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christiatt*religion, or the rational believers es it, have nothing further to do with than to disown and disavow

them, because, 4 from any thing they could have met with there, they could never have thought os it. 5 If they believe in the perpetuity of baptism; that it was institutedat a means apd assistance tv preserve men stcdsajl in the practice os tnoje moral duties, which are of eternal and unchangeable obligation; and that it was designed for the solemn admisfim of every member intojbe chiiiii&n church, and thereby intitling him to all the privileges of being within the pale; such a plain significant, rite, so free from all appearance os superstition and vanity, and Jo wisely fitted to the endfor which it was designed, that no man can justly, or with any reason, objeel against itand yet neither be baptized themselves, norencourage and stir up the people, who are under their care to regard Christ's authority in this puitW; if on the contrary, they continue to administer insautbaptism, or some other thing; instead of it, to iritants, and build their people up in the belief and practice of what themselves do not believe 6 to be according to the pleasure end ordinance of God himself in that point; if they t most humbly breathe out their wishes and ardent prayers, that such stumbling blocks may be taken out of the way; and yet make no stand against them, nor exert one effort for removing them, what can we think? May we not justly ask them, how far such a conduct is consistent with sincerity, and with that regard to Christ's laws and authority, which as ministers of the gospel, they are bound, in duty and in conscience, uniformly to (hew forth in the whose of their conversation and ministry; whether under these convictions they can answer such neglects at the awful bar of God in the great day of account ; and whether Mr. Benjon, with all his Pædobaptist brethren, ought not calmly and seriously to consider these things for their own and their peoples fakes; many of whom perhaps have been mifled and hindered from obeying and glorifying Christ in this particular, as they might, and would otherwise have done? For as Mr. Benjon expresses himself, 1 * What interest is it of mine, that [my friend] Pyrrbt 4 should think and act right, but only that he is my * friend, and that I lincerely wish well to him and to Ma 4all

* Dr. Doddridge's Third Letter, p. 57, «Mr. Bmsn\ Dialogue, p. 2j, xb. 6 Mr. Mole's Ground*, p. $7. * Mi.Benfits* Dialogue, p. 95. *Ibidj>.6j.;'

all mankind; and should rejoice to see all attend to cvtdence, honestly acknowledge it, when they are convinced; and, in all respects, take the right method in thinking and acting.'

But if after all, they will still neglect this important point of Christianity, what will Papists and Infidels think, nay, what will they not fay of them and their religion? What greater advantage can they have, or delire to have against Christians and Protestants, than their allowing a practice, which they consess is unscriptural? For as it i owned to be no part of the christian religion, those enemies of truth can easily discern their advantage, and know very well how to make a proper use of it. For which reason, I shall not be surprized to sec them baffled both by Papists and Infidels, till they are thereby forced upon a reformation, which I should greatly rejoice to see.

Hut surely those churches, which have carried the reformation so far, as not to give the least handle to either, by an open neglect, or by making any unwarrantable alterations in Christ's most solemn institutions, ought as carefully to avoid giving the most distant occasion for saying, That tho' we are baptized ourselves, yet we countenance other Christians in an open neglect of Christ's ordinance, by communicating with them at the Lord's Table; notwithstanding we know, and believe in our own consciences, they never were baptized according to Christ's appointment. For this, perhaps, will be said to look too much like renouncing our own baptism, and may by Infidels be thought no less than a tacit acknowledgment, that tho' we own Christ for the legislator of his church, yet there is not so much regard due to his laws and institutions, as Christians sometimes pretend. And since we live in an age of most free inquiry, it will highly become all Christians to follow this advice of Minucius Felix; 4 Let us make a good use of the blessing of divine truth,

* let us govern our knowledge with discretion, let super

* stition and impiety be no more, and let true religion

* triumph in their stead.' Which God grant may be the happy issue of these debates!


