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often the dearest, even in a pecuniary view, that ever was D. APPLETON & CO. NewYork, 1844. presented to a purchaser.

GEORGE S. APPLETON. PHILADELPHIA. These remarks are offered partly in reference to some INCIDENTS OF Social Life, AMID THE EUROPEAN ALPS. useful and pleasing works which will presently be intro- Translated from the German of J. Heinrich Zscbokke. daced to our readers. But wbilst we will always notice By Louis STRACK. and commend Religious Literature, the character of our This celebrated and popular German author has already journal will require us to be general and neutral in our ex. been brought before our readers in several of his tales, pressions. We can not indulge in controversy, nor pro- which have been translated for the Messenger. “Floretta, mulge our own panicular views.

or the first love of Henry IV." and "Leaves from the Diary The late controversy between Drs. Potts and Wain- of a poor Vicar of Wiltshire” will be remembered. We wright has already elicited considerable attention and can not better introduce the present volume than by extractdoubtless, many who, like ourselves, were unable to peruse ing from it the following notice of its author. the articles as they appeared, will rejoice to have them "ZSCHOKKE is a native of Magdeburg, in Prussia, and is preserved for their leisure moments in their present form. now, at seventy-three years of age, a citizen of SwitzerThe origin of the controversy was not a little singular. land- having passed through a very eventful period, and a At the celebration of the New England Society in New. changeful life; which has enabled him to depict the social York city, on the 22nd of December 1843, the orator of characteristics, principles and actions of those around him, the day, the Hon. Mr. Choate, U. S. Senator from Mass., with a novelty and interest equally racy and instructive. spoke of certain " who had discovered a Government with His parents died when he was young, and he was thus berest out a King and a Church without a Bishop,” which senti- of their guidance and instructions. He was educated in the ment was received with applause. At the New-England Gymnasium of Magdeburg, which he was enticed to abandinner on the same day, the Rev. Dr. Wainwright of the don suddenly, by a company of theatrical strollers, for Episcopal Church, in responding to a sentiment, alluded to whom he prepared pieces for their exhibition. But he sepathis remark of Mr. Choate and declared that there could rated from those associates in disgust; and entered the Unibe “no Church without a Bishop.” The Rev. Dr. Potts versity of Frankfort, where he studied the belles-lettres, espoused the opposite side and a controversy ensued in the with history, philosophy and theology; and at twenty years columns of a newspaper, the Commercial. In a short time, of aye entered upon active life, as an instructor of youth. it being supposed that due courtesy was not observed, Dr. Notwithstanding his admitted qualifications, and his soliciWainwright published his views in the paper, without tude, he could not obtain a permanent public appointment reference to Dr. Potts, who animadverted upon them in the as a teacher; and his application also for a professorship in same. The whole series of articles on both sides is now the University of Frankfort, in 1795, was unsuccessful, as presented in the volume before us.

it was supposed, through the interference of the Prussian

government, whom he had offended. WOLLNER, the Minis. The Pictorial BIBLE. We have received the Xth No. ter of State, entirely controlled Frederic William II., then of this work, which has already exhausted our appellations. monarch of Prussia, by facilitating his profligate life, en

McCulloch's UNIVERSAL Gazetteer, No.'s 18 and 19. couraging his superstitious infatuation, and intimidating So that this valuable work is now near its conclusion. Wollner's instigations, the half-idiot king issued his infa

him with pretended supernattiral appearances. Through Drinker and Morris have all the above for sale.

mous "Religious Edict,” which enjoined a persecuting WILEY & PUTNAM. New York, 1844.

intolerance and a dogmatic mysticism, altogether incompati." ELEMENTS OF Logic, together with an introductory view ble both with the spirit of the age, and the fundamental

of Philosophy in general, and a preliminary view of the establishment of the Prussian monarchy. Zschokke wrote reason. BY HENRY P. TAPPAN.

