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atmospheric air is injurious, by robbing it of its well adapted to warming hospitals, asylums for moisture, by decomposing a part of it, and by burning children, prisons, insane establishments, &c., bevarious particles always in the atmosphere, as well cause there is no access to fire, no smoke, nor as the various gaseous mallers, constantly escaping dust, and the consumption of fuel is considerably from the human body into it. By the heat of the less. iron these matters are resolved or converted into There are various plans for employing hot water various gases, which, although in small volume, are as a means of heating. One set of plans provide more or less prejudicial to the health of those for the circulation by taking advantage of the difbreathing them. The air undergoes a change by ference of weight between hot and cold water, and passing over intensely heated metallic surfaces, the other plans all circulate the hot water by preswhich is one reason, if not the reason, why many sure, procured by heating water to a very high persons find apartments heated by hot air as unsup- temperature, from 275° to 375° and even 4000, in portable as they do the open anthracite fire. The a hermetically sealed apparatus. This later plan exact nature of this change has not been ascer has many advocates, but is objected to on the tained; there is little doubt, however, that both its ground that it dries the air, is liable to leakage and chemical and electrical conditions are different from explosion, and consumes more fuel. those of air in the natural state.

Heating by steam is also practiced to some erAs an illustration of the prejudicial influence of tent but is liable to similar objections. The sealed the change alluded to, we quote the following, taken apparatus patented by Perkins, is in operation in a by Mr. Hood from the Philosophical Transactions part of the New York Custom-House, and is spoken of the Royal Society

of in terms of high approbation. “A quantity of air which had been made to pass through

A Practical Treatise on DISEASES OF THE red-hot iron and brass imbes, was collected in a glass Eye.-By William Jeaffreson, &c. 8 yo. p.p. receiver and allowed to cool. A large cat was then plunged 307. London, 1844. into this factitious air, and immediately she fell into convulsions, which, in a minute, appeared to leave her without

* Meadows of margin and rivulets of print" on any signs of life. She was, however. quickly taken out and white paper produce a preliy book. Mr. Jeaffreplaced in the fresh air, when, after some time, she began to son was surgeon of the Bombay Eye Infirmary in move her eyes, and, after giving two or three hideous the Hon. East India Company's service, and wrote squalls, appeared slowly to recover. But on any person this volume to show up the results of twenty-five approaching her she made the most violent efforts her exhausted strength would allow to fly at them, insomuch that years practice and the treatment of fifty thousand in a short time no one conld approach her. In about half cases of diseases of the eye. He seems to have an hour she recovered and then became as tame as before.” been highly successful, and much esteemed, for on

There is very little reason to doubt that a simi- taking his departure from the Presidency of Bomlar effect would have been witnessed had the sub- bay, the Parsee and other Indian indabitants of the ject of the experiment been a human being instead city expressed their regret in a complimentary of a cat. The sense of tightness across ihe fore- letter, from which we extract the following sen

tence : head, giddiness and constraint of respiration experienced by nervous individuals upon entering apart

"As a token of our affectionate remembrance and gratiments heated by air, dried by hot iron stoves, or value of three hundred gumeas, which we hope will in after

rude, we beg your acceptance of a piece of plate of the anthracite fires, or furnaces, may be referred to the life afford you some pleasure, as having been presented to change alluded to above.

you by those who appreciated your virtues and bad expeTo obviate this difficulty it is only necessary to rienced your fostering care." contrive a slove or heating apparatus which will From such an announcement we expected somewarm the air of a room to 700 or 75o Farenheit, thing rarely excellent, but the work contains scarcely without becoming itself hotter than boiling water any ihing ihat is not found in similar works, except or 212° of Farenheit's thermometer. In very cold self-glorification. It will not be republished we weather this can only be done by extending the guess on this side of the Atlantic. surface from which the heat is communicated to So much for you Mr. Editor and for your readers. the air, or in other words, augmenting the size of Let them take my hints and save or spend their the stove to dimensions far beyond those now in money accordingly as they deem best. I have ordinary use.

endeavored to open their eyes to their interests in The rapid circulation of water at a temperature a branch of literature, and I trust that not in vain of from 1800 to 200° through iron pipes of from will be the warnings of

HOLGAZAN. one to four inches in diameter, furnishes perhaps

New-York, Sept. 1844. the very best means of obtaining the least objectionable kind of warmth for inhabited apartments.

