Imágenes de páginas

There dwell the beautiful and bright,

in Church and State as it is now by law established. Who fade from earth away ;

I know the principles of the Church of England
And on the far celestial height,
In climes of bliss—and realms of light,

are for monarchy, and the Members of it hare Survive the grave's decay.

shewed themselves good and loyal Subjects, there

fore I shall always take care to defend and sup-' In Hackwell church in deep repose

port it. I know too, that the laws of England are Poor Byron's ashes lie;

sufficient to make the King as great a Monarch As few have selt his bleeding woes,

as I can wish: and as I shall never depart from the O blaine his inemory not as those,

just rights and prerogative of the Crown, so I shall Who curse with envious eye.

never invade any man's property. I have often O'er hill and dell a little way,

heretofore ventured my life in Defence of this Where weeping willows wave;

Nation, and I shall still go as far as any man in
And evening zephyrs softly play,
And softly falls pale Luna's ray,

preserving it, in all its just Rights and Liberties. Is Mary Chaworth's grave.

Whereupon the Lords of the Council were Hum

ble Suitors to his Majesty, that these, bis Gracious They sleep in silence cold and deep,

Expressions might be made Public : which his
And Envy's pois'nous breath :
Would e'en forbid the soul to weep,

Majesty did Order accordingly.
Tho' Genius slept an eternal sleep,

Printed 1684, by Henry Hills, and Thomas New-
Lock'd in the arms of death.

comb, printers to the King.

Found among the old papers in the Council
But o'er their graves we'll drop the tear;

Farewell, unhappy pair !
Farewell! The senseless world may sneer,
But thou shalt live to memory dear,

At a
And in that brighter happier sphere,

General Assembly summoned to meet at
That cloudless clime,

her Majesty's Royal College of William & Mary, That bourne sublime,

adjoining to the City of Williamsburg the 17th The ever pure and holy Heav'ns,

day and begun the 19th day of March 1702 in With souls redeem'd-and sins forgiv'n, the 2d year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lady May'st thou have entered there!

Anne by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, Putnam, Ohio, Dec. 13, 1843.

France and Ireland Queen, Defender of the Faith &c. and thence by several prorogueons continued to, and held at her Majesty's Royal Capital the

21st day of April 1704 in third year of her MaINTERESTING RELICS.

jesties Reign. The following scraps of “the olden time" were furnished us by the kindness of Wyndham Robertson, Esq., late His Excellency Francis Nicholson Esq. her MaLieutenant Governor of Virginia. They were copied by jesty's Lieut. and Governor Gen'l of Virginia. his father from “old papers” in the Council Chamber of Wm. Byrd

Philip Ludwell Virginia, whilst he was the clerk of the Council, which

John Lightfoot Wm. Bassett office he held for many years. We have more in store.

Benj’n Harrison Henry Duke Esq'rs.

Robert Carter Robert Quary
[Ed. Mess.
John Custis

John Sinith

Ordered An Account of what his Majesty said at his first coming to

That the Clerk of the Gen'l Assembly go to the Council.

House of Burgesses, and acquaint them y'r his His Majesty, at his first sitting in his Privy Exc'y com'ds their immediate attendance on him Council, was graciously pleased to express him in the Council Chamber. self in this manner

The House being come, his Exc'y was pleased My LORDS:

to acquaint them, that her most sacred Majesty Before I enter upon any other business, I think having been pleased to renew his Commission to fit to say something to you : Since it hath pleased be her Majesty's Lieut. and Governor Gen'l of this Alinighty God to place me in this station, and I am her Majesty's most ancient and great Colony and now to succeed so good and so gracious a King as Dominion of Virginia, he would cause the said well as so very kind a Brother ; I think fit to declare Commission to be read to them. to you, that I will endeavour to follow his Example, And accordingly his Excellency's Commission and most especially in that of his great clemency and was publickly read by the Cl'k of the Gen'l Astenderness to his People. I have been reported to sembly. be a man for Arbitrary Power, but that is not the After which his Exc'y read that part of his Inonly Story has been made of me: and I shall make stractions wherein the Council are nominated and it my endeavours to preserve this Government both'acquainted the House that upon Colo. Page's Death,


the number of Councillors falling under nine he long, prosperous, successfull and Victorious Reign, had appointed one to supply that Vacancie. as also that she may in all respects, not only