IH AV E now gone through all, that I at first intended, in making remarks upon the several answers to this infidel writer, which have been published by our Pædobaptist brethren; and think it not improper to inform my readers, that the reason, why I have not here {hewn from scripture, what is the true way of administering the ordinance of baptism, and who are the proper subjects, for whom only it was designed, is first, because the several authors of those answers have therein plainly and openly given up infant-baptism, as an unfcriptural thing, and as such, no part of the christian religion: so that it was quite unnecessary for me to attempt those proofs in making remarks upon their writings. Secondly, because I have already published a treatise upon the subject, wherein the scriptures, relating to that ordinance, are particularly considered; to which I have sometimes reserred, and for the fuller satisfaction of all my readers, do here recommend to them, a serious perusal of that tract, intitled, A supplement to the sermons preached against popery at SaltersHall: where they will find, that the commission, our Lord gave his disciples to baptize all nations, relates only to believers; which is confirmed from the general and particular instances recorded in scripture of persons baptized. I have there likewise given the reasons, why it extends to every believer, together with the great benefit it is of to all such, as come to it in the answer of a good conscience. The manner also how it was and ought to be administered, is shewn fr»m the history of the evangelists, the acts of the apostles, and the allusions to Christ's death, burial and resurrection in their epistles. And I have therein answered the various arguments of our brethren for infant baptism, and the objections made against our practice of immersion. I have set forth something of The evil which attends altering the divine institution, and shewn that Protestants have no more power to do so, nor can it be more lawful for them, than it is for Papists. I have supported the whole from antiquity, and many passages taken from the writings of our Pædobaptist brethren; and at last shewn something of the moral obligation) which every believer in Christ is under, of submitting to his institution; with the use which baptism and the Lord's-Suppcr are of to promote true piety end strict virtue, as well as to secure us from superstition and infidelity. All which, if duly considered, with the appendix to the last editions in answer to Mr. Emfyn's previous

Question, and what I have here said, will, I hope, be sufcient to convince our Paedo baptist brethren, how necessary a reformation is; and so induce them to lay aside infant-sprinkling, that unscriptural practice, which, by their own consection, is no part of the christian religion. That thereby they may no longer expose Christianity to the ridicule of Infidels, but may prevent such objections against it for the time to come.

And as the worthy and learned members of our two Universities, together with some eminent ministers of our dissenting brethren, out of their sincere love and pious regard to Christianity, have given up this traditionary practice, in their several defences of our holy religion against the growing and daring infidehty of the age; I hope there are no Protestants so bigotted to popish corruptions, or mere human ceremonies, as to shew themselves the great enemies of divine revelation, by pretending to vindicate a practice from thence, which is so manisestly injurious to Christianity, as it gives such countenance to the scoffs and derision of deists; and is so great an encouragement to their infidelity. But,

Finally, considering that these Remarks may poffibly fall into the hands of some readers, who have never seen, my supplement, I will therefore, for the sake of such, briefly add something for their satisfaction.

And / think all that is necessary for 0 sufficient, if not the eompleat illustration of this subject, may he reduced to one or other of these three heads of inquiry. What it is to be kaptkud intt Christ. Who, according to the plain sense of the institution itself, the general doctrine of the New Testament, and the general practice of the apostles, are the proper subjects of baptism. And,

Whether h was intended as a temporary institution, and to be confined to proselytes only, or is of universal and perpetual obligation.

As there is a great compass and variety of argument included under each of these heads, I must content myself with giving short sketches, without expatiating on every {articular; but hope however, tho' in an abstract, to

give give obvious am) convincing seasons on the fide of what I apprehend to be the truth, and a clear confutation of all opposite pretences. 4

In the first place, what are we to understand by the scripture expreffipn, of being baptized into Christ? The general sense is most evidently this, that we are baptized into the solemn prosession and acknowledgment of his religion, which he was commissioned by God to reveal and publish, and enabled to confirm and establish by many unquestionable, great, and beneficent miracles: just as the Jews being baptized into Moses implied in it, in the sentiment of St. Paul, who made use of that phrase, their owning him as their leader, and his institution to be divine. Thus far the matter seems to be persectly unperplexed and free from difficulty.

"And the manner in which this action of being baptized into Christ, is to be performed, is also as clear and certain; because from the nature of the institution, there cannot be two different modes of administering one and the fame divine ordinance. For tbe very nature of baptism so necessarily implies dipping, that where aspersion, or perfusion only are made use of, there cannot, in propriety of speech, be any baptism at all, because baptism, and dipping, are the same thing. And the several allusions made to it in scripture, as of a death, burial, and rtfurecJitn, are a sufficient proof of this; where Christians are said to be baptized into Cbri/l's deads, with a manisest reserence to his being buried and rising again from the grave, and in this fense St. Paul clearly, and strongly expresses himself, over and over again, m, vi. where it is said, IVe are buried with him by bap/ism into death: that I He as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. And following the metaphor still further he adds ;for if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection. And again. Colo/s. ii. 12. buried with Christ in baptism, wherein alp you are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who raijed him from the dead.

The historical accounts also, which tire have in scripture of persons baptized, necessarily oblige us to confine our idea of that solemn institution to immersion or dipping only. I (hall here only mention two instances. The first is that of our Saviour himself, whose command and example should be the sole iuje of every believer's conduct;


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