The principle of circulating water is very simple. Cold water is heavier than hot water, and the apparatus is so contrived that the water finds its way THE HONORS OF POESY-TO WOMAN. back to the boiler in consequence of increasing its weight by losing its warmth. The principle is Must the warm, beating heart be crushed, illustrated on a small scale by the not unfrequent Ere richest odors may be breathed! plan of supplying hot water to bath rooms, remote

Joy's gladsome notes in wo be hushed ? from the kitchen, by means of what is known by the name of " hot water back," placed behind

The brow grow pale ere 'uis inwreathed? or above the kitchen fire.

Doth grief alone call forth the lay In London the hot water apparatus is extensively For which the world entwines the bay ? used in private dwellings. In the United States we see it chiefly in hot-houses, conservatories and

Look at a Hemans' lonely part! some few public establishments. It is particularly How sadly, mournfully, each line

o Ruschenbergen

Doth tell the deep void of the heart

The author is rather minute and prolix, and his letters have Its yearnings ever to intwine

hence been compared to the “Annual Register” and “Han

sard's Debates." Its weakness round some faithful stem,

We commend the work to our readers. It is handsomely For which to earn the diadem.

gotten up, and bound in cloth. Look at a Landon ! meeting death

THE HISTORY OF CHIVALRY, OR KNIGHTHOOD AND ITS In awful and forbidden form,

TIMES. BY CHARLES Mills. Author of the History

of the Crusades, &., &c. When she had found her orange wreath Might not defy a tropic storm;

This is another work of the valuable “Library of Stand.

ard Literature ;” and is to be followed by Niebuhr's Rome, And this because the heart too long

Ranke's celebrated Histories of the Popes, the ReformaHad borne the burden lone of song.

tion, and the Ottoman and Spanish Empires, and the works

of Proctor, Guizot, Wraxall and others. Look at a Norton! drop by drop,

We rejoice to see some indication of a revival of chi. Distilling balm from bitterest herb

valry. Our times are sadly deficient in ihal spirit of galStrewn, too, by one whose oath to prop

lantry, to which it gave rise, and we are sorely tempted Grew into purpose to disturb :

here to indulge in a tirade upon the beaux of the present

day. We commend to their selfish natures, the study and A childless mother, in her pain

practice of chivalry. Especially let them read and ponder Dying, resigned, “God doth remain !"

on Mr. Mills' chapter upon "Dames and Damsels and Lady

love." When the unfortunate Marie Antoinette sell, Burke 0, dear bought triumph! ask it not,

eloquently declared that the days of chivalry were gone. Ye who in humble peace may dwell ! Burke was a philosopher and a prophet. The days of chiO be content with your sweet lot,

valry are gone. The beaux of these latter time3, (too many Nor ask to strike the tuneful shell !

of them at least,) have laid aside chivalrous feelings of

disinterested gallantry, and given themselves up to a spe. A May-day Queen, for one day long,

cies of genteel loafing and dignified ease-taking. Few pay Is happier than the Queen of Song !

their devoirs to the fair, but those who are "courting," and

CYLLENE. too many “court" only to mend their fortunes. “ Dames," Milvale, New-York.

and a most worthy class of “damsels,” politely called

"wall flowers," because they are often loo sensible for fool. ish chit chat, or nut pretty enough to be flattered, are

entirely neglected. Ladies escort themselves about-or take their little brothers, or elderly relatives with them; or

send to some well known bachelor friend ; whilst the beaux Notices of New Works.

parade in double files and think it honor enough to conde

scend to talk to the ladies when they meet them, at parties Our table contains some works deserving a more ex. and other places. tended notice, than we shall be able to yive them. Osten. Out upon such craven laggards! Can't some Pope seize times nothing but an extended review can impart much his pen? Can Salmagundi speak no more? If these gentle. information as to the contents of a work. Our bibliographi- men don't improve their gallantry, they shall feel the decal notices are designed to impart a knowledge of the cur- nunciations of chivalry, the displeasure of the fair and the rent publications, with some idea of their merits and cha- bitter invectives of B 13.7 Americus South. racter; and from the nature of the case must generally be

Religio MediCI. Its SEQUEL, CHRISTIAN MORALS.