And then signified to the House that he had equal but even out do her Royal predecessor Queen Commissionated some of her Majesty's hon'ble Elizabeth of ever Glorious Memory, in the latter Council to adm'r the Oaths unto the Burgesses. end of whose Reign this Country was discovered,

Whereupon the Burgesses withdrew, and the and in honour of her called Virginia. bon'ble Wm. Byrd, John ghtfoot, and Benj'n It is now within two years of a Century since Harrison Esq’rs went to Administer the oaths to its being first seated at which time if God Althem.

mighty and her Majesty shall be so pleased I The Gentlemen of the Council appointed to design to celebrate a Jubilee, and that the InhabiAdm'r the Oaths to the Burgesses being returned. tants thereof may increase exceedingly, and also Ordered

abound with Riches and honours, and have extraorThat the Clerk of the Gen'l Assembly go to the dinary good success and fortune in all their underHouse of Burgesses and acquaint them that his takings, but chiefly that they may be exemplary in Exc'y com'ds their immediate attendance on him their Lives and conversations, continue in their rein the Council Chamber.

ligion of the Church of England, as by law esThe House of Burgesses being come, his Exc'y tablished, loyal to the Crown thereof, and that all made the following speech.

these things may come to pass, I question not, but Hon'ble GENTLEMEN.

you will most cordially join with me in our most God Almighty I hope will be graciously pleased unfeigned and hearty prayers to God Almighty for so to direct, guide and enable us as that we may to them. all intents and purposes answer her Majesty's Writ

FR. NICHOLSON. by which this Assembly was called, and by proro

And then the Burgesses returned to their House. gation is now mett in this her Ma'ty Queen Anne And the Council Adjourned till to-morrow mornher Royal Capitol : which being appointed by law. ing 9 o'clock. for holding Gen'l Assemblys and Gen'l Courts, my hopes like wise are that they may continue to be held in this place for the promoting of God's Glory, her Majesty and her successors interest and

EARLY LAYS. service with that of the Inhabitants of this her Ma'ty's most Ancient and great Colony and Domi- By the author of "Atalantis," “ The Yemassee," &c. nion of Virginia so long as the Sun and Moon endure.

OH, JOY! FOR THE DAWN. Gentlemen. Her most sacred Majesty having

1. been graciously pleased to send me her Royal Pic

Oh, joy! for the dawn is now breaking ture and Arms for this her Colony and Dominion,

O'er all these broad forests and shores ; I think the properest place to have them kept in, From her slumber of ages awaking, will be this Council Chamber but it not being as Her light again liberty pours ; yet quite finished, I cannot have them so placed

O'er the wastes of the new world extending,

Where lately the Savage but trod, as I would

Young Freedom her War.Song is blending By private accounts wh'ch I have from England

With the anthem that rises to God; I understand her Ma'ty hath lately thought fitt to The gallant no longer are sleeping, appoint a day of public fasting and humiliation there, And the tright sword in sunlight is leaping. but I have not yet seen her Ma'ty's Royal procla

2. mation for it which makes me not willing to ap- That wild virgin land shall no longer, point one here till I have. And had it not been for By the Tyrant's foul foot be debased; this, I designed that her Ma'ty's Royal Picture and The God in his own realm is stronger, Arms shou'd have been first seen by you on St.

And his altars now rise undefaced: George his day, and to have kept it as a day of

From mountain, from river, from valley,

The shout of the warrior ascends; publick thanksgiving, it being the day on whịch

To the feast of the Eagle they rally her Ma'ry was Crowned, and bearing the name of And the doom, and the danger impendshis Royal Highness the Prince of Denmark, and The blood of the brave streams like water, likewise of the patron of our Mother Kingdom of

And the bills wear the garments of slaughter. England.

Hon'ble Gentlemen, I dont in the least doubt but that you will join with me in paying our most TO THE SOUL OF HONEST FAME.-ODE. humble and dutifull acknowledgm'ts and thanks to

1. her most sacred Ma'ty for this great honor and

To the soul of honest fame, favor wh'eh she hath been pleased to bestow upon In the arts of peace is shame, y'r Country, and in praying that she may have a Follow'd, when the foe,




Siands o'er home and altar,
With his steel and halter,

Ready with his blow,
Peace is but the reign of rest,
Out of season never blest,

War is vigilance ;-
Soul, and strength, and virtue,-all
When the soeman would Enthral,
To bestow, at freedorn's call,

Sweet deliverance ! Sound the trumpet, tira-la! Tira-la! Tira-la!

