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pheric, or even common rail ways and magnetic We desired to give more attention at this time telegraphs, the earth itself would scarcely be 100 to the objection based upon Slavery and the Dissolarge for the domain of a Confederated Govern- lution of the Union ; but must confine ourselves ment, like our own. What, if these United States to a few words. should yet be the Liberal mistress of the world! Is this question of slavery likely ever to dissolve The harmony and peace of the Union have been the Union ? If so, is it the duty of the South alone rather promoted by the enlarging of our borders. to bear and forbear ? Are we to be told continually Disaffection has never raised its gorgon front in by many “hush! hush! give up! give up! You'll any of the new States. Hand in hand, in Peace dissolve the Union !" and then by others to be and in War, have they moved on with the old and threatened that the Union shall be dissolved, if with each other, beautifully, bravely and trium- we do not in every measure, however remotely phantly.

connected with slavery, yield to their direction? Still a cry as of some one in great perplexity Where shall we stop? The admission of slave assails us, asking“ will you overwhelm the country states is not the only form in which this question with the immense, unknown debt of Texas, with is to meet, or has met us. her domain all covered by patents and alienated by Abolition, or to use a milder and we hope a grants ?" If the debt of Texas be so unknown and truer term, emancipation in the North is but a feelunascertainable as some assert, wherefore is it so ing, a movement of philanthropy, often mistaken, immense ? It need not necessarily be like Walter and with many, Oh! how misguided ! Ignorance Scott " the great unknown.” It is only a small and prejudice, too, mingle with and often incite it. insect that has got into the telescopes of political Slavery in the South is an Institution, vesting philosophers and seems to be a huge monster in the rights and conferring property,-recognized and " Lone Star," at which they are gazing.

guarantied by the Constitution. Shall the latter,The reader will perhaps be as much astonished, substantial, existing and Constitutional, be made as we were, to learn the amount of this enormous to yield to the former,-shadowy, visionary, interdebt, which it is said, and correctly, the United fering, fanatical and unlawful? The South dearly States will have to assume. We are informed by loves the Union and will not break it. She wishes high authority, that the debts of Texas were esti- that it may not be broken. But having rights, mated by a Committee of her Congress, in 1841, at which she knows and must (even for safety) main$7,400,000; and that this is about the amount now tain, she may not always yield to those whom she due. With interest, it may amount to $8,000,000. thinks can be and ought to be brought to moderaBut let us double this, nay quadruple it; and will a tion and right. Unless the sentiments and policy debt of $32,000,000 overwhelm this union? A few of Mr. Adams and Mr. Webster and their followyears ago, a surplus of $30,000,000 so encumbered ers are changed, a worse question than Annexation our treasury, that it was virtually distributed among may force our decision. Viewing the progress of the States; and subsequently a sum more than suf- anti-slavery sentiment from the time when Wilficient to pay the whole debt of Texas has actually berforce and Clarkson labored for years to obtain, been distributed among such States as would re- from the parliament of a land, the touch of whose ceive it. Texas could be paid for and the burden soil, it is boasted, unshackles every slave, even not felt; and we would receive incalculably more the abolition of the nefarious slave-trade, down to than we would have to pay, even at thirty two mil- the present time, when an English minister has lims. It is impossible to calculate the immense openly declared to the Chargé d'affaires of this same value of Texas as a Commercial position, during a Texas,* that her majesty can not tolerate the excontinued Peace, and her importance would only istence of Slavery any where, we must be conbe enhanced by a War. But besides all this, she vinced that it is not likely to recede. We then has an area of 318,000 square miles ; equal to behold it crossing the Atlantic and steering North, about 203,000,000 of acres,—of which 136,000,000 lest it should be deterred by the groans and horrors of acres are reported by her land office to be pub- of emancipated Domingo, taking root and flourishlic lands. Surely one hundred and thirty-six mil- ing here in this Union. Its strength and disposilions of acres of Texas lands will discharge a debt tions ought to be tested ; and we firmly believe that of thirty or forty millions of dollars. But ten the result will be greater harmony and a closer millions would be a most liberal estimate of her union. Instead, then, of Annexation dissolving existing public debt. When a man buys a house, the Union, it will confirm it and test and expose the or a farm, he has to pay something for the beauty strength of abolition. and eligibility of its sitnation. The position of These suggestions do not proceed from any exTexas in relation to our teeming Western Valley, cited feeling towards the North. We have none ;with her desirable harbors, is worth more than all quite the reverse. But the question of slavery has her debt, in Peace or War; and as each year will nothing to do with the Annexation of Texas; and increase her productions and those of all that fruit- * See letter of the Earl of Aberdeen to the Hon. Ashbel ful region, her value will augment continually. Smith. National Intelligencer of the 10th April, 1844.

