Imágenes de páginas

enormous cost to government, the Major of the lit; but lo! and behold! it has scarcely taken post line, then in command there, was in the habit of at Augusta Arsenal, before it is again cast out, as making a monthly detail of eighteen or twenty men it were, into an old out of the way house, where, from his Artillery soldiers to perform these duties. besides the discomfort of the thing, it was very

Some fifteen years back when the Ordnance was difficult to keep up that proper discipline, which is amalgamated with the Artillery, and before this, so easy to maintain within the walls of a military and some of the other staff corps became such a post. Add to this the humiliation which its officers burden and expense to the Army, it was customary were called upon to suffer, in seeing their military to make periodical changes in the posts of Regi- pride thus sacrificed to the aggrandizement of one ments, in order to promote the health of the offi- who had left this very same regiment while it was cers aod soldiers; and there was no difficulty about yet serving in the field, almost destitute of officers ; funds to carry out this most desirable object. But for in 1837, as many as two and three companies now, a regiment which has served through three were under a single Lieutenant, and he a junior to Indian wars, the Cherokee, Creek and Seminole, our "magnanimous” youth. has been three times depopulated and re-reunited, I have not referred to the regiment in question, and can not now number on parade half a dozen nor to the “courteous" Lieutenant, with the view officers, or a dozen of the old soldiers who first of giving any peculiar credit to the one, or detractfollowed its colors to the field in the recent Indian ing from the other, for they have but done their disturbances, many having died from the fevers of duty, and that is expected of every officer and solFlorida, and many having left from weariness at dier, however high his rank or low his station ; or being forced to dwell, year after year, under a however “magnanimous” or degraded ; but to extropical sun, with the utterly hopeless prospect of emplify some of the many abuses which have crept ever being again permitted to breathe a cool and into our little Army, and to show how injuriously bracing air; this regiment, which has been for they operate upon the well being of the “ Army nearly ten years in the South, can not be moved for proper," have I laid these things before your nugiewant of funds. Yet we see, literally thrown away rous readers.

VERITAS. at a " secondary Arsenal,” some ten thousand dollars a year, which would be more than sufficient to move half a dozen regiments of the present strength. In the British service, this system of change is rigidly observed, and when a regiment is sent to an "WOMAN, THY PLACE IS BEHIND THE THRONE." unhealthy or undesirable locality, they are buoyed up with the certainty that the fostering hand of government will, at the end of a stated period, ex. Go to the plains of Shinar,“grea!” Nineveh stands there, tend to them this benevolent and salutary justice. Look on the proudest city that ever graced the earth,

With spire, dome and minaret, high batiling in the air,But look how different is the course pursued towards And ask the magic power that brought it into birth this particular company of Artillery in question. And hark! the clarion voice of fame, It was stationed in the interior of East Florida be. The welkin rings with woman's name. fore the Seminole war; in 1835, while marching Go to the merchant city-mistress of the sea, from Tampa Bay to Fort King under the lamented the rival of imperial Rome, the haughty and the free, Major Dade, was totally destroyed, every officer Ye search the annals of the past, and scan the roll of fame, and man; it was recruited and continued to serve And 'mong its blazoned heroes seek the lordly founder's in Florida, when in 1837, having been very much reduced, it was increased to the legal standard.

But mark the vessel's foaming track,

And woman's name is echoed back. In the summer of 1838, it marched to the Cherokee country, and after the removal of that tribe returned Go ask the flying Xerxes, the recreant and the knave. immediately 1o Florida.

What means the sinking galleys on Salamin's red waveIn 1840, being again reduced to less than a pla- And where the glit'ring niyriads that covered land and sea, toon, it was a third time filled up, and continued to And mindful, at their master's word, so late did bend the

kneeserve at one of the most unhealthy posts in the

Alas! had woman's voice a place, territory, until every officer and man in it was com- They had not lain in death's embrace. pletely prostrated by sickness, and to save it, it was found absolutely necessary to remove it to some

Go ask the lordly Briton, glorying in his birth,

Who deems his own lov'd Albion the pole star of the earth; more bealthy station in the territory. After ser