2. Charge of horse that plunges !

Bayonet that lunges !Roaring cannon, rending hail,

Tira-la! Tira-la ! 'Till the arm of right prevail,

'Till the foe is stricken down Howling, groaning, dying,

Or in silence hurries on,
Panic-stricken, flying !-
While the lordly trumpet rallies

For the final charge that brings
Peace to all our vallies--

And our Ensign-eagle sings Tira-la! Tira-la!

Our fathers gave us Liberty ;

Their blood-writ lessons, conn'd at length, The dearest portion of the free,

Have fix'd the faith, have warm'd the strength, And make the freeman's memory!

3. And they have bared the sword in vain,

If now we lose the faith they tanght; Fruitless the peril and the pain,

Vain all the battle-fields they fought, And we must do their deeds again.

4. The tide in kindling fervor runs,

The storm is high, the foemen press; We see their swords, we hear their guns,

Yet thousands look on passionlessSay, Fathers ! are these men your sons?

5. Gathering at Liberty's last fane,

'Tis now the hour, who would be free, To seek her cell, to snap her chain,

And with the blood of tyranny, To sanctify her shrines again.

6. One joyous battle shot and now,

We smite, we strike the oppressor down; The death shot cleaves bis iron brow,

We see him gasp, we hear him groan, We hurl his bloody banner low !





The Spirit of the Land,

The mighty cry hath heard, The trumpet of Command,

The forest depths hath stirr'd; A voice is on the hills,

And a voice is in the vale, With a cry that nothing stills,“Do not fail !"

2. But it needs no voice to wake,

The fierce spirit of the land; It has cruel chains to break,

And it stirs with heart and hand; Not in sudden wrath it comes,

Like the rising of the gale, That in summer noontide hums Soon to fail !

3. But with souls that long have striven,

With a rolling, rising strength; To whom mighty thonghts are given,

Being mighty deeds at length; Ye behold them on their path,

And ye may not doubt the tale, That a people right in wrath,


1. In the free mountain air our banner is streaming,

The vallies now echo with many a sound; Bright arms in the blue skies of heaven are gleaming,

And proudly our warriors are gathering around; No longer the dark clouds of silence and anguish,

O'ershadow the glorious and great of the past, But the hearts of the mighty long destined to languish Have kindled in freedom, for vengeance, at last.

2. Triumph !-the free man wears setters no longer;

Vengeance for murder, indignity, bate; Glory, the triumph is not to the stronger,

Freedom has fought with the strong arm of fate ; By the blood we have shed, by the shades of our fathers,

The remembrance that blooms beyond battle's red heath, That fame shall we keep, while Eternity gathers His harvest of years from the dread reapings of death.

3. No longer in sorrow our maidens repining

Shall sigh the bright morning of being away ;
Their eyes with pure light, like our own blue sky, shining,

Shall meet our return from the fight ever gay.
In their bowers at eve, by the Tyrant oppress'd not,

Shall they weave the bright garland of song for the brave, And sing how the soul that by beauty is bless'd not,

Though bound by no chain is the Soul of a Slave.

Never fail !



Once more, or we're of little worth!

When cunning tyranny grows strong,
The war-cry must again go forth,

A Peal of terror, loud and long,
A cry to waken up the eartb!


SUPERSTITIONS OF THE MALTESE PEOPLE. western sky along the edge of the horizon assumed

a color which, for want of a better term, I shall The Religious and Popular Superstitions of the Maltese call golden: but it was a mingling of orange, safpeople; their Carnival and its consequences-Duels at fron, straw color, dashed with red. A little higher, Malta, and Remarks on Duelling.