if it be lugged in, they who do it must bear the | This gradual disappearance of slavery is the only blame and the consequences. Not intimidated by possible way of getting rid of it. It will not plunge threats, not influenced by fear, even of Disunion, itself into the Gulf of Mexico; it can not jump which she sincerely deprecates and does nothing to across. It will slide on towards Texas ;-thence promote, the South will adhere to her own rights into Mexico, to be amalgamated there, if any and to the true interests of the whole country. where, with its free inhabitants. This, a sensible

We have thus considered very hastily, as we quaker merchant of New York plainly perceives were compelled to do, most, if not all, the objec- and enforces in a letter to the Hon. R. I. Walker.* tions to the Annexation of Texas. It was deemed As the best and only means of gradually getting proper to endeavor to remove these, before enter- rid of slavery, Annexation commends itself to ing upon the direct arguments in its favor. But in those who desire its abolition. answering them, many of the advantages of An- To the South, the Annexation of Texas would nexation have been necessarily adverted to and bring no benefits peculiar to it, farther than the partially enforced. Every important measure must increased protection of its frontier from the ravahave some strong considerations in its favor; and ges of war. In another war, the South would surely if the objections to it can be effectoally com- probably be the greatest sufferer,--and would have batted, this of itself is enough to justify it. In to bear the brunt. But the North also, as a part the case before us, not only do the objections ap- of the Union, needs the same protection. pear to be susceptible of refutation ; but allowing

On the contrary, it is plain that Texas, being them the full force which their supporters claim for necessarily an agricultural country, would comthem, the arguments on the other side greatly pre-pete with the Southern States. They will have, ponderate. The consideration of these, however, indeed, to encounter this competition in any event. must be reserved for another occasion; and, un- But Annexation will quicken it and bring it to bear less rendered entirely useless by some unforeseen sooner and more directly. Emigration, even from occurrence, will be entered into more at large, in the fertile and sunny South, will flow into Teras, our June number.

and Southern lands will inevitably fall. Slaves Our beautiful and blessed Union being preserved, will rise, which may partly compensate for the the good of the North is the good of the South; fall of lands, but not altogether; and then they and the reverse. The Annexation of Texas, then, will take their way to the better market of Texas

, would extend the South Western boundary of the as we have before intimated. Still the Southern United States, according to the dictates of inter- States will go on filling up, the places of the slaves est and the arrangement of nature ; leaving it here- sold or removed must be supplied from the more after to be completed by the acquisition of Cali- Northern Slave States, and thus the decrease alfornia and the interjacent country. Then, with a ready so considerable will be accelerated. But Naval Depot and National Armory on the Missis- the products and settlement of Texas can in no sippi, and Key West and the Tortugas well forti- wise affect the Northern States disadvantageously

. fied, as suggested by our very gifted and estimable The more she produces, the greater her means of friend, Lieut. M. F. Maury,* this Union would buying from the North; the sooner she be more in the position that a great, Independent with an industrious population, the more consumers nation should occupy. These should be, whether of Northern manufactures. But the South should, Texas joins us or not.