Ask of its culmination, Britannia's golden age, ving through the Everglade campaigns, it was in When fairest in the galaxy, it shone on History's page the spring of 1842, sent to New Orleans, but in And lo! the brightest hralo seen the course of the same summer was ordered back Cireles round the “ Virgin queen." to Florida, where it remained till the spring of Go ask the mighty hero, but now the exile lone, 1843; and the Florida war being over, it was to be Bound in his gloomy, sea girt home, " unnoticed and unhoped that some respite would have been given to known"



Vol. X-80

Ask when his star of glory sank from its zenith height, Whilst the unavoidable neglect of an unsettled
And mantled in dark, gloomy clouds, resused its pristine and perplexed Government, aided by time, fire and

And list;-a voice floats o'er the main,

devastation, was consuming our colonial records And woman's name blends with the strain.

here, copies of them were carefully preserved in

the Public offices of England; and there is every And shall the “ haughty whisker'd Russ” forget his peasant reason to believe, that an inspection of those records

queen? And deep in Lethe's turbid tide, shall Scotia plurige her there will dissipate the chickest clouds that hang sheen ?

over our colonial era. By the Liberality of the Eng. Ay, woman, modern lore now bids thee abdicate the throne, lish Government, they are laid open to the accredited Behind it is thy fitter place, stand there and there alone, agents of the States, and copies of them allowed to No scept'red sway awaits thee now,

be taken. Of this privilege, New York, Georgia No regal gem shall deck thy brow.

and North Carolina in part, have already availed Yes, back-nor list thine eyes to the “cloud capt tower” of themselves, and their labors have prepared the way

fame : No herald from its battlement proclaims thy lowly name

and led to arrangements, which will greatly faciliAnd iho' upon the altar the laurel wreath may be,

iate the investigations of any who may follow their Back, alas, poor woman! 'tis bright, but not for thee.

example. New-York has sent out a special agent Then learn before his majesty,

who has probably just returned, bringing with him To veil the face and bend the knee.

documents that will create a wide sensation. Georgia, too, sent a special agent, and has now in the charge of her Historical Society, twenty-two M.S. volumes of important colonial documents. She

has also a gentleman engaged in writing her bisTHE COLONIAL HISTORY OF VIRGINIA. tory, and with a most praiseworthy liberality has esTO THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA.

pended some six thousand dollars in procuring the

tmaterials, though only for the short period of forty In appealing to you in behalf of the History of odd years! Our blessed mother was more than a honour State, we need offer, we trust, no other justifica- dred years old, when Georgia was born; and shall tion than the importance and dignity of the subject, the first, not only in date of seulement, but in fame and the obvious relation it bears to your offices as and in importance, be so far sorpassed by the young. the guardians of the State, and to your interest and est of the old thirteen?" For the object proposed duty in preserving and perpetuating her public the provision of so great a State as Virginia, who character.

has so much to expect from the undertaking and such Nothing so nearly touches the honor of a State just cause of pride in her past career, should be as the due preservation of her historic archives. ample and liberal; but it is bighly probable that she Deplorable indeed would be the lot of that people, can procure every thing desirable at far less cost who felt no pride or exultation in its past! What than Georgia did. Let her appoint a competent just cause for the indulgence of these feelings Vir- agent and send him forth with ample means to exeginians have, they best know who are best ac- cute the work well, that it may be a monument for quainted with the remaining fragments of her his- future times. tory. These, 100, most deplore the loss of her Though North Carolina made a move in this records and would risk and expend most for their matter as far back as 1827, she has not yet derestoration. But surely, there is no need of enlarg rived any real benefit from it, though she knows preing upon the importance, or the charms of this fruit- cisely the nature and value of the papers relating to ful subject, to your Honorable body, who yourselves herself. They were all registered and the list sent in such great degree, stamp her character upon the home to her, in accordance with a request made by Slate, and by your acts, as it were, manufacture her Governor, of Hon. Albert Gallarin, our minister her history. Should any chasm now occur in your at the Court of St. James. Their very titles alone proceedings, you would doubtless lose no time in constitute an octavo pamphlet of 120 printed pages. repairing it. In former times, such breaches were the faculty of the University of North Carolina made, and though they have remained so long an have now organized themselves into an Historical insuperable and distressing impediment to those Society, and may do something towards procuring who would explore the history of the Colony, it is copies of those documents, thus catalogued for her. believed that they may now be almost entirely South Carolina has her volumes of historical colclosed, at comparatively little expense, by the efforts lections recently made by Mr. Carroll, but she 100 of your honorable body.