these bold tints melted into a singular kind of green, It would appear from the many superstitions now like that of a spring leaf prematurely faded; over existing among the Maltese people, as if each one this extended an arch of palish light, like that of of the nations, who have governed their island for an aurora borealis, conducting the eye to a flush of the last fifteen hundred years, had left impressed on deep violet color, which formed the ground work of the minds of its inhabitants at the time of their the sky on to its very darkness. Through all these rule some singular belief in superstitious events. semi-circles of different hues, superimposed upon Coming, as these all have, down to the present day, each other, there ascended, as from a furnace, vast a catalogue of several pages would hardly contain pyramidal irradiations of crimson light, most disthem. We will, therefore, content ourselves with tinctly divided from each other and terminating in Daming only a few of the most important. If by a point; and the contrast between these blood-red any chance a sign appears in the Heavens, at all flashes and the various strata of colors which they resembling the shape of a cross, it is thought traversed, was so extraordinary, that I am persuaded by the Islanders, that some desperate calamity is no continuation of light and shade ever produced shortly to follow. Such signs, it is said, were a more wonderful or glorious effect.” It was from seen in 1813, a year now remembered for the sad such a sight as this, that we raised our eyes on the ravages of the plague, and also in 1837, an eqnally evening of the sixth of March, 1843, to look at sorrowful year, from the thousands who died of the another heavenly show, which was far more recholera. When the comet made its appearance, markable, and still more beautiful. An Egyptian only a few months ago, the people of the casals left sunset may be seen many times in a month, but their houses, their shops and their fields, to fly to their such a comet, in a clear blue Egyptian sky, not churches to pray. And it was not until they were once again in a century. All our fears of the told by many respectable persons from Valetta, that plague, all our trials, troubles, pests and sufferings they had nothing to fear, that they would rise from during our stay in Egypt, are not to be thonght of their knees and return to their duties again. Du- in comparison with our enjoyment for only the five ring the three weeks that the comet was seen, the first minutes after we took the helm of that Arab weather was uncommonly boisterous. The wind boat. If to see a sunset from the Libyan desert is blew a gale from the Eastward, and the squalls, as worth a voyage to Egypt, where would St. John they passed over the Island, discharged their tor- have gone to see the sight we saw ? For the seven rents of rain. Truly the dense black clouds looked successive nights that we were on board the French lowering enough, and the conduct of the ignorant steamer, from Alexandria to Malta, we were always villagers at such a time, in running to their altars on deck for a half hour' to see the comet, though for protection, is not to be wondered at. When it never appeared as brilliant at sea as it did on the first we saw this comet, we were on board of an Nile. After our arrival on this tufa rock we found Arab boat, and going down with a stiff breeze from it gradually fading away, until, on the fourth or Cairo to Atfek. We had just seen the sun go fifth of April, it had wholly disappeared. With its down, a magnificent sight, which we will leave St. departure the Maltese peasantry forgot their prayers John to tell, when our naked captain pointed to and recovered their courage. another quarter of the heavens, and told us to look. We are told by Boisgelin, that the Islanders, in This he had hardly done before he was on his face former times, thought that May was an unfortunate in prayer, as were all the rest of his crew. Even month; so much so that they would not cut a coat, the helmsman, in his fright, fell on his knees and for fear it would not fit, neither build a house, for left us to take his place, where we stood watch for fear it would never be let. Happy are we to say an hour, though we remained on deck for the night. that the men of this day are wiser in their genera“Poets and travellers, (says St. John,) speak with tion; that they will either work or build, if they enthusiasm of the sun-sets of Italy, Switzerland have the order, or the wherewithal to do it, whether and Greece. I have seen the sun go down in each it is in December or May. We hope it will not of those countries, but never with half the splendor be long before many other idle superstitions will be which on this day accompanied his disappearance; done away with. How is the howling of a dog to and could I succeed in reflecting upon the reader's bring death in a family ? 'Tis true, that the Maltese imagination half the grandeur of this gorgeous in entertaining this belief are not alone. Many show, he would unquestionably concur with me in persons in England, Ireland and America will thinking that, but for its evanescent nature, it was tremble at this dismal sound, who never trembled far more worth a voyage to Egypt even than the before. How is the killing of a serpent which is Pyramids. No sooner had the sun's disk disap- found in a man's dwelling, to bring affliction on the peared behind the Libyan desert, than the whole person who does it? And how is the lighting of a

VOL. X-11

"evil eye.”