BY SIR THOMAS BROWNE. KT. M. D. Witb resemLEA & BLANCHARD: PHILADELPHIA. 1844. blant passages from Cowper's Task and a verbal index. Have, through Messrs. Drinker and Morris, sent us the These two works contain a mine of wisdom and truth following:

from which many subsequent writers have dug some of their Letters of HORACE WALPOLÉ, Earl of ORFORD, to richest ore. Religio Medici seems to have been one of the Sir Horace Mann, his Britannic Majesty's resident at favorite companions of the poet Cowper, whose poem, the the court of Florence, from 1760 to 1785. Concluding se- | Task, contains many passages bearing a striking resemries, 2 vols.

Ulance to parts of it. These are all collected by the Editor The first volume of these agreeable and instructive let- at the close of this volume. Sir Thomas evinces much ters was issued some months ago, and many of our readers reflection and no liuile learning; and the perusal of this have become acquainted with them, either through that liule volume will exert a good influence upon the mind and volume, or the English and American notices of the work. character of the attentive reader. The letters to Sir Horace Mann, in the volume before us, The Kitchen and Fruit GARDENER, A Select MANUextend froin 1776 to Sir Horace's death, in 1786. These AL OF Kitchen GARDENING AND CULTURE OF Fruits. are followed by letters to George Selwyn, the duke and The whole adapted to the climate of the United States. duchess of Gloucester and the Rev. W. Mason. The vo

This is a very useful Jiule work, intended as a compalume also contains a Memoir relative to Walpole's income, nion for “ The Complete Florist," and the other household * short notices" of bis life and a description of his villa, volumes, recently issned by the same publishers. Strawberry Hill, which is so frequently mentioned in his The CycloPÆDIA OF PRACTICAL Medicine, Edited Correspondence; all of which are by the Earl himself. The hy Dunglison, bas now reached its X1. No. To be comlellers to Sir Horace Mann contain much interesting infor- pleted in 24 parts, 50 cents each. It will constitute a library mation of the times, and very constant notices of our or itself. struggle for Independence. Walpole's sentiments were quite Tue MEDICAL STUDENT, or AIDS TO THE STUDY OF MEDI. liberal and he often speaks freely in condemning the course CINE. A revised and modified edition. By ROBLEY of England. The style of the letters is familiar and often DUNGLISON, M. D. humorous and readily engages the attention of the reader. A work well worthy of the caresul examination of Medi

brief.

cal Students and those who are soon to assemble in this effusion of human blood. In some of the islands there city will do well to procure it from Drinker and Morris. were evidences of a consi'lerable progress in Arts, and tradi

lions of valleys inhabited by men in an advanced state of HARPER & BROTHERS. New-YORK, 1844.

civilization. The author indulges in some speculations as Pictorial Bible. We have received the 7th, 8th and to the settlement of these islands, in connection with the 9th No.'s of this splendid illuininated Edition of the Bible, peopling of America. Some of the islanders are said to through Messrs. Randolph & Co., and Drinker & Morris.

have been circumcised.

The visit to the English seulements on New Holland is The Spoon. No. 4. From Randolph & Co. This is interesting. The English do not occupy the most fertile a very curious book, containing much that it is singular any parts of this Southern Continent, and the attention of erlo. man should have treasured up. It is attributed in New nists is directed towards it. The Australian islands are York to Mr. Eubank, the anthor of a late very valuable represented as perfect paradises, the climate being most work upon Hydraulics. He is a sort of scientific antiqua. delicious and salubrious, and nature furnishing a superfluity rian, taking great pleasure in investigations, that would of the greatest luxuries. hardly be thought of by another.

The publisbers have well contributed by print, style and A GRAMMAR OF THE Greek LANGUAGE, principally embellishment to render the volume attractive. from the German of Kühner, with selections from Mat- McCulloch's GAZETTEER. No.'s XVI and XVII, rethiæ, Buttmann, Thiersch and Rost. For the use of schools ceived through Randolph & Co. and colleges. By Charles Anthon, LL. D.