for the prospective advantage to herself and the Texas would afford a large additional market Union, be willing to submit to the temporary defor the manufactures of the North. She has al- preciation of her lands and abstraction of her citiready opened wide her marts for their reception ; žens. She has ever been self sacrificing for the and before she was thrown upon foreigners and general welfare. strangers, consumed in one year (1840) over one

This is the national view which we love to take million and two hundred thousand dollars ' worth of of this important and engaging subject

. But il our products,-nearly the whole from the North. Though this has been reduced more than one mil- only, take a one sided glance.

any will have us disunited, let us, for their benefit lion of dollars, by her intercourse with other countries, it would all be restored and largely increased

The dark and gloomy hour has arrived! The

Constitution is annulled! Its fathers' hopes, intenin an accelerated ratio, if she were adopted by us.

A market would also be opened for slaves; and tions, counsels, prayers and pledges are all blighted abhorrent as this may be to some pseudo-philan- disregarded and broken! Two branches of the thropists, it will effectually promote their final

same family once united and happy, their fate ruled

by the same stars, worshipping the same God, emancipation. Already has slavery gradually receded towards the South. Every census has ex

under the same vine and fig tree, can not say hibited a great decrease in every old slave State. longer live peaceably together ! They have burst

*"Maritime Interests of the South and West." South- * See letter of Aaron Leggett. Richmond Enquirer, ei ern Quarterly Review, October, 1843.

March 22nd, 1844.

filled

the bonds of kindred and of union and become as coffers of Boston and New York. Even glorious strangers io the land of their fathers !

old Yorktown would be revived ; and disunion thus We will not here attempt to draw any pictures give life to the spot that witnessed the consummaof the scenes to be anticipated from the dire dis- tion of our Independence. The stream of wealth, ruption. Let us, in charity and fond hope, sup- too, that now flows from New York down the Great pose peace at least to prevail between them. Mississippi valley, would then seek the Ohio through

The North has the Old World and will soon have the James River and Kanawha canal which would a good portion of the Southern States to compete be completed in “the twinkling of an eye,” for with her manufactures. Her own territory will its reception. The great South Western trade, hardly, if it all, supply her necessities. She will that will be so greatly promoted by the Annexabe excluded from our markets; and from the affection of Texas, will under the Union advance the tions of our people. If she should propose a treaty completion of this stupendous undertaking. New with us ; the first requisite would be, "you must let Orleans is, in any event, destined to be one of the alone slaves and slavery among us, and surrender greatest emporiums of the world. The Missisevery offender against those laws which we have sippi may be confined within its banks; but a flood made respecting it.” Without this, she could have of wealth will ere long pour in upon her, that will no communion with us. Then why not do these overflow her levées, inundate her wharves, fill her under the Union and the Constitution ? There are storehouses, though constructed on a scale of unvery few, scarcely any foreign countries with which rivalled grandeur, to the highest apartments, and she could make advantageous commercial treaties. overspread the whole Gulf of Mexico. New OrOld countries are not agricultural, but manufactu- leans with all her treasures will be a Southern ring and they would be the rivals and not the al- City, supplying us and the world with the abunlies of the North. Thus secluded, the ingenuity dance of her stores. If Texas can then be had of her people might get them along, but their situa- by us, we will have her ; and will open, if possible, tion could not be envied.