and published a powerful philippic against that pernicious The oratory and compositions of our country would not measure; and the narrow minded, implacable Rosicrusian be injured by greater attention than is now paid to the minister obstructed the advancement of his eloquent litestudy of Logic. The design of the present work is thus rary adversary. In consequence of that disappointment, clearly explained by the author. “The deductive method Zschokke determined to make a journey into Italy; but on comprebends merely the laws which govern inferences or his way, heing invited to superintend the seminary at Reicheconclusions from premises previously established. These nau, he began his residence in Switzerland; and through premises may, in their turn, be inferences from other prem- the whole of the agitations of the Swiss Cantons, connectises and so on, to a certain extent; and just so far this ed with the changes of the French Revolution, Zschokke method is all sufficient. But it is evident that the evolu- was a prominent, indefatigable citizen, and was called by tion of premises and conclusions, and conclusions and prem- the people to perform official duties of the most important ises, must have a limit. There must be premises which character during that slormy period. are not conclusions from other premises, but which arise “Amid his numerous engagements, he published within in some other way. Now, a complete and adequate Logic about twenty years, several valuable works, among which ought to exbibit this other way, likewise : it ought to inform his Histories of the Grisons, of Bavaria, and of Switzerus how the most original premises arise, and upon what land, and bis Pictures of Switzerland are very popular and basis they rest.

highly esteemed. A collection of his works in forty volumes “ The present attempt, therefore, is to make out the sys- appeared some years ago, including his Tales and Biotem of Logic under its several departments; and to pre- graphical and Descriptive Sketcbes—and from those delisent it not merely as a method of obtaining inferences from neations of Alpine life, the narratives comprised in this truths, but also as a method of establishing those first volume have been selected." truths and general principles, which must precede all deduction.” The work is handsomely gotten up and is for NARRATIVE OF A VISIT TO THE SYRIAN CHURCH OF

MESOPOTAMIA; with statements and reflections upon the sale by Drinker and Morris.

Present State of Christianity in Turkey, and the Cha

racter and Prospects of the Eastern Churches. By the ANNUALS.

Rev. Horatio Southgate, M. A. Leaflets of Memory and Friendship's Offering. The two So far as we have been able to read, this is a highly inbrilliant Anduals noticed at length in our September No. teresting work. Mr. Southgate's route lay, in part, along have been received for sale, by J. W. Randolph & Co. that over which Xenophon led “the ten thousand," in their

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immortal retreat. He strikingly exhibits the tide of civili- yet appeared. Each plate will have its botanical and loral zation that is now setting to the East from the Western description, though the chief part of the volume will be world. His views as to the importance of purifying and composed of original prose tales and poetry, illustrative of christianizing these streams of knowledge, that they may scape, thus giving the work all the variety of an Annual

the sentiment of the flowers, or associated with the landbear blessings with them, demand the serious attention of with something more than the transient interest which all philanthropists. The debt which the new world owes generally attaches to such publications. the old should not only be paid, but be paid in the purest

D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers." coin of philosophy and religion.

LEA & BLANCHARD. Foster's MISCELLANIES, and

After the notices for the month had been closed the folCHRISTIAN MORALS; ExpeRIMENTAL AND PRACTICAL

lowing works were seni us by Drinker & Morris. Originally delivered as lectures in the Broadmead Chapel, Turpin, the Highwayman, or Rookwood: A Romance by

Ranke's History of the Popes, 1 vol., in cloth; Diek Bristol, England. By John Foster, Author of the Essays w. Harrison Ainsworth ; with illustrations : The Amerion “Decision of Character” and “Popular Ignorance.'

can Journal of Medical Sciences, Quarterly, for October, These two neat volumes are from the pen of the same and the Cyclopædia of Practical Medicine, pait XIX. well known author. The Miscellanies comprise twenty Biographical, Literary and Philosophical Essays, among

REVIEWS, &c. which is one upon the correspondence of Benjamin Frank- The Westminster Review. Mr. J. Gill, agent for this lin. They were originally contributed to the Eclectic Re-city, has laid upon our table the September No. of this view,” which was established “ in January 1805, to provide these' Reviews from the press of Leonard Scott & Co. are

work, just completing its XLI volume. The Editions of an antidote to the irreligious spirit, which then pervaded remarkable for their neatness and cheapness, and the pubthe periodical press of the country.” Mr. Foster's con- lishers have often surprised us by their expeditious advent, nection with it commenced in 1806, and from that time to thns giving proof of unrivalled energy and enterprise. 1818 he was a frequent contributor. After that time he also which is a long and severe critique upon Charles James

