. Here the wind proved contrary, and the captain ran us back twenty-five miles, to take shelter in Thurso Bay.
“In coming through the Pentland Frith, we shipped some heavy seas, the fury of the waves being increased by the strong current. One of these seas broke over the vessel, and washed one of our anchors the whole length of the deck, making a tremendous noise; and the pretty little figure at the bow had one of her arms broken off.
“ It affords me much pleasure to find that we have got an experienced captain, and apparently a pious man. He repeats a prayer before meals, and I am told reads a sermon to the crew, on the First day of the week. He also endeavours to prohibit profane swearing. The mate also appears fully competent to his duty.
“Twelfth Month 5th. Went ashore with the captain to seek a few eggs and fresh provisions. It was quite a treat to set our feet on terra firma once more, and I enjoyed our ramble. Expecting to find Thurso only a few fishermen's huts, I was surprised to see a well-built town; most of the houses are of squared stone, and there are several regular streets. The people speak excellent English, which may be accounted for by the number of vessels from various parts, which trade here.
7th. Having again put to sea, we had to make a tack of seventy miles to the north ward, to enable us to clear Cape Wrath,—the wind Leing strong, with a heavy swell, producing sickness.
-10th. Got into smooth water, under the lee of the Western Hebrides. This was a pleasant calm day. I took a few religious tracts to the men in the forecastle, and conversed a while with them.
“llth. After beating about with little progress, the captain brought us up in a safe anchorage, in the Isle of Uist, at the north of Loch Namaddy. The land, both on this and the Isle of Skye, looks very barren; rocky hills, and not a shrub to be seen. A few sheep and cattle feed among
12th. Felt glad that we are so well sheltered in this capacious and comfortable harbour. Visited a few peasants' huts, built of turf or loose stone, and miserable in the extreme—the floor of earth, without windows, and cattle in the same apartment with the family. Many of the people speak only Gaelic. Our intercourse with them was much embarrassed by our being obliged to resort to signs; but they were very civil and friendly.
“This evening took a few more tracts to the men, some of whom appeared awfully depraved, constantly swearing, and openly avowing that they are for enjoying this life, at all hazards, and heed not the next. I still hope some little good may be done amongst them, as they do not appear to be all equally bad. May the Lord turn their hearts to think more seriously of the things which concern their eternal happiness or misery.
“Twelfth Month 13th. Sailing slowly past the islands of Uist and Benbicula.
15th. Sea very high-scarcely out of bed all day, the waves frequently washing over the deck, and one of them came rolling down into the cabin, washing into my berth, amongst my trunks, &c.
16th. First day. Sea much smoother; enjoyed getting on deck again—sailing nearly south, but have not
yet reached the latitude of Newcastle. We had the men, twelve in number, mustered in the cabin after dinner, when the captain, after singing a psalm, read a sermon and prayer. The former from · Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. At the conclusion, he gave them some religious books to read. This has been the first time, since we left Shields, that the weather has been fine enough to admit of any thing like public worship.
Gale of wind against us-sails all close reefed, except one-the tarpauling over the cabin sky-light, which makes it very gloomy. Have kept my bed all day.
19th. Fair wind but light. I have been learning to take the latitude. It was within a mile of being the same as two days ago. My appetite and spirits improved.
“Twelfth Month 22nd. Wind contrary—at noon increased to a heavy gale. This is the third time the ship has been "hove to,' the rudder lashed to the side, permitting the vessel to be driven as at the mercy of the elements.
23rd. A violent gale from the north. This was a trying day to the captain and crew, who were kept hard at work all day, with scarcely time to take any victuals; with only two sails spread, and these made as snug as possible, we went at the rate of nine or ten knots an hour. The sea continually washing over the quarterdeck, and frequently down into the cabin; one sea heavier than the rest, carried away a part of the bulwarks, breaking the strong oaken supports or stanchions. The captain, who is an old sailor, says, that with the exception of once, in a hurricane, in coming from the West Indies, he considers this the heaviest gale he has ever experienced. I was favoured to feel a comforting confidence in Divine goodness and protection, for which I desire to be thankful.
29th. The captain informs me, we on the verge of the north-east trade winds, which blow