a way to the equally bounteous California, when Her profitable carrying trade would be destroy the East, with her luxuries and her demands for ed. Having so few markets, not already over- many of our staples, will be brought almost into stocked with their own manufactures, she would our laps. The South would then have her depots soon have but little to carry: of course, we would and arsenals on the Mississippi, and Key West and exclude her, and her crowded marine would be the Tortugas would be strongly fortified. War thrown withont employment upon her hands. The would affect her relations and interests as it does Barques of the East would no longer plough the those of all nations. Slavery has never yet sapped waters of the Sonth. But the iron of Virginia the valor of a people, and the weakness of the and Tennessee, the hemp of Kentucky and the South on account of its existence might be found pine of the old North State, with the exhaustless not so great as has been imagined. More negroes live-oak of Texas, wrought into stately ships by would be found fighting by their masters' sides, or Southern skill and enterprise, would spread our enduring merciless stripes rather than betray them, abundant exports over the world, bringing us in than would be arrayed on the side of their eneTelorn the riches and the products of every clime. mies. This has been and will be again, if another Prosperous commerce would be carried on along occasion should offer, which Heaven avert! our whole Atlantic coast and our Western Medi- But we trust that the South will forever be a terranean would present a more thriving scene part of the Union and that Texas will be admitted than was ever witnessed by Venice, throned on her to it, for the good of the whole. As the Honorable huodred isles, in her proudest day.

Senator Walker observes, Texas is but a part of In all this, too, England would be glad to unite the Mississippi valley, of which New York may with us, in order to give occupation to a part of be considered the head. The United States should her immense marine.

possess the whole of this teeming region. Texas The South, moreover, on account of her agri- is quite essential for the protection and full enjoycultoral products, could form commercial treaties ment of that which we now possess. with England, France and every country that has This immense and fertile valley is destined to more mouths than food to fill them, and more manu- be the spinal marrow of our confederacy and seems factores than she can consume at home. Should to be a perpetual bond of union between the slave they exclude us, as they certainly would not do, and non-slave States. We have sometimes been Virginia, whose facilities are as great as any in quite wrapt in visions, when contemplating its the world, could soon produce manufactures enough future prospects and productiveness. The inland for the whole South; and with, or without foreign sea, which geologists tell us once swept over its alliances, she would become a large manufacturing bosom, seems but a type of the flood of wealth State, and Richmond surpass Lowell itself. Nor- which it is destined to send forth to the South folk, Richmond, Charleston and Savannah would West. No limits can be set to the almost creative receive the commercial wealth that now fills the 'energies of its rich loam; and nature seerns to have given its great rivers their unceasing onward |

Nor dreams alone: before that shrine,

Where God has set his signet-sign, flow to bear more swiftly its teeming products to

--The impress of a hand divinethose waiting to receive them. Shall not Texas

O there his soul, as a branch of this fruitful valley be allowed to

Doth seek its goal, enjoy and contribute to swell its streams of wealth? Striving for aye that goal to win, For natural advantages she can compare favorably

And drink its inspiration in. with almost any country ;-in the variety and luxu- And thus, and thus, the Poet sings; riance of her products vieing with the tierra tem- Wedded unto his holy art; plada of Mexico, whose soil and climate rendered And thus for aye he fondly clings, her almost a paradise three centuries ago ; the

With love's unfaltering heart !

Sorrow may try the gifted sore; descriptions of whose beauty and magnificence so

Neglect may pierce his bosom's core; graphically drawn by Prescott warm the imagina

Chill Penury, with open door tions of the least enthusiastic. Gold and silver,

And horrid grin, sugar and cotton, fruits and flowers, the vigor of

May bid him in, the mountains, the luxuriance of the tropics, beauty

And scorn and malice blast at will,

The Poet is a Poet still. and grandeur, all are hers. Her rivers, forests and plains are filled with their respective tenants, her fields return multifold into the bosom of the husbandman, and in many parts the air is so pure that it taints not the fresh spoil of the hunter.