,

The present No. contains many important articles; anwag wrote many articles for it. Some fisty of these productions, Bishop of London. Coningsby, that singular union of of which the volume before us contains a part, have been literature and politics, is also handled. Its philosophy disissued in England in two volumes, under the Editorship of paraged, but the merits of D’Israeli acknowledged." We Mr. Price, the Editor of the Eclectic Review." No one also learn from this No. that a French Review is to be

published in New-York, by G. F. Berteau. Subscription, can peruse the works of Mr. Foster without being improved. $3 a year. He wrote with deep thought and with care, and aimed at a

We have received the Democratic Review for October. high purpose in his efforts.

Henry G. Langley, New-York. It contains nineteen arti* Chalmers, Horne Tooke, Coleridge, Fox, the Edge-cles on a great variety of subjects, grave and gay, literary worths, Lord Kames, Hume, Southey, Blair, Beattie, &c. and political, and a very good likeness of the Senior Edit

of the Richmond Enquirer. are noticed in the present volume.

Also the Denocratic Monthly Magazine and Western Ro RURAL TALES PORTRAYING SOCIAL LIFE; and

B. B. Taylor, Editor. Columbus, Ohio. Terms Domestic TALES AND ALLEGORIES ILLUSTRATING REAL $5 a year. From a late prospectus, we perceive that the LIFE.

Whigs are also about to start a monthly journal in NewThese handsome gist books for children need no further nection with politics, we can only announce these several

York, to be conducted by Geo. H. Colton. Having no cobconumendation, than that they are from the pen of Hannah works. Moore,

North American Review :-Graham's History of the l'a The COURSE OF Time. By Robert Pollock. With a me- ted States. In addition to the regular contents of the North moir of the author, and an ample index, compiled expressly American, we would invite attention to the proposals of for this Edition.

Messrs. Quincy, Story, Sparks and Prescott, for an Age

rican Edition of Graham's History of the United States, The Complaint, or Night Thoughts. By Edward Mr. Graham was a Scotchman, friendly to this country, and Young, D. D. Very handsome Editions of these two spent much time and money in procuring the materials for standard poems. Messrs. Drinker and Morris have all these gence. Owing to his peculiar views on some subjects,

his History, which he has prepared with great care and dila. works for sale.

views unsuited to the institutions of Great Britain, the air Nature's Gems. By Emma C. EMBURY.

culation of the work has been greatly restricted; and be

died before he received any reward for his extensive labor We had the pleasure of examining this native produc. His son has now presented a copy of the work and the tion, in its unfinished state, a short time since, at the pub- original MS. to the Library of Harvard University. As lishers. From our inspection we feel confident that it will some return for this liberality and in order to introduce the

work to our public, the distinguished gentlemen above pro meet every expectation that is raised by the subjoined ad- pose to edit an American Edition, the profits of which, i vertisement. The native haunts in which the flowers ap- any, are to be invested in some way for the promotion of pear are not mere pictures of fancy, but in many instances American Historical research. Though we espect to find accurate views of lovely and picturesque scenes in Ame- a strong bias in the Historian, yet as a general history of rica, where Nature has been so lavish in displaying her patronized and we cordially recommend it. It will be pab

the United States, by an able writer, we desire to see it charms.

lished by Messrs. Little and Brown of Boston, in 4 fois. "A purely American work will be published in a few $2 each, as soon as two hundred and fifty subscribers are days-Nature's Gems; or, American Flowers in their Na. obtained. tive Haunis, by Emma C. Embury, with Twenty Plates of Address Delivered at the Meeting of the Association of Am Plants, carefully colored after nature, and Landscape Views rican Geologists and naturalists, held in Washington, May, of their localities, from drawings taken on the spot, by E. 1844. By Henry D. Rogers, Professor of Geology in the W. Whittlefield, forming one elegant quarto volume, print- University of Pennsylvania; F. G. S., &c. ed on the finest paper, and richly bound.