small insect, of a black color, on a man's body to his bark alike give credence to this unmeaning cause his dissolution ? These are all silly, idle belief. We give another instance. A gentleman fears, and should be rooted out of the public mind. is now living in Malta who holds a most trustworthy Another ridiculous superstition, that of a belief in situation and is by marriage and birth connected an “evil eye,” is now to receive our attention. with the first families in the Island. Mr. S. is supThe Sicilians and Romans have written volumes posed to be afflicted with an “evil eye,” and to to prove that it does exist, and in Greece it is be- prove it the following stories are told. Not a long lieved to this day. If a traveller, passing through time ago this gentleman was walking in the couna Greek town, stops to admire a beautiful infant, try with two of his children, when he met with the mother will spit in its face, to counteract any Mr. L., a wealthy merchant, who was approaching sinister effect which this admiration might other- him on horseback. As he was passing, Mr. S. wise cause. The credence given by the Maltese observed, " indeed you are a fortunate person to be to this superstition, will be illustrated by the follow- able to ride where so many are obliged not only to ing incidents.

walk, but to do so barefoot, over such rough and A baker who had established him in business stony roads." Hardly had this remark been made to bake English bread, biscuit and cakes, was, a and the parties got twenty yards apart, (which disshort time after he opened his shop, suddenly taken tance we suppose it was necessary they should be ill. Thinking some one was envious of him on from each other to enable the “evil eye” to work account of his success, (for certainly he took in on the horse,) when the animal suddenly reared and several scudes in a day,) he at once declared, on threw his rider, who broke his arm by the fall. taking to his bed, that he had been struck with an Unfortunately this was not the only accident which

Not knowing how to rid himself of occurred on this occasion, for as the horse was its effects, he was advised 10 consult with his con- going at full speed he ran against a cart of cabbages fessor. The reverend father observing the delu- which he upset as well as the driver. The poor sion under which his patient was suffering, humored man was so much injured, that instead of going him in it for a time, that he might the sooner with his load to market he was carried on a litter recover. It chanced to be on the evening of a to the hospital, where he was kept a long time besestal day, when the priest was caled, and fortu- fore his wounds were sufficiently healed to enable nately it was for the baker, as the floors of all the him to return to his country again.* A crowd soon churches had been covered with leaves, which, gathering around the sufferers, various inquiries though they may be trodden under foot while the were made to know how the accident had happened. services are being performed, are nevertheless, The poor countryman could only say that he had when they are finished, thought by some to be been pitched from among his baskets of vegetables sacred. After the confessor had repeated his and brought to the ground by a runaway horse. prayers, a basket of these leaves was brought in Not so, however, with Mr. L., for he declared in a the room where the ill man was lying and thrown loud and nervous voice, that there was not “a quieter in a copper saucepan. The doors and windows animal in the whole Island than the one which he were then closed, and a shovel of coals thrown was riding, and that it was the “evil eye” of Mr. on them, the priest at the same time retiring, S. alone which had brought his misfortunes upon and as he left, saying to the baker," now my son him.” It so chanced that a friend of the gentlebe quiet, and bear your smoking patiently." As man thus spoken of was present among the crowd, this was rather a dangerous remedy, the in- and though as far as his own feelings were conmates of the house remained in the entry, to be cerned, he was disposed not to notice this cutting near when they were wanted. It was not long be- remårk, still he felt obliged to do it for the sake of fore a stifled cough was heard, and then a cry for his friend. help, which was immediately answered by opening Something like the following conversation is rethe door and running to the ill man's assistance. ported to have taken place on this occasion. On the confessor's entering and telling his patient Friend. “Is not this a public road, and has not that he had nothing more to fear from his enemies, Mr. S. as good a right to walk here as any one else he arose from his bed, saying he felt much better, has to ride ?" and at an early hour on the following morning was

Mr. L. "Most certainly he has, though I think seen at his shop kneading and baking his dough it should not be longer permitted." again. That an ignorant baker should believe in Friend. “You say it was Mr. S.'s "evil eye' an "evil eye” is certainly not much to be won- which caused you to fall. Did you not see him apdered at, and had this been the only case with proaching before you met ?" which we are acquainted, we should have never Mr. L. "Certainly I did." given it publicity. But it is far different. This superstition is too generally credited by all classes

* Most absurdly does a Maltese call the village where he

was born his country, though it may be built on a barren of the Maltese people. Strange as it may seem, spot, and hare but fire or six miserable hovels within its the lawgiver on the bench and the boatman in narrow limits.

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