EDITOR'S TABLE. All these are tendered to us and the offer has been in part accepted. A treaty now awaits only

IPHIGENIA AT TAURIS. the confirmation of the Senate. As its provisions

We finish this month the translation of this beautifal have not transpired, we will not indulge in rumor. production ; one most worthy of the original; and take If we do not receive Texas, her “lone star” will great pleasure in accrediting it to Judge Beverley Tucker, be dimmed or extinguished by dependence on an Prosessor of Law in William and Mary College, and oli overshadowing power. Like the star of old in the honored preceptor. Taste he has long possessed, -genius West it goes before our “ wise men" to show them always; but he has only recently devoted his attention, ia

the intervals of very arduous duties, to the acquisition of where the young Republic is. If we are true to the German. His example and success may well be a lesourselves, it will be taken to our firmament and son and an encouragement to others. We particularly emblazoned on our flag, under whose protection commend the whole of Iphigenia to our readers. Go back and increased splendor our ships will bear our pro- matchless manner in which Iphigenia subdues the anger,

and read it, if any have omitted it, and dwell upoa the ducts and hers over every sea.

and sways the purposes of the King. Disclosing all, säe April, 1844.

trusts to the power of virtuous innocence and earnest elo quence and is victorious.

POESY.
The bright green Earth in beauteous guise,

Beautiful still, as in days of old ;
How she wooeth the soul with her witching eyes,

And her robe of gems and gold !
That radiant robe, where the silver sheen,
Of the drops of dew, and the lake serene,
In glory vie, with the emerald green

Of the clustering vines,

Where the ivy twines,
And the insect skippeth in dulcet play,
And the wild bird trills its caroling lay.
O Earth! thou art the Poet's theme;

The brightness of the Beautisul!
More gorgeous than his pictur'd dream,

Or fairy-fancy full.
The sea,the sky--the bright array-
The radiant sun that sheds for aye
The splendor of his glorious ray ;

The thousand things,

On happy wings,
The dying all--the breathing whole-
O twine they not the Poet's soul ?
The purling play of murmuring streams-

The flowery mead-the winding dell -
The Beautiful! O there the dreams

Of Poets ever dwell!

THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE. We wished to gire this month some account of the proceedings of this patriotic association, at its first genera! meeting in April last. Its noble aims demand the higbest praise ; its national character and prospective, nay ismediate, benefits entitle it to the fostering care of Goverament, and to the zealous coöperation of erery one wbocas appreciate the relation of Literature and Science to the honor and prosperity of the Country. Their last, first meeting was something more than a commencement;-* was a decided achierement. More men of letters were . there; more was done and said, and better, than might bare been expected. Present enjoyment was found, when alt had been mere anticipation; and though Hope is still theit, proper feeling, it is stronger and blended well with exultation.

We shall publish next month an article intended to be read before this "lostitute," on the relation between the Caucasian master and the African slave, dedicated to the Hon. C. J. Ingersoll.

THE HOME LIBRARY-POETICAL SERIES. The Whitesooted Deer and other Poems; by Wm. Cules

Bryant. New York. J. S. Platt, 1844. The Home Library is a new enterprise in which authors are somewhat interested. It is intended that they shall proportionately partake in the pecu

niary profits accruing from their productions. The And deep the gladness of the hour,

When, as the auspicious task was done, first number of the new series begins with a small In solemn trust, the sword of power, collection of poems from the pen of the ablest of Was given to glory's unspoil'd son. the American poets. The peculiarities and cha- That noble race is gone ; the suns racteristics of Mr. Bryant's verse need not be in

Of fifty years have risen and set;

But the bright links those chosen ones sisted on, at this late day, in referring to a new So strongly forged, are brighter yet. volume of his verses. His manner, modes of

Wide-as our own free race increasethinking and expression, the charm of his descrip

Wide shall extend the elastic chain,

And bind, in everlasting peace, tion, the delicacy of his fancy, the purity of his

State after State, a mighty train. taste, are all familiar to the very humblest of those, in America, who read. This little volume, while

We commend the Home Library, thus happily it is undistinguished by any of those remarkable begun, to our reading and literary public. It is a poems, such as “Thanatopsis," « The Prairies," series at once small in price and tasteful in execu&c., which have placed our author among the first tion. It deserves the patronage of all who would of contemplative poets, is yet full of proofs of the encourage the author, in some degree, with the

printer. presence of the same thoughtful mind, and observing eye. Gentle, placid and clear, the stream of Bryant's song runs along through woods and meadows, as charmingly and winningly, as the fair