We return our thanks for this production. Geology iseas a "This beautiful work will undoubtedly form a “Gift those Departments in which American has had someth Book” for all seasons of the year. It will be illustrated like a fair start with European Science; and amongst Amer with twenty colored engravings of indigenous flowers, can Geologists, Professor Henry Rogers and his brother W. taken from Rowers made, and in most cases colored on the B. Rogers, of the University of Virginia, stand preemises spot where they were found, while each flower is accom. Not only has an extensive Home reputation rewarded and panied by a view of some striking feature of American stimulated their efforts, but transatlantic honors have been scenery. The literary plan of the book differs entirely awarded them." The progress of geological Researts from that of any other

work on a similar subject which has the United States" is here sketched by a master band.

SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.

DECEMBER, 1844.

GERTRUDE; A NOVEL.

Judge Trucker

CHAPTER VI.

The young ladies met at breakfast the next morn- more proper and decorous, or more sure to give no ing with all the warmth which characterizes new-pain." born and violent friendships. This is a sort of "A beautiful picture of a negative character !” hot-house growth which requires forcing. Hence exclaimed Miss Bernard. “But an outline indeed; its early fervor, and hence too the frailty which but, in such a case, the outline is all that can be exposes it to destruction from the first breath of the expected. Doubtless true to the life, as we always harsh atmosphere of every day life. They soon feel assured, when we see the hand of a master in withdrew from the breakfast room to a snug little the execution. Well! Ladies do not fall in love back parlor. There Gertrude was soon deep in with negatives; and you must see him with other the confidence of Miss Bernard, and, in return for eyes, before your heart is in any danger." this, having little else to communicate, gave the "Some terrible infatuation must indeed come history of the few hours she had spent in Wash-over me, before I could permit myself to think at ington.

all of one who only thinks of me as the protegée In this nothing seemed so much to interest Miss of a lady, whose hospitality and high-breeding enliBernard as the attentions of Colonel Harlston, and tle even casual inmates of her family to the attenthe description of his equipage.

tion of her guests. I am sure I have received “What a brilliant turn out,” said she. “But the none from Colonel Harlston which would not have gentleman ? That is the main point. Handsome ? been paid, were I the very opposite of the image, Agreeable ? Intelligent? Genteel ?"

which I see in that flattering mirror you hold up to

me. When I receive attentions on my own account, * Handsome certainly,” said Gertrude. "To me quite agreeable. As to the other points, Ignorance

it will be time enough to scan the merits of him and Awkardness are incompetent to judge of them."

who pays them." “ How humble we are !" said Miss Bernard. “ Bat it is not always that we can even act rightly,

“ You are certainly right,” said Miss Bernard. “ But you will soon learn to have more confidence and to think and feel as we ought, is often exceedin your judgment.”

ingly difficult. I am not sure how I might be " I hope not, unless I become better qualified to affected, under any circumstances, by the attentions judge."

of a handsome, well-bred, clever man, with high “ That you will, of course ; and I venture to pre- birth, high station and a large fortune to back him. dict, that, when that time comes, all the judgments But I need not pray to be kept from such temptayou now form in secret will be ratified. To test tion. I am in no danger of it.” this, tell me what you think now, that we may com- “And why not? My life upon it, that as soon as pare it with what you will think a month hence." Colonel Harlston is introduced to you as the friend

“ Well then : I have seen men whose conversa- and guest of my aunt, he will pay you just the tion was more original and interesting than Colonel same sort of attention with which he has honored Harlston's; but not more free from folly or absur- me.” dity. I have seen men whose manners were more " If that be so," said Miss Bernard, in that pecuengaging, and better calculated to please; but not liar tone which had already struck the ear of Ger

Vol. X-89

trude so forcibly, “I shall have to school myself had been, was still a beautiful woman. She was in the duties which woman owes to her sex. The precisely at that time of life, when a lady's desire first is, never to give her hand without her heart: to get married begins to be stimulated by the fear the second, never to give her heart unsought. If, of failure, and a consciousness that the fieeting acting thus, her lot should prove unhappy, she may charms, which the hand of time has not yet imreproach her fate, but not herself.”

paired, may vanish before another season. But if The beautiful eyes of Gertrude were lifted with her beauty was not so fresh as it had been, it was a glance of approbation, which plainly showed how more mature and mellow. If her manner had lost exactly the speaker had expressed her thoughts. the artless grace of extreme youth, its place was At the moment she said nothing ; but her mind well supplied by address and tact. She still represently recurred to her mother, and was soon tained at command the wild and playful notes and engaged in devising some palliatives for the very gleeful laugh, which give a charm to all the pretty different doctrines taught by her.