We can only slip in the receipt of the following works This Grammar comes out under well known, excellent sent us by Drinker and Morris, just as we were closing auspices; and seems to supply a hiatus that has been a for the month. Neal's HISTORY OF THE PURITANS. Part cause of stumbling to many students of the Greek language. VII. Select Novels No. 3, containing “Tales of Glzu. Hitherto, many students have jumped at once from Valpy per Spa,” by Miss Sedgwick, and Messrs. Paulding, Bry to Buttmann, or perhaps to Matthiæ. The wide chasm beant, Sands and Leggett ; The Wandering Jew, by M. tween these has not only been filled up by the work before Eugene Sue. No. 2; and Keith's LAND OF ISRAEL, with us, but Prof. Anthon's known judgment and ability have maps and many beautiful embellishments, gotten up in Harbeen employed in embodying in it what was most userul in

per style, and bound in cloth. the works of these and other eminent German grammarians. J. W. Randolph & Co. have it.

WILEY & PUTNAM. New-YORK, 1844. SCENES, INCIDENTS AND ADVENTURES IN The Pacific

The extensive catalogue of this large house is on ear Ocean, or the Islands of the Australasian Seas, during table. Hitherto they have been engaged almost exclusively the cruise of the clipper Margaret Oakley, under Cap- in the importation of English books, of which they bave tain Benjamin Morrell. Clearing up the mystery which kept one of the finest and best assortments in this country. has heretofore surrounded this famous expedition, and We are pleased to learn that they are now turning their containing a full account of the exploration of the Bidera, attention to publication. They have already made some Papua, Bandor, Mindora, Sooloo and China Seas, the very neat issues of excellent works ; among which is a manners and customs of the inhabitants of the islands, beautiful illustrated edition of Downing's Landscape Gar. and a description of vast regions never before visited by dening, the theory and practice of which we heartily comcivilized man. By Thomas JEFFERSON JACOBS. Mus- mend to all of our readers, who can at all afford it. trated by numerous engravings. The contents of this volume correspond with the above

Hewet's PICTORIAL SHAKSPEARE. Edited by Verplanek. title. We have seen a notice of it, in which some “old

Our last No's of this rich work, up to No. 18, in continuatar” impugned the credibility of its statements. They are tion of Romeo and Juliet, keep up their wonted taste and lruly striking and wonderful, but we have long since learned beauty. not to doubt things from their apparent improbability. The

Juliet. "Was erer book most authentic narrations would at once stamp such a

So fairly bound !"

Act, ja, course with folly. Still it may be well carefully to canvass King Lear has since arrived in Royal Style. Vide No.'s the marvellous and the pretended “hitherto unknown.” If 20 and 21. Mr. Jacobs'accounts be authentic, they are worthy of serious examination. We can only mention a few things that The ILLUSTRATED Book OF CHRISTIAN BALLADS struck vs. In the first place he became connected with the Edited by the Rev. Rufus W. Griswold. Lindsuy and expedition by fraud and stealth. Morrell, offended because and most brilliant works of which the American press car

Blakiston. Philadelphia, 1844. This is one of the richez two agents or supercargoes had been sent out with him, boast. As a specimen of typographical embellishment it seems to easily to have satisfied himself with his deter-is of surpassing beanty. It is also illustrated with engra. mination to abuse the confidence that had been reposed in vings printed in tints and in Gold; and the ballad gems fully him by the outfitters of the expedition ; and the author, correspond with the elegance of their setting. They are after all, by no means “clears up the mystery that has sur the highest excellence. The design of the work, Literary

drawn from the greatest variety of authors, and those of rounded this famous expedition.” He expressly abstains and artistical, deserves all praise and the execution is from making disclosures; and contents himself with some worthy of the design. Call on Drinker & Morris. very general vindications of Morrell—that he was not so bad a man as had been represented. Of what occurred after The CHARLESTON Book. S. Hart, Sr. an enterprihe lest the Oakley, in China, he relates little except her sing book-dealer, of Charleston, South Carolioa, is slost loss. Papua, Bidera, &c. are said 10 be native names for to issue a large and lasteful volume, with the above tule. New Guinea, New Britain, &c. which lie in the Pacific in the Northern Cities. It will be beautifally gotten op