Notices of New Works. brooks, on whose banks he so much loves to wan

CAREY AND HART : Philadelphia, 1844. der and to meditate. We fancy, if there be any The Rose MANUAL; containing accurate descriptions of change in his song, it is in an increasing thought- all the finest varieties of Roses, properly classed, with fulness-a deeper shadow gathers in his musings,

directions for their culture and propagation and the de

struction of insects. By Robert Buist, nurseryman and and the tone, while it is equally solemn as before,

florist. pp. 176, 8vo. is more subdued. Mr. Bryant does not often yield This tasteful and acceptable present from Mr. Buist arhis muse to passing occasions. When he does so, rived just in time to rescue from the bugs a few favorites, he is singularly successful. Take for example the now languishing under their attacks and our ignorance of following lines which were chaunted at the funeral rose culture. The work is beautifully printed and bound

and we commend it to the lovers of fragrance and beauty. service of the late Dr. Channing. Occasional Ferses are well calculated to try the powers, and A NEW AND Complete French and English, AND

ENGLISH AND French DICTIONARY. Compiled and they commonly baffle the efforts, of the poet. Few prepared by J. Dobson, Member of the American Philo. succeed in them. These seem to us to be very

sophical Society, &c., &c. pp. 1376, large 8vo. happy. They are equally true to the characteris

This is also a very opportune arrival, for which we thank ties of the author, and appropriate to the occasion. the publishers. A very neat pocket edition of Tibbins, a

sort of companion for several years, has suffered much THE DEATH OF CHANNING.

damage from the thumbings of a little friend; and lo! its While yet the harvest fields are white,

place is supplied by the extensive work before us, based And few the toiling reapers stand,

upon the new royal Dictionary of Professors Fleming and Called from his task before the night

Tibbins. We have often found words in Tibbins not conWe miss the mightiest of the band.

tained in other Lexicons, and doubt not that this work, so Oh, thou of strong, yet gentle mind!

greatly enlarged and improved, will be to the changing and Thy thrilling voice shall plead no more

increasing language of the Freuch, what Webster's is to the For truth, for freedom and mankind;

English. We unite with the N. American Review in The lesson of thy life is o'er.

highly commending it. The size of the type is very favoBut thou, in brightness far above

rable to the eyes of the Student. Drinker & Morris bave it. The fairest dream of human thought, Before the seat of power and love,

HARPER AND Brothers: New York, 1844. Art with the truth that thou hast sought.

Religion IN AMERICA; or an account of the rise, proThe Poem on Washington, is also an occasional gress, relation to the State, and present condition of the

Evangelical Churches in the United States. By Robert performance, sung, we believe, at some popular cele- Baird, author of “L'union de l'église avec l'état dans bration. It seems to us a very sweet classical nouvelle Angleterre.” In two parts. pp. 343, 8vo. bymo, not unworthy of the subject. We give it to No doubt many like ourselves have wished for some the reader, but beg to be understood as presenting general work of this kind. Partial histories of some

church, able and engaging, have frequently been written ; poems, not because they are superior, or

but there still seemed a demand for one like the present. Pren equal, to the rest of the collection, but sim- Mr. Baird prepared it more particularly for Europeans, Hly because they show us the Muse of Mr. Bryant from whom the first edition met a very favorable reception. fields in which she has not much been accus. It is now to be translated into several of the languages on

the Continent of Europe. WASHINGTON.

Milman's Gibbon. Nos. 6 and 7.

Neal's History of the Puritans. No. 4. Great were the hearts, and strong the minds,

M'Cullock's Universal Gazetteer. No. 10, of those who framed, in high debate,

Martin Chuzzlewit. Part 5.
The immortal league of love that binds

Kendall's Life of Jackson. Part 4.
Our fair, broad empire, State with State.

Drinker & Morris have all these at 25 cents a number.

these

omed to stray.

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