nothings that fall from the lips of bread and but" Is there no allowance,” she said, uttering the ter misses ;" and these she changed, in a moment, ideas as they rose in her mind, “ to be made for the and as if unconsciously, to a deep and tender tone, peculiar circumstances in which a poor girl is some- which, coming in the close of a sentence, seemed times placed ? Without property, dependent per- to indicate that whatever of folly, frivolity or vanity haps on those who are too rich to feel for her, or she might have just uttered, had not come from the on those too poor to bear the burthen ; sometimes heart. Such as did not think it foolish, frivolous alone in the world; sometimes connected with or vain, might not perceive the disclaimer: and others helpless and destitute as herself, whose only hence it was quite possible that two persons of difhope of escape from penury is in the chance of her ferent ways of thinking might each be led by the making an advantageous match! In such a case, same sentence to impute to her sentiments exactly the world ought to be merciful in its judgments, in accordance with his own. Time too had ennor add to the pangs which self-reproach, perhaps larged her experience, extended her acquaintance disappointed love, might inflict on their victim." with books, and increased her powers of conversa

“ The suffering of the victim," said Miss Ber- tion, while the accomplishments of music, dancing, nard gravely, “is the punishment of her crime. drawing, &c., in all of which she excelled, remained The world has no need to enhance its severity, but a fixed quantiiy. should not dissemble its condemnation.”

Miss Bernard was, upon the whole, not less “But, in the last case, there is nothing to con- attractive than at her first appearance in society; demn but the sacrifice of her own happiness to a and, as it was certainly her fault that she was not sense of duty. Suppose it mistaken! Is selfish- long since well married, and as she was now fully ness so rare that we can afford to censure 'disin- determined that it should be her fault no longer, terestedness ? May we not rather trust to self-love she came to Washington with a fair prospect of to secure the world from the frequent commission leaving it, as the wife of some wealthy Southern of any crimes which imply self-abandonment ?” planter, or Northern merchant. It is remarkable,

“ You may be right; but having never had occa- by the way, how little importance ladies seem to sion to think of such a case as one in which I aitach to the difference between the two. Man is might be called on to decide for myself how to act, said to be an animal of all climates, and this is most I have perhaps never considered it as I ought. I especially true of the female of the species. The am not rich; but I am not dependent; and no one condor of the Andes does not inore readily exchange has any claims upon me. We do not know our- the frigid atmosphere, in which he floats above the selves. Differently circumstanced I might think clouds, for the burning soil of the Pampis, than a differently."

lady will pass from the bleak rocks of New Hamp"Oh no! You would not; nor did I myself mean shire to the sands and swamps of Florida. The more than to offer a plea for mercy on behalf of man and the fortune are the essentials. Climate, those, who, if they sin, must suffer for their sin.” friends, manners, habits, tone of society, pestilence

The ingenuous simplicity of Gertrude's manner of the physical or moral atmosphere-all these are made it impossible to doubt the sincerity of this but accidents. But this is a digression. assurance. Whether Miss Bernard was equally I have said it was Miss Bernard's fault that she sincere in her professions, or no, she at least ascer- was not already well married. How so? She had tained, to her entire satisfaction, the true senti-rated her pretensions too high. It was true, as she ments of Gertrude on this point. She had indeed had said, that, though not rich, she was not depenmade no profession, and much that she had said, in dent. She lived on her own income, which, being a spirit of charity to others who might think dif- sufficient to supply the expenses of a fashionable ferently, was susceptible of being quoted against young lady, was, of course, enough for the essenher in proof that she did not think very unfavorably tial comfort of a plain family. She was not driven of mercenary matches.

by the scowl or sneer of reluctant charity to throw Miss Bernard, though not quite so young as she herself into the arms of the first man that might

offer. Her celibacy wronged no one. But she no means sure that she was aware of any thing more erred in not perceiving that, though her little fortune than a difference of style, kindly designed by Provimade marriage not necessary as a means of inde- dence to accommodate different tastes with objects pendence, yet it added little or nothing to her value best suited to each. in the estimation of the sort of man she wished to marry. To a poor man it might be a great inducement. To one as rich as herself it might be a

