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yet it is not probable, that his speculations would entirely agree with those of the leaders in any sect; for he was too deeply and solemnly persuaded of his own personal responsibility, to trust any part of his religious character to human authority. He examined the Scriptures devoutly, in the unyielding spirit of Protestantism, and received with gladness whatever he was persuaded had been taught by Jesus Christ and his Apostles. His opinions, therefore, particularly on the more doubtful points of speculation, were not, at every period of his life, precisely the same, nor, at any period, precisely like the opinions of those with whom he most associated. He, however, who pursues his Christian inquiries with such candor and solemnity, is little likely to be imbued with the spirit of sectarism and controversy. Mr. Haven was remarkably free from both; and, in the latter part of his life especially, he seemed to be further and further removed from them. Desiring, as he did, above every thing else, the improvement and elevation of the condition. and character of society, he stood on that high ground, where party dissensions never reach, and where the desire of proselyting men to a sect, is lost in the great and prevalent desire to make them wiser, and better, and happier. Although he was much surrounded with controversy, therefore, Mr. Haven did not share its spirit. On the contrary, he always delighted, amidst the conflicts of party, to discover how much of the contention was for words only; and his constant effort was not, to fortify himself in his own opinions, however carefully and conscientiously formed, but to enlarge that common ground, on which all Christians may meet in confidence and charity.

Immediately after his marriage, he engaged again in the practice of his profession. But he was not urged on by that inevitable pecuniary necessity, which is, perhaps, a stimulus

needful for young lawyers; and, therefore, did not apply himself very earnestly to common business. To the affairs of the poor and the unprotected, indeed, though ever so humble, he gave unwearied attention; and, perhaps, no one of his age among us ever had charge of the concerns of so many widows and orphans, for which he received no compensation. Nearly the whole of such business, however, was merely mechanical, and his mind was one, which could not be satisfied without intellectual pursuits of a high order. He turned, therefore, again to his books and to the more difficult parts of his profession, giving them a great proportion of his time, and studying the law as an elevated moral science, worthy of the best efforts of his faculties. In this way, he made himself a well read, sound, and able lawyer; but his practice, during the nine years he now gave to it, was not extensive, and the literary studies he pursued, and the literary projects he finally formed, prevented him from being desirous much to enlarge it.*

But, though Mr. Haven's attention was not engrossed by the common business of his profession, he did not become a merely contemplative student, retired from the world and from active usefulness. On the contrary, he devoted much of the time, which was thus left at his command, to public objects; and especially showed himself always willing to make exertions in favor of any thing which he thought would tend to raise the religious, moral, and intellectual condition of the whole mass of society in which his life was to be passed.

*At the time of his death, Mr. Haven was making arrangements to edite and publish an American Annual Register. In his hands, such a work would have been of great value; and might have done for us what Dodsley's Annual Register, in the hands of Burke, did for Great Britain.

Among these, none interested him more than a Sunday school, established on the most liberal principles and destined to exert a wide influence. He had become persuaded, by personal intercourse with the poor, and by a familiarity with their habits and condition, to which he had long been accustomed, that much of the misery and vice of society is to be traced to a neglect of moral and religious instruction of the young, which he believed to be more gross and extensive than is generally supposed. By his exertions, therefore, a Sunday school was opened in 1818, depending for its support on the society of the South Parish in Portsmouth, but receiving all children, that chose to resort to it. It was filled at once. The instructions were carefully adapted to the capacities and wants of the individual children. They were given kindly and with affectionate interest, by a large number of zealous teachers; and the children, in their turn, soon became interested both in their instructers and in what they were taught. The effect upon society was visible in less than four years. Children, who, at the beginning of that period, had been received squalid and ignorant, and who would have remained so, had been gradually led to become careful and thoughtful; while those, who came at first better prepared from their domestic relations, had been carried onward faster and further than they would have been by any merely domestic instructions. It was, indeed, an institution, humble in its pretensions; but one which diffused much improvement and happiness, acting often on the characters of the parents hardly less than on those of the pupils, and extending a valuable influence even to the teachers themselves. Mr. Haven, in particular, often said it had been useful to himself, and always took a strong interest in it. He gave much time, which he greatly valued, in preparing himself for his lessons, which were sometimes of a character so elevated, that

his faculties and knowledge were tasked to fulfil them;


but he had the happiness to live long enough to see several, whom he had received into the school at its first opening, and who had obtained in it their principal religious instruction, become, in their turn, its efficient teachers, and thus prove the entire success of the system, while they, at the same time, ensured its continuance.

That he felt the respon

Mr. Haven was interested in few things, during his life, more than in this Sunday school. And this might well be anticipated; for the number of children, who received its instructions, was very great; and, though he had excellent friends, who coöperated with him earnestly, he was himself its moving and governing spirit. sibility and was much excited by it to exertion, there can be no doubt. His papers are full of it. There are many prayers, that he offered up for it; great numbers of memoranda, which he used in his instructions; many hints for its improvement and extension; and an excellent practical "Address," which he delivered before its teachers, to explain to them their duties, and urge them to zeal and activity. Let me not, however, be misunderstood. Mr. Haven, it is true, sometimes acted on larger masses of the community and in more extensive relations; but for efficient, practical usefulness, few persons have done more than he did in this humble school; and the condition and character of a great number of children, to whom, in the course of eight years,

* Mr. Haven made a great sacrifice, in giving up his Sundays to this school; for he held it to be very important to make Sunday a cheerful and happy day to his children and family, by giving himself up to them almost entirely. He rose carlier on this day than on any other; and read and conversed much with his children, to whom he succeeded in rendering it, what it certainly always ought to be, the happiest day in the week.

he patiently and discreetly communicated this best and most unostentatious of charities, will long bear a witness to the value of his services, which cannot be mistaken.

Another means used by Mr. Haven to produce a beneficial effect on the community of which he was a member, was the publication of a newspaper. Between 1821 and 1825 he edited "The Portsmouth Journal." Those who read that paper, at the time it was under his care, will remember, how sound were its general views of the questions that arose, and how true, moderate, and consistent its editor was in the mode of expressing them. If the same persons should now turn over its files, they would, perhaps, be surprised to find, that it contains so much political discussion applicable to all times; that its moral tone is so high and even bold, and its literary taste and execution so pure; and that the whole has a character so much above that of common newspapers. That Mr. Haven did much good by this unpretending labor, no one, probably, will doubt; but the labor itself was constant and considerable, and, therefore, it is not remarkable, that, having originally undertaken it for only four years, he should, at the end of that time, finding himself much pressed by other duties, have declined continuing it any further.

During a part of the period, in which he edited "The Portsmouth Journal," he represented his native town in the legislature of New-Hampshire, being elected both in 1823 and 1824. The legislatures of the several states, it is true, are too provincial in their character, and the subjects that come before them are too local, to excite much permanent interest or furnish frequent occasions for the developement of talent. Mr. Haven, however, while he was in the legislature of New-Hampshire, became advantageously known, and enjoyed an extensive influence. He had a familiar acquaintance with political economy, and the common subjects of legislation; a minute knowledge of the different portions of the


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