may be anxious to enjoy the stores in the offices of The mode of accomplishing this great and most England. The two Carolinas might empower the desirable object has been open for many years ; but agent appointed by Virginia to act for them; or if the recent success of some States has now removed they prefer it, send out special agents of their own. every obstacle that might have once existed, and May not the hope be indulged, that yoor honorainvites all others to make similar attempts. ble body will so favorably regard the proposition

1844.) The Society of Alumni of the University.-Desultory Notes on Desultory Reading.


herein most respectfully submitted, as to lose no eminently gratifying. We do devoutly hope, that time in reaping the fruits now offered to us? Due the visitors and her Alumni will make her welfare diligence would soon place us in possession of the an object of their chief solicitude and exertion ; rich treasures that now lie mouldering abroad ; that her faculty may soon be complete and efficieat, every delay but encourages the ravages of Time. and her halls filled 10 overflowing with gifted youths

It is our object at this time only to broach this ambitious of virtue and knowledge. With her eninteresting subject, to which we shall recur in our dowment, the distinguished auspices under which next number. In the meantime, we invite a corres- she was founded, and the extent and splendor of pondence from all who feel any interest in the mat- her accommodations, her career should be conspiter, and earnestly commend the revival of the late cuous, and a source of pride to all her sons. Virginia Historical Society, that it may exert its salutary influence in behalf of the present and other useful undertakings. It is our purpose to lay some of the letters that may be addressed to us upon this subject, before our readers; and we would be particularly glad to have the views of some of the leading members of the Legislature, of course with- DESULTORY NOTES ON DESULTORY READING. out regard to party. 33 Miror Literary Remains of Willis

Gaylord Clark ; Guide to Laure! Hill Cemetery; Grave-Yards in Towns; “ Melzinga," a poem, a specimen of fine writing; The Prince de Join.

ville's Note on the State of the French Navy; Navy of THE SOCIETY OF ALUMNI OF THE UNIVER

the United States; The Pride of the Nation; The Esti

mated value of Science : Warming Dwellings by Hot SITY OF VIRGINIA..

Water; Effects Produced by Breathing Air Heated by AN ADDRESS DELIVERED BEFORE THE Society OF

Stoves, Illustrated; Jeaffreson on Diseases of the Eye. ALUMNI OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. On the 4th of July, 1844. By FRANKIIN MINOR.

The tomb is a great sanctifier of men's good It is not too late, we trust, to notice this excel- works; it obliterates the minor blemishes and aspelent address, whose perusal has in a great degree rities which belong, to a greater or less extent, to compensated us for the loss we sustained in not poor human nature. The works of an author are being able to mingle with our brethren, at their often enhanced by his death, especially if he die last meeting. We were with them in spirit, and works are read without jealousy, or envy, or rivalry,

young, while yet a promising but unblown bud; his deeply regretted our inability to add another to their for who can experience an enotion of jealousy, or number. We look upon the Society of Alumni as envy, or rivalry, connected with the offspring, or yet destined to exert a happy influence not only outpourings of a soul that has gone from our midst. upon the fame and usefulness of their “ Alma Ma- Those who have a bias towards the perusal of ter," but also upon the cause of Education in this