CIIAPTER VII. matter of importance to double his income with his expenses. To the affluent lord of thousands it The conversation I have detailed was interrupted was of no consequence at all. But she was not yet by a summons to the drawing-room, where the fully sensible of this; and it was with no small in-young ladies found several gentlemen who had terest that she heard of Colonel Harlston, whose dropped in to make a morning call. Among these character, station and wealth, came exactly up to the was Colonel Harlston, come to pay his respects to idea of the man she proposed to secure to herself. Miss Courtney, and express a hope that she had Unluckily Gertrude had two days the start of her, experienced no inconvenience from the fatigue of and hence the purposes and character of that young her drive the day before. The formal commonlady became an interesting study to her. One place of this enquiry afforded Miss Bernard an oppoint was ascertained. She was not a woman to portunity of scanning the person and air of the marry without love, and in this it was important to gentleman; and the result of her observation was confirm her. In the second place, she had no design so decidedly favorable as to determine her to win opon Colonel Harlston, for he had manifestly made him if possible. For the present his attention was no impression on her heart. But she might take occupied by Gertrude, and the studied decorom, a fancy to him, and this was, if possible, to be pre- and somewhat formal propriety of his manner, and vented. But should she do so, there would be no the hackneyed strain of the little that passed beharm done, unless he, in turn, should take a fancy tween them gave no reason to expect that the conto her. Against this Miss Bernard determined to versation would take such a turn as to engage take the best security, by outshining her on every others to join in it. But conversation was Miss occasion. Gertrude danced with simple grace, Bernard's forte : and, seated by the side of Gerand sang over her work, but not in company. She trude, she could hardly fail to find an opportunity played on no instrument, and the utmost of her to make Colonel Harlston aware of her existence. achievements with the pencil was to sketch the fea- “ You have only visited the environs of Washtures of a friend. She had read some books and ington as yet, Miss Courtney,” said the Colonel. good books too; but she never talked out of them, “ You have seen little of the city I believe." and one might converse with her for houts without “I declare I do not know," said Gertrude smiling, suspecting that she was familiar with all the beau- " for it is hard to say where the city ends and the ties of our best poets, or even finding out that she environs begin." had read a line of their works. Now Miss Ber! “Say rather," said Miss Bernard, in a playful nard was the opposite of all this. She was highly undertone, “ that it is hard to say where the enviand thoroughly accomplished : in every company rons end and the city begins.” her powers of entertainment were relied on to make “ It may be then," said Gertrude, “that I have the hours pass pleasantly away; and opportunities not yet entered the city. If so, Colonel Harlston of showing to the best advantage those charms and must be right in supposing that I have seen nothing graces, in which Gertrude would bear no compari- of it.” son, were sure to come unsought. On the score of " Pardon me, Miss Courtney," said a young beauty she had some misgivings. It is by no means lawyer. “The question, 'city or no city,' is a quessure that a lady sees in the glass the same face she tion not of fact but of law; and whatever you may carries into company. The expression of admiring think, and whatever your senses may testify, in love is a beautiful thing, especially to him to whom the city you are, and in the city you must be for it is directed. When a lady looks admiringly into many a weary mile : so that, unless you have taker her glass, she sees an image that looks admiringly a very long drive, it may be questioned whether, at her. I know no other way to account for the except in coming to Washington, you have seen fact that women who must be conscious of beauty any thing of the environs. It is matter of law too, are very apt to overrate their charms; while one that that dirty puddle is the Tiber, that that marsh who knows herself to be homely turns from the is an avenue, that that hill is the Capitoline, and mirror with a feeling of disgust, aggravated by the that within the walls of that building the wisdom offensive expression of disgust thrown back at her. of the nation is assembled." But whatever may be thought of this theory, it is “That, Ludwell,” said Colonel Harlston, "'s certain that the superiority of Gertrude's beauty to certainly the most violent fiction of them all, seeing that of Miss Bernard was much more manifest to that you are not there." others than to Miss Bernard herself. Indeed it is by “ Thank you, Colonel. That is a fair hit, pro

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