Its design is similar to that of works, heretofore published Ocean. just under the equator, and N. E. of New Holland. and bound, and will contain choice productions, in presse The explorations of the Oakley also extended out into the and verse, by the numerous amateur and professional accircumjacent seas, and to islands said to have been by her thors, who have shed such a lustre upon the Literary cha first discovered. The manners and customs of the islanders contributors and of the proprietor warrants us in prossins

racter of Charleston. Our knowledge of many of the are full of interest. Here we must condemo the course often something rare in the proposed work. The subscriplina avowedly pursued towards the natives and the unnecessary price is only $2.

SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.

NOVEMBER, 1844.

GERTRUDE; A NOVEL.

Judge N.B Trucker

CHAPTER JII.

At length the day came, as come it must, which / another day in the home of her youth, and the had been fixed for Gertrude's departure. But the bonnet was laid aside, and the coach drove empty fate of Empires has depended on the weather; and from the door. He awoke with a start, and sprang though the Almanac-maker knows certainly that to his feet; his horse was ordered, and, tossing a Saturday will follow Friday, he cannot be sure dollar to the ostler, he sprang into the saddle, and when rain may follow sunshine. So it was that soon disappeared in the thick darkness. the dreaded day was one of storm so furious, that

The night had again come down. The clouds none but a madman would leave his home in such had disappeared, the stars shone bright, and every weather, except on business of life and death. thing gave promise of a “glorious morrow.'

Mr. Gertrude of course remained where she was. Not and Mrs. Austin had retired for the night and Gerso Henry. The business of his court was done ; trude sat alone in the drawing-room, engaged in and he had retired to his bed the night before, full one of those pretty occupations which ladies know of the thought that, on the morrow, his beloved how to make so graceful and becoming. In short, Gertrude would leave his father's roof and go forth she was drawing, and as her work grew under her into new scenes, to form new friendships and to hands, her eye brightened, and a srnile of pleasure encounter new influences on which his fate might was on her lip. The sketch was finished; she depend. To-morrow he would return, and she his gazed on it tenderly; then pressed it to her heart, companion, his sweet confiding friend, the beloved while a tear stole down her cheek. She looked of his heart, would not be there to welcome him. up, and the original stood before her. She screamThere was no anodyne in such fancies, and, in ed with delight, and, yielding to the influence of feverish impatience, he revolved the thought, that long habit, threw herself into his arms.

In a moif the night were long enough, he would yet see ment she recovered her self-possession, disengaged her before her departure. Midnight was past, and herself, and, blushing deeply, resumed her seat on presently the rain, driven by the wind, came pat- the sofa. tering against his window. He looked out upon

Henry placed himself by her side, and, taking the night. It was dismal and terrible. But the her hand in bis, bowed his head upon it, and pressed stern voice of the blast was not uncongenial to his it to his forehead and his lips. His spirit yearned feelings, and he again threw himself on his bed, to prostrate itself before her, and every action soothed by the tumult of the elements. He was

spoke its yearning. A deportment so new, sursinking to sleep, and fancy, mounting her throne of

prised, but it reassured her, and, when at length he dreams, began, as usual, to mingle her imaginary spoke, her faculties were all under command. creations with the realities of the scene. The form, which had indistinctly floated before his

“Dear Gertrude,” he said, “how fortunate I am waking eye, now became palpable. Gertrude was

to find you alone! You have not misunderstood before him bonneted and cloaked, and the coach what I said to you at parting, and now I come to was at the door. But the storm would make itself ask whether your heart has taught you to rejoice heard by the sleeper; and she seemed to be aware that I am not your brother ?" of it 100, and she looked up to the clouds, and a “O, Henry! how can you ask such a question ? smile was on her lip at the thought of spending Rejoice that you are not my brother! No, indeed,

VOL. X-81

for if you were my brother, what more on earth all the comforts and enjoyments of life, they shall should I have to wish for ?"

be yours. If it has pleased God to endow me with This was a turn for which he was entirely un- faculties, which may make your preference honoraprepared; for the coarseness of man's nature does ble to you, I will exert them to the uttermost ia that not understand how the love of woman can take cause. I will seek distinction. I will win honors such a form. “ I do not understand you,” said he, and you shall wear them as a garland. I will strive "your words seem to sound the knell of my hopes, and yet there is something in them that might

• To make thee famous, with my pen, awaken hope, though it were dead."