Literary Remains" will read with pleasure the

" Literary Remains of the Late Willis Gaylord and other States. This may require time, but they Clark," alias, the pleasant Ollapod. Alas! Clark may even now begin to “sow in hope.” Mr. Minor's has gone! The gentle, the affectionate, the pureaddress is far above the rank of such productions minded aspirant of earthly honors, and yet the generally, and he was judicious in abandoning the pious, cheerful Christian. We knew him; and advague declamation and unprofitable generalities of racterized his well-stored intellect. There is a

mired the sprightly simplicity of ione which chasoch occasions, and discussing some tangible ques- beauty, a charm about this collection of Clark's tion, useful in its application. His subject, “ Na- writings, enhancing their value, perhaps even above tional and individual honor," was highly appropri- their intrinsic literary merit. It is derived from ate and illustrated with ability, force and beauty. the vein of affection running through the whole of The distinction between “glory" and " honor” is his works; and then there is something touching well drawn, and nations and individuals earnestly love for the departed by bringing together the scat,

in the fact that a twin brother shows his strong persuaded to seek glory only in the paths of honor. tered pieces of prose and verse of one who died We thank him also for enforcing the great truth too young, -for the pleasure of others and his own that Religion is the only basis of National happi- solid fame. “Death, the pale messenger, has ness and prosperity.

beckoned him silently away; and the spirit which

kindled with so many elevated thoughts; which Though prevented from meeting our brethren explored the chambers of human affection, and around the family altar and sharing their worship, awakened so many warm sympathies, has ascended their joys and their labors, we rejoiced in the oppor- to mansions of eternal repose.”. He has obeyed tunity soon afterwards of bowing at the dear old the law of nature, and he has been fortunate 10 shrine. A tide of delightful reminiscences flowed have kindled affections to record his obedience and in, as we revisited the scenes of former labors, this law and leave none to note their entrance to

weep aloud for his departure. How many obey pleasures and emulous struggles. The improve the tomb, or point out the good they have done to ments about the University, the substantial enclo-their fellow men! We thank thee, Lewis, most sure, and above all the convenient Chappel were' heartily and sincerely for publishing this volume.

Guide to LAUREL HILL CEMETERY.-A beauti- | product of an elderly lady of fortune, who has been ful volume of royal octavo size, containing 160 sorely afflicted by iwo very distressing maladies, pages, elegantly printed and illustrated by many from which she never can recover in all human excellent wood cuts and well-executed lithographs. probability. She evidently has the cacoethes scriBesides descriptions and views of many monu- bendi very badly, which has been superinduced by ments, and a history of Laurel Hill Cemetery, it a very lasting affection not easy to name or describe. contains a history of the group of statuary, by The character of the disease, however, so closely Thorn, of "old mortality,” his pony and Walter resembles that known under the vulgar expression, Scoit. There is also a selection of various arti." troubled with the fools," that a sagacious person cles in prose and verse relating to the Cemetery. would find great difficulty in distinguishing them. We learn that the mortal remains of the following Whether the authoress has children or not we distinguished persons repose at Laurel Hill. God do not know, but to judge from this literary effort frer, the inventor of the Quadrant; General Hugh we should set her down as one fitted "to suckle Mercer of Fredericksburg, Va., who was killed fools and chronicle small beer.” The rolame conin the batile of Princeton ; CHARLES THOMPSON, tains some contributions from J, Q. Adarns, E. the first, and long the confidential Secretary of the Everett and L. M. Sargent, which are not exactly Continental Congress; COMMODORE Hull; Com- poeric bijoux. As a favorable specimen of the MODORE Murray; M. Morgan, M. D. a surgeon lady's poetic powers, we submit the following: in the Navy, distinguished by his public services

“No church without a bishop! and great private worth ; Joseph S. Lewis, the

No state without a king! originator of the Fairmount water works; Julius R. FriedLANDER, Principal of the Pennsylvania

No poet in America institution of the Blind froin its foundation ; John

This doleful change to ring: Vaughan, whom every body knew; and Adam

“Her rivers flow, her mountains rise, WALDIE the publisher of the well known “circu- Her valleys swell in sweet surprise. lating Library." The list of lot holders includes 'Tis the roaring of John Bull I hear, at least a thousand names, among whom are many

He fills my mind with woudrous fear, of the distinguished citizens of Philadelphia. Al- “That aster all his pious care, ready we have the tombs of great men in politics, His feeble offspring to prepare in the Army, Navy, science, philanthropy and use- For Life's noble duties, fulness; and not many years hence Laurel Hill will

They should pour forth such feeble ditties. be a place of pilgrimage almost, to visit the sepul.

“ Brother Jonathan can fight, chres of the great and good of our land. It is a

But alas, alas, be cannot writeplace to be proud of not only by Philadelphia, but

In the field of battle, alack, alack, by the whole country, and he who devised and pur

He's often casi the furious bull flat upon his back." into execution its plan deserves the thanks of his fellow citizens. It is a lovely spot, and the time Afier this specimen it may be well to mention will come when Pere la Chaise will not compare that the book was got up by subscription; no body favorably with Laurel Hill. The author of the has published it, and any publisher would have "Guide" has afforded a beautiful illustration of risked too much' in such an undertaking, both in what Laurel Hill is, and all those whose affections fame and fortune. We recommend the lady's have a sad remembrance there will be grateful for friends to watch her carefully and not permit her the work.

mind to be exposed again naked to the publie. It is now pretty well settled that burial places Paper, ink and pen should be kept out of her in large towns are deleterious to the living. We reach, for with such powers and such a disposifind this subject mentioned by Edwin Chadwick in tion to use them, it is impossible to foretel the deep his “ Report on the sanatory condition of the labor- distress she may bring upon the public, to say ing population of Great Britain." He states, (see nothing of those who become her supporters

, by Medical Examiner of Philadelphia,) a remarkable subscription. She ought to be taught that the poscircumstance :

session of wealth does not authorize a woman to

exhibii her folly to the world of letters. She would "A bird fancier who lived near Clare Market, London, do well in future to submit and defer to the opinion in a situation particularly exposer! to the combined efluvize of her male literary friends all her own productions from a slaughter house and tripe factory, found he could not before she commits them to the printer. rear his birds in this place. Birds fresh from the country would die in a week. He had previously lived in the same Note Sur L'Etat Des Forces NAVALES DE LA neighborhood in a room over a crowded burial ground in FRANCE.-A pamphet of 40 octayo pages attributed Portugal street; at times in the morning he had seen a mist to the Prince de Joinville. The author assumes rise from the ground, and the smell was offensive. Thut that in as much as England is the first naval power place was equally offensive to his birds. On removing to in the world, and as France is deficient in many another situation not exposed to such emanations, he was essential points in her navy, the British navy should again able to raise birds.”

be a criterion for that of the French. He urges The inference is plain, and there are strong rea

that a naval force moved entirely, or at least in sons which might be urged in favor of extra-urban part, by steam, is peculiarly adapted to the genius cemeteries, independent of the influences exerted

of the French nation, whose commercial marine is by the gaseous matters escaping from grave-yards for the navy. But in stean ships of war, very fex

too limited to furnish seamen in suficient numbers into the aimosphere breathed by the living.

professional sailors comparatively are needed, and MelzingA; A Souvenir by C. A. D.-New-lat a moment's notice, regiments of soldiers may be York, 1845. A sinall gilt edge volume in pale sul- embarked to manage the batteries and do the fightphur colored paper binding. This volume is the 'ing. He condemns the practice of building small

vessels under the name of larger; that is, a frigate cost of building, equipping and sailing an Atlantic should mean a vessel say of 50 or 60 guns, and steam ship of 2000 tons was stated. The pay of never of 30 or 40, and so of other classes.

the captain $120 per month, first mate $60, chief He urges too, that when one nation builds ves- engineer $80, third engineer $40, carpenter $25, sels of sisty guns called frigates, it is vain for steward $25, cook $22, and surgeon $40 per month! another nation to build frigates of fifty guns to Let all young men who aspire to the distincope with them. England is preparing a large guished honors of surgery and medicine, reflect steam force, therefore France ought to build an that their services are worth forty dollars per equally powerful steam navy-may we not ask why month, that is, just eighteen dollars more than a the United States should not also make similar cook, fifteen more than a carpenter, and half as preparations.