And glorious, with my sword.

I'll serve thee in such noble ways, “ You do not understand me! Should I not then

As ne'er was done before. have a protector? Would not your home be mine?

I'll deck and crown thy head with bays, There would be no need that we should ever part,

And love thee more and more.' and I am sure that I should never wish to leave you. But now they tell me I must marry some. And I will die an hundred thousand deaths, ere body, to provide myself a protector and a home." break the smallest parcel of this vow ! God of the

“And whom, dearest, should you marry, but bim just and pure in heart, hear and record it!" from whom you never wish to part ?".

Gertrude was completely borne away by the en“Aye, Henry! But I must not marry you, be- ergy of this language, and the fervor of Henry's cause we are both poor.”

manner. She threw herself on bis bosom, and "And is this the only reason ?"

then, lifting her streaming eyes to his face, she “Certainly. What other could there be ? Whom cried, “and I too on my part.” is there, besides my mother, that I love half so No, my Gertrude, make no vow. Let me no! well? What society affords me so much pleasure now, for the first time, have to reproach myself as yours? And what more would be necessary to with having come between you and your duty to the happiness of my life, than to be always near your mother. I am willing to trust my hopes of you? Were you indeed my brother, I should have happiness to the constancy of your affection, the an answer to all importunities about marriage. I purity of your heart, and the soundness of your should not want to marry any body. I do not want principles. Should your affections ever fix upen to marry any body. But they are always telling another, it would be as sinful to marry me, as it me that I must marry, and that I must marry a would now be to marry any one else. Should you rich man.

But there is something horrid in the ever so change, as to be capable of marrying anothought of marrying any man that I do not love, ther, while your heart is mine, my vow will remain and I cannot see any reason for loving a man just on the registry of Heaven, and it shall be fulfilled; because he is rich."

but I will see you no more. The glorious being, “God, I thank thee,” exclaimed Henry fervent- that I now fold to my bosom, I shall ever wear in ly, “ for this proof that all my power over the feel- my heart; but I shall give no sigh to the polluted ings of this noble creature, has left her pure as wretch that sells herself for gold. Pardon me, she came from thy hands! Dear Gertrude, it was dearest," he added, as he felt her shrinking in his not to obtain any pledge from you, that I sought arms ; “I speak only of that which is impossible. this interview. It was to ascertain the state of There is nothing sordid in your nature, and all that your feelings toward me. As yet you do not un- there may be of elevation in the sentiments I have derstand them fully, but I do. You love me, Ger- just uttered, is derived from my communion with trude, as woman can never love more than one, you. I have but given voice to the thoughts that and with a love that would make it sinful to marry lie deep in your heart of hearts. You need no FOX any other. You love me with that love, which to bind you to fulfil its dictates, and the instincts God himself implants in the pure heart, and by of your nature. From all but these you are free which he makes them one who were before twain. Remain so. God is with you. He loves the pure This is that mysterious union which he forbids man in heart. Put your trust in him, and he will prato violate, and while the sentiments you have just tect and guide you." avowed, reign in your bosom, none but I can be Gertrude never felt before how deeply and feryour husband in His sight. I do not ask you to vently she loved ; and, in all the warmth of her promise to marry me. I do not ask you to promise innocent heart, she poured forth her tenderness not to marry any other man. But, in the name of into Henry's bosom, and retired to her chamber God, I charge you, never to give your hand to any the happiest creature upon earth. The delicious one whom you do not love with the same hallowed mystery of Love was disclosed. The treasures of affection you now feel for me. On my part, in the the heart were unlocked. The fountains of the face of High Heaven, I here devote myself to you. great deep of bliss were broken up, and she seemed Whether I become your husband, or not, for you to float on a shoreless Ocean of delight. She now alone will I live. To your service will I devote thought of her intended journey, if not without reall my powers. If my labors can purchase for you gret, at least with complacency. It presented

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