much as the superintendent of a steam engine. Is Our navy is being reduced ; ships of the line this a sufficient sum to tempt a young man of eduhave been withdrawn from active service, and many cation and talent to engage in the study of such a if not all frigates are to be laid up, leaving sloops science as that of medicine and surgery? Is $480 of war as the emblems of our naval force abroad. a year a compensation to tempt a trustworthy sorThis our pride may learn to bear, but continue the geon to leave the shore for a sea life? Would any plan for only a few years, and the navy will have man who can pay $125 for being carried across the few officers whose experience would give them Atlantic, be willing to trust his life, in case of confidence in the management of a frigate, or ship necessity, to any surgeon, (so called,) whose knowof the line. A man might be a most admirable ledge and skill would not be worth more than $480 seaman in a schooner, brig or sloop of war, whose a year? We hope the passengers would think their qualities would fail to bear him out in the manage- lives worth more than such a risk. ment of a large frigate, a ship of the line, or a The scheme estimates an annual net profit of squadron. I should dislike to trnst myself at sea $102,042. Let us suggest to the company, that in the Pennsylvania, commanded by a man who had out of all this annual profit a salary of $100 a never sailed or served in a ship larger than a sloop month, with boarding or rations in addition, would of war.

Mr. Editor, let some of your nautical be little enough for the services of a surgeon who correspondents take up the subject and answer me could be trusied to amputate a limb or set a fracthe question ; Is it fair to suppose that officers who ture at sea. We adduce this as an example of the have obtained their professional education in small little value set upon science by the people of the vessels only, and who have never disciplined a crew United States, as well as the small liberality expeof over two hundred, are able to manage frigates and rienced by medical men at the hands of a money ships of the line, with crews of 500 and 1000 men, as making people. We think too much of money, well as if their professional career had given them and on this account the navy is to be permitted to experience in large ships? Do merchants ever go down to a dozen sloops of war and schooners. select to command large packet ships, men who It costs so much money to sail frigates and ships of have only sailed in pilot boats and schooners ? the line.

What is this nation proud of? What does the I repeat the question, what is this nation honestly nation hold to be above a money value ? Is it any proud of? Is it not cheap government, and its art, or science, or superiority, or excellence in any numerous, great politicians by profession? branch of human knowledge? Does the nation feel itself degraded by being under the necessity of Hood ON WARMING BUILDINGS BY HOT WATER. sending to Europe for optical instruments, whether London, 1837.— The best and most economical telescopes for our observatories, or microscopes for means of securing a comfortable temperature in the close observance of organic matter? Is it any dwellings and public buildings of all kinds is a subreflection upon us that the nautical almanac, essen-ject worthy the attention of the inhabitants of a tial to the navigator, is produced in England, and region like that of our middle States. Indeed a we are not yei scientific enough, or what is the great deal has been thought on the subject, and a same thing, ihere is not confidence enough among great many experiments have been made. Many our navigators to trust to the science and printing plans have been for a time approved and subseof a nautical almanack from American hands? Is quently rejected or abandoned for improved methods. it any reflection opon our practical knowledge of The various means of warming buildings for working iron thai English rail road iron is pre- human comfort and protection may be briefly enumeferred io our own manufacture? Do we trust to rated. The hearth and wood fire, wood stoves of American chronometers? Have we ever made a various descriptions; grates for burning bituminous watch from the rough material? Do we encourage and anthracite coals; stoves for the same kind of men to seek perfection or perfectibility in any sort, fuel; hot-air furnaces or stoves, gas stoves; and or any branch of human knowledge ? Is there any the circulation of steam and hot water by means of proper reward for excellence in any human pursuit iron pipes laid through the building to be heated. offered by this nation or its public opinion? What Wood fires are cheerful, but too expensive in is the ambition of the nation, the people of the cities and inappropriate to large apartments. They United States ? Money making facilities occupy a seem, however, not to exercise any injurious influgreat deal of our thoughts, and hence it is ihat, ence upon the atmosphere, and what is of very great inasmuch as perfection in any art requires long and importance, they contribute to ventilation. Similar arduous toil, and as time and labor must be paid for, remarks apply to bituminous coals burned in open in some manner, we shrink from the cost of per- grates. Anthracite fires in open grates, without the fection.

power of warming comfortably in all its extent a We were struck with the value set upon science, large apartment, dry the air to such a degree as to in reading, a few days since, a prospectus of a pro- render it exceedingly oppressive to the respiration posed American Steam Navigation Company. To of many individuals. provoke men to buy the stock, an estimate of the The effect of highly heated iron stoves on the

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